Nanjing Lukou International Airport
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|Nanjing Lukou International Airport
Nánjīng Lùkǒu Guójì Jīchǎng
Interior of Terminal 1, which is now closed for renovation
|IATA: NKG – ICAO: ZSNJ|
|Location||Lukou, Jiangning District|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||15 m / 49 ft|
Source: 2013年华东机场生产数据排序 (in Chinese). CAAC East China Regional Administration. 6 March 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
|Nanjing Lukou International Airport|
Nanjing Lukou International Airport (IATA: NKG, ICAO: ZSNJ) is the main airport serving Nanjing (capital of China's Jiangsu province), and a major airport serving the Yangtze River Delta area. It is located in the suburban Jiangning District, over 35 km south of the city center, and connected to Nanjing and other neighboring towns by expressways. Phase I of the Ninggao Intercity Line, or Line S1 of Nanjing Metro links the airport with Nanjing South Railway Station.
Nanjing is the hub for China Eastern Airlines Jiangsu Company, and a focus city of Shenzhen Airlines. China Southern Airlines and Xiamen Airlines also operate a considerable number of flights here. Nanjing is the main base for China Postal Airlines with pure cargo service to all major cities in China, handling express mail and cargo transportation for China Post. In 2013, Nanjing Lukou International Airport handled 15,011,792 passengers and 255,788.6 tonnes of freight.
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Construction of Nanjing Lukou International Airport started on February 28, 1995, and was completed two years later. On July 1, 1997, the airport was launched as the new main airport serving the Nanjing metropolitan area, to replace the older Nanjing Dajiaochang Airport. As of August 2012[update], Nanjing Dajiaochang Airport is still in use as a military base.
On November 18, 1997, China’s state administrations approved the airport for accommodating foreign aircraft, making it a truly "international" airport.
In 2006, China Post started building its express logistics center at Nanjing Lukou International Airport, handling its express mail services. As of 2009[update], initial construction has been completed, with additional facilities and functions added continuously. The final size of the project is planned to be the largest in Asia and third largest in the world of its kind.
The number of total passengers handled reached 10 million in 2009. In 2013, that number surpassed 15 million, which is 3 million above the terminal’s designed operational capacity. In preparation of the city's hosting for the 2014 Summer Youth Olympics, Terminal 2 was completed after more than three years’ construction. Also completed were a new parallel runway with taxiways, a new tower, new aircraft parking positions, and new cargo handling facilities. On July 12, 2014, all flights were relocated to Terminal 2. Meanwhile, the old Terminal 1 was closed for renovation.
The new facilities also removed the bottleneck caused by limited capability of the old terminal and runway. In November 2014, with the launching of the Phase 2 expansion and optimization of neighboring air traffic patterns, authorities approved an increase of peak-hour flight volume from 28 flights per hour to 38 flights per hour.
The airport currently consists of two terminals, two 3600 m runways (paralleled by three taxiways and connected by two taxiways), two control towers, a cargo center, a transportation center, and an apron. Adjacent to, but not belonging to, the airport is the China Post express logistics center and base for China Postal Airlines.
The older section of the airport consists of:
- Terminal 1 (floor space 132,000m², 16 boarding bridges, annual capacity 12 million passengers)
- one northern runway (length 3600 m, width 60 m, 4E rating)
- one taxiway (length 3600 m, width 45 m)
- a cargo center (34,000m²)
- an apron (447,000m²)
- a control tower (height 87 m)
Terminal 1 is currently closed for renovation. All passenger flights are handled by Terminal 2.
The Phase 2 expansion includes:
- Terminal 2 (263,000m² floor space, 35 boarding bridges, annual capacity 18 million passengers)
- a new 4F-rating southern runway and two parallel taxiways
- two taxiways connecting the northern and southern runways
- 20 aircraft parking positions
- a second control tower (height 107 m)
- an 11,000m² carpark
- a transportation center, which seats a subway station, a coach station, a Pullman Hotel, and shopping and dining facilities
The two terminals are also connected by the transportation center structure.
Airlines and destinations
City to Airport
- Nanjing South Railway Station to Airport: 6:00–21:00, every 20 min, duration 40 min.
- Nanjing Railway Station East Square to Airport (with a stop at 221 Middle Longpan Road): 5:40–21:00, every 20 min, duration 80 min.
Airport to City
- Line 1: 30 min after the first landing, to the last landing of the day (stops: Yuhua Square, Qinhong Bridge, Xihuamen, Nanjing Railway Station), max. interval 30 min.
- Line 2: 9:30–22:30 (stops: Cuipingshan Hotel, Nanjing South Railway Station, Zhonghuamen Subway Station), max. interval 30 min.
Phase I of Ninggao Intercity Rail Line, or Line S1 of Nanjing Metro links the airport with Nanjing South Railway Station. Operation hours are between 6 AM (from Nanjing South Railway Station) or 6:40 AM (from airport) to 10 PM, at 9'57" intervals in peak hours and 13'16" intervals in low hours. The entire journey takes approximately 35 min and costs 6 RMB. At Nanjing South Railway Station passengers can transfer to high-speed trains for other cities, coach services to nearby towns, and Nanjing city subway and bus lines.
Taxis are easily accessible outside the arrivals hall. Fare between the airport and city area ranges between ¥80 to ¥120.
- Nanjing Dajiaochang Airport
- Nanjing Luhe Airport
- List of airports in China
- List of the busiest airports in the People's Republic of China
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- Nanjing Lukou International Airport (official website)
- Airport information for ZSNJ at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.