Nanmadaw Me Nu
|Nanmadaw Me Nu |
|Chief queen consort of Burma|
|Tenure||5 June 1819 – 15 April 1837|
|Predecessor||Shin Paik Thaung|
|Successor||Thiri Pawara Ti Lawka Maha Yadana Padomma Dewi|
|Born||18 June 1783|
Pha Lan Gon
|Died||12 May 1840 (aged 56)|
Bagyidaw (m. 1801)
|Issue||Prince of Palaing |
|Father||Prince Thiha Kyawswa of Shwedaung|
Nanmadaw Me Nu (Burmese: နန်းမတော် မယ်နု, pronounced [náɴmədɔ̀ mɛ̀ nṵ]; 18 June 1783 – 12 May 1840) was the chief queen of King Bagyidaw of Konbaung dynasty of Burma from 1819 to 1837. Married to Bagyidaw (then, Prince of Sagaing) in 1801, Me Nu became queen when Bagyidaw ascended the throne on 5 June 1819 as the chief queen consort, with the title Namadaw Mibaya Khaunggyi (lit. Queen of the Main Palace").
Me Nu was born on 18 June 1783 at Phalangon village, 5 miles northwest of present day town of Khin-U. She was named Shin Min Nu and she was great-grand daughter of the hero Bala Thaman who was posted to the Phalangon village fort during the reign of king Mahadhammaraza Dipadi of Nyaungyan dynasty to guard against the danger of Manipuris.
Bala Thaman's third daughter was Thakhin Mun. Her son was Htaung Thinn Hmu Thiha Kyawswar U Hlote. Shin Min Nu was born of Thiha Kyawswar U Hlote and his wife Daw Nge. She was not of royal birth but became chief queen of the Bagyidaw.
Rise to power and terminate
Me Nu was part of the war party along with Gen. Maha Bandula and her brother Maung O, the Lord of Salin, in Bagyidaw's court that advocated war with the British. After the disastrous First Anglo-Burmese War (1824–1826) that left the country crippled, Bagyidaw became increasingly reclusive. Me Nu and her brother became de facto rulers of the country, and they were much feared for their tyrannical rule.
Queen Me Nu had a son and a daughter with Bagyidaw. The son, Prince of Palaing, died young at 10 in April 1804. The daughter Princess Supayagale was a queen (Queen Hsinbyumashin) of King Mindon and mother of Burma's last queen Supayalat. The female lineage of Nanmadaw Me Nu, Hsinphyumashin and Supayalat in the male dominnated Burmese monarchy is a very intersting one regarding the end of Independence and the monarchy.
In February 1837, Crown Prince Tharrawaddy, brother of Bagyidaw, raised a rebellion against Bagyidaw, successfully forcing Bagyidaw to abdicate in April. Tharrawaddy put his brother under house arrest but executed Me Nu and her brother.
Established a brick monastery
She established the Me Nu Oak-kyaung (Brick Monastery) was built in 1822 for the royal abbot Nyaunggan Sayardaw U Po. Then offered to the 2nd Nyaunggan Sayardaw U Bok. The monastery was damaged by the earthquake of 1838 but was repaired in 1873 by his daughter Hsinbyumashin. This monastery is one of the finest specimens of Myanmar architecture during the Konbaung Period (19th century). Its architecture is in simulation of wooden monasteries with multiple roofs and a prayer hall of seven-tiered superstructure.
- Buyers 11
- Myint-U 2006: 112
- Buyers, Christopher. "The Konbaung Dynasty Genealogy". royalark.net. Retrieved 19 September 2009.
- Myint-U, Thant (2006). The River of Lost Footsteps—Histories of Burma. Farrar, Straus and Giroux. ISBN 978-0-374-16342-6.
Nanmadaw Me NuBorn: 18 June 1783 Died: 12 May 1840
Shin Paik Thaung
| Chief queen consort of Burma
5 June 1819 – 15 April 1837
Thiri Pawara Ti Lawka Maha Yadana Padomma Dewi
|This biography of a member of a noble house or article about nobility is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|