Naples International Airport

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Naples International Airport
Aeroporto di Napoli-Capodichino
NaplesAirport.svg
Airport, Ramp JP7227131.jpg
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator GE.S.A.C.
Serves Naples, Italy
Location Capodichino
Elevation AMSL 294 ft / 90 m
Coordinates 40°53′04″N 014°17′27″E / 40.88444°N 14.29083°E / 40.88444; 14.29083 (Naples Airport)Coordinates: 40°53′04″N 014°17′27″E / 40.88444°N 14.29083°E / 40.88444; 14.29083 (Naples Airport)
Website www.portal.gesac.it
Map
NAP is located in Italy
NAP
NAP
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06/24 2,628 8,622 Bitumen
Statistics (2016)
Passengers 6,775,988
Passenger change 15–16 Increase 9.9%
Aircraft movements 63,935
Movements change 15–16 Increase 6.1%
Source: Italian AIP at EUROCONTROL[1]
Statistics from Assaeroporti[2]

Naples International Airport (IATA: NAPICAO: LIRN) (Italian: Aeroporto Internazionale di Napoli) is the international airport serving Naples, Italy. It is located 3.2 NM (5.9 km; 3.7 mi) north-northeast [1] of the city in the Capodichino district of Naples. The airport has two terminal buildings: Terminal 1 is for scheduled flights and Terminal 2, located away from the airfield, is used for charter operations.

Naples, with a metropolitan population of nearly three million[3] is the largest metropolitan area of Europe which does not serve as a hub nor secondary hub of any airline.[4]

History[edit]

The district of Capodichino – in the area known as "Campo di Marte" – hosted the first flight exhibitions in Naples in 1910. During the First World War, "Campo di Marte" became a military airport in order to defend the town against Austro-Hungarian and German air attacks.[citation needed]

During World War II, the airport was used by the United States Army Air Forces extensively during the Italian Campaign. It was used by the Twelfth Air Force as a combat airfield, which stationed the following units at the airport: 79th Fighter Group (January–May 1944, P-40 Warhawk/P-47 Thunderbolt); 47th Bombardment Group (March–April 1944, A-20 Havoc); 33d Fighter Group (April–May 1944, P-40 Warhawk). When the combat units moved out, Air Transport Command used the airport as a major transshipment hub for cargo, transiting aircraft and personnel for the remainder of the war.[5]

Commercial traffic started in 1950. In 1980 GE.S.A.C. ("Gestione Servizi Aeroporto Capodichino") was established to administer the airport; in 1982 it became "Gestione Servizi Aeroporti Campani") and participated in by the City Council, the province of Naples and Alitalia. In 1995 GE.S.A.C. drew up – with BAA assistance – a new master plan, which marked the beginning of a twenty-year development plan. After two years (1997) GE.S.A.C. was the first airport management company in Italy to be privatised: BAA acquires 70% of the share package from the City Council and Province of Naples. In 1998 the "Galleria Napoli" opened, a shopping arcade open 365 days a year inside Terminal 1. In 2002 H.R.H. Prince Charles inaugurated the new departure lounge.

Facilities[edit]

Check-in hall
Control tower and hangars

The airport has a single runway (orientation: 06/24 – 2,628 m × 45 m (8,622 ft × 148 ft) – resistance: PCN90/F/B/W/T – assistance: PAPI, ILS) in bituminous conglomerate and concrete, with one taxiway.[6] There is one apron with 29 stands, 9 of which self-maneuvering and the remaining Push Back. The airport is class 4D ICAO and has the classification of military airport opened to commercial air traffic 24 hours/day.

The airport management company is fully responsible for managing the airport and coordinating and control activities of all the private operators present in the airport. Capodichino hosts some aeronautical industrial activities, like Atitech, Alenia Aeronautica, Aeronavali, Tecnam Costruzioni Aeronautiche.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Aegean Airlines Seasonal: Athens
Aegean Airlines
operated by Olympic Air
Seasonal: Athens
Aer Lingus Seasonal: Dublin
Air Arabia Maroc Casablanca
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Seasonal: Toulouse
Alitalia Milan-Linate, Rome-Fiumicino, Turin
Alitalia
operated by Alitalia CityLiner
Catania, Milan-Linate, Palermo, Rome-Fiumicino
Seasonal: Cagliari, Olbia
AlMasria Universal Airlines Charter: Sharm El Sheikh
Austrian Airlines Vienna[7]
Blue Air Bucharest, Turin
British Airways London-Gatwick
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Danish Air Transport Seasonal: Billund, Odense
easyJet Amsterdam, Barcelona, Berlin–Schönefeld, Catania, Granada (begins 5 September 2018), Kraków, Lille, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, London–Stansted, Lyon, Milan–Malpensa, Nice, Palermo (begins 3 September 2018), Paris–Orly, Prague, Turin (begins 3 September 2018), Venice, Vienna, Zürich
Seasonal: Alghero (begins 24 July 2018), Athens, Belfast-International (begins 23 June 2018),[8] Bristol, Cagliari, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Edinburgh, Hamburg, Ibiza, Liverpool, Malta, Menorca, Mykonos, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Split, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tenerife–South [9]
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva
Ernest Airlines Kiev-Zhuliany, Lviv[10]
Eurowings Munich
Eurowings
operated by Germanwings
Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Stuttgart
Seasonal: Hanover
Finnair Seasonal: Helsinki
HOP! Seasonal: Lyon
Iberia
operated by Air Nostrum
Seasonal: Madrid
Iberia Express Madrid
Jet2.com Seasonal: Belfast (begins 4 May 2018), Birmingham (begins 1 April 2018), Edinburgh, Leeds/Bradford, London-Stansted (begins 29 March 2018),[11] Manchester
Joon Paris-Charles de Gaulle (begins 25 March 2018)[12]
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Seasonal: Luxembourg
Meridiana Milan-Malpensa, Olbia
Seasonal: Menorca, Mykonos, Rhodes, Santorini, Skiathos, Zakynthos
Seasonal charter: Heraklion, Ibiza, Lourdes, Palma de Mallorca
Mistral Air Mostar, Tirana
Seasonal: Heraklion, Ibiza, Kefalonia, Pau, Rhodes, Sofia, Tivat
Seasonal charter: Brac, Corfu, Zadar, Zakynthos[citation needed]
Neos Seasonal: Ibiza, Rhodes, Tenerife
People's Viennaline Seasonal charter: St. Gallen/Altenrhein[13], Memmingen[14]
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca
Ryanair[15] Barcelona, Bergamo, Bologna[16], Budapest, Charleroi, Dublin, Eindhoven, Hahn, Kaunas, Krakow, Lisbon, London-Stansted, Madrid, Malta, Manchester, Porto, Seville, Thessaloniki, Toulouse, Treviso, Valencia, Warsaw-Modlin, Wroclaw[17]
Seasonal: Bremen, Copenhagen, East Midlands, Gdańsk, Stockholm-Skavsta
S7 Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo
Scandinavian Airlines Seasonal: Copenhagen
SmartWings
operated by Travel Service Airlines
Seasonal: Prague
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Swiss Global Air Lines
Zürich
Sun d'Or
operated by El Al
Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
Thomas Cook Airlines Seasonal: Birmingham
Thomas Cook Airlines
operated by SmartLynx Airlines
Seasonal: London-Gatwick, Manchester
Transavia Amsterdam
Transavia France Paris-Orly
TUI Airways Seasonal: Birmingham, Bournemouth, Bristol, Doncaster/Sheffield (begins 7 May 2018), East Midlands, Glasgow, London-Gatwick, London-Luton, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
TUI fly Belgium Marrakech
Seasonal: Brussels, Charleroi
Tunisair Express Tunis
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Volotea Genoa, Palermo, Trieste
Seasonal: Bordeaux, Catania, Heraklion, Kephalonia (begins 27 June 2018), Marseille, Mykonos, Nantes, Olbia, Preveza-Lefkada, Rhodes (begins 28 June 2018), Santorini, Skiathos, Trieste, Verona, Zakynthos
Vueling Amsterdam, Barcelona, Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Wizz Air Bucharest, Budapest, Katowice, Prague, Sofia, Warsaw-Chopin
XL Airways France Seasonal: Paris-Charles de Gaulle

Statistics[edit]

Annual passenger statistics from 2000 through 2016:[18]

  • 2000: 4,136,508 passengers (+13%)
  • 2001: 4,003,001 passengers (−3.2%)
  • 2002: 4,132,874 passengers (+3.2%)
  • 2003: 4,587,163 passengers (+11%)
  • 2004: 4,632,388 passengers (+1%)
  • 2005: 4,588,695 passengers (−0.9%)
  • 2006: 5,095,969 passengers (+11.1%)
  • 2007: 5,775,838 passengers (+13.3%)
  • 2008: 5,642,267 passengers (−2.3%)
  • 2009: 5,322,161 passengers (−5.7%)
  • 2010: 5,584,114 passengers (+4.9%)
  • 2011: 5,768,873 passengers (+3.3%)
  • 2012: 5,801,836 passengers (+0.6%)
  • 2013: 5,444,422 passengers (−6.2%)
  • 2014: 5,960,035 passengers (+9.5%)
  • 2015: 6,163,188 passengers (+3.4%)
  • 2016: 6,775,988 passengers (+9.9%)

Ground transportation[edit]

Car[edit]

Capodichino is easily accessible from all the city thanks to the exit of the so-called "Tangenziale", an urban highway (A56) connecting the city of Naples to metropolitan area and highways to Rome (A1), Salerno (A3) and Bari (A16).[19] Fixed taxi rates are in use for the main destinations within the city limits of Naples from Airport to: Naples Centre, Molo Beverello (Port), Mergellina (Hydrofoils to Capri and Ischia Islands).[20]

Bus[edit]

Bus line 3S and Alibus, operated by ANM, connect the airport to Piazza Garibaldi and Piazza Municipio.[21] Distance airport/centre city is about 7 km (4.3 mi). The airport is also connected to Avellino, Benevento, Caserta, Sorrento, Salerno and Serre.[22]

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 15 February 1958, a United States Air Force Douglas VC-47A Skytrain, 42-93817, c/n 13771, built as a C-47A-25-DK and upgraded,[23] en route from its home base, Ramstein-Landstuhl Air Base, Germany, to Istanbul, departed Capodichino Airport on a flight to Athens, with 16 servicemen aboard. Following a report 30 minutes after departure when the crew reported en route at 6500 feet and switching to the Rome ATC, nothing further was heard from the flight, which never contacted Rome,[24] nor arrived in Greece. Dense fog over the Ionian Sea and mountainous southern Italy on 17 February greatly impeded search efforts for the missing aircraft. "U.S. authorities did not exclude the possibility the plane might have been forced down in Communist Albania."[25] The burned and scattered wreckage was found 19 February high on the rugged slope of Mount Vesuvius at the 3,800-foot level, about 200 feet below the top of the cone of the volcano. A search plane first spotted the wreckage following "four days of fruitless ground, sea and air search impeded by fog, rain and snow." Patrols of U.S. servicemen, Italian soldiers and carabinieri reached the crash site four hours after it was found, battling though heavy snow, but reported no survivors amongst the 16 on board. They stated that all had been identified. "A surgeon said death apparently was instantaneous." There were 15 Air Force officers and men from Ramstein-Landstuhl Air Base, and one seaman of the USS Tripoli on board. "Officials declined to venture a theory on the cause of the crash except that the weather was bad and the pilot, Capt. Martin S. Schwartz of Ashland, Kentucky, had not previously flown from Capodichino field."[26]

Use by U.S. military forces[edit]

U.S. military forces have been present on this site, primarily US Navy personnel,[27] since 1951. Among two other facilities in Naples, Naval Support Activity Naples is a tenant of several buildings in the Northwestern area of the airport.[28] The United States Navy handles military and civilian aircraft on this airport for logistics.[29]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "EAD Basic - Error Page". Retrieved 7 June 2015. 
  2. ^ Associazione Italiana Gestori Aeroportuali
  3. ^ List of metropolitan areas in Europe by population
  4. ^ Airline hub
  5. ^ Maurer, Maurer. Air Force Combat Units of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1983. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
  6. ^ "Dati di pista". Aeroporto Internazionale di Napoli (in Italian). Retrieved 2016-02-22. 
  7. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/274733/austrian-extends-naples-to-year-round-service-in-w17/
  8. ^ https://www.belfastairport.com/blog-news/2017/december/easyjet-announces-three-new-routes-from-belfast
  9. ^ https://www.easyjet.com/en
  10. ^ https://flyernest.com/en/
  11. ^ London-Stansted (begins 10 May 2018)
  12. ^ Joon begin new service to Naples from 2018
  13. ^ https://peoples.ch/destinationen/neapel
  14. ^ https://peoples.ch/destinationen/neapel
  15. ^ http://corporate.ryanair.com/news/novita/161201-ryanair-lancia-le-tariffe-low-cost-a-napoli-base-n-16/?market=it
  16. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/271685/ryanair-w17-new-routes-as-of-05mar17/
  17. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/271685/ryanair-w17-new-routes-as-of-05mar17/
  18. ^ [1]
  19. ^ (in Italian) Autostrade per l'Italia Archived 12 March 2005 at the Wayback Machine.
  20. ^ "Aeroporto Internazionale di Napoli: orari voli e parcheggi" (PDF). Retrieved 7 June 2015. 
  21. ^ Lombardi, Matthew, ed. (2007). Fodor's Italy 2007. Fodor's Travel Guides. p. 755. ISBN 978-1-4000-1689-1. Retrieved 14 October 2011. 
  22. ^ (in Italian) azienda napoletana mobilità
  23. ^ "1942 USAAF Serial Numbers (42-91974 to 42-110188)". Retrieved 7 June 2015. 
  24. ^ Harro Ranter (15 February 1958). "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas VC-47A 42-93817 Monte Vesuvio". Retrieved 7 June 2015. 
  25. ^ Associated Press, "Fog Hurts Search For Missing Plane", The State, Columbia, South Carolina, Tuesday 18 February 1958, Number 24,290, page 5-A
  26. ^ Associated Press, "On Mount Vesuvius: Plane Is Found; 16 Dead", The State, Columbia, South Carolina, Thursday 20 February 1958, Number 24,292, page 3-A.
  27. ^ "NSA Naples Navy Base Naples Italy in Naples, Italy | MilitaryBases.com | US Military Bases in Italy". militarybases.com. Retrieved 2017-07-18. 
  28. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 March 2016. Retrieved 20 March 2016. 
  29. ^ "Air Operations Naples Airport". US Navy. Retrieved 8 October 2017. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Naples International Airport at Wikimedia Commons