Nanjing Lukou International Airport

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Nanjing Lukou International Airport

南京禄口国际机场
NKG T1 Morning.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
Owner/OperatorEastern Airport Group Co., Ltd.[1]
ServesNanjing
LocationLukou, Jiangning District, Nanjing, Jiangsu
OpenedJuly 1, 1997 (1997-07-01)
Hub forChina Postal Airlines
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL15 m / 49 ft
Coordinates31°44′32″N 118°51′43″E / 31.74222°N 118.86194°E / 31.74222; 118.86194Coordinates: 31°44′32″N 118°51′43″E / 31.74222°N 118.86194°E / 31.74222; 118.86194
Websitewww.njiairport.com
Maps
CAAC airport chart
CAAC airport chart
NKG is located in Jiangsu
NKG
NKG
Location in Jiangsu
NKG is located in China
NKG
NKG
Location in China
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06/24 3,600 11,811 Concrete
07/25 3,600 11,811 Concrete
Statistics (2021)
Passengers17,606,886
Cargo (in tons)359,138.5
Aircraft movements161,896
Nanjing Lukou International Airport
Simplified Chinese南京国际机场
Traditional Chinese南京祿口國際機場

Nanjing Lukou International Airport (IATA: NKG, ICAO: ZSNJ) is the main airport serving Nanjing (the capital of Jiangsu Province) and a major airport serving the Yangtze River Delta area. As of 2020, it is the 12th busiest civil airport in China, Dropping one place from 2019 after being overtaken by Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport.[2] It is located in the suburban Jiangning District, over 35 km (22 mi) south of the city center, and is connected to Nanjing and neighboring towns by expressways. Phase I of the Ninggao Intercity Line and Line S1 of the Nanjing Metro link the airport with Nanjing South railway station.

Nanjing is the hub for China Eastern Airlines' Jiangsu Company, Shenzhen Airlines' Jiangsu branch and Juneyao Air's Jiangsu branch. China Southern Airlines as well operates a considerable number of flights there. Despite not operating as much flights as some other airlines, Beijing Capital Airlines and Air Travel also set up bases in Nanjing. Nanjing is the main base for China Postal Airlines, with pure cargo service to all major cities in China, handling express mail and cargo transportation for China Post. In 2020, the airport handled 19,906,576 passengers and 389,362.4 tons of freight after experiencing a -34.9% drop in passenger traffic due to the impact of COVID-19 pandemic.[3]

History[edit]

Construction of Nanjing Lukou International Airport started on 28 February 1995, and was completed two years later. When the airport opened on 1 July 1997, all civilian operations were transferred to it from Nanjing Dajiaochang Airport, and Nanjing Dajiaochang was converted to a Chinese military air base.[citation needed]

Although Nanjing Lukou had been designated an international airport since commencing operations, China's state administrations only approved it for foreign aircraft on 18 November 1997.[citation needed]

In 2006, China Post started building its express logistics center at Nanjing Lukou to handle its express mail services. Initial construction was completed by 2009, with additional facilities and functions added continuously. The final project, as planned, would be the largest in Asia and the third-largest in the world of its kind.[4]

In 2009, the airport handled 10 million passengers.[5] On March 26, 2010, Singapore airlines officially ceases its operation between Singapore Changi and Nanjing. In 2013, that number surpassed 15 million, which was 3 million above the terminal's designed operational capacity. In preparation for the 2014 Summer Youth Olympics, hosted by Nanjing, Terminal 2 was completed after more than three years of construction. Also completed were a new parallel runway with taxiways, a new tower, new aircraft parking positions, and new cargo handling facilities. On 12 July 2014, all flights were relocated to Terminal 2, and Terminal 1 was closed for renovation.[6]

The new facilities removed the bottleneck caused by the limited capability of the old terminal and runway. In November 2014, with the launching of the Phase 2 expansion and optimization of neighboring air traffic patterns, authorities approved an increase of peak-hour flight volume from 28 flights per hour to 38 flights per hour.[7]

With the added capacity, Nanjing Airport has seen rapid increase in both aircraft movement and total passengers. In 2015, the number of total passengers exceeded 19 million (until 28 December), that is 2.87 million on top of 2014, a 17.7% increase compared to the same period of the previous year.[8] The airport continues to see substantial increase into 2016, which saw 29,210 aircraft movements and 3.39 million passengers handled in January and February, a 16.9% and a 21.2% increase respectively, comparing to the same period 2015.[9]

On October 27, 2019, Malaysia Airlines ceased its operation between Kuala Lumpur and Nanjing despite great passenger traffic performance in an effort to readjust its operation model overseas.

Composition[edit]

The airport consists of two terminals, two 3600-meter runways (paralleled by three taxiways and connected by two taxiways), two control towers, a cargo center, a transportation center, and an apron. Adjacent to, but not belonging to, the airport is the China Post express logistics center and the base for China Postal Airlines.

The older section of the airport consists of:

  • Terminal 1 ( floor space 160,000m², 80 check-in counters and 33 security lanes.
  • one northern runway (length 3600 m, width 60 m, 4E rating)
  • one runway (length 3600 m, width 45 m)
  • a cargo center (34,000m²)
  • an apron (447,000m²)
  • a control tower (height 87 m[10])

Terminal 1 was closed on 14 July 2014 for renovation, it reopened on 29 July 2020 and serves all domestic flights except China Eastern airlines and Shenzhen Airlines flights which depart exclusively from Terminal 2.

The Phase 2 expansion includes:[11]

  • Terminal 2 (263,000m² floor space, 35 boarding bridges, annual capacity 18 million passengers)
  • a new 4F-rating southern runway and two parallel taxiways
  • two taxiways connecting the northern and southern runways
  • 20 aircraft parking positions
  • a second control tower (height 107 m[10])
  • an 11,000m² carpark
  • a transportation center, which seats a subway station, a coach station, a Pullman Hotel,[12] and shopping and dining facilities

The two terminals are also connected by the transportation center structure.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

China Eastern Airlines Airbus A330-243 landing on Runway 07 of NKG
Juneyao Air Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner in "Chinese Peony (梦旅生花)" special colours operating the Osaka to Nanjing route landing on runway 07 of NKG
Lufthansa Airbus A340-313 landing on runway 07 of NKG
China Postal Airlines Boeing 737-3Q8(SF) landing on runway 07 of NKG
China Postal Airlines Boeing 757-2Y0(PCF) landing on runway 07 of NKG

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
9 Air Changchun, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Harbin, Nanyang
Air Chang'an Xi'an
Air China Beijing–Capital, Beijing–Daxing, Chengdu–Shuangliu, Chongqing
Air Macau Macau
Air Travel Changsha, Hohhot, Kunming, Libo, Liupanshui, Xining
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon
Beijing Capital Airlines Chongqing, Enshi, Haikou, Hohhot, Kunming, Lijiang, Nanning, Sanya, Xi'an, Xishuangbanna
Chengdu Airlines Guiyang, Nanning
China Eastern Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Baotou, Beihai,[13] Beijing–Daxing, Changchun, Changde, Changsha, Chengdu–Tianfu, Chongqing, Dali, Dalian, Datong, Fuzhou,[14] Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Handan, Harbin, Hohhot, Jieyang,[15] Jinggangshan, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lijiang, Liuzhou,[13] Los Angeles (suspended), Mianyang, Nanchang, Nanning, Ordos, Qingdao, Sanya, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Sydney, Taiyuan, Urumqi, Vancouver, Weihai,[14] Xiamen, Xi'an, Xining, Yan'an,[13] Yinchuan, Yining, Zhangjiajie, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai, Zunyi–Xinzhou
China Express Airlines Tianshui, Xi'an
China Southern Airlines Changchun, Changsha, Dalian, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin, Hohhot, Jieyang, Sanya, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Urumqi, Xining, Yining, Zhuhai
China United Airlines Ordos
Chongqing Airlines Chongqing, Panzhihua, Zhanjiang
Colorful Guizhou Airlines Xingyi
Donghai Airlines Shenzhen
Finnair Helsinki[16][17]
Fuzhou Airlines Fuzhou, Sanming
Hainan Airlines Chongqing, Guangzhou, Haikou, Hohhot, Qinhuangdao, Sanya, Shenzhen, Shiyan, Taiyuan, Ürümqi, Xi'an, Zhuhai
Hebei Airlines Fuzhou, Shijiazhuang, Xiamen
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong
I-Fly Moscow–Vnukovo, Saint Petersburg (both suspended)
Jiangxi Air Jingdezhen, Nanchang, Taiyuan
Juneyao Airlines Anshan, Bazhong, Bijie, Changchun, Changde, Changsha, Chengdu–Tianfu, Chifeng, Chongqing, Dalian, Guilin, Guiyang, Harbin, Hengyang, Huizhou, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lijiang, Linfen, Liuzhou, Lüliang, Nanchang, Nanning, Osaka–Kansai, Qingdao, Quanzhou, Shenyang, Taiyuan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xinzhou, Yibin, Yinchuan, Yingkou, Yulin, Zhangjiajie
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon[18]
Kunming Airlines Kunming, Xiangyang, Xishuangbanna, Zunyi–Maotai
Loong Air Changchun, Jieyang, Lanzhou, Shenzhen, Wuyishan, Yan'an
Lucky Air Ganzhou, Kunming, Longyan, Mianyang
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Mandarin Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan
Neos Milan–Malpensa
Okay Airways Changsha, Guilin, Kunming
PAL Express Manila[19]
Qingdao Airlines Aksu, Baotou, Changchun, Haikou, Korla, Lanzhou, Yanji, Yantai
Shandong Airlines Guilin, Guiyang, Hohhot, Jiamusi, Kunming, Qingdao, Taiyuan, Urumqi, Xiamen, Yantai, Zhuhai
Shanghai Airlines Changchun, Jieyang[15]
Shenzhen Airlines Changchun, Chengdu–Shuangliu, Chongqing, Guangzhou, Haikou, Harbin, Lijiang, Nanning, Quanzhou, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Taiyuan, Wanzhou, Yantai, Yichun, Yinchuan, Yuncheng, Zhanjiang, Zhuhai
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu–Shuangliu, Chongqing, Harbin, Kunming, Mianyang, Xishuangbanna, Zhangjiajie
Spring Airlines Jieyang, Lanzhou, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Weihai
Spring Airlines Japan Tokyo–Narita
Tianjin Airlines Guiyang, Haikou, Lijiang, Xi'an
Tibet Airlines Lhasa, Xining
Uni Air Taipei–Taoyuan
Urumqi Air Lanzhou, Nanchong, Ürümqi
West Air Chongqing, Guiyang, Shenzhen
XiamenAir Changsha, Dalian, Fuzhou, Harbin, Lanzhou, Quanzhou, Shenyang, Xiamen, Yuncheng

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Air China Cargo Beijing–Capital, Chengdu, Guangzhou, Shenyang
China Airlines Cargo Taipei–Taoyuan
China Postal Airlines Tianjin, Xi'an, Wuhan, Nanchang, Taiyuan, Lanzhou, Qingdao, Shenzhen, Haikou, Kunming, Fuzhou, Xiamen, Zhengzhou, Changsha, Jinan, Shijiazhuang, Tokyo–Narita, Osaka–Kansai
SF Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan, Shenzhen
Suparna AirlinesAnchorage, Amsterdam, Chicago

Ground transportation[edit]

Airport shuttle[edit]

Waiting hall
Interior of NKG T2

City to airport[edit]

[20]

Airport to city[edit]

  • Line 1: 30 minutes after the first landing to the last landing of the day (stops: Yuhua Square, Qinhong Bridge, Xihuamen, Nanjing railway station); max. interval 30 minutes
  • Line 2: 9:30–22:30 (stops: Cuipingshan Hotel, Nanjing South railway station, Zhonghuamen Subway Station), max. interval 30 minutes

Expressway[edit]

The airport is accessed by Konggang Road, which connects to the Airport Expressway. The Airport Expressway is part of S55 Ningxuan (Nanjing-Xuancheng) Expressway.

Rail[edit]

The Lukou Airport Station on Line S1 of the Nanjing Metro links the airport with Nanjing South Railway Station. Operation hours are from 6:00 to 22:40(in both directions), at 9'57" intervals in peak hours and 13'16" intervals in low hours. The entire journey takes approximately 35 minutes and costs 7 RMB.[21] At Nanjing South railway station, passengers can transfer to high-speed trains to other cities, coach services to nearby towns, Nanjing Metro Line 1, Nanjing Metro Line 3, Nanjing Metro Line S3 and bus services.

Taxi[edit]

Taxis are easily accessible outside the arrivals hall. Fare between the airport and city area ranges from ¥80 to ¥120.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nanjing Lukou International Airport Co., LTD. Officially renamed Eastern Airport Group Co., LTD._我苏网".
  2. ^ "2020 passenger traffic stat published by CAAC".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. ^ "2020 passenger traffic stat published by CAAC".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. ^ 中国邮政速递物流发展历程 (in Chinese). EMS. 1 August 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  5. ^ Xiang, Yu; Gen, Jia (3 December 2009). 禄口机场年客流量突破1000万人次. Xinhua Daily (in Chinese (China)). Archived from the original on 9 August 2014. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
  6. ^ 南京禄口机场T2航站楼正式启用 原航站楼关闭改造. Ifeng News (in Chinese (China)). Retrieved 5 August 2014.
  7. ^ 机场高峰小时容量提至38架次/小时. Nanjing Airports (in Chinese (China)). No. 356. Nanjing Lukou International Airport Ltd. 15 November 2014. Archived from the original on 9 December 2014. Retrieved 5 December 2014.
  8. ^ Yi, Mei (衣姝) (11 January 2016). 全年旅客吞吐量突破1900万人次 (in Chinese (China)). Nanjing Lukou International Airport. Archived from the original on 9 April 2016. Retrieved 29 March 2016.
  9. ^ Zhang, Yan (张艳); Yi, Mei (衣姝) (21 March 2016). 前两月客流量增长21%实现"开门红" (in Chinese (China)). Nanjing Lukou International Airport. Archived from the original on 9 April 2016. Retrieved 29 March 2016.
  10. ^ a b 南京禄口机场新塔台6月启用 同时指挥2条跑道. People's Daily Online Jiangsu (in Chinese (China)). 13 June 2014. Archived from the original on 8 August 2014. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
  11. ^ 南京禄口国际机场二期扩建 (in Chinese). Jiangsu Provincial Bureau of Statistics. 19 December 2012. Archived from the original on 10 November 2013. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
  12. ^ 南京禄口机场二期主体工程完成近80%. CAAC News (in Chinese (China)). 26 November 2012. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
  13. ^ a b c "Sina Visitor System" 航线变动. Weibo (in Chinese (China)).
  14. ^ a b 换季,我们是认真的!. WeChat (in Chinese (China)). China Eastern Jiangsu Co. Ltd. 14 March 2019. Retrieved 16 January 2020.
  15. ^ a b 冬春航季到来 东航江苏公司新增加密多条航线 (in Chinese (China)). Carnoc.
  16. ^ Nanjing gets new European connection Archived 31 August 2017 at the Wayback Machine traveldailymedia.com 30 August 2017.
  17. ^ "民航局再对多个航班发出熔断指令_部门政务_中国政府网".
  18. ^ Liu, Jim. "Korean Air schedules additional routes to China in W19". Routesonline. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  19. ^ Liu, Jim. "PAL Express adds Manila – Nanjing service from July 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 30 July 2020.
  20. ^ 南京禄口国际机场机场大巴 (in Chinese). Nanjing Lukou International Airport. Archived from the original on 15 November 2012. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
  21. ^ 10号线和机场线今晨齐发 市民开启"长腿生活" (in Chinese (China)). Xinhua Jiangsu. 1 July 2014. Archived from the original on 8 August 2014. Retrieved 5 August 2014.

External links[edit]