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This article is about the city in Bangladesh. For the district, see Naogaon District. For the upazila, see Naogaon Sadar Upazila. For the city in Assam, India, see Nagaon. For the district in India, see Nagaon District.
Clockwise from top: Naogaon K.D. Government High School, Bijoy Monument, Gaza Society office, Shadhinota Monument and Balihar Royal Palace.
Clockwise from top: Naogaon K.D. Government High School, Bijoy Monument, Gaza Society office, Shadhinota Monument and Balihar Royal Palace.
Naogaon is located in Bangladesh
Location in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 24°48′N 88°56′E / 24.800°N 88.933°E / 24.800; 88.933
Country  Bangladesh
Division Rajshahi Division
District Naogaon District
Granted municipality status 1963
 • Type Municipal government
 • Mayor Nazmul Haque Sony
 • Total 38.36 km2 (14.81 sq mi)
Elevation 20 m (66 ft)
 • Total 150,025[1]
 • Literacy rate 62.% [1]
Time zone Bangladesh Time (UTC+6)
Postal code 6500
Calling code 0741

Naogaon (Bengali: নওগাঁ Nôogã) is a town in northern Bangladesh. It is located in the bank of Mini Jamuna river. It is the centre of commerce within the Naogaon District. The area of the town is about 38.36 km2 (14.81 sq mi) and the population is about 150,025. The municipality consists of 9 wards and 56 mahallas.


Naogaon subdivision, under Rajshahi zila, was established in 1877 and was turned into a zila in 1984. The zila consists of 11 upazilas, 99 unions, 2565 mauzas, 2854 villages, 3 paurashavas, 27 wards and 76 mahallas. The upazilas are NAOGAON SADAR, ATRAI, BADALGACHHI, DHAMOIRHAT, MANDA, MAHADEBPUR, NIAMATPUR, Patnitala Upazila, PORSHA, RANINAGAR and SAPAHAR. Background, Geographic Area and Location: Naogaon was one of the sub-divisions of former Rajshahi zila. It was upgraded to zila on the 1st March, 1984. It is believed that the present zila headquarters initially developed in a mauza comprising nine (meaning ‘Nao’ in Bengali) villages (meaning ‘Gaon’ in Bengali). The zila might have derived its name as Naogaon from the words ‘Nao’ and ‘Gaon’. The zila is bounded on the north by India, on the east by Joypurhat and Bogra zilas, on the south by Natore and Rajshahi zilas and on the west by Nawabganj and India. The total area of the zila is 3435.65 km2. (1326.00 sq.miles) of which 9.09 km2. (3.51 sq. miles) is riverine and 19.45 km2 (7.51 sq. miles) is under forest. The zila lies between 24° 32′ and 25° 13′ north latitudes and between 28° 23′ and 89° 10′ east longitudes.

Annual average temperature[edit]

Maximum 37.8 °C and minimum 11.2 °C; annual rainfall 1862 mm.

Main rivers[edit]

ATRAI, PUNARBHABA, LITTLE JAMUNA, NAGAR, Chiri and Tulsi Ganga. Guta, Mansur and Dighali beels are notable.[2]

Archaeological heritage and relics[edit]

Somapura Mahavihara, Jagaddal Vihara, Halud Vihara, Agrapuri Vihara.


Indigo rebellion (1859–62); peasant revolt against the zamindar in protest of increasing land revenue (1883).

Marks of War of Liberation[edit]

Mass grave 9; mass killing site 7, memorial sculpture 1, monument 1.

Ethnic national[edit]

Mainly Santal, Oraon and Mahali.

Main crops[edit]

Paddy, potato, watermelon, oil seeds, pulses. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Opium, indigo, aman and aus paddy, tobacco, vetch, cannabis.

Fruit production[edit]

Mango, jackfruit, banana, litchi, coconut.[3]


Palanquin, horse carriage, bullock cart, buffalo cart. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.[4]