Naoki Urasawa

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Naoki Urasawa
Naoki Urasawa at the 2012 Japan Expo, Paris
Naoki Urasawa at the 2012 Japan Expo, Paris
BornNaoki Urasawa
浦沢 直樹
(1960-01-02) January 2, 1960 (age 59)
Fuchū, Tokyo, Japan
OccupationManga artist, musician, TV and radio presenter
NationalityJapanese
EducationMeisei University
SubjectSeinen manga
Notable works20th Century Boys
Monster
Pluto
Yawara!
Notable awardsShogakukan Manga Award (1989, 2000, 2002)
Tezuka Osamu Cultural Prize (1999, 2005)
Years active1981–present

Naoki Urasawa (Japanese: 浦沢 直樹, Hepburn: Urasawa Naoki, born January 2, 1960, in Fuchū, Tokyo) is a Japanese manga artist and musician. He has been called one of the artists that changed the history of manga, and has received the Shogakukan Manga Award three times, the Tezuka Osamu Cultural Prize twice, and the Kodansha Manga Award once. Junot Díaz, Pulitzer Prize for Fiction winner, praised Urasawa's Monster and proclaimed "Urasawa is a national treasure in Japan."[1]

Early life[edit]

Urasawa cited Osamu Tezuka as one of his heroes, being particularly fond of his manga Phoenix.[2] "The Greatest Robot on Earth" and "The Artificial Sun" arcs of Tezuka's Astro Boy were his first experiences with manga at four or five years old.[3] Urasawa graduated from Meisei University with a degree in economics.

Career[edit]

Urasawa made his professional debut with Return in 1981, for which he won a New Manga Artist Award by Shogakukan the following year. He began his first serialized work, Pineapple Army, in 1985 in the semimonthly Big Comic Original. He was the illustrator of the series, while Kazuya Kudo was its writer. It ended in 1988 and was collected into eight tankōbon volumes. While working on Pineapple Army, Urasawa began Yawara! in the weekly Big Comic Spirits in 1986 which he wrote and illustrated himself. It earned him the 1989 Shogakukan Manga Award in the General category.[4] That same year it was adapted into a live-action film and an anime television series. It ended in 1993 and was collected into 29 volumes.

When Pineapple Army ended, Urasawa began Master Keaton for Big Comic Original in November 1988. He illustrated it, while Hokusei Katsushika wrote it. It ended in August 1994 and was collected into 18 volumes. An anime television adaptation began in 1998, before finishing as an original video animation in 2000. Likewise when Yawara! ended, Urasawa began another solo series in Big Comic Spirits. Happy! ran from 1993 until 1999 and was collected into 23 volumes. It was adapted into two live-action television films in 2006.

Following Master Keaton's end, Urasawa began Monster in Big Comic Original in December 1994. It earned him the 1999 Tezuka Osamu Cultural Prize,[5] and his second Shogakukan Manga Award in the General category in 2001.[4] It ended in December 2001, was collected into 18 volumes, and adapted into an anime television series in 2004. With Happy!'s ending, Urasawa began 20th Century Boys in Big Comic Spirits in 1999. It earned him the 2001 Kodansha Manga Award in the General category,[6] and his third Shogakukan Manga Award in the General category in 2002.[4] It ended in 2006 and was collected into 22 volumes. The story briefly continued as 21st Century Boys in 2007, which was collected into two volumes. 20th Century Boys was adapted into three live-action films, which were released in 2008 and 2009.

While working on 20th Century Boys, Urasawa began adapting "The Greatest Robot on Earth" story arc of Osamu Tezuka's Astro Boy into the series Pluto. It was serialized in Big Comic Original from September 9, 2003 to April 5, 2009 and collected into 8 volumes. It earned him his second Tezuka Osamu Cultural Prize.[5] In 2008, Urasawa began working for Kodansha, serializing Billy Bat in Weekly Morning. It ran from October 16, 2008 to August 18, 2016 and was collected into 20 volumes. Also in 2008, Urasawa took a guest teaching post at Nagoya Zokei University, where he taught "Modern Expression Course: Manga Classes" two to three times a year, although the class met every month.[7] Initially planned for only five students, he agreed to expand it to fifteen in an effort to create more "real artists."[7]

Oricon held a poll on the Mangaka that Changed the History of Manga in 2010, mangaka being the Japanese word for a manga artist, and Urasawa came in tenth.[8] Urasawa created a picture book in 2011, illustrating Kosuke Hamada's story Red Oni Cries.[9]

Urasawa began writing a sequel to Master Keaton in 2012 titled Master Keaton Remaster.[10] When asked why he went back to a series after so many years, Urasawa stated it was because with the original series he had a hard time making the story he wanted due to contractual obligation, and because people affected by the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami said they had enjoyed the series, so he wanted to do something for them.[11] Beginning in the March 2012 issue of Big Comic Original it finished in 2014 and was collected into a single volume. As a guest at the 2012 Japan Expo in France, Urasawa talked about how he entered the manga industry, gave a live drawing demonstration, and performed two songs as a musician, and joined rock band Hemenway on stage the following day.[12]

In August 2013, Urasawa created his first "monster manga" titled "Monster Kingdom", a 41-page one-shot published in Big Comic.[13] Urasawa is the host of the NHK Educational TV documentary series Urasawa Naoki no Manben (浦沢直樹の漫勉, "Naoki Urasawa's Manga Exertions"), which focuses on a different manga artist each episode and explores their individual styles. It began as a one-off special in 2014, a first season was launched in September 2015, a second in March 2016,[14] a third in September 2016,[15] and a fourth in March 2017.[16]

Urasawa created a short three-page manga about 1960s British rock band the Beatles time-traveling to 2016. Released in June 2016 on the website of Tokyo radio station InterFM897, it coincides with the TV program KKBOX Here comes The Beatles and celebrates the 50th anniversary of the band's visit to Japan.[17] On April 9, 2017, Urasawa began co-hosting a radio program with actor and comedian Junji Takada. Junji and Naoki (純次と直樹) airs Sundays at 5pm on Nippon Cultural Broadcasting and features both men talking about their lives, professions, and favorite hobbies.[18] That year Urasawa also began the limited series Mujirushi: Le Signe des Rêves in a collaboration with France's Louvre Museum. It began in Big Comic Original in October 2017 and ended on February 20, 2018.[19]

Urasawa began Renzoku Manga Shōsetsu Asadora! ("Serial Manga Novel Asadora!") in Big Comic Spirits on October 6, 2018.[20] He also designed the official character of the 2019 Osaka Women's Marathon.[21] On January 23, 2019, Japan House Los Angeles began presenting the first North American exhibit of Urasawa's work, titled "This is MANGA – the Art of NAOKI URASAWA". The exhibit runs until March 28, 2019, and features more than 400 original drawings and storyboards. Urasawa participated in an artist discussion and book signing on opening day.[22] In January 2019, Urasawa was announced as a nominee for entry into the Will Eisner Hall of Fame, which will be decided at San Diego Comic-Con.[23]

Style[edit]

Fusanosuke Natsume said that prior to entering university, Urasawa's style showed influence from Shinji Nagashima and Osamu Tezuka's 1970s work, but went on to claim that in 1979 it became aligned with that of Katsuhiro Otomo. Although Urasawa's works like Yawara! had light entertainment with cute young girls, Natsume says Urasawa developed his own personal style with Monster, which he described as realistic, or directorially based, with cinematic panel layouts similar to Otomo and gekiga artists. Natsume also noted that many of his characters resemble famous movie stars.[24]

When asked where he gets ideas from, Urasawa said "I have been illustrating all my life. Inspiration is everywhere, when I get in the bath, when I get out. It's whether you are perceiving these ideas and whether you are able to catch them." He also said that while manga is often looked at as simple, he makes sure to use subtleties to show dramatic expressions and convey emotion, claiming "You won't find two expressions that are the same."[25]

On his storytelling process, Urasawa states, "When I start a new project, I start with the larger arc of the story. I visualize a movie trailer for that story, and after I compose this movie trailer in my mind, there comes a point where I’m so excited about it that I have to write the story. And then I imagine, 'Where do I start to begin to tell this narrative?' and that’s usually the first chapter."[26]

For most of his career, Urasawa has written two different series simultaneously.[27] Urasawa frequently collaborates with manga editor and author Takashi Nagasaki, to the point where Nagasaki is called his "producer". The two met when Nagasaki was made Urasawa's editor upon his debut. Although the two continue to collaborate even after Nagasaki became freelance, they rarely socialize outside of work.[28] With the exception of 2018's ongoing Renzoku Manga Shōsetsu Asadora!, none of Urasawa's manga have ever been legally available in digital formats. The author stated that he prefers physical books.[29]

Music[edit]

Urasawa performing live at the 2012 Japan Expo.

Urasawa is also a musician. He started playing guitar in junior high school inspired by folk rock singer-songwriters Takuro Yoshida and Bob Dylan.[30]

Under the stage name "Bob Lennon", he wrote and performed the song "Kenji no Uta" ("Kenji's Song)", which was released on a CD included in the 2002 first pressing of volume 11 of 20th Century Boys.[31] He released his debut single "Tsuki ga Tottemo..." (月がとっても…) on June 4, 2008,[31] and his debut album Hanseiki no Otoko (半世紀の男, "Half Century Man") in 2009. In 2012 he performed a Japanese cover of Bob Dylan's "Girl from the North Country" and "Guta lala suda lala" from his series 20th Century Boys at the Japan Expo, and the following day he joined rock band Hemenway on stage.[12]

Urasawa 's second album, Mannon (漫音) which he wrote and produced himself, was released in 2016.[30]

Works[edit]

Serials[edit]

  • Pineapple Army (パイナップルARMY, 1985–1988) - written by Kazuya Kudo
  • Yawara! (1986–1993)
  • Master Keaton (MASTERキートン, 1988–1994) - written with Hokusei Katsushika and Takashi Nagasaki
  • Happy! (1993–1999)
  • Monster (1994–2001)
  • 20th Century Boys (20世紀少年) / 21st Century Boys (21世紀少年) (1999–2006, 2007)
  • Pluto (2003–2009) - written with Takashi Nagasaki, based on a work by Osamu Tezuka
  • Billy Bat (2008–2016) - written with Takashi Nagasaki
  • Master Keaton Remaster (MASTERキートン Reマスター, 2012–2014) - written with Takashi Nagasaki
  • Mujirushi: Le Signe des Rêves (夢印-MUJIRUSHI-, 2017–2018)
  • Renzoku Manga Shōsetsu Asadora! (連続漫画小説 あさドラ!, 2018–present)

Other manga[edit]

  • "Beta!!" (1983)
  • Dancing Policeman (踊る警官, 1984)
  • N・A・S・A (1988)
  • Jigoro! (1994)
  • Early Urasawa (初期のURASAWA, Shoki no Urasawa, 2000)
  • "Bob Dylan's Great Adventure" (ボブ・ディランの大冒険, Bobu Diran no Dai Bōken, 2007) - with Koji Wakui
  • "Monster Kingdom" (怪獣王国, Kaijū Ōkoku, 2013)
  • "Damiyan!" (2016)

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Pulitzer Winner Diaz Praises Monster Manga in Time Mag". Anime News Network. July 10, 2008. Retrieved February 5, 2018.
  2. ^ "Naoki Urasawa Talks about Manga and Professionalism". comipress.com. January 27, 2007. Retrieved September 18, 2016.
  3. ^ Urasawa, Naoki (2009). Pluto, Volume 1. Viz Media. pp. 192–195. ISBN 978-1-4215-1918-0.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "小学館漫画賞: 歴代受賞者" (in Japanese). Shogakukan. Retrieved August 19, 2007.
  5. ^ a b c d "Tezuka Award Winner Announced". Anime News Network. May 10, 2005. Retrieved February 5, 2018.
  6. ^ a b Joel Hahn. "Kodansha Manga Awards". Comic Book Awards Almanac. Archived from the original on August 16, 2007. Retrieved August 21, 2007.
  7. ^ a b "Yawara, Monster's Naoki Urasawa to Teach Manga Classes". Anime News Network. March 16, 2008. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
  8. ^ 『日本の漫画史を変えた作家』、“漫画の神様”手塚治虫が貫禄の1位. Oricon (in Japanese). July 16, 2010. Retrieved February 17, 2013.
  9. ^ "Award-Winning Manga Artist Naoki Urasawa Draws Picture Book". Crunchyroll. November 30, 2011. Retrieved February 5, 2018.
  10. ^ "Master Keaton Manga to Get Sequel After 18 Years". Anime News Network. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
  11. ^ "Interview: Naoki Urasawa". Anime News Network. August 20, 2012. Retrieved July 24, 2013.
  12. ^ a b "Naoki Urasawa in conference: very stylish". Japan Expo. August 7, 2012. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
  13. ^ "20th Century Boys' Urasawa Draws 'Kaijū Ōkoku' Manga 1-Shot". Anime News Network. July 27, 2013. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
  14. ^ "NHK Documentary Series Peeks at Process of Drawing Manga". Anime News Network. August 27, 2015. Retrieved February 21, 2016.
  15. ^ ""Naoki Urasawa's Manben" Returns for 3rd Season in September". Crunchyroll. August 17, 2016. Retrieved February 5, 2018.
  16. ^ "Naoki Urasawa Manga Documentary TV Series Returns for 4th Season". Anime News Network. February 27, 2017. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
  17. ^ "The Beatles Travel Through Time in Naoki Urasawa's Newest Manga Short". Anime News Network. June 21, 2016. Retrieved June 21, 2016.
  18. ^ "Comedian & Manga Artist Team Up For "Junji and Naoki" Radio Program". Crunchyroll. April 23, 2017. Retrieved February 5, 2018.
  19. ^ "Naoki Urasawa's Mujirushi Manga Ends on February 20". Anime News Network. February 5, 2018. Retrieved February 5, 2018.
  20. ^ "Naoki Urasawa Launches New Manga in Big Comic Spirits". Anime News Network. September 14, 2018. Retrieved October 6, 2018.
  21. ^ "Naoki Urasawa Draws Official Character for 2019 Osaka Women's Marathon". Otaku USA. December 9, 2018. Retrieved December 10, 2018.
  22. ^ "Japan House LA announces first Naoki Urasawa art exhibit in North America". NekoPOP.com. January 3, 2019. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
  23. ^ "Hall of Fame 2019 Nominees". San Diego Comic-Con. Archived from the original on January 18, 2019. Retrieved January 18, 2019.
  24. ^ Urasawa, Naoki (2009). Pluto, Volume 3. Viz Media. pp. 198–199. ISBN 978-1-4215-1920-3.
  25. ^ "Japanese manga artist Naoki Urasawa's work showcased in Hollywood". Kyodo News. January 25, 2019. Retrieved January 26, 2019.
  26. ^ "Naoki Urasawa - Interview with creator of Monster, 20th Century Boys at JAPAN HOUSE Los Angeles (2019)". NekoPOP. January 25, 2019. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
  27. ^ "Monster's Naoki Urasawa Celebrated In Career-Spanning Exhibition". Otaku USA. February 11, 2016. Retrieved July 29, 2018.
  28. ^ "Naoki Urasawa Talks about Relationship between Mangaka and Editors". comipress.com. November 29, 2006. Retrieved September 18, 2016.
  29. ^ "Naoki Urasawa's New Manga Asadora! Has Digital Version for 1st Time". Anime News Network. October 6, 2018. Retrieved October 6, 2018.
  30. ^ a b "Veteran manga artist Urasawa releases 2nd music album". Asahi Shimbun. March 19, 2016. Archived from the original on March 22, 2016. Retrieved March 20, 2016.
  31. ^ a b "Manga Creator Naoki Urasawa Debuts Music CD Single". Anime News Network. June 24, 2008. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
  32. ^ "Manga Division 1997 (1st) Japan Media Arts Festival Archive" (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved February 5, 2018.
  33. ^ "Manga Division 2002 (6th) Japan Media Arts Festival Archive" (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved February 5, 2018.
  34. ^ "Manga Division 2005 (9th) Japan Media Arts Festival Archive" (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved February 5, 2018.
  35. ^ "37th Japan Cartoonist Awards Announced". Anime News Network. May 10, 2008. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
  36. ^ "Guin Saga, Summer Wars, Pluto Win at Japan Sci-Fi Con". Anime News Network. August 7, 2010. Retrieved December 31, 2013.
  37. ^ "Viz Media's Naoki Urasawa's 20th Century Boys Wins 2011 Eisner Award". Anime News Network. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
  38. ^ "Urasawa, Tezuka's Pluto Wins at France's Angoulême". Anime News Network. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
  39. ^ "Urasawa's 20th Century Boys Wins 2nd Eisner Award". Anime News Network. September 20, 2013. Retrieved July 21, 2013.
  40. ^ ""Max und Moritz" Award 2014". Comic Salon. Retrieved October 7, 2018.
  41. ^ "Naoki Urasawa Wins Special Award, Mystery Award at France's Angoulême". Anime News Network. Retrieved February 2, 2018.

Further reading[edit]

James Dorsey. "Urasawa Naoki's Twentieth Century Boys: Autobiographical Manga for Japan’s Children of the 60s,” in Michael A. Chaney, ed., Graphic Subjects: Critical Essays on Autobiography and Graphic Novels (Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 2011), pp.117~120.

External links[edit]