Nandikar's story begins on June 29, 1960, when Ajitesh Bandyopadhyay and Asit Bandyopadhyay, along with a collection of committed young theatre persons, broke away and formed the group, which consisted of Ajoy Ganguly, Satyan Mitra, Dipen Sengupta, later joined by Keya Chakraborty, Bibhas Chakraborty, and Rudraprasad Sengupta.
The group's early productions were mainly adaptations of non-Indian plays, like Natyakarer Sandhane Chhati Charitra (Luigi Pirandello's Six Characters in Search of an Author), Manjari Amer Manjari (Chekhov's Cherry Orchard), Jokhan Eka (Arnold Wesker's Roots), Sher Afgan (Pirandello's Henry IV) and Tin Poyshar Pala (Bertolt Brecht's Threepenny Opera). They also performed Rabindranath Tagore's Char Adhyaya.
In the late 1970s, first Asit Bandopadhyay and then Ajitesh Bandopadhyay left the group. With Rudraprasad Sengupta as the main director, a new era started, and Nandikar turned from a pure performance-oriented theatre group to an organisation with a wide range of projects, including the annual National Theatre Festival.
Among the group's present actresses and actors are Swatilekha Sengupta, who starred in Satyajit Ray's movie Ghare Baire (The Home and the World) (1984) and Roland Joffé's City of Joy (1992), Goutam Halder, (he has left the group and formed a new one, initially becoming its director), Debshankar Halder, Sohini Sengupta Halder, who acted in Aparna Sen's movie Paromitar Ek Din (2000), and Rudraprasad Sengupta himself. Besides acting in Nandikar productions, he has also played in Bernardo Bertolucci's Little Buddha (1993).
- 2013 --- Nachni - music, drama and direction Partha Pratim Deb, based on Subrata Mukhopadhya's novel.
- 2009 --- Madhabi - direction Swatilekha Sengupta, Based on Visma Sahni's drama
- 2008 --- Agnyatobaas - direction Sumanto Gangopaddhay,Based on Sukanta Gangopaddhyay's story
- 2007 --- Jaha Chai... - direction Rudraprasad Sengupta & Goutam Haldar
- 2005 --- Barda - Based on Munshi Premchand's story Bade Bhai Sahab, Direction Goutam Haldar
- 2005 --- Chokh Gyalo - Written by Tarashankar Bandyopadhyay, Direction Goutam Haldar
- 2005 --- Bappaditya - Written by Abanindranath Tagore, direction Goutam Haldar
- 2004 --- Dulia - Written by Leela Mazumdar, direction Swatilekha Sengupta & Goutam Haldar
- 2004 --- Andharmoni - Written by Leela Mazumdar, direction Swatilekha Sengupta & Goutam Haldar
- 2003 --- Sojon Baadiyar Ghat - Based on a poem by Jasimuddin, Direction Gautam Haldar
- 2001 --- Football - Adaptation of Peter Terson's Zigger Zagger, Direction Swatilekha Sengupta
- 2000 --- Ei Sahar Ei Samay
- 1999 --- Maramiya Mon/The Gentle Spirit - Adaptation of F. Dostoevsky's The Gentle Spirit, Direction Goutam Haldar
- 1998 --- Brechter Khonje - A centenary tribute to Brecht
- 1998 --- Shanu Roychowdhury - Adaptation of Willy Russell's Shirley Valentine, direction Swatilekha Sengupta.
- 1997 --- Nagar Keertan
- 1996 --- Gotraheen
- 1995 --- Meghnad Badh Kabya
- 1993 --- Feriwalaar Mrityu
- 1988 --- Shesh Sakshatkaar
- In-house workshops: Initiated as means to recruit and train new Nandikar-members. Annual in-house production-oriented theatre training.
- Theatre with the Youth: Initiated in 1980, still running. Consist of production-oriented training both within the group, and vis-à-vis independent and young theatre troupes.
- National Theatre Festival: Initiated in 1984, still running. Organised under the objective to provide a counterbalance from the cultural world against divisive and disintegrating tendencies rocking the sub-continent and to create a forum for an interaction of multi-lingual and multi-cultural theatre forms.
- Theatre-In-Education: Initiated in 1989, still running. The main aim as they present it in “Nandikar Profile” is to let the school children know their milieu and perceive their world through theatre, to initiate their analysis of his milieu, to sharpen the interface between the “I and the World” and help them assume the role of world-changers. As part of the project there have been arranged training for 250 teachers from 80 schools in West-Bengal, short-term workshops at 96 schools and longer-term workshops at 32 schools resulting in stage performances. Nandikar has also documented their TIE-project, made video modules and published a book on theatre games (Sengupta 2000) and a collection of plays for children (Nandikar 2000). One of these projects is "Journey into Theatre", the annual workshop Nandikar organizes with the Dramatics Cell, Indian Institute of Management Calcutta.
- Secondary Schools: Initiated in 1989, still running. Nandikar is often asked to give production-oriented workshops to older children. Same objectives as TIE-project.
- Kolkata Rescue: Initiated in 1992, ended in 1998. A project of theatre activities for disadvantaged and handicapped children. Accomplished together with the non-formal educational-cum-social organisation, Kolkata Rescue.
- Nivedita Colony: Initiated in 1992, ended a couple of years later. Work with children of the suburban Nivedita Colony of poor Bangladeshian immigrants.
- Theatre with Visually Challenged (Blind Opera): Initiated in 1994, last production with Nandikar participation in 1996.
- Theatre with Sex Workers: Initiated in the 1990s, finalized. Production-oriented training in co-operation with Komal Gandhar, an organisation of sex workers.
- Heierstad, Geir (2003), Nandikar: Staging Globalisation in Kolkata and Abroad (PDF), University of Oslo, Norway