Nankana Sahib

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Nankana Sahib
ننكانہ صاحِب

ਨਨਕਾਣਾ ਸਾਹਿਬ
City
Nankana Sahib.JPG
Nankana Sahib is located in Pakistan
Nankana Sahib
Nankana Sahib
Coordinates: 31°27′N 73°42′E / 31.450°N 73.700°E / 31.450; 73.700Coordinates: 31°27′N 73°42′E / 31.450°N 73.700°E / 31.450; 73.700
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
District Nankana Sahib
Elevation 187 m (614 ft)
District Council 3 seats

Nankana Sahib (Urdu: ننكانہ صاحِب‎), (Punjabi: Shahmukhi: ننکانہ صاحب Gurumukhi: ਨਨਕਾਣਾ ਸਾਹਿਬ), is a city and capital of Nankana Sahib District in the Punjab province of Pakistan. It is named after the first guru of the Sikhs, Guru Nanak. Guru Nanak who was born in the city and first began preaching here. Today, Nankana Sahib is a city of high historic and religious value for Sikhs and is a popular pilgrimage site for Sikhs from all over the world.[1][2] It is located about 80 kilometers south west of Lahore and about 75 kilometres east of Faisalabad.[3] The city has a population of approximately 70,000.[4]

History[edit]

The township was founded by Rai Bhoi and thus was known as Rai-Bhoi-Di-Talwandi.[citation needed] His great grand son Rai Bular Bhatti, renamed it as 'Nankana Sahib' after the birth of Guru Nanak.[citation needed] The Gurdwara Nankana Sahib, originally constructed in around 1600 CE was renovated in the years 1819–20 CE by Gian-Punjab Maharaja Jassa Singh Ramgarhia The Sikh Conference of Panjab, Jammu and Kashmir, Peshawar, Kangra and Hazara.[citation needed]

During the Akali movement, on 20 February 1921, Narain Das, the Udasi mahant (clergy) of the gurdwara at Nankana Sahib, ordered his men to fire on Akali protesters, leading to the Nankana massacre. The firing was widely condemned, and an agitation was launched until the control of this historic Janam Asthan Gurdwara was restored to the Sikhs.[5] Again in the 1930s and 40's the Sikhs added more buildings and more architectural design.

Migration between India and Pakistan was continuous before independence. By the 1900s Western Punjab was predominantly Muslim and supported the Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence in August 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslim refugees from India settled in the Western Punjab and across Pakistan.[6]

The area around Nankana Sahib was formerly a tehsil of Sheikhupura District. In May 2005, the provincial government decided to raise the status of Nankana Sahib to that of a district [7] as a way of promoting development in the area.

According to reports, there are plans to construct a 100 Acre University as well as hospitals and health care facilities by the descendants of Rai Bular. [8]

In 2007, the Pakistan government announced a plan to set up a university on Sikh religion and culture at Nankana Sahib, the birthplace of Guru Nanak. "The international Guru Nanak University planned at Nankana Sahib would have the best architecture, curricula and research centre on Sikh religion and culture", Chairman of Pakistan's Evacuee Trust Property Board (ETPB), Gen (Retd) Zulfikar Ali Khan, said.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Iqbal, Amjad (22 November 2015). "Over 2,500 Indian Sikhs attend annual pilgrimage". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 20 April 2016. 
  2. ^ Historical Gurudwaras:NANKANA SAHIB. Sgpc.net. Retrieved on 2011-11-15.
  3. ^ Nankana Sahib. Nha.gov.pk. Retrieved on 2011-11-15.
  4. ^ "World Gazetteer estimate for Nankana Sahib". Archived from the original on February 9, 2013. . World-gazetteer.com. Retrieved on 2011-11-15.
  5. ^ Singh, Roopinder (March 23, 2011). "Bhagat Singh: The making of the revolutionary". The Tribune. Retrieved 2011-10-23. Bhagat Singh was a well-read, articulate young man who significantly impacted Indian history and left behind a legacy that even 80 years after his martyrdom is still very much a part of our cultural ethos 
  6. ^ Dube, I. &. S. (2009). From ancient to modern: Religion, power, and community in India hardcover. Oxford University Press.
  7. ^ Nankana becomes a district. Dawn.com. Retrieved on 2011-11-15.
  8. ^ "Nankana Sahib in Pak to be a recreational village". The Times of India. Sep 27, 2003. Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  9. ^ "Pak govt plans university at Nankana Sahib". The Times of India. Apr 17, 2007. Retrieved 2011-10-23.