Nanochromis transvestitus

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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Cichlidae
Subfamily: Pseudocrenilabrinae
Tribe: Chromidotilapiini
Genus: Nanochromis
Species: N. transvestitus
Binomial name
Nanochromis transvestitus
T. R. Roberts & D. J. Stewart, 1984

Nanochromis transvestitus is a sexually dimorphic cichlid endemic to Lake Mai-Ndombe in the Democratic Republic of the Congo where they live at a depth of around 1 metre (3.3 ft). It feeds on small benthic invertebrates. This species reaches a length of 3.4 centimetres (1.3 in) SL.[2] Unusually for cichlids, it is the female, not the male, that is the most colourful. The female has a vertical black and white banding on her anal and caudual fins, with a bright red abdomen. The male, by contrast, is grayish in colour. Like many cichlids, the male does, however, have longer anal and caudal fins. The fish are egg layers and make a nest in the substrate in which to lay their eggs. This species is particularly threatened by the practice of using mosquito netting to catch fish out of the lake as material with holes that small catches every species of fish in the lake regardless of size.[1]


  1. ^ a b Moelants, T. 2010. Nanochromis transvestitus. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <>. Downloaded on 28 April 2013.
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). "Nanochromis transvestitus" in FishBase. February 2013 version.