Nangalkot Upazila

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Nangalkot
নাঙ্গলকোট
Upazila
Nangalkot is located in Bangladesh
Nangalkot
Nangalkot
Location in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 23°10′N 91°12′E / 23.167°N 91.200°E / 23.167; 91.200Coordinates: 23°10′N 91°12′E / 23.167°N 91.200°E / 23.167; 91.200
Country Comilla  Bangladesh
Division Chittagong Division
District Comilla District
Government
 • MP Mostofa Kamal Lotus
Area
 • Total 286.44 km2 (110.60 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 375,985
 • Density 1,312.61/km2 (3,399.6/sq mi)
Time zone BST (UTC+6)
Website Official Map of Nangalkot

Nangalkot (Bengali: নাঙ্গলকোট) is an Upazila, a administrative unit, of the Comilla District[1][2] in the Division of Chittagong, Bangladesh. It is a rural area with no urban settlements. It has 11 unions, the lowest of administrative units in Bangladesh. It is one of the 16 upazilas, the second tier of administrative units, of the Comilla District.

History[edit]

In 1931 Kazi Zaker Husain, noted Bangladesh Zoologist was born in Nagolkot.[3] During Bangladesh Liberation war Nangalkot was under Sector 2 of the Mukti Bahini. During the War 11 people were killed in Tejer Bazar of the Upazila.[1] In August 2013 the area saw violence between citivists of Islami Chhatra Shibir and Bangladesh Police. In 2015 the Upazila experienced flooding due to heavy rainfall. Some villages experienced outbreak of diarrhea. The Upazila Nirbahi Officer distributed relief to affected areas.[4] In 2015 a thief was lynched for stealing from Manikmora Bazar Mosque.[5]

Geography and Climate[edit]

Nangalkot Upazila has an area of 236.44 square kilometres (91.29 sq mi). It is bordered by Laksham and Chauddagram upazila on the West and east, Senbagh and Daganbhuiyan upazilas on the south.[1] River Old Dhakatia, (River little feni), Hara Khal (canal), Gangoyur Khal(canal), Shat Moilla Beel, and Trishna Beel are notable.

Nangalkot (Town) consists of 3 mouzas. The area of the town is 7.55 km2.

The town has two dak bungalows, One "A" Category Rail Station, One HeliPad and Upazila Headquarters. Most of the Intercity trains (Dhaka-Ctg Road, Chittagong -Sylhet Road, Chittagong-Mymensing Road) stop at Nangolkot Rail Station.

Administration[edit]

Nangalkot Administration Upazila was established 1983. Upazila Nirbahi Officer is the chief executive in an Upazila. The decision to create the post was made in 1982 by Military dictator Hussain Mohammad Ershad. The government formed a committee, called the committee for administrative reorganization and reform. The committee recommended the formation of upazila parishad under an elected local chairman.[6][7] The Upazila consists of 11 union parishads, 213 mouzas and 289 villages. The Unions are Adra, Bakshaganj, Bangodda, Daulkhar, Dhalua, Jodda, Mokara, Nangalkot, Peria, Roykot, and Satbaria.[1] As of 2013 it is one of the seven Upazilas of Comila without a Fire Station.[8]

Demography[edit]

Population 375985; male 48%, female 52%; Muslim 98.31%, Hindu 0.83% and others 0.86%. Ethnic nationals: Chakma 5 families. It has a population of 12200; male 51% and female 49%; population density per km2 1573. Literacy rate among the town people is 70%.

Religious institutions Mosque 394, temple 9, tomb 10, most noted of which are Nangalkot Bara Mosque, Nangalkot Uttarpara Jami Mosque, Shamir Khil Jami Mosque, Jami Mosque at Khandkar Bari, Moukra Shahi Jami Mosque, Sree Sree Kali Mandir at Hesakhal, Belghar Mandir and Ohiajora Kali Mandir.

Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 73%. .

Cultural organisations: Club 102, public library 1, playground 10 and theatre stage 1.

Economy[edit]

Agriculture is the bedrock of the economy with 45 percent of the population earning their income from it. The most cultivated corps are Paffy, wheat, potato and maize. The next largest segment is the service industry.[1]

Transport and communication[edit]

Communication facilities Roads: pucca 140 km, semi pucca 230 km and mud road 650 km; railway 21.5 km.

Traditional transport palanquin (extinct), bullock cart and horse carriage (nearly extinct) and boat.

Manufactories: Rice mill 20, ice factory 4 and Other Small Industries 110.

Cottage industries: Goldsmith 20, bamboo work 130, blacksmith 80, wood work 204 and tailoring 305.

Society[edit]

The educational institutions of the upazila include 9 regular colleges, 3 technical colleges, 43 high schools (including Montoly' High School founded in 1963 and Daulkhar High School founded in 1929), 34 madrasas, 131 junior and primary schools.[1] All the secondary schools and regular colleges are under the Comilla Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education split from the Chittagong Board in May, 1995.[9]


NGO activities: Operationally important NGOs are BRAC, ASA, Grameen Bank Etc.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Md. Mobashwer Hussain (2012), "Nangalkot Upazila", in Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal, Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.), Asiatic Society of Bangladesh 
  2. ^ "Rashedun staying at Comilla home when Nazim killed in Dhaka: Family". Prothom Alo. Retrieved 2016-11-12. 
  3. ^ "Prof Zaker no more". The Daily Star. 2011-06-22. Retrieved 2016-11-12. 
  4. ^ "Flood situation worsens across the country, relief falls short | Dhaka Tribune". archive.dhakatribune.com. Retrieved 2016-11-12. 
  5. ^ "'Thief' beaten to death". The Daily Star. 2015-08-29. Retrieved 2016-11-12. 
  6. ^ "Upazila Nirbahi Officer - Banglapedia". en.banglapedia.org. Retrieved 2016-11-12. 
  7. ^ "Upazila Parishad - Banglapedia". en.banglapedia.org. Retrieved 2016-11-12. 
  8. ^ "No fire station in seven upazilas of Comilla". The Daily Star. 2013-08-02. Retrieved 2016-11-12. 
  9. ^ Official Website, Chittagong Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education, archived from the original on 29 April 2008, retrieved 27 December 2007