Nankai University

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Coordinates: 39°06′04″N 117°09′53″E / 39.10111°N 117.16472°E / 39.10111; 117.16472

Nankai University
南开大学
Nankai University Seal
Motto 允公允能,日新月异[1]
Motto in English
Dedication to Public Interests, Acquisition of All-round Capability, Aspiration for Progress with Each Passing Day[1]
Type National Public
Established 1919
President Cao Xuetao
Academic staff
4,336
Undergraduates 13,076
Postgraduates 11,458 graduates
Location Tianjin, China
Campus urban
Colors          
Website www.nankai.edu.cn

Nankai University (NKU; simplified Chinese: 南开大学; traditional Chinese: 南開大學; pinyin: Nánkāi Dàxué) is a public research university located in Tianjin, China. It is a Chinese Ministry of Education Class A Double First Class University.[2] It was founded in 1919, by educators Yan Xiu and Zhang Boling.

During the Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945), Nankai University, Peking University and Tsinghua University merged and formed the National Changsha Provisional University, which later moved to Kunming and was renamed the National Southwestern Associated University (西南联大).

Nankai's alumni include the first Premier of the People's Republic of China Zhou Enlai, mathematician Shiing-Shen Chern and Nobel laureates Chen Ning Yang and Tsung-Dao Lee.[3][4][5][6]

History[edit]

Students of Nankai University in 1919
Main Building of Nankai University

1919–1937[edit]

The university was founded as a private institution in 1919. Nankai's scale was relatively small at its inception partly because it received no funding from the government but instead was funded by foreign charitable funds and local entrepreneurs, with only 3 departments (liberal arts, science, and business) and 96 students. It was noted particularly for its courses which were taught in English using foreign curricula and textbooks.

The well-known Nankai Institute of Economics was established in 1927 and soon became one of the most prominent in China being the first non-foreign entity to calculate a Chinese Consumer Price Index.[7]

By 1937, Nankai had expanded into a university of 3 colleges, 13 departments, and 2 research institutes, with 429 students and 110 faculty and staff members.

It was compared to be "The North Star of Higher Learning".[citation needed]

1937–1949[edit]

In July 1937, during the Sino-Japanese War, Nankai campus was severely damaged by Japanese bombings.[8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15] About two-thirds of the school buildings were destroyed including its library which was deliberately burnt down by the Japanese Imperial Army. A number of the school's artifacts, including the university bell, were looted and remain in Japanese museums till this day.[citation needed]

In August 1937, still during the Sino-Japanese War, Nankai University, Peking University and Tsinghua University united together and formed the National Changsha Provisional University, which later moved to Kunming and was renamed the National Southwestern Associated University. In 1946, after the war, Nankai returned to Tianjin and was reformed into a national university by the government. At that time, Nankai had four schools (Liberal Arts, Science, Political Science and Economics, and Engineering) and 16 departments.

1949–1966[edit]

After the establishment of the People's Republic of China, Nankai was readjusted and became a comprehensive university with emphasis on the arts and sciences, with 14 departments and 3 professional specialties in total.

1966–1976[edit]

From 1966 to 1976 the School's normal life was out of order due to the Cultural Revolution. In 1976 a catastrophic earthquake broke out in Tangshan, bordering Tianjin, causing damage of varying degrees to the School's buildings.

1976–present[edit]

Second Main Building of NKU

After 1980, Nankai added a number of new specialities and institutes. In Arts, applied specialities on financing were set up and the School of Economics was reopened in 1983, while in Sciences, interdisciplinary, marginal and high and new technological specialities were added.

Nankai was amongst the first universities in China to open its doors for students from America in the 1980s.[16] In 1989 the university was ordered by the Tianjin public security bureau to send two Americans back home, following rising political tensions over pro-democracy demonstrations.[17]

By the late 1980s, Nankai University had grown to be a comprehensive university embracing Humanities, Natural Sciences, Applied Sciences, Life Sciences, Managements and Art.

In 1994 Tianjin Foreign Trade College was merged to Nankai university. In 1999 under the combined efforts of Nankai and TEDA, TEDA College was set up. In 2000 the State Ministry of Education signed an agreement with Tianjin Municipal Government on jointly establishing and developing Nankai University. Experimental cooperation between Nankai University and Tianjin University was initiated on the principle of independent school-running and close cooperation. In 2002 under the cooperative efforts of Nankai, Government of Shenzhen and UC Berkeley, the Financial Engineering College was established in Shenzhen.

In May 2006 Nankai's president Rao Zihe tendered 15 of the 21 university's college dean positions, restaffing key positions in an effort to further improve the university's educational programs.[18]

In February 2015, following Chinese media reports and statements from inside the Chinese Communist Party that universities would have to "be cleansed of liberal Western textbooks and other ideological heresies" , Nankai's president Gong Ke publicly stated: "Recently I've read people on the Internet saying that the ranks of academics must be cleansed, purified and rectified. I can't agree with this. This was the mentality of 1957 or 1966." and "We cannot re-enact this history of "leftist" errors against intellectuals."[19][20]

Campus[edit]

Nankai university encompasses three campuses. Balitai, Jinnan and TEDA.[21] The total local campus area is 456.1 and the building area 136.8 hectare.[22]

Balitai campus[edit]

Balitai was the first campus to be established in 1919 and is located at Balitai in the Nankai distric of Taijin. The campus hosts 10 colleges, namely the Business School, School of Economics, School of Literature, College of Chemistry, School of Mathematical Sciences, Institute of Physics, College of Foreign Languages, College of Life Sciences and Institute of Japan Studies.

Jinnan campus[edit]

Jinnan campus is the latest campus of Nankai university. It was opened in September 2015 and is located in the Binhai New Area. The campus hosts 14 colleges, the Zhou Enlai School of Government, College of Tourism and Service Management, School of Medicine, College of Pharmacy, Law School, College of Chinese Language and Culture, Faculty of Philosophy, College of History, College of Computer and Control Engineering, College of Electronic Information and Optical Engineering, School of Material Science and Engineering, School of Finance and College of Software.

TEDA Campus[edit]

TEDA campus is also located in the Binhau New Area and hosts the TEDA Institute of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology and the TEDA Institute of Applied Physics.

Main Building of Nankai University

Academics[edit]

The Eastern Arts Building

Nankai is a multidisciplinary university under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Education.[citation needed]

Teaching and Learning[edit]

The university has academic programs that cover the humanities, natural sciences, technology, life sciences, medical sciences and the arts, with an equal balance between the sciences and the liberal arts.

Nankai's academic programs operate on a semester calendar, with two terms. The first beginning in early September and ending in early January and the second beginning in early February and ending in early July. Subsequently winter break usually ranges from early January to early February and summer break from early July to early September.[23]

Nankai, in 2013, had 22 colleges and schools, and offered 79 bachelor's degree programs, 231 master's degree programs, and 172 Ph.D. programs. The total enrollment stood at approximately 12,000 undergraduate students and 11,000 graduate students. Of the total student population, 10% were international students from different countries around the world.

In 2018 the university offered a total of 80 undergraduate programs, 231 Master and 172 PhD programs and 28 post doctoral research stations. The total count of full-time students was 24,525. Academic staff consisted of 1,986 full-time teaching personnel, with 214 professors and 805 associate professors.[22]

Nankai offers different scholarships, among them the Chinese Government Scholarship for international students[24], the CSC Scholarship for American Students[25], the Tianjin Government Scholarship[26], the Confucius Institute Scholarship[27] and the Nankai University Scholarship[28].

Nankai also offers several scholarship programs to support international exchanges and hosts different international student exchange programs.[29] Nankai's broad international programs are organized through the International Office. The university has established cooperations with more than 300 international universities and academic institutions, including programs like an Elementary School Chinese Program with schools in the USA, which was launched in 2009.[30][31] [32][33] In 2010 the US-China exchange program Study International was launched, with the plan to send 100,000 American students to china in a four-year time frame. The first students were send to Nankai university in the fall of 2010.

In 2012 Nankai was invited to become the 35th member of The Global University Leaders Forum (GULF), a global community of high-ranking universities, including renown members like Yale University, Harvard University and the University of Oxford.[34][additional citation(s) needed]

Department rankings[edit]

Nankai's mathematics, chemistry, history, business and economics programs are among the best in China.[citation needed]

The chemistry research was ranked No. 1 according to the statistics from the Ministry of Education in 2008.[citation needed] Economics, mathematics and history were ranked 2nd among over 2000 Chinese universities.[citation needed]

Chern, Shiing-Shen established the world's largest mathematics institute (in terms of office area) in Nankai University.[citation needed]

The university is also highly regarded for its top quality undergraduate programs. Many of the undergraduate lectures are selected as national elite lectures by the Higher Education Division of the Ministry of Education.[citation needed]

Library of Nankai University New Campus

Research[edit]

The University has established broad international exchanges and collaborative relationships with more than 200 universities and academic institutions. Nobel Laureates Chen Ning Yang, Tsung-Dao Lee, Samuel Chao Chung Ting, Robert A. Mundell, and Reinhard Selten as well as former President of Korea Kim Dae Jung and former US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger were all conferred Honorary Professorships by Nankai University.[35]

In November 2016 Robert F. Engle, who won the 2003 Nobel Prize in economics, became an honorary professor at Nankai.[36]

Many other world-known scholars and entrepreneurs have been invited as Visiting Professors at Nankai University. Dr. Heng-Kang Sang returned from the United States to found the College of Economic and Social Development in 1987. Nankai University, a magnet for talented mathematicians known both at home and abroad, has become one of the most famous centers for mathematics worldwide.

Nankai established nine Confucius Institutes around the world.[citation needed]

Scientists from Nankai have been involved in different scientific breakthroughs and important advancements.[37][38][39]

Student life[edit]

Student body[edit]

In 2018 Nankai enrolled 24,525 full-time students, with 13,067 undergraduate, 8,162 postgraduate and 3,296 PhD students. Of them 1,902 were international students.

Colleges and schools[edit]

People[edit]

Presidents[edit]

Notable alumni[edit]

Zhou Enlai, first Premier of the People's Republic of China and student of the first ever class at Nankai in 1919

Notable alumni of Nankai university include

Rankings[edit]

University rankings
Global
ARWU World[47] 301-400
QS World[48] 344
Regional
QS Asia[49] 61
Library of Nankai University New Campus

Nankai University is ranked among the top 10 universities in China, with exceptions in 2017 and 2018.[5] In the ranking of top 50 universities in China published by Renmin University of China in June 2011, it was ranked 10th.[3] In the Netbig ranking of 2011 it was ranked 10th as well.[4] In the QS World University Rankings of 2013 it was ranked 62nd among Asian universities, and 11th in China.[5] In the Chinese first-class university ranking of 2012 by Wu Shulian of China Management Academy, it was placed 8th.[6] In the CWTS Leiden Ranking 2013, it was ranked 53rd among world universities, and 1st in China.[50] In the Nature Index Global 2014, it was ranked 83rd among world universities, and 7th in China.[51]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "NKU Motto". Retrieved 19 July 2018. 
  2. ^ "教育部 财政部 国家发展改革委 关于公布世界一流大学和一流学科建设高校及建设 学科名单的通知 (Notice from the Ministry of Education and other national governmental departments announcing the list of double first class universities and disciplines)". 
  3. ^ a b "Renmin University of China Higher Education Research". plan.ruc.edu.cn (in Chinese). Retrieved 6 July 2011. 
  4. ^ a b "Netbig 2011 Chinese University Ranking". rank2011.netbig.com (in Chinese). Retrieved 6 July 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c "QS World University Rankings". topuniversities.com. Retrieved 2013.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  6. ^ a b "List of the first-class Chinese Universities 2012". qq.com. Retrieved 3 Feb 2012. 
  7. ^ http://www.nankai.edu.cn/english/
  8. ^ China Information Service (1938). Bulletin. p. 28. 
  9. ^ Israel Epstein (1939). The people's war. V. Gollancz. p. 51. 
  10. ^ Israel Epstein (2005). My China Eye: Memoirs of a Jew and a Journalist. Long River Press. pp. 69–. ISBN 978-1-59265-042-2. 
  11. ^ The China Magazine. Chinese News Service. 1946. p. 25. 
  12. ^ China Magazine. Chinese News Service. 1946. p. 25. 
  13. ^ Hu Shih (1 February 2013). English Writings of Hu Shih: Literature and Society. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 164–. ISBN 978-3-642-31184-0. 
  14. ^ Simon Winchester (25 September 2008). Bomb, Book and Compass: Joseph Needham and the Great Secrets of China. Penguin UK. pp. 65–. ISBN 978-0-14-188989-4. 
  15. ^ Richard J. Meyer (2009). Jin Yan: The Rudolph Valentino of Shanghai. Hong Kong University Press. pp. 66–. ISBN 978-962-209-586-1. 
  16. ^ "New York Times: China opens up to Americans". Retrieved July 19, 2018. 
  17. ^ "New York Times: Beijing orders 2 more Americans to Leave China". Retrieved July 19, 2018. 
  18. ^ Xin, Hao; Normile, Dennis (2008-01-11). "Gunning for the Ivy League". Science. 319 (5860): 148–151. doi:10.1126/science.319.5860.148. ISSN 0036-8075. PMID 18187632. 
  19. ^ Buckley, Chris. "University President Sees Echoes of Cultural Revolution in New Campaign". Sinosphere Blog. Retrieved 2018-07-19. 
  20. ^ Buckley, Chris. "Chinese President Returns to Mao's (and His) Roots in Yan'an". Sinosphere Blog. Retrieved 2018-07-19. 
  21. ^ "NKU Campus". Retrieved 19 July 2018. 
  22. ^ a b "Facts and Figures". nankai.en.school.cucas.cn. Retrieved 2018-07-19. 
  23. ^ "NKU Academic Calendar". Retrieved July 19, 2018. 
  24. ^ "Chinese Government Scholarship". Retrieved July 18, 2018. 
  25. ^ "CSC Scholarship for American Students". Retrieved July 18, 2018. 
  26. ^ "Tianjin Government Scholarship". Retrieved July 18, 2018. 
  27. ^ "Confucius Institute Scholarship". Retrieved July 18, 2018. 
  28. ^ "Nankai University Scholarship". Retrieved July 18, 2018. 
  29. ^ "NKU Student Exchange". Retrieved July 18, 2018. 
  30. ^ Pomfret, John (2008-07-27). "A Long Wait at the Gate to Greatness". ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2018-07-19. 
  31. ^ Hill, David (2009-08-27). "Elementary School Expands Chinese Program". ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2018-07-19. 
  32. ^ "NKU Overview exchange programs". Retrieved July 18, 2018. 
  33. ^ "NKU partners". Retrieved July 18, 2018. 
  34. ^ "NKU International Organizations". Retrieved July 18, 2018. 
  35. ^ "NKU Scholars". Retrieved July 18, 2018. 
  36. ^ 冯紫煜. "Nobel prize winner to educate students in Tianjin". www.chinadaily.com.cn. Retrieved 2018-07-19. 
  37. ^ "Financial Times: Worth Watching (Liquorice Cancer Care)". Retrieved July 19, 2018. 
  38. ^ "The Washington Post: What's Not to Like About a Graphene Spacecraft?". Retrieved July 19, 2018. 
  39. ^ "Talk about mind control: Chinese develop a car operated by brain waves". Washington Post. Retrieved 2018-07-19. 
  40. ^ Hitchin, N. J. (2014-08-13). "Shiing-Shen Chern. 26 October 1911 -- 3 December 2004". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 60 (0): 75–85. doi:10.1098/rsbm.2014.0018. ISSN 0080-4606. 
  41. ^ Lelyveld, Joseph. "New York Times: In China, It's Politics by Allegory". Retrieved 2018-07-19. 
  42. ^ ""Zhou Enlai Class" Named in Nankai University". en.people.cn. Retrieved 2018-07-12. 
  43. ^ a b "The Nobel Prize in Physics 1957". www.nobelprize.org. Retrieved 2018-07-12. 
  44. ^ "Welcome to drama". 2006-04-18. Retrieved 2018-07-12. 
  45. ^ Chen, Xiaomei (2014-04-01). The Columbia Anthology of Modern Chinese Drama. Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231165020. 
  46. ^ "Scientists give up US nationality to become Chinese citizens". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 2018-07-12. 
  47. ^ Academic Ranking of World Universities 2017
  48. ^ QS World University Rankings 2018
  49. ^ QS Asian University Rankings 2018
  50. ^ "Leiden Ranking". Universiteit Leiden Centre for Science and Technology Studies. Retrieved 2013-08-19. 
  51. ^ "Nature Index Global 2014". Nature. Nature Publishing Group. 515: S98–S108. doi:10.1038/515S98a. Retrieved 2015-01-23. 

External links[edit]