Nankana Sahib

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Nankana Sahib

ننكانہ صاحِب
The City of Nankana Sahib
Gurdwara Janam Asthan LRMEXPORT 154324787666253 20200522 010330689 02.jpg
Nankana Sahib is located in Punjab, Pakistan
Nankana Sahib
Nankana Sahib
Nankana Sahib is located in Pakistan
Nankana Sahib
Nankana Sahib
Coordinates: 31°27′0″N 73°42′24″E / 31.45000°N 73.70667°E / 31.45000; 73.70667Coordinates: 31°27′0″N 73°42′24″E / 31.45000°N 73.70667°E / 31.45000; 73.70667
Country Pakistan
ProvincePunjab, Pakistan Punjab
DivisionLahore
DistrictNankana Sahib
Government
Elevation
187 m (614 ft)
Population
 • City79,540
District Council3 seats

Nankana Sahib (Urdu: ننکانہ صاحب‎, romanizednankāna sāhib; Punjabi: ننکاݨا صاحب, romanized: nankāṇā sāhab) is a city and capital of Nankana Sahib District in the Punjab province of Pakistan. It is named after the first Guru of the Sikhs, Guru Nanak, who was born in the city and first began preaching here. Nankana Sahib is the most important religious site for the Sikh religion.[2][3] It is located about 91 km (57 mi) west of Lahore and about 75 km (47 mi) east of Faisalabad.[4][dubious ] According to the census of 2017 the city has a population of 79,540 inhabitants.[5] Until 2005, it was the part of Sheikhupura District.

History[edit]

The township was founded by Rai Bhoi, a Hindu and thus was known as Rai-Bhoi-Di-Talwandi.[6] His great-grand son Rai Bular Bhatti, renamed it as 'Nankana Sahib' after the birth of Guru Nanak.[citation needed] The Gurdwara Nankana Sahib, originally constructed in around 1600 CE was renovated in 1819–20 CE by Gian-Punjab Maharaja Ranjit Singh The Sikh Conference of Panjab, Jammu and Kashmir, Peshawar, Kangra and Hazara.[citation needed]

During the Akali movement, on 20 February 1921, Narain Das, the Udasi mahant (clergy) of the gurdwara at Nankana Sahib, ordered his men to fire on Akali protesters, leading to the Nankana massacre. The firing was widely condemned, and an agitation was launched until the control of this historic Janam Asthan Gurdwara was restored to the Sikhs.[7] Again in the 1930s and 1940s the Sikhs added more buildings and more architectural design.

Migration between India and Pakistan was continuous before partition and independence. By the 1940s Western Punjab was predominantly Muslim and supported the Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After independence in August 1947, the minority Sikhs and Hindus migrated to India while the Muslim refugees from India settled in the Western Punjab and across Pakistan.[8]

Geography[edit]

Nankana Sahib and it surroundings were formerly a tehsil of Sheikhupura District. In May 2005, the provincial government raised the status of Nankana Sahib to a district[9] as a way of promoting development in the area. The present status is District Nankana Sahib has three tehsils: Nankana Sahib, Shah Kot, and Sangla Hill. Before December 2008, District Nankana Sahib also included Safdarabad Tehsil.

There are plans to construct a 100 acres (40 ha) university as well as hospitals and health care facilities by the district government with mutual interest of local communities and family of Rai Bular.[10]

In 2007, the Pakistan government announced a plan to set up a university on Sikh religion and culture at Nankana Sahib, the birthplace of Guru Nanak. Chairman of Pakistan's Evacuee Trust Property Board (ETPB), Gen (R) Zulfikar Ali Khan, said that "The international Guru Nanak University planned at Nankana Sahib would have the best architecture, curricula and research centre on Sikh religion and culture", .[11]

In 2019 after prolonged efforts of the Sikh community the historical Gurudwara on Nankana sahib was given direct access to pilgrims via the Kartarpur corridor project.[12] The first batch of Sikh pilgrims arrived in Pakistan on 12 November, the historical occasion of the 550th gurupurab (birth anniversary) of Guru Nanak, the founding guru of Sikhism.

Transportation[edit]

Notable Places[edit]

And other historical Gurdwaras of Sikhism.

Notable people[edit]

Education[edit]

Universities/Higher Education Institutes[edit]

Colleges[edit]

Schools[edit]

Police Stations[edit]

There are two Police stations in Nankana Sahib

  • Police Station City Nankana Sahib
  • Police Station Sadar Nankana Sahib

Hospitals[edit]

  • District Headquarter Hospital

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.citypopulation.de/Pakistan-Punjab.html?cityid=11398
  2. ^ Iqbal, Amjad (22 November 2015). "Over 2,500 Indian Sikhs attend annual pilgrimage". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 20 April 2016.
  3. ^ Historical Gurudwaras:Nankana Sahib Archived 2011-09-14 at the Wayback Machine. Sgpc.net. Retrieved on 2011-11-15.
  4. ^ Nankana Sahib Archived 2011-12-22 at the Wayback Machine. Nha.gov.pk. Retrieved on 2011-11-15.
  5. ^ https://www.politicpk.com/nankana-sahib-district-population-of-cities-towns-and-villages-2017-2018/
  6. ^ Khalsa, Sukhmandir (1 January 2010). "Historical Gurdwaras of Nankana, Pakistan Commemorating Guru Nanak Dev". About.com Religion & Spirituality. Retrieved 20 April 2016.
  7. ^ Singh, Roopinder (March 23, 2011). "Bhagat Singh: The making of the revolutionary". The Tribune. Retrieved 2011-10-23. Bhagat Singh was a well-read, articulate young man who significantly impacted Indian history and left behind a legacy that even 80 years after his martyrdom is still very much a part of our cultural ethos
  8. ^ Dube, I. &. S. (2009). From ancient to modern: Religion, power, and community in India hardcover. Oxford University Press.
  9. ^ Nankana becomes a district. Dawn.com. Retrieved on 2011-11-15.
  10. ^ "Nankana Sahib in Pak to be a recreational village". The Times of India. Sep 27, 2003. Archived from the original on July 26, 2012. Retrieved 2011-10-23.
  11. ^ "Pak govt plans university at Nankana Sahib". The Times of India. Apr 17, 2007. Archived from the original on July 7, 2012. Retrieved 2011-10-23.
  12. ^ "PILGRIMAGE TO KARTARPUR SAHIB". prakashpurb550.mha.gov.in. Retrieved 2020-01-04.
  13. ^ https://www.facebook.com/NankanaLakeResort/
  14. ^ http://pakistanhotels.com.pk/nankana-lake-resort-nankana-sahib/
  15. ^ https://www.pakwheels.com/forums/t/nankana-lake-resort-and-gurdwara-nankana-sahib/230787
  16. ^ Pak Garrison Buland School System