Nandi County

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Nandi County
Location in Kenya
Location in Kenya
Coordinates: 0°10′00″N 35°09′00″E / 0.166667°N 35.15°E / 0.166667; 35.15Coordinates: 0°10′00″N 35°09′00″E / 0.166667°N 35.15°E / 0.166667; 35.15
CountryKenya
FormedMarch 4, 2013
Capital and largest townKapsabet
Government
 • GovernorStephen Sang
 • The SenateSamson Cherargei
Area
 • Total2,884.5 km2 (1,113.7 sq mi)
Population
 (2009)
 • Total752,965[1]
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
Websitenandi.go.ke

Nandi County is in the North Rift of Kenya, occupying an area of 2,884.4 square kilometres. Its capital, Kapsabet, is the largest town in the county while other towns include Mosoriot, Kaiboi, Kabiyet and Nandi Hills. According to a 2009 census, the county had a population of 752,965,[2] made up of a number of Kenyan communities, the majority of whom belong to the native tribe called Nandi.

Geographically, the unique jug-shaped structure of Nandi County is bound by the Equator to the south and extends northwards to latitude 0034’N. The western boundary extends to west. The county's major area is covered by the Nandi Hills.

History[edit]

Historically, Nandi like other Kalenjin areas was divided into districts known as emotinwek (sing. emet). There were six emotinwek in Nandi which were Wareñg in the north, Mosop in the East, Soiin (also known as Pelkut) in the south-east, Aldai and Chesumei in the west and Em'gwen in the center.

The districts were further divided into divisions known as bororiōsiek (sing. bororiet) which were made up of several villages known as koret[3]

Settlement[edit]

The traditional Nandi account is that the first settlers in Nandi came from Elgon and formed the Kipoiis clan; a name that possibly means 'the spirits'. They were led by a man named Kakipoch, founder of the Nandi section of the Kalenjin and are said to have settled in the emet of Aldai in south-western Nandi. One of the early Nandi bororiōsiek was named after Kakipoch.

Studies of the settlement pattern indicate that the southern regions were the first to be settled. As of 1910, these comprised the emet of Aldai on the west and the, by then annexed, emet of Soiin on the east. It was conjectured that the first pororiosiek were Kakipoch in Aldai and Tuken in Soiin.[4]

It is notable that Sirikwa holes (known to the Nandi as mukowanisiek) were almost non-existent in the areas first settled, being only present on the Nandi escarpment itself. They were however found in great numbers in the northern regions of Nandi.[4]

Inward migrants and general population growth are thought to have led to a northward expansion of the growing identity during the eighteenth century. This period is thought to have seen the occupation and establishment of the emotinwek of Chesume, Emgwen and Masop. This period would also have seen the establishment of more pororosiek.[4]

The final expansion occurred during the middle of the nineteenth century when the Nandi took the Uain Gishu plateau from the Uasin Gishu. Traditions contained in the tale of Tapkendi however seem to indicate that the plateau was previously held by the Nandi and that Nandi place names were superseded by Maasai names. This is further evinced by certain "Masai place-names in eastern Nandi which indicate that the Masai had temporary possession of strip of Nandi roughly five miles wide", these include Ndalat, Lolkeringeti, Nduele and Ol-lesos, which were by the early nineteenth century in use by the Nandi as koret names.[4]

Late 19th century[edit]

Nandi county was the scene of the resistance struggle that has come to be known as the Nandi Resistance. The traditional system of governance came to an end c.1905 with the end of the resistance struggle. This was followed by the subsequent absorption of Nandi into the East African Protectorate in 1905 and later into the Kenya Colony in 1920.

The Emet of Wareng was amalgamated into the Uasin Gishu district during the colonial period. It is today part of Uasin Gishu County and last bore its name as a county of Eldoret South Constituency. The Emet of Soiin would be appropriated for European occupation, as part of what were known as the white highlands, during the colonial period.[5] It was later split in two and is today named after the Tinderet and Nandi Hills.

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1979 299,319—    
1989 433,613+44.9%
1999 578,751+33.5%
2009 752,965+30.1%
source:[6]

Sub-counties[edit]

The county has six subcounties:

Wards[edit]

The county (2,884.5 km2 or 1,113.7 sq mi) is further sub-divided into 30 wards namely:

Ward Area 2009 pop.
km2 sq. mi.
Songhor/Soba 193 75 39,934
Tindiret 159 61 27,896
Chemelil/Chemase 128 49 14,479
Kapsimotwo 73 28 18,362
Kabwareng 47 18 22,807
Terik 48 19 20,456
Kemeloi 115 44 35,085
Kobujoi 81 31 26,539
Kaptumo/Kaboi 98 38 24,464
Koyo/Ndurio 69 27 19,905
Nandi Hills 74 29 33,545
Chepkunyuk 129 50 36,775
Ol'lessos 68 26 19,396
Kapchorua 161 62 17,818
Chemundu/Kapng'etuny 52 20 25,403
Kosirai 93 36 25,741
Lelmokwo/Ngechek 106 41 23,354
Kaptel/Kamoiywo 150 58 31,375
Kiptuiya 71 27 24,879
Chepkumia 87 34 21,283
Kapkangani 43 17 23,994
Kapsabet 75 29 35,962
Kilibwoni 164 63 48,845
Chepterwai 73 28 18,944
Kipkaren 94 36 19,147
Kurgung/Surungai 82 32 18,225
Kabiyet 77 30 19,262
Ndalat 75 29 18,651
Kabisaga 79 31 19,029
Sangalo/Kebulonik 121 47 21,390

Defunct local authorities[edit]

Authority Type Population[7] Urban population[7]
Kapsabet Municipality 64,830 17,918
Nandi Hills Town 63,134 3,575
Nandi county County 450,787 3,156

Constituencies[edit]

The county consists of six constituencies: 151. Tinderet, 152. Aldai, 153. Nandi Hills, 154. Chesumei, 155. Emgwen, 156. Mosop.

Education and sports[edit]

Julius Yego is from Nandi County

Nandi County is home to many world record holders in athletics, including Kipchoge Keino, Henry Rono, Eliud Kipchoge, Pamela Jelimo, Janeth Jepkosgei, Moses Tanui, Julius Yego, Jairus Birech, Conseslus Kipruto and Bernard Lagat.

There are 443 primary education schools and 80 secondary education schools in Nandi.

Kapsabet Boys High school, situated in Kapsabet and founded in 1925, is a prominent national school. Its list of alumni includes cabinet ministers such as Nicholas Biwott, Kipruto Arap Kirwa, Henry Kosgey and William Arap Ruto who is currently the Kenyan Deputy President. Sports stars such as Julius Yego went here and a former President of Kenya, Daniel Arap Moi.[8]

Economy[edit]

Tea[edit]

Tea plantations in Nandi County.

Nandi county is endowed with a scenic topography that is dotted with numerous tea plantations.[9] These provide the raw material for the county's most vibrant agricultural industry, tea processing.

It hosts twelve of Kenya's sixty six tea factories making it a significant player in the country's and hence the global tea industry since Kenya is the world's leading tea exporter.[11]

Tourism[edit]

Nandi County is renowned for its heritage, landscapes, its cool highland climate and vistas of rolling tea plantations.

Notable destinations[edit]

Nandi Hills town and the surrounding region[edit]

Home to a number of tea estates as well as the Koitalel Samoei Museum, Kapsimotwa Gardens and the Nandi Bears Club.

Koitalel arap Samoei mausoleum and museum[edit]

Koitalel Arap Samoei Museum was instituted in commemoration of Koitalel arap Samoei, a traditional spiritual leader of the Nandi. It incorporates a mausoleum as well as a center that display of the cultural heritage of the larger Kalenjin community.[citation needed]

Keben[edit]

The area is home to the Ngabunat caves, the site of ancient battles between the Nandi and Maasai - one of which led to the capture of Moki chebo Cheplabot and establishment of the second Orkoinotet.

Nandi rock[edit]

This, is the most prominent rock formation along the whole length of the Nandi (Nyando) Escarpment, is a 30-minute walk from the KWS post at Kaptumek.[12]

Health[edit]

There are three hospitals, 45 dispensaries, and 9 health care centers in Nandi. It has a doctor to population ratio of 1:94,000.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kenya Census 2009". Scribd. Retrieved 12 October 2015.
  2. ^ "Kenya" (PDF). USAID.gov. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 February 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2015.
  3. ^ Hollis A.C, The Nandi - Their Language and Folklore. The Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1909, p. 4
  4. ^ a b c d Museums Trustees of Kenya (1910). The Journal of the East Africa and Uganda Natural History Society. London: East Africa and Uganda Natural History Society. p. 7.
  5. ^ "Full text of "Remarks upon the history of the Nandi till 1850"". Archive.org. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
  6. ^ Kenya: Administrative Division population statistics
  7. ^ a b "The National Treasury" (PDF). Treasury.go.ke. Retrieved 17 August 2017.[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ "Kapsabet Boys – Strive to Excel". www.KapsabetBoys.sc.ke. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
  9. ^ a b c "About Nandi County - Nandi County Government :: Source of Champions". Nandi.go.ke. Archived from the original on 31 October 2016. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
  10. ^ (SARAM, 2013)Government of Kenya, 2014: Kenya Service Availability and Readiness Assessment Mapping (SARAM). Ministry of Health, Nairobi Kenya
  11. ^ Matoke, T. "12 tea factories in Nandi County shut as workers’ strike bites", Nation, July 2016
  12. ^ Where to visit in Nandi County, Nandi County News, The Sailor