Nanjing Metro

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Nanjing Metro
BSicon SUBWAY-CHN alt.svg
Nanjing Metro logo.svg
Nanjing Metro Arriving.jpg
A Line 1 train at Sanshan Street Station
Overview
Locale Nanjing, China
Transit type Rapid transit
Number of lines 6 (4 urban metro lines
+ 2 suburban metro lines)
Number of stations 96 (urban metro only)
121 (including S1 and S8 line)
Daily ridership 2.176 million (April 2015 avg.)
2.732 million (1 May 2015 record)[1]
Annual ridership 503 million (2014)[2]
Operation
Began operation 3 September 2005
Number of vehicles Alstom Metropolis
Technical
System length 143.4 km (89.1 mi) (urban only)
224.4 km (139.4 mi) (incl. S1 and S8)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 5 kV DC overhead lines
System map

NJmetro20150401.png

Nanjing Metro
Simplified Chinese 南京地铁
Traditional Chinese 南京地鐵
Evolution of the Nanjing Metro

The Nanjing Metro is the metro system serving the city of Nanjing (Nanking), China, which is also de jure capital of the Republic of China. It opened in 2005, and currently there are 4 urban metro lines traveling on 143.4 kilometers (89.1 mi) of route; additionally, there are 2 suburban metro lines in operation, resulting in a metro system with a grand total of 224.4 kilometers (139.4 mi) of route. The total length of the system ranks fourth in China, after Shanghai, Beijing and Guangzhou.

Current system[edit]

Line Terminals
(District)
Opened Newest
Extension
Length Stations
‹See Tfm›     Line 1 Maigaoqiao
(Qixia)
China Pharmaceutical University (Jiangning) 2005 2010 38.9 km[3] 27[3]
‹See Tfm›     Line 2 Youfangqiao
(Jianye)
Jingtianlu
(Qixia)
2010 37.95 km[4] 26[4]
‹See Tfm›     Line 3 Linchang
(Pukou)
Mozhoudonglu
(Jiangning)
2015 44.9 km[5] 29[5]
‹See Tfm›     Line 10 Andemen
(Yuhuatai)
Yushanlu
(Pukou)
2005 2014 21.6 km[6] 14[6]
Sub-Total (urban metro only) 143.35 km 96[Note 1]
‹See Tfm›     Line S1 Nanjing South Railway Station
(Yuhuatai)
Nanjing Lukou International Airport
(Jiangning)
2014 35.8 km[7] 8[7]
‹See Tfm›     Line S8 Taishanxincun Station
(Pukou)
Jinniuhu Station
(Pukou)
2014 45.2 km[8] 17[8]
Grand Total 224.35 km 121[Note 2]

Line 1[edit]

Main article: Line 1, Nanjing Metro

Line 1 runs mainly in a north–south direction. The line starts at Maigaoqiao station in the north, heading southwards to CPU (China Pharmaceutical University).

The construction of Line 1 began in the year 2000 and was inaugurated on September 3, 2005, with 16 stations and a length of 21.72 kilometers (13.50 mi).[9]

On May 28, 2010, Line 1's 24.5-kilometer (15.2 mi) long south extension entered into operation.[10][11] Thus, before the completion of Line 10, Line 1 was 46.2-kilometer (28.7 mi) long with 31 stations.[citation needed]

The branch line (Andemen to Olympic Stadium) broke away from Line 1 and formed parts of Line 10,[12] when the latter's construction finished and entered operation in July 1, 2014. Currently, Line 1 is 38.9-kilometer (24.2 mi) long and has 27 stations.[3]

Line 2[edit]

Main article: Line 2, Nanjing Metro

Line 2 is 37.95-kilometer (23.58 mi) long and has 26 stations.[4] It runs mainly in an east–west direction, from Youfangqiao Station in the southwest to Jingtianlu Station in the northeast. It entered into operation on May 28, 2010[10][11]

Line 3[edit]

Main article: Line 3, Nanjing Metro

Groundbreaking work for Line 3 started in January 2010. This line, with a north–south orientation, started operation on 1 April 2015[13] and is 44.9 kilometres (27.9 mi) in length with 29 stations.[5]

Line 10[edit]

Line 10 is a western extension from Line 1's Olympic Stadium branch line, which broke away from Line 1 and formed part of Line 10 when the new line was completed. Construction started in February 2012,[14] finished in 2014. The line is approximately 21.6-kilometer (13.4 mi) long with 14 stations,[6] and entered operation in July 1, 2014.[15]

Line S1[edit]

Originally called Metro Line 6, Line S1 or the Ninggao Intercity Rail Line acts as Nanjing's airport express line, connecting Nanjing South Railway Station to Gaochun District via Nanjing Lukou International Airport. The entire line is planned to be 85.8-kilometer (53.3 mi) long and has 13 stations.[16] The first phase from Nanjing South to Lukou International Airport started construction in December 27, 2011, and finished in 2014. The first phase opened in July 1, 2014. It's 35.8-kilometer (22.2 mi) long with 8 stations.[7] The second phase will open in 2015, completing the whole line.[17] Advanced signalling and urban rail traffic management systems were delivered to the line in time for the Nanjing 2014 summer Youth Olympic Games by Thales Saic Transportations.

Line S8[edit]

Originally planned as Metro Line 11, Line S8 or the Ningtian Intercity Rail Line is an intercity metro line that will connect Luhe District to Pukou District. The Line is 45.2-kilometer (28.1 mi) long,[8] 34.1 km of the line will be elevated. The line features 17 stations[8] including 6 underground stations and 11 elevated ones. It will use B size trains in 4 car sets that are capable of running up to 100 km/h. The line started construction June 21, 2012 and was officially opened on August 1, 2014.[18][19]

History[edit]

First Line[edit]

In 1984 the first serious proposal for construction of a subway appeared in the Municipal People's Congress.[20] On April 1986, the Nanjing Integrated Transport Planning group was established to research on how to implement a subway system in Nanjing. On December 1986 the team published the "Nanjing Metro Initial Phase". The phase consists of a north–south line, east–west line and a diagonal Northwest to Southeast line. The three lines meet in the city center forming a triangle.[21] A revision of the "Nanjing City Master Plan" in 1993 added another line through the urban core, and three light metro lines connecting Nanjing's suburbs in Pukou and the proposed new airport. In addition a suburban railway to Longtan was proposed. A 1999 report on "Nanjing city rapid rail transit network planning" further proposed six subway lines, two subway extensions and three light metro lines.[22]

In 1994, the State Planning Commission approved the preparatory work for the subway only to have the entire metro project postponed in 1995 amid a national freeze on new metro projects.[23] The initial section of Line 1 from Maigaoqiao to Xiaohang received final official approval in 1999. On May 2000, the Experimental Station resumed construction with the entire Line 1 project in full construction in December. A western extension of Line 1 from Xiaohang to a newly built stadium was fast tracked after Nanjing won hosting the National Games. Line 1's initial section and the western extension started trial operations in September 3, 2005, running from Maigaoqiao to Olympic Stadium with 16 stations and a total length of 21.72 km.[20] The opening of the Nanjing Metro Line 1 makes Nanjing become the sixth metro system in the Chinese mainland after Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Shenzhen.

Initial Network[edit]

Major changes where made to "Nanjing Urban Rail Transit Network Planning" in 2003. The new master plan consisted of 13 lines, of which nine are subway lines and four are light metro lines. The new Line 6 will be a loop line connecting all the urban radial lines. The plan retained the original lines 1, 2 and 3 from the previous plan. According to the new plan, the initial phase will consist of the completion of Metro Line 1 and 2 by 2010. Together the two lines will form a basic "cross" network. By 2020 the completion of Lines 1,2,3,4 will form a more robust "pound" (#) network. Longer term plans include the construction of a loop line connecting all existing lines. The plan also identified four subway lines crossing the Yangtze river.

Under Construction[edit]

Line 4[edit]

Main article: Line 4, Nanjing Metro

Construction of Line 4 is expected to begin in late 2012 and scheduled for completion in 2015. The line will be 33.75 km in length.[24]

Line S3[edit]

Originally planned as Metro Line 12, Line S3 or the Ninghe Intercity Rail Line started construction in late 2011 with a planned opening date of 2015. The line is 37.76 km long with 18 stations and will connect urban Nanjing to He County in neighboring Anhui Province.[25]

Nanjing Metro Blueprint 2030[edit]

According to the latest report, the Nanjing Municipal Government plans to complete 17 lines by 2030.[26]

Nanjing Metro Blueprint

Ticket system[edit]

Like many metro systems in the world, fares on the Nanjing Subway are distance-based. Fares range from 2 yuan (approx USD $0.30) for journeys under 8 stations, to 5 yuan for longer journeys. There is a 5% discount for users of the Nanjing Public Utility IC Card.

Single tickets[edit]

Single journey tickets can be purchased from the ticket vending machine or at a ticket window. The ticket vending machine accepts both coins and bills (¥5 and ¥10).

Transit card[edit]

Apart from one-way tickets, fares can be paid with the Nanjing Public Utility IC Card, or Jinlingtong (Chinese: 金陵通; pinyin: Jīnlíngtōng). It can be purchased for a refundable fee of 25 yuan (about 3.8 dollars) and refilled at ticket booths inside the metro stations as well as many collaborative convenience stores throughout the city. The card can be used to pay for other means of public transportation, such as the city taxi and the city bus.

This transit card is similar to Beijing's Yikatong, London's Oyster Card, Chicago Card of the CTA, the SmarTrip of the Washington Metro, and the Octopus card of Hong Kong's MTR.

Rolling stock[edit]

  • 20 six-car Alstom/Nanjing Puzhen Rolling Stock Works Metropolis sets - ordered in 2002 for Line 1 opening.[9]
  • 21 six-car Alstom/Nanjing Puzhen Rolling Stock Works Metropolis ordered January 2008 for Line 1 extension.[10]
  • 144 Alstom/Nanjing Puzhen Rolling Stock Works Metropolis cars ordered 2007 for Line 2.[27]

Signaling System[edit]

For Line 1, Siemens Transportation Systems (TS) was awarded the supply contract in November 2002.

For Line 2, Siemens Transportation Systems (TS) and its local partner Nanjing Research Institute of Electronic Technology (NRIET) have been awarded to supply the signaling system after signing a contract (about 25 million Euro). Technologies used include Trainguard MT, Vicos OC 501, Sicas ECC and Az S 350 U axle counting system.[28]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ This figure involves counting the two interchanges once for every line that it is part of. If every interchange is only counted once, there will be 92 stations.
  2. ^ This figure involves counting the two interchanges once for every line that it is part of. If every interchange is only counted once, there will be 114 stations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 南京地铁4月30日全线网客运量270, 再创新高~. ditiezu.com (in Chinese) (Xici). 1 January 2015. Retrieved 2015-01-01. 
  2. ^ 南京铁运年客运量突破五亿人次. ditiezu.com (in Chinese). Xici. 1 January 2015. Retrieved 2015-01-20. 
  3. ^ a b c 1号线 [Line 1] (in Chinese). 南京地铁集团有限公司 [Nanjing Metro Group Co., Ltd.] Retrieved 2015-07-09. 
  4. ^ a b c 2号线 [Line 2] (in Chinese). 南京地铁集团有限公司 [Nanjing Metro Group Co., Ltd.] Retrieved 2015-07-09. 
  5. ^ a b c 3号线 [Line 3] (in Chinese). 南京地铁集团有限公司 [Nanjing Metro Group Co., Ltd.] Retrieved 2015-07-09. 
  6. ^ a b c 10号线 [Line 10] (in Chinese). 南京地铁集团有限公司 [Nanjing Metro Group Co., Ltd.] Retrieved 2015-07-09. 
  7. ^ a b c S1号线 [Line S1] (in Chinese). 南京地铁集团有限公司 [Nanjing Metro Group Co., Ltd.] Retrieved 2015-07-09. 
  8. ^ a b c d S8号线 [Line S8] (in Chinese). 南京地铁集团有限公司 [Nanjing Metro Group Co., Ltd.] Retrieved 2015-07-09. 
  9. ^ a b "Nanjing metro inaugurated". Railway Gazette International. 1 October 2005. Retrieved 2014-07-03. 
  10. ^ a b c "Nanjing Metro places €85·5m train order". Railway Gazette International. 25 January 2008. Retrieved 2014-07-03. 
  11. ^ a b 南京地铁二号线载人模拟运营]. Sina News (in Chinese). Retrieved 2010-05-25. 
  12. ^ 地铁1号线四站将于6月1日起开始割接 [Four Stations of Metro Line 1 will start from June 1 cutover] (in Chinese). 南京地铁官方网站 [Nanjing Metro official website]. 29 May 2014. Retrieved 2014-07-03. 
  13. ^ "Nanjing metro Line 3 opens". Railway Gazette International. 2 April 2015. Retrieved 2015-04-04. 
  14. ^ 南京地铁三号线暨一号线西延过江线试验段开工 [Nanjing Metro Line Line 1-cum-west extension line test section over the river started]. www.ce.cn (www.chinaeconomy.cn) (in Chinese). 11 January 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-25. 
  15. ^ 南京地铁10号线、机场线明晨6点通车 运营时刻早知道 [Nanjing Metro Line 10, the opening of the airport line tomorrow morning 6:00 to be operational at that time]. 扬子晚报网 [Yangzi Evening News Network] (in Chinese). 30 June 2014. Retrieved 2014-07-03. 
  16. ^ 地铁机场线、宁天城际一期工程传新动态 [Metro airport line, intercity one day pass new dynamic project]. www.HOUSE365.com (in Chinese). 26 April 2012. Retrieved 2014-07-03. 
  17. ^ 南京开建地铁机场线 第一次地铁将抵达机场 [Nanjing Metro to start building the first metro line will arrive at the airport]. 中国江苏网 [China Jiangsu Network] (in Chinese). 28 December 2011. Retrieved 2014-07-03. 
  18. ^ 大桥北路到金牛湖将只要半小时. 南京日报.
  19. ^ 宁天城际一期开工 青奥会前通车. 南京日报.
  20. ^ a b "南京地铁二十年梦圆". 扬子晚报. 2005-04-30. 
  21. ^ 彭长生 (1993). "南京地铁一期工程与轨道交通规划". 都市快轨交通 (03). 
  22. ^ 何宁,杨涛 (2005-04-27). "南京城市轨道交通规划:二十年规划 宏图变通途". 南京日报. 
  23. ^ 国务院办公厅. "国务院办公厅关于暂停审批城市地下快速轨道交通项目的通知". 1995年12月28日. 中央政府网. Retrieved 2014-10-04. 
  24. ^ 南京地铁4号线年底前开工; Retrieved 2012-10-07.
  25. ^ 12号线变身“宁和城际”
  26. ^ 南京轨道交通线网共17条; Retrieved 2010-03-06.
  27. ^ "Shanghai and Nanjing order cars". Railway Gazette International. 2007-06-01. 
  28. ^ "Siemens to supply advanced signaling and control systems to Nanjing Metro Line 2". Siemens AG. 20 April 2007. Retrieved 2008-06-30. [dead link]

External links[edit]