Nandu River

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Nandu River
Nandu River at Longtang - 01.jpg
Nandu River at Longtang just north of the town and south of the dam, on the west side, facing southeast
Mouth Qiongzhou Strait
Basin countries People's Republic of China
Length 314 km
Avg. discharge 6.099 billion cubic metres
Basin area Fengtan Reservoir, Forge Reservoir, East Lake = 150 million cubic metres[1]

The Nandu River (Chinese: 南渡江) is the longest river in Hainan Province, China.[1] Its tributary is the Xinwu River. The river discharges into the Nandu River estuary at Haikou city, and then into Qiongzhou Strait.[2]

The river is 314 km long, with a discharge of 6.099 billion cubic metres. It passes the major settlements of Chengmai Zhen in Chengmai County then Dingcheng in Ding'an County. The river then turns north, goes over the dam at Longtang, a somewhat smaller town than Chengmai and Ding'an. The Nandu then goes under several bridges, such as the Nandu River Iron Bridge and Qiongzhou Bridge. Once passed the Qiongzhou Bridge, it splits around Xinbu Island, and discharges into the Qiongzhou Strait.


From Chengmai Zhen in Chengmai County at the west to its mouth at Haikou there are numerous bridges crossing the Nandu River. Some are semi-permanent and get washed out during times of high water, while other, major bridges are currently under construction. The following is a fairly comprehensive list of bridges between Chengmai Zhen and Haikou City.

Bridges over the Nandu River - 2015.png

  • 1. Xinbu Bridge, connecting Haidian Island to Xinbu Island
  • 2. A small, old arch bridge connecting the main part of Haikou to Xinbu Island
  • 3. Haikou New East Bridge, connects Xinbu Island at its eastern shore to the rest of Hainan
  • 4. Qiongzhou Bridge, the main bridge from Haikou to Haikou Meilan International Airport
  • 5. A bridge that is an extension of Yehai Road
  • 6. Nandu River Iron Bridge, a partially collapsed, steel truss bridge built by the Imperial Japanese Army in World War II
  • 7. A bridge leading to Lingshan
  • 8. A railway bridge for Hainan Eastern Ring High-Speed Railway trains
  • 9. A bridge just west of, and leading to, Haikou Meilan International Airport
  • 10. Nandu River Dam, during low water serves as a bridge to the town of Longtang on the western bank
  • 11. Part of China National Highway 224
  • 12. Dinghai Bridge, an under-construction bridge. Adjacent is a temporary bridge. Also, around a kilometre to the east there are two other semi-permanent, wooden toll bridges for light traffic.
  • 13. A bridge from Yongfa town on the north bank to locations south of the Nandu
  • 14. Part of the newly built Highway S21
  • 15. One of two bridges from Chengmai Zhen in Chengmai County on the north bank that provides access to the south side of the Nandu
  • 16. The second of two bridges from Chengmai Zhen in Chengmai County on the north bank that provides access to the south side of the Nandu


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "无标题文档". Retrieved 2010-07-30. 
  2. ^ "Haikou - CNSeeker". 2010-01-12. Retrieved 2010-07-30. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 19°59′52″N 110°23′08″E / 19.9979°N 110.3856°E / 19.9979; 110.3856