Naomi Reice Buchwald
Naomi Reice Buchwald
|Senior Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York|
|Assumed office |
March 21, 2012
|Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York|
September 22, 1999 – March 21, 2012
|Appointed by||Bill Clinton|
|Preceded by||Miriam G. Cedarbaum|
|Succeeded by||Analisa Torres|
|Magistrate Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York|
1944 (age 75–76)
Kingston, New York
|Education||Brandeis University (B.A.)|
Columbia Law School (LL.B.)
Naomi Reice Buchwald (born 1944) is a Senior United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York.
Naomi Reice, as she was then known, practiced law in New York City from 1968 until 1973, when she became an Assistant United States Attorney in the Southern District of New York, rising to the position of Chief of the Civil Division. She held this position until she was named a United States Magistrate Judge in the same district in 1980. She served as Chief United States Magistrate Judge from 1994 until 1999.
On February 12, 1999, Buchwald was nominated by President Bill Clinton to a seat on the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York vacated by Miriam G. Cedarbaum. Buchwald was confirmed by the Senate on September 13, 1999, and received her commission on September 22, 1999. She assumed senior status (a form of semi-retirement) on March 21, 2012.
SEC v. Dorozhko
In a 2008 civil case concerning insider trading, Buchwald ordered the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to unfreeze the ill-gotten profits of Ukrainian resident Oleksandr Dorozhko. Dorozhko was accused of hacking into a company database to access a then-unreleased earnings announcement. Based upon the undisclosed information, Dorozhko invested $41,671 in put options, which he sold the following day for $328,571. The SEC froze the profits, but the judge ruled against the SEC, finding that while Dorozhko's conduct almost certainly was criminal, it did not fall within the relevant civil statute. Buchwald stayed her order pending appeal.
The Second Circuit Court of Appeals reversed the judge's ruling. When Dorozhko later stopped participating in his defense, Buchwald granted the SEC summary judgement and ordered Dorozhko to pay nearly $580,000 in disgorgement, prejudgment interest, and a civil penalty. The SEC managed to seize $296,456 of this amount.
Organic Seed Growers & Trade Ass'n v. Monsanto Co.
On February 24, 2012, Buchwald dismissed a lawsuit brought by a consortium of U.S. organic farmers and seed dealers aggrieved by Monsanto's genetically modified organism seeds. Monsanto denied that it had harmed anyone. After extensive briefing and oral argument, she held that the plaintiffs had no standing to sue, calling the case a "transparent effort to create a controversy where none exists." The decision was appealed to the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit on March 28, 2012. The Supreme Court declined to hear an appeal by the organic farmers in January 2014.
In re LIBOR-Based Financial Instruments Antitrust Litigation
In a 161-page memorandum of decision, she held that U.S. antitrust law did not apply. She said that since the LIBOR-setting process was never meant to be competitive, the suppression of that process was not anti-competitive.
Knight First Amendment Institute v. Donald J. Trump
On May 23, 2018, Buchwald held that President Trump's blocking of the plaintiffs from the @realDonaldTrump Twitter account "because of their expressed political views violates the First Amendment." Buchwald differentiated between Twitter's muting and blocking functions, explaining that muting "vindicates the President's right to ignore certain speakers and to selectively amplify the voices of certain others . . . without restricting the right of the ignored to speak." Buchwald declined, however, to issue an injunction against the President and instead issued a declaratory judgment with the statement that "we must assume that the President and Scavino [ Dan Scavino, the White House director of social media] will remedy the blocking we have held to be unconstitutional."
This decision stands in conflict with similar cases from other courts. For example, earlier in 2018, a Kentucky judge upheld a governor's decision to block commenters from his Twitter and Facebook feeds in Morgan v. Bevin (E.D. Ky. 2018). Another example is Florida Democratic gubernatorial candidate Philip Levine, who is fighting a lawsuit for blocking Democratic activist and radio personality Grant Stern.
- "Buchwald, Naomi Reice". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 24, 2018.
- "Naomi Reice Will Be Bride," The New York Times, January 6, 1974, page 66
- "Lara Samet and David Buchwald," The New York Times, March 2, 2014, page ST-16
- SEC v. Dorozhko, 606 F. Supp. 2d 321 (S.D.N.Y. 2008). Retrieved 2010-10-27.
- "SEC v. Dorozhko, 574 F.3d 42 (2d Cir. 2009). Retrieved 2010-10-27" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-06-23. Retrieved 2010-10-27.
- SEC v. Dorozhko (S.D.N.Y. 2010). Retrieved 2010-10-27.
- "Common Sense and Insider Trading" by Floyd Norris, The New York Times blog, March 29, 2010, 6:50 pm. Retrieved 2010-03-30.
- "Organic Seed Growers & Trade Ass'n v. Monsanto Co.", No. 11 Civ. 2163 (NRB) (S.D.N.Y. Feb. 24, 2012).
- "Monsanto prevails in suit brought by organic growers" by Carey Gillam, Reuters.com updated February 28th 2012, 2:17 AM. Retrieved 2012-02-29.
- "Monsanto Lawsuit: Organic Farmers Appeal U.S. District Court Decision" by Carey Gillam, Reuters.com updated March 28th 2012, 3:46 PM. Retrieved 2012-04-08.
- "Top U.S. court refuses to hear appeal of Monsanto seed case". Reuters. Jan 13, 2014. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
- Henning, Peter J. "In Libor Ruling, a Big Win for the Banks".
- In re LIBOR-Based Financial Instruments Antitrust Litigation, no. 11-2262 (S.D.N.Y. Mar. 29, 2013)
- "LIBOR Antitrust Claims Revived by Second Circuit". Sidley Austin LLP. Sidley Austin LLP. May 24, 2016. Retrieved May 24, 2018.
- In re LIBOR-Based Financial Instruments Antitrust Litigation, no. 13-3565 (2d Cir. May 23, 2016)
- Knight First Amendment Institute at Columbia University, et al. v. Donald J. Trump, et al., No. 17 Civ. 5205 (S.D.N.Y. May 23, 2018).
- The Volokh Conspiracy, The Trump Twitter Declaratory Judgment (May 24, 2018).
- Cullins, Ashley (May 23, 2018). "Donald Trump Can't Block Twitter Users Over Politics, Judge Rules". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 23, 2018.
- The Volokh Conspiracy, Blocking of Twitter Users from @RealDonaldTrump Violates First Amendment (May 23, 2018).
- Politico, Levine’s social media blocking haunts Florida gubernatorial campaign (May 18, 2018).
- Naomi Reice Buchwald at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
Miriam G. Cedarbaum
| Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York