|• Type||Municipal council|
|• City||19.00 km2 (7.34 sq mi)|
|Elevation||203 m (666 ft)|
|• Density||11,000/km2 (27,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
The town was originally called Nandalluru. It derives its name from Nandi, the vehicle of Siva. It is surrounded by nine nandis and hence the name Nandyala. The temples draw pilgrims from various places. It had a population of 200,746 at the time of the 2011 Census.
The name Nandyal is from the word "Nandi Alayam". This place is approximately center point of nine Nandi temples, and it has been an important pilgrimage site since the days of the Vijayanagar Kingdom owing to its nine Nandi temples. It was the introduction of railways in 1890, however, that led to its rapid development. It became a municipality in 1900 and was visited, among others, by Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, and Indira Gandhi.
Nandyal is surrounded by hills, while the Kundu River on its west. The Nallamala Hills to the east are dense forest, granite mines towards south.
The town is rich in water resources like reservoirs. These give it an equitable climate throughout the year. However, summers can be particularly hot. The average temperature is around 28 °C.
The city is a major hub of industry and agriculture. It is rich in natural resources like granite and marble. There are many Rice mills, Oil mills and also industries which produce milk, soft drinks, sugar, Pvc pipes etc. Some of the renowned industries in the town are Milk Dairy’s, Nandi Polymers, SPY Agro, Nandi Steels etc.
Nandyal municipality was constituted in the year 1899. The jurisdictional area is spread over an area of 19 km2 (7.3 sq mi). Its urban agglomeration is spread over an area of 28.88 km2 (11.15 sq mi) which includes constituents of Nandyal municipality, out growths of Moolasagaram, Noonepalle and partial outgrowths of Udumalpuram, Ayyalur.
P.V. Narasimha Rao was an Indian lawyer, politician, and activist who served as the ninth Prime Minister of India (1991–1996), registered his record-breaking victory in 1992 from Nandyal (Lok Sabha constituency). Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, the sixth President of India, serving from 1977 to 1982, and the only person to be elected President of India unopposed, fought the Lok Sabha election from Nandyal constituency as a Janata Party candidate. He was the only non-Congress candidate to get elected from Andhra Pradesh in that Loksabha elections. He was unanimously elected Speaker of the Lok Sabha on 26 March 1977. This is only constituency which has given a President and a Prime Minister to India.
Nandyal is a part of Nandyal (Assembly constituency) for Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Bhuma Nagi Reddy is the present MLA of the constituency from YSR Congress Party. It is also a part of Nandyal (Lok Sabha constituency) which was won by S. P. Y. Reddy of YSR Congress Party.
Nandyal is surrounded by nine temples of Lord Siva known as Nava Nandi. These nine temples are Mahanandi, Sivanandi, Vinayakanandi, Somanandi, Prathamanandi, Garudanandi, Suryanandi, Krishnanandi (also called Vishnunandi) and Naganandi. Sri Yaganti Uma Maheswara Temple near Nandyal is having the world's largest Nandi idol. As per Archaeological Survey of India the rock grows at the rate of 1 inch (2.5 cm) per 20 years. Nandyal is also the gateway to Belum Caves, Mahanandi and Srisailam.
The city is well connected by road and railways. The NH18 is well connected to Kurnool, Tirupathi, Kadapa etc. State owned APSRTC run bus services from Nandyal to major cities like Tirupati, Hyderabad, Kurnool, Vijayawada etc. Buses also ply to parts of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu such as Bengaluru, Bellary and Chennai. Nandyal railway station is administered under Guntur railway division of South Central Railways.
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