Nanniwan

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Soldiers working at Nanniwan in 1943

"Nanniwan" (Chinese: ; pinyin: Nánníwān; Wade–Giles: Nan2-ni2-wan1; literally: "South Muddy Bend") is a revolutionary song written in 1943 with lyrics by communist playwright and poet He Jingzhi and music by Ma Ke. It was made popular by the Communist Party of China and continues to be one of the most recognisable songs in the People's Republic of China.

Nanniwan is a gorge about 90 km southeast of Yan'an, Shaanxi province. In response to economic blockades by the Imperial Japanese Army and Kuomintang in 1941, the Communists set up an Opium production committee with Ren Bishi as its head and began experimenting with small scale agricultural development as well as poppy production in a bid to become self-sufficient. The 359th brigade of the Eighth Route Army was deployed to Nanniwan to improve productivity. In 1943 Nanniwan was heralded a success, and a propagandist song was commissioned. The lyrics, written by He Jingzhi, were set to a traditional folk melody of northern Shaanxi.

The song rose during the last years of the Second Sino-Japanese War and continued to be popular after the Communist victory in 1949. It is the signature song of the important revolutionary singer Wang Kun, and Cui Jian, widely regarded as the "father of Chinese rock," created a rock music version of the song in 1991. It experienced a revival during the mid-1990s along with other revolutionary songs, with the release of many readaptations in Guoyue compilations.

Lyrics[edit]

Simplified chinese Traditional chinese Pinyin Translation

花篮的花儿香
听我来唱一唱
唱一唱
来到了南泥湾
南泥湾好地方
好地方
到处是庄稼
遍地是牛羊

往年的南泥湾
处处是荒山
没呀人烟
如今的南泥湾
与往年不一般
不一般
再不是旧模样
是陕北的好江南

陕北的好江南
鲜花开满山
开呀满山
学习那南泥湾
处处是江南
是呀江南
又站岗来又生产
三五九旅是模范
咱们走向前
鲜花送模范

花籃的花兒香
聽我來唱一唱
唱一呀唱
來到了南泥灣
南泥灣好地方
好地呀方
好地方來好風光
好地方來好風光
到處是莊稼
遍地是牛羊
往年的南泥灣
處處是荒山
沒呀人煙
如今的南泥灣
與往年不一般
不一呀般
如呀今的南泥灣
與呀往年不一般
再不是舊模樣
是陝北的好江南
陝北的好江南
鮮花開滿山
開呀滿山
學習那南泥灣
處處是江南
是呀江南
又學習來又生產
三五九旅是模範
咱們走向前
鮮花送模範

Huālán de huā er xiāng
Tīng wǒ lái chàng yī chàng
Chàng yī ya chàng
Lái dàole nán ní wān
Nán ní wān hǎo dìfāng
Hǎo de ya fāng
Hǎo dìfāng lái hǎo fēngguāng
Hǎo dìfāng lái hǎo fēngguāng
Dàochù shì zhuāngjia
Biàndì shì niú yáng
Wǎngnián de nán ní wān
Chùchù shì huāngshān
Méi ya rén yān
Rújīn de nán ní wān
Yǔ wǎngnián bù yībān
Bù yī ya bān
Rú ya jīn de nán ní wān
Yǔ ya wǎngnián bù yībān
Zài bu shì jiù múyàng
Shì shǎnběi de hǎo jiāngnán
Shǎnběi de hǎo jiāngnán
Xiānhuā kāi mǎn shān
Kāi ya mǎn shān
Xuéxí nà nán ní wān
Chùchù shì jiāngnán
Shì ya jiāngnán
Yòu xuéxí lái yòu shēngchǎn
Sānwǔjiǔ lǚ shì mófàn
Zánmen zǒuxiàng qián
Xiānhuā sòng mófàn

Flowers in a basket are fragrant
Listen to me sing a little
Sing for a little
Come to Nanniwan
Nanniwan is a nice place
Nice place

Nanniwan in years gone by
Was a barren mountain with no human beings
Nanniwan today
Is different from the past

Nanniwan today
Is different from the past
And no longer looks like it did
It's the best Jiangnan in north Shaanxi

Nice place and beautiful scenery
Nice place and beautiful scenery
Crops everywhere
Cattle and sheep all around