Nanshan District, Shenzhen
Shenzhen High-Tech Industrial Park
Nanshan District in Shenzhen
|• Total||182 km2 (70 sq mi)|
|• Density||12,000/km2 (31,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
Nanshan District (simplified Chinese: 南山区; traditional Chinese: 南山區; pinyin: Nánshān Qū ;Cantonese Jyutping: Naam4 Saan1 Keoi1) is one of the six districts comprising Shenzhen. It encompasses the southwest area of the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone, with a population of 1.08 million. In 2013, the district of Nanshan's local GDP output exceeded 320 billion RMB. The region has an established tourism industry and is home to several sightseeing locations.
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Administrative divisions
- 5 Communities
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Economy
- 8 Education
- 9 Gallery
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Nanshan District has a total area of 182 km². The area continued to increase due to large scale land reclamation, especially in Qianhai and Houhai. The district is located to the northwest of Deep Bay, east of the Pearl River entrance. Its northern boundary is Yangtaishan, which divides the district with Baoan, while it is bounded south by Inner Lingding Island and Dachan Island, though the Port of Shekou is the southernmost point on the peninsula. Nanshan is situated about a degree south of the Tropic of Cancer and has a humid subtropical climate. It sits directly north of Yuen Long district of Hong Kong. More than half of the district consist of urban areas.Mountainous areas like Tanglangshan and Yangtaishan to the north and Nanshan Park to the south are largely preserved as forests.
At 587 metres tall, Yangtaishan has the highest elevation in the district, with Tanglangshan being the second at 430 metres and third being Nanshan of height 336 metres. The district has a total coastline of 55.18 kilometres.
Nanshan was largely a rural area before being rapidly developed since the late 1970s, with the exception of a few towns and villages. Nantou(南頭/南头), the seat of Bao'an County for almost 1700 years was located within the district.
In September 1983, Nantou district was established; it was county-level administratively. Less than a year later in August 1984 Shekou, which came to be known as Shekou subdistrict today, split off as a separate district from Nanshan. In September 1990 the two districts combined to form the present Nanshan District.
Nanshan experienced large sums of migrants from other parts of the country. Much of the original towns in the district had either been demolished to make way for developments or became what are to be known as urban villages.
As of the end of 2011,Nanshan district has a total resident population of 1,087,936 and a census-registered population of 0.5492 million. The vast majority of the population are concentrated in the southern half of the district.
Nanshan District is organized into the following subdistricts.
|Name||Chinese||Hanyu Pinyin||Canton Romanization||Population (2010)||Area (km2)|
|Nantou Subdistrict||南头街道||Nántóu Jiēdào||nam4 teo4 gai1 dou6||163,237||16.80|
|Nanshan Subdistrict||南山街道||Nánshān Jiēdào||nam4 san1 gai1 dou6||152,312||23.90|
|Shahe Subdistrict||沙河街道||Shāhé Jiēdào||sa1 ho4 gai1 dou6||121,350||22.32|
|Xili Subdistrict||西丽街道||Xīlì Jiēdào||sei1 lei6 gai1 dou6||187,832||49.16|
|Shekou Subdistrict||蛇口街道||Shékǒu Jiēdào||sé4 heo2 gai1 dou6||87,304||12.29|
|Zhaoshang Subdistrict||招商街道||Zhāoshāng Jiēdào||jiu1 sêng1 gai1 dou6||79,650||18.36|
|Yuehai Subdistrict||粤海街道||Yuèhǎi Jiēdào||yud6 hoi2 gai1 dou6||157,807||14.40|
|Taoyuan Subdistrict||桃源街道||Táoyuán Jiēdào||tou4 yun4 gai1 dou6||138,853||40.00|
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Nanshan is currently served by four out of the six metro lines operated by Shenzhen Metro:
- Line 1 - OCT, Window of the World , Baishizhou, Hi-Tech Park, Shenzhen University, Taoyuan, Daxin, Liyumen, Qianhaiwan
- Line 2 - Chiwan, Shekou Port, Sea World, Shuiwan, Dongjiaotou, Wanxia, Haiyue, Dengliang, Houhai , Keyuan, Hongshuwan, Window of the World , Qiaocheng North
- Line 5 - Qianhaiwan , Linhai
- Line 11 - Qianhaiwan , Nanshan, Houhai , Hongshuwan South
Access of neighbouring cities and regions
Cross boundary coaches to and from Hong Kong are also available at Shenzhen Bay Port. The port it located geographically at Shekou hence all coach will travel along the Hong Kong-Shenzhen Western Corridor to get to Hong Kong.
Tencent, Vapestrm, ZTE, China Resources Beverage (CR Beverage), amongst others, have their headquarters in Hi-Tech Park (科技園/科技园, Pinyin:Kējì Yuán), Nanshan. The South China office of CR Beverage is in on the 10th floor of the Min Tai Building (閩泰大廈/闽泰大厦) in the district. China Nepstar has its headquarters in the Xinnengyuan Building (新能源大厦 / 新能源大廈) on Nanhai Road, Nanshan District.
Free Trade Zones
Qianhai Shenzhen-Hong Kong Modern Service Industry Cooperation Zone is a large masterplanned commercial free trade zone comprising 14 km2 of reclaimed land under construction in Qianhai, Nanshan. Upon scheduled completion in 2020, special policies including lower taxation rates would be implemented in the new district.
Shekou is another planned free trade zone now rapidly redeveloping is the Shekou Industrial Zone, on the southern tip of Nanshan.
Eight of Shenzhen's eleven full-time universities are located in Nanshan:
- Shenzhen University
- Shenzhen Polytechnic
- Shenzhen University City
- Tsinghua University 
- Peking University
- Harbin Institute of Technology
- Financial College of Nankai University
- Shenzhen Virtual University Park 
- Nanshan Foreign Languages School 南山外國語學校/南山外国语学校
- Yueliangwan Primary School 月亮灣小學/月亮湾小学
- Nanshan Primary School 南山小學/南山小学
- Nanyuan Primary School 南園小學/南园小学
- Xiangnan Primary School 向南小學/向南小学
- Nanshan Experimental Primary School 南山實驗小學/南山实验小学
- Qianhai Primary School 前海小學/前海小学
An international school, Shenzhen Dalton Xinhua School (深圳道尔顿新华公学), was scheduled to open in September 2016.
- "Middle School" may refer to either 7-9 and/or 10-12 schools
- Shenzhen Nanshan Foreign Languages school 深圳南山外國語學校/深圳南山外国语学校
- Shenzhen Yucai School 深圳育才學校/深圳育才学校
- Shenzhen Experimental School 深圳實驗學校高中部/深圳实验学校高中部
- Lixiang Middle School 荔香中學/荔香中学
- Nantou Middle School 南頭中學/南头中学
- OCT Middle School 華僑城中學/华侨城中学
- Shekou Middle School 蛇口中學/蛇口中学
- Shenzhen Nanshan Bilingual School, Cambridge International Centre, (CIC), Middle School,
International and private schools
There are four Anglophone international high schools and private high schools in Nanshan, these high schools all offer British, University of Cambridge International A-Level or North American style curricula, with English as the main language of instruction.
- The International School of Nanshan Shenzhen
- Shenzhen Nanshan Chinese International College (formerly Nanshan Bilingual School/Baishizhou Bilingual School)
- Shekou International School
- QSI International School of Shekou.
International K-12 schools include:
- KIS Korean International School of Shenzhen (Korean section and English elementary section)
International 1-9 schools include:
- shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing Shi: Zhongguo tong ji chu ban she. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2.
- https://web.archive.org/web/20081209104327/http://www.xunlongferry.com/e-shouye.asp. Archived from the original on December 9, 2008. Retrieved November 28, 2008. Missing or empty
- "Shekou and Hong Kong Ferry Schedules". www.shenzhenparty.com. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- Transport Department
- "About Vapestrm". www.vapestrm.com. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
- "Contact Us." Tencent contact details. Retrieved on September 28, 2011
- "Contact Us." Retrieved on November 19, 2012
- "Consumer Goods." China Resources. Retrieved on April 10, 2014"
- "Contact 联系我们." China Resources Beverage. Retrieved on April 10, 2014.
- "Contact Us." China Nepstar. Retrieved on November 19, 2012
- https://web.archive.org/web/20090726214608/http://www.szns.gov.cn/main_en/generalinfo/. Archived from the original on July 26, 2009. Retrieved December 12, 2008. Missing or empty
- http://www.tsinghua-sz.cn/[dead link]
- https://web.archive.org/web/20081229235824/http://www.szvup.com/Html/englishh/83264822729835.html. Archived from the original on December 29, 2008. Retrieved December 12, 2008. Missing or empty
- "Sports school being built". Shenzhen Daily. 2016-02-16. Retrieved 2010-10-04.
- "Shenzhen's first Japanese school opens in Shekou" (Archive). Shenzhen Daily. June 16, 2008. Retrieved on January 14, 2015. Alternate link at (Archive) Xinhua, Alternate link at Newsgd.com.
- "深圳日本人学校 事務職員 募集要項." Shenzhen Japanese School. Retrieved on January 14, 2015. "連絡先 深圳日本人学校 中華人民共和国広東省深圳市南山区工業八路295号"
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