Nangpa La shooting incident
Captured survivors and Chinese border guards at the advanced base camp in Cho Oyu
|Date||September 30, 2006|
|Location||Nangpa La, Tibet, China|
|Type||Shooting of civilian by border guard|
|Deaths||1 (Kelsang Namtso)|
|Non-fatal injuries||A few (unknown number)|
The Nangpa La shooting incident occurred on September 30, 2006 when a group of unarmed Tibetan refugees attempting to flee Tibet via the Nangpa La pass were fired upon by Chinese border guards. The shooting resulted in at least one death and numerous injuries. The victims were shot from a distance by border guards as they moved slowly through chest-deep snow. Although the Chinese government initially denied the shooting, the death of one of the refugees was captured on film by a Romanian cameraman who was nearby as part of a climbing expedition. The video led to expressions of anger from around the world.
Forty-one members of the Tibetan group reached India, while the other thirty-two living members were taken into custody by Chinese border guards. Most of the refugees were later released, although some are still unaccounted for. Some of the individuals who were released claimed they suffered torture and forced hard labor during their captivity.
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On September 30, 2006, a group of 75 Tibetans, accompanied by 2 guides, crossed the Chinese border to join the Dalai Lama in exile in Dharamsala, India. At approximately 10:30 a.m. local time, Chinese border guards of the People's Armed Police opened fire on the group. The gunfire resulted in the death of Kelsang Namtso, a 17-year-old Buddhist nun. Kunsang Namgyal, a 23-year-old man, was hit in the leg twice, then taken away by the Chinese border guard. Even though the group was not armed, the Chinese initially claimed that their soldiers fired in self-defense. Forty-one of the refugees, along with the guides, reached the Tibetan Refugee Transit Center in Kathmandu, Nepal. Two weeks later they arrived at their destination in Dharamsala, India.
Nangpa La Pass is visible from the nearby Cho Oyu mountain and its mountaineering base camps. Dozens of foreign mountaineers who were on Cho Oyu witnessed the incident. The mountaineers were able to produce numerous images and videos of the incident, including images of Chinese soldiers escorting the survivors through advanced base camp at Cho Oyu and footage of the People's Armed Police personnel shooting the refugees from great distance. Sergiu Matei, a cameraman at Pro TV, filmed the incident and broadcast live during the incident on Romanian station Pro FM. Matei also helped hide one of the Tibetan refugees for 10 hours before the refugee was able to cross the border into Nepal.
On October 12, 2006, the official Chinese news agency, Xinhua, reported that the border guards had been "forced to defend themselves" after the refugees had thrown stones at them while trying to cross the border.
Matei successfully smuggled his footage of the shooting out of the country. On October 14, 2006, Matei was interviewed on the Romanian television station Pro TV. Footage of the incident was shown during the interview.
Chinese authorities initially denied that Kelsang Namtso, a 17-year-old Buddhist nun, had been killed during the September 30 shooting, saying instead that she had been captured and later died in a hospital due to "lack of oxygen." On October 23, 2006, after the release of the footage showing Namtso being shot, the Chinese authorities changed their account. They confirmed that Namtso had been killed by gunfire during the September 30 shooting.
The incident received global media attention concerning the issues of the Chinese occupation of Tibet and human rights violations in Tibet. On October 12, 2006, the United States Ambassador to China, Clark T. Randt, lodged a formal protest regarding China's treatment of the refugees. On October 26, 2006, the European Union Parliament passed a Joint Motion for a Resolution on Tibet, making explicit reference to the shooting.
On November 30, 2006 at the meeting of the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva, Switzerland, 16 Non-governmental organizations issued a joint statement questioning the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights on the steps taken concerning the 30 September killing of a Tibetan in the Nangpa Pass. However, the High Commissioner did not respond to questions posed about the Nangpa Pass killing.
Of the 75 refugees who attempted to cross the border on September 30, 2006, 17 people remain unaccounted for. At least one individual captured by the Chinese government was released, but said that he had been tortured and subjected to mandatory hard labor. The individuals who were not accounted for ranged in age from 7 to 35 years old. Some of the children who are unaccounted for may have been detained for a short time and then released.
Portrayal in the arts
English journalist Jonathan Green wrote a book about the shootings, titled Murder in the High Himalayas, which was released in 2010. The book is an expansion of Green's earlier article in Men's Journal called "Murder at 19,000 Feet." 
- Human rights in Tibet
- Tibetan Government in Exile
- Nangpa La
- Pavle Kozjek, Slovenian mountaineer and photographer of the Nangpa La killing
- Jonathan Green. Murder in the High Himalaya. 2010. ISBN 978-1-58648-714-0
- China draws a veil across the mountains The Guardian 27 Oct. 2006
- Death on Tibetans' long walk to freedom The Guardian 30 Oct. 2006
- Bhatia, Ashwini, "Teenage Tibetan Braves Death to Escape", "Washington Post", 9 February, 2007, retrieved on 12 November 2017
- Tibetan teen says he fled China captors. Retrieved 10 April 2010.
- Nangpa La Shooting – an eyewitness account. Retrieved 10 April 2010.
- http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&reference=P6-TA-2006-0465&language=EN&ring=B6-2006-0557, retrieved 12 November 2017
- Human Rights Watch to China: Permit Independent Investigation into Shooting of Tibetan Refugees HRW, 27 Oct. 2006
- Jamyang Samten. Retrieved 10 April 2010.
- Remembering the Nangpa La Shootings. Francesca Eldridge, www.mountainz.co.nz. Retrieved 10 April 2010. Ed note: As this citation is currently unavailable, there is an alternate source of this article, at Scoop Independent News. Retrieved 7 Nov 2010.
- Tibet: Murder in the Snow. 360 Degree Films. Retrieved 10 April 2010.
- Jonathan Green. "Murder at 19,000 Feet", Men's Journal, November 2007
- Further reading
- Jonathan Green. Murder in the High Himalaya. PublicAffairs, 2010. ISBN 978-1-58648-714-0 - a book-length account of the incident.
- Nangpa la Killings: A Matter of Routine? Phayul 23 Oct. 2006
- Exclusive footage of Chinese soldiers shooting at Tibetan pilgrims (YouTube)
- Tibet: Murder in the Snow. Top Documentary Films. Retrieved 10 April 2010.
- Nangpa La Shooting – an eyewitness account Phayul 10 Oct. 2006
- China tries to gag climbers who saw Tibet killings The Independent 11 Oct. 2006
- Nangpa La shooting survivors head for India Phayul 21 Oct. 2006
- Second Tibetan shot at border Phayul 24 Oct. 2006
- "China: Interview with Two Survivors of the Nangpa Pass Shooting" Human Rights
- "UN Human Rights Chief Questioned on Nangpa Pass Killings" Phayul.com November 30, 2006