Naples International Airport

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This article is about the international airport in Naples, Italy. For LIRN, the library consortia in Largo, Florida, see Library_and_Information_Resources_Network.
Naples International Airport
Aeroporto di Napoli-Capodichino
NaplesAirport.svg
Airport, Ramp JP7227131.jpg

IATA: NAPICAO: LIRN

NAP is located in Italy
NAP
NAP
Location of Airport in Italy
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator GE.S.A.C.
Serves Naples, Italy
Location Capodichino
Elevation AMSL 294 ft / 90 m
Coordinates 40°53′04″N 014°17′27″E / 40.88444°N 14.29083°E / 40.88444; 14.29083 (Naples Airport)Coordinates: 40°53′04″N 014°17′27″E / 40.88444°N 14.29083°E / 40.88444; 14.29083 (Naples Airport)
Website www.portal.gesac.it
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06/24 2,628 8,622 Bitumen
Statistics (2015)
Passengers 6,163,188
Passenger change 14–15 Increase 3.4%
Aircraft movements 60,261
Movements change 14–15 Increase 1.4%
Source: Italian AIP at EUROCONTROL[1]
Statistics from Assaeroporti[2]

Naples International Airport (IATA: NAPICAO: LIRN) (Italian: Aeroporto Internazionale di Napoli, official name: Ugo Niutta) is the international airport serving Naples, Italy. It is located 3.2 NM (5.9 km; 3.7 mi) north-northeast [1] of the city in the Capodichino district of Naples. The airport has two terminal buildings: Terminal 1 is for scheduled flights and Terminal 2, located away from the airfield, is used for charter operations.

History[edit]

The district of Capodichino – in the area known as "Campo di Marte" – hosted in 1910 the first flight exhibitions in Naples. During the First World War, "Campo di Marte" became a military airport in order to defend the town against Austro-Hungarian and German air attacks. Dedicated to Ugo Niutta, an Italian aviator, Capodichino Airport was a military air base during the Fascist Era and Second World War.[citation needed]

During World War II the airport was used by the United States Army Air Forces extensively during the Italian Campaign. It was used by the Twelfth Air Force as a combat airfield, which stationed the following units at the airport: 79th Fighter Group (January – May 1944, P-40 Warhawk/P-47 Thunderbolt); 47th Bombardment Group (March – April 1944, A-20 Havoc); 33d Fighter Group (April – May 1944, P-40 Warhawk). When the combat units moved out, Air Transport Command used the airport as a major transshipment hub for cargo, transiting aircraft and personnel for the remainder of the war.[3]

Commercial traffic started in 1950. In 1980 GE.S.A.C. ("Gestione Servizi Aeroporto Capodichino") was established to administer the airport; in 1982 it became "Gestione Servizi Aeroporti Campani") and participated in by the City Council, the province of Naples and Alitalia. In 1995 GE.S.A.C. drew up – with BAA assistance – a new master plan, which marked the beginning of a twenty-year development plan. After two years (1997) GE.S.A.C. was the first airport management company in Italy to be privatised: BAA acquires 70% of the share package from the City Council and Province of Naples. In 1998 the "Galleria Napoli" opened, a shopping arcade open 365 days a year inside Terminal 1. In 2002 H.R.H. Prince Charles inaugurated the new departure lounge.

Facilities[edit]

Check-in hall
Control tower and hangars

The airport has a single runway (orientation: 06/24 – 2,628 m × 45 m (8,622 ft × 148 ft) – resistance: PCN90/F/B/W/T – assistance: PAPI, ILS) in bituminous conglomerate and concrete, with one taxiway.[4] There is one apron with 29 stands, 9 of which self-maneuvering and the remaining Push Back. The airport is class 4D ICAO and has the classification of military airport opened to commercial air traffic 24 hours/day.

The airport management company is fully responsible for managing the airport and coordinating and control activities of all the private operators present in the airport. Capodichino hosts some aeronautical industrial activities, like Atitech, Alenia Aeronautica, Aeronavali, Tecnam Costruzioni Aeronautiche.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Aegean Airlines
operated by Olympic Air
Seasonal: Athens
Aer Lingus Seasonal: Dublin
Aeroflot
operated by Rossiya
Seasonal charter: St Petersburg
Air Arabia Maroc Casablanca
Air Berlin Stuttgart
Seasonal: Berlin-Tegel, Düsseldorf, Munich, Zürich
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Seasonal: Toulouse
Alitalia Milan-Linate, Rome-Fiumicino, Turin[5]
Alitalia
operated by Alitalia CityLiner
Milan-Linate, Rome-Fiumicino
Alitalia
operated by Darwin Airline
Catania, Palermo, Rome-Fiumicino
Austrian Airlines Seasonal: Vienna
Seasonal charter: Memmingen[6]
Blue Air Bucharest, Turin (begins 1 October 2016)[7]
British Airways London-Gatwick
Brussels Airlines Seasonal: Brussels
Danish Air Transport Seasonal: Billund, Odense[8]
easyJet Amsterdam,[9] Athens,[10] Berlin–Schönefeld, Brussels, Catania, Hamburg, Kraków (begins 2 November 2016),[9] London–Gatwick, London–Luton, London–Stansted, Lyon, Milan–Malpensa, Nice, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Paris–Orly, Venice-Marco Polo, Vienna[9]
Seasonal: Bristol, Corfu, Edinburgh, Ibiza, Liverpool, Malta, Mykonos, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Split
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva
Finnair Seasonal: Helsinki
Germanwings Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Stuttgart
Seasonal: Hannover
HOP! Seasonal: Lyon
Iberia
operated by Air Nostrum
Seasonal: Madrid
Iberia Express Seasonal: Madrid
Jetairfly Seasonal: Brussels
Jet2.com Seasonal: Edinburgh (begins 29 April 2017),[11] Leeds/Bradford (begins 29 April 2017), Manchester
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Seasonal: Luxembourg
Meridiana Bergamo, Cagliari, Catania, London-Gatwick, Madrid, Milan-Linate, Moscow-Domodedovo, Milan-Malpensa, Turin, Verona
Seasonal: Menorca Mykonos, New York-JFK, Olbia, Rhodes, Santorini, Skiathos,[12] St Petersburg[13]
Seasonal charter: Heraklion, Ibiza, Lourdes, Palma de Mallorca, Zakynthos
Mistral Air[14] Mostar
Seasonal: Pau, Rhodes, Sofia, Tivat
Seasonal charter: Corfu, Zakynthos
Monarch Airlines Seasonal: Leeds/Bradford, London-Luton, Manchester
Neos Seasonal: Ibiza, Rhodes, Tenerife
S7 Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo [15]
Scandinavian Airlines Seasonal: Copenhagen
SmartWings
operated by Travel Service Airlines
Seasonal: Prague
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Swiss Global Air Lines
Zürich
Sun d'Or
operated by El Al
Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
Thomas Cook Airlines
operated by SmartLynx Airlines
Seasonal: London-Gatwick,[16] Manchester[16]
Thomson Airways Seasonal charter: Birmingham, Bournemouth (begins 12 May 2017), Bristol, East Midlands, Glasgow, London-Gatwick, London-Luton, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
Transavia Amsterdam, Munich[17]
Transavia France Paris-Orly
Tunisair Express Tunis
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Volotea Genoa, Palermo, Trieste
Seasonal: Bordeaux, Heraklion, Marseille,[18] Mykonos, Nantes, Olbia, Santorini, Skiathos, Trieste,[19] Verona
Vueling Amsterdam,[20] Barcelona, Paris-Charles de Gaulle (begins 15 September 2016)[20]
Wizz Air Bucharest, Budapest, Katowice, Prague, Sofia, Warsaw-Chopin
XL Airways France Seasonal: Paris-Charles de Gaulle

Statistics[edit]

Annual passenger statistics from 2000 through 2014:[21]

  • 2000: 4,136,508 passengers (+13%)
  • 2001: 4,003,001 passengers (−3.2%)
  • 2002: 4,132,874 passengers (+3.2%)
  • 2003: 4,587,163 passengers (+11%)
  • 2004: 4,632,388 passengers (+1%)
  • 2005: 4,588,695 passengers (−0.9%)
  • 2006: 5,095,969 passengers (+11.1%)
  • 2007: 5,775,838 passengers (+13.3%)
  • 2008: 5,642,267 passengers (−2.3%)
  • 2009: 5,322,161 passengers (−5.7%)
  • 2010: 5,584,114 passengers (+4.9%)
  • 2011: 5,768,873 passengers (+3.3%)
  • 2012: 5,801,836 passengers (+0.6%)
  • 2013: 5,444,422 passengers (−6.2%)
  • 2014: 5,960,035 passengers (+9.5%)

Ground transportation[edit]

Car[edit]

Capodichino is easily accessible from all the city thanks to the exit of the so-called "Tangenziale", an urban highway (A56) connecting the city of Naples to metropolitan area and highways to Rome (A1), Salerno (A3) and Bari (A16).[22] Fixed taxi rates are in use for the main destinations within the city limits of Naples from Airport to: Naples Centre, Molo Beverello (Port), Mergellina (Hydrofoils to Capri and Ischia Islands).[23]

Bus[edit]

Bus line 3S and Alibus, operated by ANM, connect the airport to Piazza Garibaldi and Piazza Municipio.[24] Distance airport/centre city is about 7 km (4.3 mi). The airport is also connected to Avellino, Benevento, Caserta, Sorrento, Salerno and Serre.[25]

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 15 February 1958, a United States Air Force Douglas VC-47A Skytrain, 42-93817, c/n 13771, built as a C-47A-25-DK and upgraded,[26] en route from its home base, Ramstein-Landstuhl Air Base, Germany, to Istanbul, departed Capodichino Airport on a flight to Athens, with 16 servicemen aboard. Following a report 30 minutes after departure when the crew reported en route at 6500 feet and switching to the Rome ATC, nothing further was heard from the flight, which never contacted Rome,[27] nor arrived in Greece. Dense fog over the Ionian Sea and mountainous southern Italy on 17 February greatly impeded search efforts for the missing aircraft. "U.S. authorities did not exclude the possibility the plane might have been forced down in Communist Albania."[28] The burned and scattered wreckage was found 19 February high on the rugged slope of Mount Vesuvius at the 3,800-foot level, about 200 feet below the top of the cone of the volcano. A search plane first spotted the wreckage following "four days of fruitless ground, sea and air search impeded by fog, rain and snow." Patrols of U.S. servicemen, Italian soldiers and carabinieri reached the crash site four hours after it was found, battling though heavy snow, but reported no survivors amongst the 16 on board. They stated that all had been identified. "A surgeon said death apparently was instantaneous." There were 15 Air Force officers and men from Ramstein-Landstuhl Air Base, and one seaman of the USS Tripoli on board. "Officials declined to venture a theory on the cause of the crash except that the weather was bad and the pilot, Capt. Martin S. Schwartz of Ashland, Kentucky, had not previously flown from Capodichino field."[29]

Use by U.S. military forces[edit]

U.S. military forces are present on this site since 1951. Among two other facilities in Naples, Naval Support Activity Naples is a tenant of several buildings in the Northwestern area of the airport.[30] The United States Navy handles military and civilian aircraft on this airport for logistics.[31]

Trivia[edit]

  • Naples Airport is the destination in the "Rome-Naples Airline Run" supplied with Microsoft Flight Simulator X.
  • With over 3 million inhabitants, the Naples Metropolitan Area is the largest such area in Europe whose airport does not serve as either a hub or focus for any airline.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "EAD Basic - Error Page". Retrieved 7 June 2015. 
  2. ^ Associazione Italiana Gestori Aeroportuali
  3. ^ Maurer, Maurer. Air Force Combat Units of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1983. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
  4. ^ "Dati di pista". Aeroporto Internazionale di Napoli (in Italian). Retrieved 2016-02-22. 
  5. ^ https://beta.alitalia.com/en_us/home-page.html
  6. ^ http://www.austrianaviation.net/news-regional/news-detail/datum/2015/12/23/aua-startet-ab-memmingen.html
  7. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/267896/blue-air-expands-turin-flights-from-oct-2016/
  8. ^ "Odense Airport gets international route (in Danish)". 
  9. ^ a b c http://www.easyjet.com/en
  10. ^ "New and dropped routes". Easyjet. 
  11. ^ http://www.heraldscotland.com/news/14459849.Budget_airline_adds_three_new_Scottish_destinations_for_record_breaking_summer_2017_schedule/
  12. ^ "Meridianafly Adds New Greek Seasonal Routes July – Sep 2015". Retrieved 7 June 2015. 
  13. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2016/01/05/ig-napled-jun16/
  14. ^ http://www.mistralair.it/en/index.shtml
  15. ^ "S7 AIRLINES ОТКРЫВАЕТ ПРОДАЖУ БИЛЕТОВ В НЕАПОЛЬ". aviaport.ru. АвиаПорт. 2 February 2015. Retrieved 2 February 2015. 
  16. ^ a b www.thomascookairlines.com. Thomas Cook Airlines Ltd https://www.thomascookairlines.com/en/cheap-flights/italy/naples/index.jsp. Retrieved 28 March 2016.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  17. ^ Transavia Opens Munich Base from late-March 2016
  18. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2015/10/06/v7-s16/
  19. ^ http://www.volotea.com
  20. ^ a b http://www.vueling.com/en#
  21. ^ [1]
  22. ^ (Italian) Autostrade per l'Italia
  23. ^ "Aeroporto Internazionale di Napoli: orari voli e parcheggi" (PDF). Retrieved 7 June 2015. 
  24. ^ Lombardi, Matthew, ed. (2007). Fodor's Italy 2007. Fodor's Travel Guides. p. 755. ISBN 978-1-4000-1689-1. Retrieved 14 October 2011. 
  25. ^ (Italian) azienda napoletana mobilità
  26. ^ "1942 USAAF Serial Numbers (42-91974 to 42-110188)". Retrieved 7 June 2015. 
  27. ^ Harro Ranter (15 February 1958). "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas VC-47A 42-93817 Monte Vesuvio". Retrieved 7 June 2015. 
  28. ^ Associated Press, "Fog Hurts Search For Missing Plane", The State, Columbia, South Carolina, Tuesday 18 February 1958, Number 24,290, page 5-A
  29. ^ Associated Press, "On Mount Vesuvius: Plane Is Found; 16 Dead", The State, Columbia, South Carolina, Thursday 20 February 1958, Number 24,292, page 3-A.
  30. ^ http://militarybases.com/nsa-naples-navy-base-in-naples-italy/
  31. ^ http://www.cnic.navy.mil/regions/cnreurafswa/installations/nsa_naples/om/operations/air_operations.html

External links[edit]

Media related to Naples International Airport at Wikimedia Commons