Nandyal

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Nandyal
City
Nandyal Junction Main Entrance
Nandyal Junction Main Entrance
Nandyal is located in Andhra Pradesh
Nandyal
Nandyal
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 15°29′N 78°29′E / 15.48°N 78.48°E / 15.48; 78.48Coordinates: 15°29′N 78°29′E / 15.48°N 78.48°E / 15.48; 78.48
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
District Kurnool
Government
 • Type Municipal council
Area[1]
 • City 19.00 km2 (7.34 sq mi)
Elevation 203 m (666 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • City 200,516
 • Rank 228
 • Density 11,000/km2 (27,000/sq mi)
 • Metro[3] 211,424
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 518501
Vehicle registration AP–21
Website Nandyal Municipality

Nandyal is a city in Kurnool district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the headquarters of Nandyal mandal in Nandyal revenue division.[3][4]

Etymology[edit]

The town was originally called Nandalluru. It derives its name from Nandi, the vehicle of Siva. Aalaya means house/ dwelling in Sanskrit. Since it is surrounded by nine nandis it is called Nandi Aalaya which, over period of time, became Nandyala or Nandyal, the present name of the place. These nine temples are Garudanandi, Krishnanandi (also called Vishnunandi), Mahanandi, Naganandi, Prathamanandi, Shivanandi, Somanandi, Suryanandi and Vinayakanandi. These temples draw pilgrims from various places. Nandyal had a population of 200,746 at the time of the 2011 Census.

History[edit]

Nandyal has been an important pilgrimage site since the days of the Vijayanagar Kingdom due to the nine Nandi temples mentioned above. It was the introduction of the railways in 1890, however, that led to its rapid development. It became a municipality in 1900 and was visited, among others, by Mahatma Gandhi, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Jawaharlal Nehru and Indira Gandhi.

Geography[edit]

Nandyal is surrounded by hills with the Kundu River on its west, the dense forests of Nallamala Hills to the east and granite mines to the south.

The town is rich in water resources like reservoirs. These give it an equitable climate throughout the year. However, summers can be particularly hot. The average temperature is around 28 °C.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Nandyal, Andhra Pradesh
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31.0
(87.8)
34.0
(93.2)
37.1
(98.8)
39.0
(102.2)
39.9
(103.8)
36.2
(97.2)
33.4
(92.1)
33.0
(91.4)
32.6
(90.7)
32.4
(90.3)
30.8
(87.4)
29.9
(85.8)
34.11
(93.39)
Average low °C (°F) 17.7
(63.9)
19.8
(67.6)
22.9
(73.2)
26.3
(79.3)
27.6
(81.7)
25.9
(78.6)
24.5
(76.1)
24.4
(75.9)
24.0
(75.2)
23.0
(73.4)
20.0
(68)
17.4
(63.3)
22.79
(73.02)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0
(0)
2
(0.08)
6
(0.24)
21
(0.83)
42
(1.65)
101
(3.98)
144
(5.67)
131
(5.16)
145
(5.71)
90
(3.54)
21
(0.83)
4
(0.16)
707
(27.85)
Source: en.climate-data.org

Economy[edit]

The city is a major hub of industry and agriculture. It is rich in natural resources like granite and marble. There are many rice mills and oil mills and industries which produce milk, soft drinks, sugar, PVC pipes, etc. Some of the renowned industries in the town are the Milk Dairy, Nandi Polymers, S. P. Y. Agro, Nandi Steels, etc.[5][6]

Governance[edit]

Civic administration[edit]

Nandyal Municipal High School named after Kaderbad Narsinga Rao

Nandyal municipality was constituted in the year 1899. The jurisdictional area is spread over an area of 19 km2 (7.3 sq mi).[1] Its urban agglomeration is spread over an area of 28.88 km2 (11.15 sq mi) which includes constituents of Nandyal municipality, out growths of Moolasagaram, Noonepalle and partial outgrowths of Udumalpuram, Ayyalur.[3]

Politics[edit]

Statue of Kaderbad Narasinga Rao in Municipal High School Nandyal

P.V. Narasimha Rao was an Indian lawyer, politician, and activist who served as the ninth Prime Minister of India (1991–1996), registered his record-breaking victory in 1992 from Nandyal (Lok Sabha constituency). Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, the sixth President of India, serving from 1977 to 1982, and the only person to be elected President of India unopposed, fought the Lok Sabha election from Nandyal constituency as a Janata Party candidate. He was the only non-Congress candidate to get elected from Andhra Pradesh in that Loksabha elections. He was unanimously elected Speaker of the Lok Sabha on 26 March 1977. This is only constituency which has given a President and a Prime Minister to India.[citation needed]

Nandyal is a part of Nandyal (Assembly constituency) for Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Late Bhuma Nagi Reddy was the former MLA of the constituency from YSR Congress Party.[7] It is also a part of Nandyal (Lok Sabha constituency) which was won by S. P. Y. Reddy of Telugu desam party.[8][9]

Culture and tourism[edit]

Mahanandi Temple

As mentioned and listed above, Nandyal is surrounded by nine bull temples known as the Nava Nandi. Sri Yaganti Uma Maheswara Temple near Nandyal has the world's largest Nandi idol. As per the Archaeological Survey of India, the rock grows at a rate of 1 inch (2.5 cm) per 20 years. Nandyal is also the gateway to Belum Caves, Mahanandi and Srisailam.[10]

Transport[edit]

The city is well connected by road and railways. The NH18 is well connected to Kurnool, Tirupathi, Kadapa etc. The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Nandyal bus station.[11] Nandyal Junction is administered under Guntur railway division of South Central Railways.[12]

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[13][14] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.

Photo Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Basic Information of Municipality". Municipal Administration & Urban Development Department. Government of Telangana. Retrieved 24 September 2015. 
  2. ^ "Telangana (India): Districts, Cities, Towns and Outgrowth Wards – Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". citypopulation.de. 
  3. ^ a b c "District Census Handbook – Kurnool" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 12–13,38,50. Retrieved 28 August 2015. 
  4. ^ "Kurnool District Mandals" (PDF). Census of India. p. 339. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  5. ^ "Brief Industrial Profile of Kurnool District" (PDF). Ministry of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises. Government of India. pp. 11–12. Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  6. ^ "Basic Information of Municipality". Municipal Administration & Urban Development Department. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  7. ^ "MLA". AP State Portal. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  8. ^ "MP (Lok Sabha)". Government of AP. Retrieved 4 May 2015. 
  9. ^ "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 22,31. Retrieved 11 October 2014. 
  10. ^ "Imperial Gazetteer2 of India, Volume 18, page 363 -- Imperial Gazetteer of India -- Digital South Asia Library". uchicago.edu. 
  11. ^ "Bus Stations in Districts". Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation. Archived from the original on 22 March 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2016. 
  12. ^ "Kolakalur railway station info". India Rail Info. Retrieved 30 July 2014. 
  13. ^ "School Eduvation Department" (PDF). School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 December 2015. Retrieved 7 November 2016. 
  14. ^ "The Department of School Education - Official AP State Government Portal | AP State Portal". www.ap.gov.in. Archived from the original on 7 November 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016.