Naomi Elaine Campbell
22 May 1970
|Height||1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)|
|Hair colour||Dark Brown|
|Eye colour||Dark brown|
Naomi Elaine Campbell (born 22 May 1970) is an English model, actress, singer, and businesswoman. She began her career at the age of 15, and established herself amongst the most recognisable and in-demand models of the past four decades. Campbell was one of six models of her generation declared supermodels by the fashion industry and the international press.
In addition to her modelling career, Campbell has embarked on other ventures, including an R&B studio album and several acting appearances in film and television, such as the modelling-competition reality show The Face and its international offshoots. Campbell is also involved in charity work for various causes.
Naomi Elaine Campbell was born in Lambeth, South London to Jamaican-born dancer Valerie Morris on 22 May 1970. In accordance with her mother's wishes, Campbell has never met her father, who abandoned her mother when she was four months pregnant and went unnamed on her birth certificate. She took the surname "Campbell" from her mother's second marriage. Her half-brother Pierre was born in 1985. Campbell is of Afro-Jamaican and Chinese-Jamaican descent. Her Chinese heritage comes through her paternal grandmother, whose surname was Ming.
Campbell spent her early years in Rome, Italy, where her mother worked as a modern dancer. On their return to London, she lived with relatives while her mother travelled across Europe with the dance troupe Fantastica. From age three, Campbell attended the Barbara Speake Stage School and at 10 she was accepted into the Italia Conti Academy of Theatre Arts, where she studied ballet. She also attended Dunraven School.
1978–1986: Career beginnings
In 1978 at age 8, Campbell made her first public appearance in the music video for Bob Marley's "Is This Love". She tap-danced in 1983 in the music video for Culture Club's "I'll Tumble 4 Ya" and "Mistake number 3", in 1984. She had studied dance from age 3 to 16, and originally intended to be a dancer. In 1986, while still a student of the Italia Conti Academy of Theatre Arts, Campbell was scouted by Beth Boldt, head of the Synchro Model Agency, while window-shopping in Covent Garden. Her career quickly took off—in April, just before her 16th birthday she appeared on the cover of British Elle.
1987–1997: International success
Over the next few years, Campbell's career progressed steadily: she walked the catwalk for such designers as Gianni Versace, Azzedine Alaïa, and Isaac Mizrahi and posed for such photographers as Peter Lindbergh, Herb Ritts, and Bruce Weber. By the late 1980s, Campbell, with Christy Turlington and Linda Evangelista, had formed a trio known as the "Trinity", who became the most recognisable and in-demand models of their generation.
When faced with racial discrimination, Campbell received support from her white friends; she later quoted Turlington and Evangelista as telling Dolce & Gabbana, "If you don't use Naomi, you don't get us." In December 1987, she appeared on the cover of British Vogue, as that publication's first black cover girl since 1966. In August 1988, she became the first black model to appear on the cover of French Vogue, after designer Yves St. Laurent, threatened to withdraw his advertising from the magazine if it didn't place Naomi on its cover. The following year, she appeared on the cover of American Vogue, which marked the first time a black model graced the front of the September magazine, traditionally the year's biggest and most important issue.
In January 1990, Campbell, who was declared "the reigning megamodel of them all" by Interview, appeared with Turlington, Evangelista, Cindy Crawford and Tatjana Patitz on a cover of British Vogue, shot by Peter Lindbergh. The group was subsequently cast to star in the music video for George Michael's "Freedom! '90". By then, Campbell, Turlington, Evangelista, Crawford and Claudia Schiffer formed an elite group of models declared "supermodels" by the fashion industry. With the addition of newcomer Kate Moss, they were collectively known as the "Big Six".
In March 1991, in a defining moment of the so-called supermodel era, Campbell walked the catwalk for Versace with Turlington, Evangelista and Crawford, arm-in-arm and lip-synching the words to "Freedom! '90". Later that year, she starred as Michael Jackson's love interest in the music video for "In the Closet". In April 1992, she posed with several other top models for the hundredth-anniversary cover of American Vogue, shot by Patrick Demarchelier. That same year, she appeared in Madonna's controversial book Sex, in a set of nude photos with Madonna and rapper Big Daddy Kane.
In 1993, Campbell twice appeared on the cover of American Vogue; in April, alongside Christy Turlington, Claudia Schiffer, Stephanie Seymour and Helena Christensen, and again, solo, in June. She also famously fell on the Vivienne Westwood 1993 Fall catwalk in foot-high platform shoes, which were later displayed at the Victoria and Albert Museum in London. Despite her success, however, Elite Model Management, which had represented Campbell since 1987, fired her in September, on the grounds that "no amount of money or prestige could further justify the abuse" to staff and clients.
In the mid-1990s, Campbell branched out into other areas of the entertainment industry. Her novel Swan, about a supermodel dealing with blackmail, was released in 1994 to poor reviews. It was ghostwritten by Caroline Upcher, with Campbell stating that she "just did not have the time to sit down and write a book." That same year, she released her album Baby Woman, which was named after designer Rifat Ozbek's nickname for Campbell. Produced by Youth and Tim Simenon, the album was only commercially successful in Japan; it failed to reach the top 75 on the UK charts, while its only single, "Love and Tears", reached No. 40. Baby Woman was mocked by critics, inspiring the Naomi Awards for terrible pop music. During the mid-1990s, Campbell also had small roles in Miami Rhapsody and Spike Lee's Girl 6, as well as a recurring role on the second season of New York Undercover.
In 1995, along with fellow models Schiffer, Turlington and Elle Macpherson, Campbell invested in a chain of restaurants called the Fashion Cafe, whose directors were arrested three years later for fraud, bankruptcy and money laundering.
1998–2012: Other ventures
In 1998, Time declared the end of the supermodel era. Campbell continued modelling, both on the runway and, more frequently, on print. In 1999, she signed her first cosmetics contract with Cosmopolitan Cosmetics, a division of Wella, through which she launched several signature fragrances. In November of that year, she posed with 12 other top models for the "Modern Muses" cover of the Millennium Issue of American Vogue, shot by Annie Leibovitz. The following month, she appeared in a white string bikini and furs on the cover of Playboy. In May 2001, she hosted, alongside supermodel Elle Macpherson the 50th Miss Universe pageant. In October 2001, she appeared with rapper Sean "Puff Daddy" Combs on the cover of British Vogue, with the headline "Naomi and Puff: The Ultimate Power Duo".
In 2007, she walked the catwalk for Dior's 60th-anniversary fashion show at Versailles. In July 2008, she appeared with fellow black models Liya Kebede, Sessilee Lopez and Jourdan Dunn on the gatefold cover of a landmark all-black issue of Italian Vogue, shot by Steven Meisel. In September of that year, Campbell reunited with Christy Turlington, Linda Evangelista, Cindy Crawford, Claudia Schiffer and Stephanie Seymour for "A League of Their Own", a Vanity Fair feature on the supermodel legacy.
In 2011, Campbell appeared with Liya Kebede and Iman on the cover of the 40th-anniversary issue of Essence. She also starred as Duran Duran frontman Simon Le Bon in the band's music video for "Girl Panic!", with Cindy Crawford, Helena Christensen, Eva Herzigova and Yasmin Le Bon portraying the other band members; they appeared in the November edition of British Harper's Bazaar in an editorial titled "The Supers vs. Duran Duran". Campbell performed with Kate Moss and other supermodels in the closing ceremony of the 2012 Olympic Games, where they modelled haute couture to represent British fashion. Campbell wore a design by Alexander McQueen—a staggered hem gown with a train speckled with flecks of gold.
2013–present: Continued success
In March 2013, Campbell graced the inaugural cover of Numéro Russia. Campbell also became involved in reality television through the modelling competition The Face and its international offshoots. In the U.S., she served as a coach and judge, along with Karolina Kurkova and Coco Rocha, on Oxygen's The Face, hosted by photographer Nigel Barker. She also hosted the British version of the show, which aired on Sky Living later that same year, and The Face Australia, which ran on Fox8 in 2014.
In 2014, Campbell covered the May issue of Vogue Australia, the September issue of Vogue Japan, and the November issue of Vogue Turkey; the latter two were special editions celebrating Campbell and fellow supermodels. Campbell also covered the Vietnamese, Singaporean and the 35th anniversary Latin American edition of Harper's Bazaar. In 2014, Campbell was named TV Personality of the year by Glamour Magazine. The award was presented at the annual Glamour Women of The Year Awards in London.
Campbell has walked the runways for Marc Jacobs, Yves Saint Laurent, Chloé, Diane Von Furstenberg, Prada, Chanel, Givenchy, Dolce & Gabbana, Burberry, Zac Posen, Blumarine, Karl Lagerfeld, Gianfranco Ferré, Versace, Helmut Lang, Christian Dior, John Galliano, Ralph Lauren, Jean Paul Gaultier, Tommy Hilfiger, Oscar de la Renta, Michael Kors, Anna Sui, Louis Vuitton, Hermés, Marchesa, Roberto Cavalli and Valentino.
She has appeared in advertising campaigns for Fendi, Burberry, Dolce & Gabbana, Escada, Louis Vuitton, Prada, Ralph Lauren, Chloé, Versace, Givenchy, Blumarine, Yves Saint Laurent, Isaac Mizrahi, Tommy Hilfiger, Valentino, La Perla, Dennis Basso, Philipp Plein, Mango, Thierry Mugler, Balmain, Nars, Roberto Cavalli, David Yurman, Alessandro Dell'Acqua, DSquared2, Express, H&M, Bloomingdale's, Dillard's, Macy's, Barneys New York, Neiman Marcus, Gap, Avon, Revlon and Victoria's Secret.
In 2015, Campbell signed on as a recurring character in the Fox drama Empire as Camilla Marks, a fashion designer and love interest to Hakeem Lyon, portrayed by Bryshere Y. Gray. In October 2015, Campbell was featured in a two-episode arc in American Horror Story: Hotel, as a Vogue fashion editor named Claudia Bankson.
In 2016, Campbell appeared in the music video for Anohni's single "Drone Bomb Me". In September 2017, Campbell appeared in Versace's Spring/Summer 2018 show celebrating the late Gianni Versace, alongside Schiffer, Crawford, Christensen and Carla Bruni and also featured in the campaign for the collection. In February 2018, Campbell and Moss returned to the runway and closed Kim Jones' final menswear show for Louis Vuitton. In April, she featured on the cover of British GQ alongside rapper Skepta.
In the spring of 2020, amid the COVID-19 pandemic, Campbell began her own web series on YouTube, No Filter with Naomi, in which she conducts conversations with various guests. Her inaugural guest was Cindy Crawford, while subsequent guests ranged from Marc Jacobs, Adut Akech, and Christy Turlington to Ashley Graham and Nicole Richie. The 50th episode of No Filter with Naomi premiered on March 16, 2021, featuring guest Jean Paul Gaultier.
In October 2020, Campbell and Apple TV+ announced a documentary about Campbell and fellow supermodels Cindy Crawford, Linda Evangelista and Christy Turlington, directed by Barbara Kopple. The documentary, named The Supermodels, comes from Brian Grazer's and Ron Howard's Imagine Documentaries.
On January 12, 2021, Campbell was appointed as a tourism ambassador by the Kenyan Ministry of Tourism and Wildlife.
Activism and charity
Despite her status as the most famous black model of her time, Campbell never earned the same volume of advertising assignments as her white colleagues, and she was not signed by a cosmetics company until as late as 1999. In 1991, she said, "I may be considered one of the top models in the world, but in no way do I make the same money as any of them." Throughout her career, Campbell has been outspoken against the racial bias that exists in the fashion industry. In 1997, she stated, "There is prejudice. It is a problem and I can't go along any more with brushing it under the carpet. This business is about selling, and blonde and blue-eyed girls are what sells."
A decade later, she again spoke out against discrimination, stating, "The American president may be black, but as a black woman, I am still an exception in this business. I always have to work harder to be treated equally." In 2013, Campbell joined fellow black models Iman and Bethann Hardison in an advocacy group called "Diversity Coalition". In an open letter to the governing bodies of global fashion weeks, they named high-profile designers who used just one or no models of color in their fall 2013 shows, calling it a "racist act".
Campbell is involved with several charitable causes. She supports the Nelson Mandela Children's Fund, for which she organised a benefit Versace fashion show in 1998. Held at Nelson Mandela's South African presidential residence, the show was the subject of a documentary titled FashionKingdom, or alternatively, Naomi Conquers Africa. Campbell, whose mother has battled breast cancer, also supports Breakthrough Breast Cancer. In 2004, she was featured on FHM's charity single Do Ya Think I'm Sexy?, as well as in the accompanying music video, of which all profits were donated to Breakthrough. She appeared in a print and media campaign for the charity's fundraising initiative Fashion Targets Breast Cancer, and she opened a Breakthrough breast cancer research unit in 2009.
In 2005, Campbell founded the charity We Love Brazil, which aims to raise awareness and funds to fight poverty in Brazil through the sale of fabrics made by local women. That same year, Campbell founded the charity Fashion for Relief, which has organised fund-raising fashion shows to benefit victims of Hurricane Katrina in 2005, the Mumbai terrorist attacks in 2008, the Haiti earthquake in 2010, the Japan earthquake in 2011, and the Syrian refugee crisis in 2017. By 2011, Fashion for Relief had reportedly raised £4.5 million. In 2018 Campbell held another Relief charity gala and the theme was Race To Equality.
In 2012, the charity teamed up with YOOX China and leading global and Chinese fashion designers, including Phillip Lim and Masha Ma, to design Chinese-themed T-shirts to help fund its efforts and the various international charities it works with. Since 2007, Campbell has been the honorary president of Athla Onlus, an Italian organisation that works to further the social integration of young people with learning disabilities. In 2009, Campbell became a goodwill ambassador for the White Ribbon Alliance for Safe Motherhood. She has since joined the charity's patron, Sarah Brown, the wife of former British prime minister Gordon Brown, on several missions to promote maternal health.
Campbell has received recognition for her charitable work. In 2007, she was named an ambassador of Rio de Janeiro by mayor Cesar Maia in recognition of her efforts to fight poverty in Brazil. In 2009, she was awarded Honorary Patronage of Trinity College's University Philosophical Society for her charitable and professional work. In 2010, Sarah Brown presented her with an "Outstanding Contribution" award from British Elle for her work as an ambassador for the White Ribbon Alliance, as well as her work in the fashion industry.
In February 2021, Campbell was a signatory on an open letter decrying Ghana's stance on gay rights. She was joined by other signers, like actor Idris Elba and Vogue Magazine editor-in-chief Edward Enniful.
In July 2021, Campbell condemned racist attacks on black players for the England national football team, including Bukayo Saka, Marcus Rashford and Jadon Sancho, after the team's defeat to Italy in the UEFA Euro 2020 soccer final, disclosing via an Instagram post that it was disgusting to read of the abuses and encouraging players not to let the ignorant voices in. In the same month, Campbell wrote an open letter to former South African president Jacob Zuma, condemning riots and unrest that had broken out in the country following Zuma's incarceration.
Campbell has been convicted of assault on four occasions, after she was accused eleven times of committing acts of violence against employees, associates and other individuals between 1998 and 2009. During the first such case, heard in February 2000, Campbell pleaded guilty in Toronto to assaulting her personal assistant with a mobile phone in September 1998. Campbell paid her former employee an undisclosed sum and agreed to attend anger management classes; her record was cleared in exchange for her expressing remorse. By 2006, eight other employees and associates had come forward with claims of abuse. During this time, Campbell was photographed wearing a Chip and Pepper T-shirt that read "Naomi Hit Me...and I Loved It".
In January 2007, Campbell pleaded guilty in New York to assaulting her former housekeeper, who had accused Campbell of throwing a BlackBerry personal organiser at her in March 2006. Campbell was sentenced to pay her former employee's medical expenses, attend an anger management program, and perform five days of community service with New York's sanitation department. She attended her community service wearing designer outfits, including fedoras, furs and—upon completion of her sentence—a silver-sequined $300,000 Dolce & Gabbana gown. Campbell detailed her community service experience in a W feature titled "The Naomi Diaries", and subsequently spoofed herself in a Dunkin' Donuts commercial, directed by Zach Braff, which showed her breaking her heel while gardening and throwing it through a window.
In June 2008, Campbell pleaded guilty to assaulting two police officers at London Heathrow Airport two months earlier; she had kicked and spat at the officers following an argument about her lost luggage. She was sentenced to 200 hours of community service and fined £2,300, and was banned for life from British Airways.
In July 2015, Campbell was sentenced to six months' probation by a Sicilian court for her August 2009 assault on a paparazzo photographer; she had hit him with her handbag for taking pictures of her and her then-partner.
Blood diamond scandal
In August 2010, Campbell made a highly publicised appearance at a war crimes trial against former Liberian president Charles Taylor at the Special Court for Sierra Leone in Leidschendam. She was called to give evidence on a "blood diamond" she allegedly received from Taylor during a Nelson Mandela Children's Fund function in 1997. Campbell initially refused to testify, and—after being subpoenaed—told the court that being there was "a big inconvenience" for her. She testified that she was given "dirty-looking" stones late at night by two unidentified men, and claimed she did not know the diamonds had originated from Taylor until being told so the next morning by a fellow attendee, actress Mia Farrow. However, her account was contradicted by testimonies from Farrow, her former agent Carole White and former Children's Fund director Jeremy Ratcliffe.
Family and relationships
Campbell has never met her biological father. She regards French-based Tunisian fashion designer Azzedine Alaïa, whom she met at 16, as her "papa". She also holds high respect toward record producers Quincy Jones and Chris Blackwell as adopted father figures. Former South African president Nelson Mandela referred to Campbell as his "honorary granddaughter". She first met Mandela in November 1994, after his party, the African National Congress, invited her to travel to South Africa to meet with their leader. She had previously donated the proceeds from a photo shoot in Tanzania to the ANC. Over the years, Campbell has lent support to many of Mandela's political campaigns and humanitarian causes.
In 1993, she became engaged to U2 bassist Adam Clayton. They met in February of that year, after Clayton, when asked in an interview if there was anything in the world he desired but did not have, responded: "A date with Naomi Campbell". Campbell and Clayton separated the following year. In 1995, she dated Leonardo DiCaprio. From 1998 through 2003, she was in a relationship with Formula One racing head Flavio Briatore; she became engaged to him before breaking off the relationship. Campbell now considers Briatore her "mentor". From 2008 until 2013, she was in a relationship with Russian businessman Vladislav Doronin. She also had relationships with Robert De Niro, Hassan Jameel, Sean "Diddy" Combs, and Usher. In 2019, she dated Skepta.
Campbell appears in the alleged contact book and in flight logs of late American financier and convicted sex trafficker Jeffrey Epstein, as well as in photographs with Epstein and his associate Ghislaine Maxwell. In August 2019, Campbell addressed the relationship on her YouTube channel, admitting she knew Epstein after being introduced to him by ex-boyfriend Flavio Briatore, stating: "What he's done is indefensible, when I heard what he had done, it sickened me to my stomach, just like everybody else, because I've had my fair share of sexual predators and thank God I had good people around who protected me from this. I stand with the victims. They're scarred for life. For life." Campbell's claims are disputed by Epstein victim Virginia Roberts Giuffre, claiming Campbell was aware and a close friend of Maxwell.
In 1999, Campbell entered rehab after a five-year cocaine drug addiction and alcohol addiction. Of her choice to first use the drug in 1994, Campbell said in 2005, "I was having fun. I was living this life of travelling the world and having people just give you anything. [But] the little glow in your face goes....It's a very nasty drug."
In 2002, Campbell won a breach of confidentiality lawsuit against the Daily Mirror, after the newspaper published a report of her drug addiction, including a photograph of her leaving a Narcotics Anonymous meeting. The High Court ordered £3,500 in damages from the Daily Mirror. Later that year, the ruling was overturned by the Court of Appeal, which ordered Campbell to pay the newspaper's £350,000 legal costs, but in 2004 the House of Lords reinstated the High Court ruling and damages. In her YouTube series in July 2019, Campbell mentioned that she has quit smoking.
|1999||Naomi Campbell||Ursula Wandel|
|Naomi Campbell Shine & Glimmer (limited edition)|
|Naomi Campbell Light Edition|
|2005||Paradise Passion||Francoise Caron|
|2006||Winter Kiss (limited edition)|
|Cat Deluxe||Michael Almairac|
|2006||Cat Deluxe Silver|
|2007||Eternal Beauty (limited edition)|
|Cat Deluxe at Night|
|2009||Cat Deluxe With Kisses|
|2011||Naomi Campbell Wild Pearl|
|2012||Naomi Campbell at Night|
|2013||Queen of Gold|
|Prêt à Porter|
|2017||Prêt à Porter Silk Collection|
|Prêt à Porter Absolute Velvet|
- 1994: Swan
- 1994: Top Model
- 1996: Naomi
- 2016: Naomi Campbell
- 1991: "Cool as Ice (Everybody Get Loose)" (Vanilla Ice featuring Naomi Campbell)
- 1994: "Love and Tears"
- 1994: "I Want to Live"
- 1996: "La La La Love Song" (Toshinobu Kubota featuring Naomi Campbell)
|1991||Cool as Ice||Singer at First Club|
|1993||The Night We Never Met||French cheese shopper|
|To Wong Foo, Thanks for Everything! Julie Newmar||Girl at China Bowl restaurant|
|Anyone for Pennis?||Herself||TV movie|
|1996||Girl 6||Girl #75|
|Invasion of Privacy||Cindy Carmichael|
|1997||An Alan Smithee Film: Burn Hollywood Burn||Attendant #2|
|Prisoner of Love||Tracy|
|2002||Ali G Indahouse||Herself|
|Monstrous Bosses and How to Be One|
|2004||Fat Slags||Sales assistant|
|2006||The Call||Dark Angel – The Evil||Short film, online only|
|2009||Karma Aur Holi||Jennifer||Bollywood film|
|2018||I Feel Pretty||Helen|
|2020||Black Is King||Herself|
|1991||Models: The Film||Herself|
|1992||Top Models: Once Upon a Time|
|1993||U2: Love Is Blindness||Short|
|1996||E! True Hollywood Story||TV series|
|2001||Miss Universe 2001||Host|
|2006||Oprah Winfrey's Legends Ball|
Music video appearances
|1978||"Is This Love"||Bob Marley and the Wailers||Unknown|
|1983||"I'll Tumble 4 Ya"||Culture Club|
|1990||"Freedom! '90"||George Michael||David Fincher|
|1991||"Everyday People"||Aretha Franklin||Unknown|
|1992||"In the Closet"||Michael Jackson||Herb Ritts|
|2003||"Change Clothes"||Jay-Z (feat. Pharrell)||Chris Robinson|
|2005||"Nasty Girl"||The Notorious B.I.G. (feat. Jagged Edge, P.Diddy, Avery Storm and Nelly)||Sanaa Hamri|
|2011||"Girl Panic!"||Duran Duran||Jonas Åkerlund|
|2016||"Drone Bomb Me"||Anohni||Nabil Elderkin|
|2019||"Brown Skin Girl"||Beyoncé||Beyoncé and Jenn Nkiru|
- "Naomi Elaine Campbell - Births & Baptisms  - Genes Reunited".
- "DNA Models Naomi Campbell". DNA Model Management LLC. Archived from the original on 13 November 2021. Retrieved 4 March 2022.
- "Naomi Campbell – Model". models.com.
- "Naomi Campbell - Artist Profile - Singersroom - R&B Singers". Singersroom. Retrieved 8 September 2020.
- "Naomi Campbell Biography". biography.com. Retrieved 3 April 2014.
- Stein, Joel (9 November 1998). "The Fall of the Supermodel". Time. Time, Inc. ISSN 0040-781X. Archived from the original on 14 November 2007. Retrieved 7 May 2011.
- Frankel, Susannah (16 February 2002). "Naomi Campbell: A model of privacy?". The Independent. Independent Print Limited. ISSN 0951-9467. Archived from the original on 19 January 2009. Retrieved 16 September 2011.
- "Naomi Will Never Know Her Dad". ContactMusic.com. 26 February 2005. Retrieved 16 September 2011.
- Bearn, Emily (9 August 2003). "The real Naomi". The Age. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
- "Voguepedia – Naomi Campbell". Vogue. Retrieved 7 May 2011.
- Langley, William (23 May 2010). "Naomi Campbell: welcome to her diamond life". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 11 January 2022. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- Blunden, Mark (21 March 2011). "Honour for arts centre where Bob Marley danced with Naomi Campbell, 7". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
- Adegoke, Yomi (16 August 2020). "Naomi Campbell: 'It's time to reset'". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 September 2020.
- "People.com – Naomi Campbell". People. Archived from the original on 16 April 2008.
- Malone, Chris (6 November 2020). "Naomi Campbell Taught Herself How to Model Using Her Dance Training". Showbiz Cheat Sheet. Retrieved 18 May 2021.
- "People.com – Naomi Campbell Biography". People. Archived from the original on 23 April 2008.
- "Voguepedia – Christy Turlington". Vogue. Archived from the original on 22 January 2014. Retrieved 7 May 2011.
- Pool, Hannah (22 August 2007). "Naomi Campbell fights racism in fashion". The Guardian. London. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- Collins, Nick (5 August 2010). "Naomi Campbell: profile". The Daily Telegraph. London. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- Sporkin, Elizabeth (11 June 1990). "A Night with the Cover Girls". People. Time, Inc. ISSN 0093-7673. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
- "Vogue Magazine Archive". Vogue. Archived from the original on 18 November 2009. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
- "Vogue: April 1992 Cover". ReadySetFashion.com. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
- Milmo, Dan (12 February 2002). "Campbell defends nude Madonna book pictures". The Guardian. London. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- Green, Michelle (11 October 1993). "The Big Blowup". People. Time, Inc. ISSN 0093-7673. Archived from the original on 13 April 2016. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
- Kuczynski, Alex (8 April 2007). "In Her Fashion". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "Long legs, short fuse". Irish Independent. 19 January 2007. Retrieved 19 September 2013.
- Barnes, Anthony (26 March 2006). "The worst album in the world...ever!". The Independent. Independent Print Limited. ISSN 0951-9467. Archived from the original on 7 May 2008. Retrieved 10 May 2011.
- "Inside tracks: Joy Division, Elvis and the Naomi Awards". The Daily Telegraph. London. 13 January 2005. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- Pieri, Kerry (4 November 2011). "Supers Play Duran Duran in New Music Video and Bazaar UK Editorial". Harper's Bazaar. Archived from the original on 11 October 2013. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
- Sparks, Alannah (12 August 2012). "Supermodels Gild the Closing Ceremony". ElleUK.com. Archived from the original on 24 October 2013. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
- Richford, Rhonda (11 October 2013). "'The Face' Host Naomi Campbell Talks Mentoring and the Reality of the Modern Modeling Business". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
- "Vogue Turkey November 2014". Pop Sugar. Archived from the original on 6 August 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2015.
- Brown, N. "September Issue Rewind: Naomi Campbell's Stunning Harper's Bazaar Spread [Photos]". Vibe. Archived from the original on 6 April 2020. Retrieved 20 June 2015.
- "Glamour Women Of The Year Awards". Ikon London Magazine. 5 June 2014. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
- Hendrix, Kelsey. "Naomi Campbell shows she's still got it in L'Officiel Ukraine, and more news". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 20 June 2015.
- Sowray, Bibby (19 March 2013). "Naomi Campbell and Jourdan Dunn unite for Burberry". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "Naomi Campbell Finally Lands Her First Beauty Campaign". PAPER. 20 December 2018. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
- Rees, Alex (24 July 2015). "Naomi Campbell Joining "American Horror Story: Hotel"". Cosmopolitan. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
- "Naomi Campbell and Skepta talk race, sex, love and power". British GQ. 3 March 2018. Retrieved 21 March 2022.
- Marain, Alexandre (23 March 2018). "Naomi Campbell is the CFDAs 2018 fashion icon". Vogue Paris. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- Driver, George (20 December 2018). "Naomi Campbell Landed Her First Ever Beauty Campaign And She Looks Epic". Elle UK. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "No Filter with Naomi". The Sacramento Observer. 6 April 2020. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- Juzwiak, Rich (6 April 2020). "Naomi Campbell on Quarantine Living: 'I'm Loving It'". Jezebel. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- Royce, Aaron (16 March 2021). "Jean Paul Gaultier Teases The Future Of His Brand To Naomi Campbell". Daily Front Row. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
- Fearn, Rebecca (7 October 2020). "Naomi Campbell Just Announced An Apple TV Documentary All About The Supers". Bustle. Retrieved 5 November 2020.
- "Naomi Campbell's Kenya tourism role causes row". BBC News. 12 January 2021. Retrieved 12 January 2021.
- Slater, Georgia (25 February 2021). "Naomi Campbell Goes Topless for i-D, Works with 'Third Photographer of Color' in Her 'Whole Career'". PEOPLE.com. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
- Yotka, Steff (3 March 2021). "Hood By Air Relaunches Its Ready-to-Wear, Starring Naomi Campbell". Vogue. Retrieved 12 March 2021.
- "Naomi Campbell receives honorary doctorate". BBC News. Retrieved 10 July 2022.
- Rudolph, Barbara (7 October 1991). "Marketing Beauty and the Bucks". Time. Time, Inc. ISSN 0040-781X. Archived from the original on 23 April 2009. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
- Messana, Paola (26 October 2009). "Black no longer the new black". The Myanmar Times. Myanmar Consolidated Media Co. Ltd. Archived from the original on 24 May 2012. Retrieved 12 May 2011.
- "Fashion Icons Naomi Campbell, Iman Demand Diversity on 'Racist' Runway". ABC News. 9 September 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2013.
- "Naomi tells of mum's cancer battle". Metro. 12 February 2009. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
- "FHM Charity Single – Da Ya Think I'm Sexy?". Emap.com. 21 June 2004. Archived from the original on 20 July 2011. Retrieved 14 May 2011.
- "Kylie Minogue fronts Breakthrough Breast Cancer campaign". BrandRepublic.com. 29 March 2010. Retrieved 14 May 2011.
- "Naomi Campbell opens Breakthrough breast cancer research unit". Breakthrough.org.uk. 12 February 2009. Retrieved 14 May 2011.
- McKane, Melanie (25 January 2007). "Naomi Campbell "Shocked" by Being Made Brazil Ambassador". StarBlogs.net. Retrieved 14 May 2011.
- Alexander, Ella. "What Is Fashion For Relief And Why Does It Matter?". Harpers Bazaar.
- Singh, Anita (15 May 2011). "Naomi Campbell to stage Fashion Relief for Japan at Cannes Film Festival". The Daily Telegraph. London. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- Berrington, Katie (20 April 2018). "Naomi Campbell Announces Theme For Cannes Fashion For Relief". British Vogue. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
- Chen, Nora (9 November 2012). "Yoox China x Naomi Campbell: Fashion With A Cause". Jing Daily. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "NAOMI'S BRAZILIAN CAMPAIGN". British Vogue. 27 April 2005. Retrieved 11 March 2021.
- Meloni, Rita (13 November 2007). "Italy: Ferdinando Orlando". Beta.AfroOnline.org. Archived from the original on 12 August 2011. Retrieved 14 May 2011.
- Byrne, Lisa (13 January 2009). "Celebrity Patronage: "Fiery" Campbell speaks to Phil". Trinity News. Trinity College, Dublin. Retrieved 14 May 2011.
- "Naomi Campbell wins Outstanding Contribution at Elle Style Awards". The Daily Telegraph. London. 23 February 2010. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- AFP. "Idris Elba and Naomi Campbell slam Ghana over gay rights". ewn.co.za. Retrieved 7 March 2021.
- Parveen, Nazia; Akinwotu, Emmanuel (1 March 2021). "Idris Elba and Naomi Campbell sign letter backing gay rights in Ghana". the Guardian. Retrieved 7 March 2021.
- Kelleher, Patrick (1 March 2021). "Idris Elba, Naomi Campbell lead emphatic show of support for Ghana's embattled LGBT+ community". PinkNews. Retrieved 7 March 2021.
- Smith, Alexander. "Black English players racially abused after Euro final penalty misses". NBC News. Retrieved 3 August 2021.
- Morkel, Graye. "Naomi Campbell pens open letter to former president Jacob Zuma: 'This isn't the South Africa I remember'". Channel. Retrieved 3 August 2021.
- Joyce, Liama Karabo. "SA praises Naomi Campbell for her open letter to Jacob Zuma". www.iol.co.za. Retrieved 3 August 2021.
- "Supermodel Naomi admits assault". BBC News. 3 February 2000. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
- Pesce, Nicole Lyn (29 May 2008). "Naomi's timeline of trouble". Daily News. Mortimer Zuckerman. Retrieved 15 May 2011.
- Hartocollis, Anemona (17 January 2007). "Naomi Pleads Guilty to Tossing Phone at Maid". The New York Times. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- Tibbetts, Graham (20 June 2008). "Naomi Campbell sentenced for assaulting police after luggage lost on flight". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 11 January 2022. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- Collett-White, Mike (20 June 2008). "Naomi Campbell avoids jail for "air rage"". Reuters. London. Retrieved 22 August 2014.
- Philipson, Alice (31 July 2015). Written at Rome. "Naomi Campbell guilty of assault on Sicilian paparazzo". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 11 January 2022. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- Schmidt, Michael S. (2 March 2010). "For Supermodel With a Temper, No Charges". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- Pearse, Damien (6 August 2010). "Naomi Campbell gives evidence at "blood diamonds" war crimes trial". Herald Sun. The Herald and Weekly Times. Retrieved 15 May 2011.
- "'Blood diamond' trial: who said what". The Daily Telegraph. London. 16 June 2011. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- Munzenrieder, Kyle (18 November 2017). "Azzedine Alaïa and Naomi Campbell: Recalling One of Fashion's Most Enduring Bonds". W. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- Iley, Chrissy (8 January 2006). "Supermodel seeks Mr. Right". The Observer via The Guardian. London. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- Ross, Fern (14 August 2019). "The Many Loves Of Leonardo DiCaprio". ELLE. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
- "When Amber met Elon: 15 celebrities who have dated or married billionaires". The Telegraph. London. 25 April 2017. Archived from the original on 11 January 2022. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "Naomi Campbell Is Taking Things Slow in Her Dating Life: 'Being Alone Doesn't Mean You Are Lonely'". PEOPLE.com. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
- Iqbal, Nosheen (16 November 2019). "Naomi Campbell: 'I will not be held hostage to my past'". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
- "Naomi Campbell Finally Sounds Off on Those Liam Payne Dating Rumors". Us Weekly. 8 March 2019. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
- Igoe, Katherine J. (1 May 2019). "Have Liam Payne and Naomi Campbell Broken Up for Good?". Marie Claire. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
- Coylar, Brock; Hurwitz, Kelsey; Klein, Charlotte; Kweku, Ezekiel; Larocca, Amy; Martins, Yinka; K. Raymond, Adam; Schneier, Matthew; Staib, Matt; D. Walsh, James (22 July 2019). "Who Was Jeffrey Epstein Calling? A close study of his circle — social, professional, transactional — reveals a damning portrait of elite New York". New York. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
- Connor, Tracy (21 August 2019). "'Sickened': Naomi Campbell Discusses Jeffrey Epstein in Weird Video". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
- Henderson, Cydney (23 August 2019). "Naomi Campbell opens up about Jeffrey Epstein, says she's 'sickened' by crimes". USA Today. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
- Ali Zafar, Mishal (31 May 2020). "'Jeffrey Epstein: Filthy Rich' Survivor Virginia Roberts Giuffre Claims Naomi Campbell was Ghislaine Maxwell's 'BFF'". Cheat Sheet. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
- Juneau, Jen; VanHoose, Benjamin (18 May 2021). "Naomi Campbell Welcomes First Baby: 'A Beautiful Little Blessing Has Chosen Me to Be Her Mother'". People. Meredith Corporation. Retrieved 18 May 2021.
- Sana Noor Haq. "'She wasn't adopted -- she's my child': Naomi Campbell on motherhood". CNN. Retrieved 18 February 2022.
- "Naomi Campbell wins privacy case". BBC News. 6 May 2004. Retrieved 13 May 2011.
- Campbell, Naomi (18 July 2019). "Whole Foods Shopping With Naomi Campbell". Retrieved 3 May 2020 – via YouTube.
- "Brands & Innovation: All Brands". Archived from the original on 19 December 2009. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
- "Naomi Campbell Naomi Campbell for women". Fragrantica.com. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "Naomagic Naomi Campbell for women". Fragrantica.com. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "Exult Naomi Campbell for women". Fragrantica.com. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "Naomi Campbell Shine & Glimmer for women". Fragrantica.com. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "Mystery Naomi Campbell for women". Fragrantica.com. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "Naomi Campbell Light Edition for women". Fragrantica.com. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "Sunset Naomi Campbell for women". Fragrantica.com. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "Paradise Passion Naomi Campbell for women". Fragrantica.com. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "Winter Kiss Naomi Campbell for women". Fragrantica.com. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "Cat Deluxe by Naomi Campbell". PerfumeEmporium.com. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "Cat Deluxe Silver by Naomi Campbell". Fragrantica.com. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "Eternal Beauty Naomi Campbell for women". Fragrantica.com. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "Cat Deluxe At Night Naomi Campbell for women". Fragrantica.com. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "Seductive Elixir Naomi Campbell for women". Fragrantica.com. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "Cat Deluxe With Kisses Naomi Campbell for women". Fragrantica.com. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "Naomi Naomi Campbell for women". Fragrantica.com. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "Naomi Campbell Wild Pearl". PerfumeEmporium.com. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "Naomi Campbell At Night". PerfumeEmporium.com. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "Queen of Gold Naomi Campbell for women". Fragrantica.com. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "Private Naomi Campbell for women". Fragrantica.com. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "Bohemian Garden Naomi Campbell for women". Fragrantica.com. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "Pret a Porter Naomi Campbell for women". Fragrantica.com. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "Prêt à Porter Silk Collection Naomi Campbell for women". Fragrantica.com. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "Glam Rouge Naomi Campbell for women". Fragrantica.com. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "Prêt à Porter Absolute Velvet Naomi Campbell for women". Fragrantica.com. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "Babywoman – Naomi Campbell". Apple Music. January 1995. Retrieved 3 May 2020.