Naples International Airport

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Naples International Airport
Aeroporto di Napoli-Capodichino
NaplesAirport.svg
Airport, Ramp JP7227131.jpg

IATA: NAPICAO: LIRN

NAP is located in Italy
NAP
NAP
Location of Airport in Italy
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator GE.S.A.C.
Serves Naples, Italy
Location Capodichino
Focus city for Alitalia CityLiner
Elevation AMSL 294 ft / 90 m
Coordinates 40°53′04″N 014°17′27″E / 40.88444°N 14.29083°E / 40.88444; 14.29083 (Naples Airport)Coordinates: 40°53′04″N 014°17′27″E / 40.88444°N 14.29083°E / 40.88444; 14.29083 (Naples Airport)
Website www.portal.gesac.it
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06/24 2,628 8,622 Bitumen
Statistics (2014)
Passengers 5,960,035
Passenger change 13–14 Increase 9.5%
Aircraft movements 58,681
Movements change 13–14 Increase 4.9%
Source: Italian AIP at EUROCONTROL[1]
Statistics from Assaeroporti[2]

Naples International Airport (IATA: NAPICAO: LIRN) (Italian: Aeroporto Internazionale di Napoli, official name: Ugo Niutta) is the international airport serving Naples, Italy. It is located 3.2 NM (5.9 km; 3.7 mi) north-northeast[1] of the city in the Capodichino district of Naples. The airport has two terminal buildings: Terminal 1 is for departing travellers and Terminal 2, located away from the airfield, is used for charter operations.

Naples, with a metropolitan population of nearly three million[3] is the largest metropolitan area of Europe which does not serve as a hub nor secondary hub of any airline.[4]

History[edit]

The district of Capodichino – in the area known as "Campo di Marte" – hosted in 1910 the first flight exhibitions in Naples. During the First World War, "Campo di Marte" became a military airport in order to defend the town against Austro-Hungarian and German air attacks. Dedicated to Ugo Niutta (an Italian aviator), Capodichino Airport was a military air base during the Fascist Era and Second World War.[citation needed]

During World War II the airport was used by the United States Army Air Forces extensively during the Italian Campaign. It was used by the Twelfth Air Force as a combat airfield, which stationed the following units at the airport: 79th Fighter Group (January – May 1944, P-40 Warhawk/P-47 Thunderbolt); 47th Bombardment Group (March – April 1944, A-20 Havoc); 33d Fighter Group (April – May 1944, P-40 Warhawk). When the combat units moved out, Air Transport Command used the airport as a major transshipment hub for cargo, transiting aircraft and personnel for the remainder of the war.[5]

Commercial traffic started in 1950. In 1980 GE.S.A.C. ("Gestione Servizi Aeroporto Capodichino") was established to administer the airport; in 1982 it became "Gestione Servizi Aeroporti Campani") and participated in by the City Council, the province of Naples and Alitalia. In 1995 GE.S.A.C. drew up – with BAA assistance – a new master plan, which marked the beginning of a twenty-year development plan. After two years (1997) GE.S.A.C. was the first airport management company in Italy to be privatised: BAA acquires 70% of the share package from the City Council and Province of Naples. In 1998 the "Galleria Napoli" opened, a shopping arcade open 365 days a year inside Terminal 1. In 2002 H.R.H. Prince Charles inaugurated the new departure lounge.

Facilities[edit]

Check-in hall
Control tower and hangars

The airport has a single runway (orientation: 06/24 – 2,628 m × 45 m (8,622 ft × 148 ft) – resistance: PCN90/F/B/W/T – assistance: PAPI, ILS) in bituminous conglomerate and concrete, with one taxiway. There is one apron with 29 stands, 9 of which self-maneuvering and the remaining Push Back. The airport is class 4D ICAO and has the classification of military airport opened to commercial air traffic 24 hours/day.

The airport management company is fully responsible for managing the airport and co-ordinating and control activities of all the private operators present in the airport. Capodichino hosts some aeronautical industrial activities, like Atitech, Alenia Aeronautica, Aeronavali, Tecnam Costruzioni Aeronautiche.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Aer Lingus Seasonal: Dublin
Aeroflot
operated by Rossiya
Seasonal charter: St Petersburg
Air Arabia Maroc Casablanca
Air Berlin Stuttgart
Seasonal: Berlin-Tegel, Düsseldorf, Munich, Zürich
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Seasonal: Toulouse
Alitalia Milan-Linate, Rome-Fiumicino
Alitalia
operated by Alitalia CityLiner
Milan-Linate, Rome-Fiumicino
Alitalia
operated by Darwin Airline
Catania, Palermo, Rome-Fiumicino
Alitalia
operated by Mistral Air
Trieste, Turin
Austrian Airlines Seasonal: Vienna
Blue Air Bucharest
British Airways London-Gatwick
Brussels Airlines Seasonal: Brussels
Danish Air Transport Seasonal: Billund, Odense[6]
easyJet Athens,[7] Berlin–Schönefeld, Brussels, Catania, Hamburg, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, London–Stansted, Lyon (begins 16 December 2015), Milan–Malpensa, Nice, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Paris–Orly, Venice-Marco Polo
Seasonal: Bristol, Corfu, Edinburgh, Ibiza, Liverpool, Malta, Mykonos, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Split
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva
Finnair Seasonal: Helsinki
Germanwings Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Stuttgart
Seasonal: Hannover
HOP! Seasonal: Lyon
Iberia
operated by Air Nostrum
Seasonal: Madrid
Iberia Express Seasonal: Madrid
InterSky Seasonal: Memmingen
Jetairfly Seasonal: Brussels
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Seasonal: Luxembourg
Meridiana Bologna, Cagliari, Catania, Genoa, London-Gatwick, Madrid, Milan-Linate, Moscow-Domodedovo, Turin, Venice-Marco Polo, Verona
Seasonal: Mykonos, Nice, New York-JFK, Olbia, Rhodes, Santorini, Skiathos[8]
Seasonal charter: Heraklion, Ibiza, Lourdes, Palma de Mallorca, Zakynthos
Mistral Air Mostar
Seasonal charter: Corfu, Sofia,[9] Zakynthos
Monarch Airlines Seasonal: Leeds/Bradford, London-Luton, Manchester
S7 Airlines Seasonal: Moscow-Domodedovo[10]
Scandinavian Airlines Seasonal: Copenhagen
SmartWings
operated by Travel Service Airlines
Seasonal: Prague
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Swiss Global Air Lines
Zürich
Sun d'Or International Airlines
operated by El Al
Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
Thomas Cook Airlines Seasonal: Manchester, London-Gatwick
Thomson Airways Seasonal charter: Birmingham, Bristol, East Midlands, Glasgow-International, London-Gatwick, London-Luton, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
Transavia Amsterdam
Transavia France Paris-Orly
TunisAir Express Tunis
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Volotea Genoa, Palermo
Seasonal: Bordeaux, Heraklion, Mykonos, Nantes, Olbia, Santorini, Skiathos
Vueling Barcelona
Wizz Air Bucharest, Budapest, Katowice, Prague, Sofia (begins 26 July 2015)
XL Airways France Seasonal: Paris-Charles de Gaulle

Statistics[edit]

Annual passenger statistics from 2000 through 2014:[11]

  • 2000: 4,136,508 passengers (+13%)
  • 2001: 4,003,001 passengers (−3.2%)
  • 2002: 4,132,874 passengers (+3.2%)
  • 2003: 4,587,163 passengers (+11%)
  • 2004: 4,632,388 passengers (+1%)
  • 2005: 4,588,695 passengers (−0.9%)
  • 2006: 5,095,969 passengers (+11.1%)
  • 2007: 5,775,838 passengers (+13.3%)
  • 2008: 5,642,267 passengers (−2.3%)
  • 2009: 5,322,161 passengers (−5.7%)
  • 2010: 5,584,114 passengers (+4.9%)
  • 2011: 5,768,873 passengers (+3.3%)
  • 2012: 5,801,836 passengers (+0.6%)
  • 2013: 5,444,422 passengers (−6.2%)
  • 2014: 5,960,035 passengers (+9.5%)

Ground transportation[edit]

Car[edit]

Capodichino is easily accessible from all the city thanks to the exit of the so-called "Tangenziale", an urban highway (A56) connecting the city of Naples to metropolitan area and highways to Rome (A1), Salerno (A3) and Bari (A16).[12] Fixed taxi rates are in use for the main destinations within the city limits of Naples from Airport to: Naples Centre, Molo Beverello (Port), Mergellina (Hydrofoils to Capri and Ischia Islands).[13]

Bus[edit]

Bus line 3S and Alibus, operated by ANM, connect the airport to Piazza Garibaldi and Piazza Municipio.[14] Distance airport/centre city is about 7 km (4.3 mi). The airport is also connected to Avellino, Benevento, Caserta, Sorrento, Salerno and Serre.[15]

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 15 February 1958, a United States Air Force Douglas VC-47A Skytrain, 42-93817, c/n 13771, built as a C-47A-25-DK and upgraded,[16] en route from its home base, Ramstein-Landstuhl Air Base, Germany, to Istanbul, departed Capodichino Airport on a flight to Athens, with 16 servicemen aboard. Following a report 30 minutes after departure when the crew reported en route at 6500 feet and switching to the Rome ATC, nothing further was heard from the flight, which never contacted Rome,[17] nor arrived in Greece. Dense fog over the Ionian Sea and mountainous southern Italy on 17 February greatly impeded search efforts for the missing aircraft. "U.S. authorities did not exclude the possibility the plane might have been forced down in Communist Albania."[18] The burned and scattered wreckage was found 19 February high on the rugged slope of Mount Vesuvius at the 3,800-foot level, about 200 feet below the top of the cone of the volcano. A search plane first spotted the wreckage following "four days of fruitless ground, sea and air search impeded by fog, rain and snow." Patrols of U.S. servicemen, Italian soldiers and carabinieri reached the crash site four hours after it was found, battling though heavy snow, but reported no survivors amongst the 16 on board. They stated that all had been identified. "A surgeon said death apparently was instantaneous." There were 15 Air Force officers and men from Ramstein-Landstuhl Air Base, and one seaman of the USS Tripoli on board. "Officials declined to venture a theory on the cause of the crash except that the weather was bad and the pilot, Capt. Martin S. Schwartz of Ashland, Kentucky, had not previously flown from Capodichino field."[19]

Trivia[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "EAD Basic - Error Page". Retrieved 7 June 2015. 
  2. ^ Associazione Italiana Gestori Aeroportuali
  3. ^ List of metropolitan areas in Europe by population
  4. ^ Airline hub
  5. ^ Maurer, Maurer. Air Force Combat Units of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1983. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
  6. ^ "Odense Airport gets international route (in Danish)". 
  7. ^ "New and dropped routes". Easyjet. 
  8. ^ "Meridianafly Adds New Greek Seasonal Routes July – Sep 2015". Retrieved 7 June 2015. 
  9. ^ https://www.sofia-airport.bg/en/passengers/flight-information/search-flight
  10. ^ "S7 AIRLINES ОТКРЫВАЕТ ПРОДАЖУ БИЛЕТОВ В НЕАПОЛЬ". aviaport.ru. АвиаПорт. 2 February 2015. Retrieved 2 February 2015. 
  11. ^ [1]
  12. ^ (Italian) Autostrade per l'Italia
  13. ^ "Aeroporto Internazionale di Napoli: orari voli e parcheggi" (PDF). Retrieved 7 June 2015. 
  14. ^ Lombardi, Matthew, ed. (2007). Fodor's Italy 2007. Fodor's Travel Guides. p. 755. ISBN 978-1-4000-1689-1. Retrieved 14 October 2011. 
  15. ^ (Italian) azienda napoletana mobilità
  16. ^ "1942 USAAF Serial Numbers (42-91974 to 42-110188)". Retrieved 7 June 2015. 
  17. ^ Harro Ranter (15 February 1958). "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas VC-47A 42-93817 Monte Vesuvio". Retrieved 7 June 2015. 
  18. ^ Associated Press, "Fog Hurts Search For Missing Plane", The State, Columbia, South Carolina, Tuesday 18 February 1958, Number 24,290, page 5-A
  19. ^ Associated Press, "On Mount Vesuvius: Plane Is Found; 16 Dead", The State, Columbia, South Carolina, Thursday 20 February 1958, Number 24,292, page 3-A.

External links[edit]

Media related to Naples International Airport at Wikimedia Commons