Naples yellow

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Naples Yellow
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #FADA5E
sRGBB  (rgb) (250, 218, 94)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 13, 62, 2)
HSV       (h, s, v) (48°, 62%, 98[1]%)
Source ISCC NBS
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Naples yellow, also called antimony yellow, is an inorganic pigment used paintings during 1700-1850.[2] Colors range from a muted, or earthy, reddish yellow pigment to a bright light yellow. It is the chemical compound lead antimonate (Pb2Sb2O7). Also known as jaune d'antimoine, it is one of the oldest synthetic pigments, dating from around 1620. The related mineral is bindheimite. However, this natural version was rarely, if ever, used as a pigment.

The mineral orpiment is the oldest yellow pigment, but Naples yellow, is the oldest clear yellow pigment of synthetic origin.[3]

Portion of the dilead antimonate (Pb2Sb2O7) structure (black = Pb, violet = Sb, red = O). This structure illustrates the complex, polymeric nature of many inorganic pigments.[4]

It largely replaced lead-tin-yellow during the eighteenth century.

The first recorded use of Naples yellow as a color name in English was in 1738.[5] The source of this color is: Color Sample of Naples Yellow (color sample #83), ISCC-NBS Dictionary of Color Names (1955).

After 1800, Naples Yellow discontinued, being replaced by chrome yellow (lead chromate), cadmium sulfide]], and cobalt yellow.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color # FADA5E (Naples Yellow), web.forret.com
  2. ^ a b Robin J. H. Clark, Lucas Cridland, Benson M. Kariuki, Kenneth D. M. Harris, Robert Withnall (1995). "Synthesis, Structural Characterization and Raman Spectroscopy of the Inorganic Pigments Lead Tin Yellow Types I and II and Lead Antimonate Yellow: Their Identification on Medieval Paintings and Manuscripts". J.C.S. Dalton Transactions: 2577–2582. doi:10.1039/DT9950002577. 
  3. ^ Völz, Hans G. et al. (2006). "Pigments, Inorganic". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH. doi:10.1002/14356007.a20_243.pub2. 
  4. ^ Ivanov, S. A.; Zavodnik, V. E. (1990). "Crystal structure of lead antimonate Pb2Sb2O7". Kristallografiya. 35: 842–p846. 
  5. ^ Maerz and Paul. A Dictionary of Color New York: McGraw-Hill, 1930, p. 205; Color Sample of Naples Yellow: Page 43, Plate 10, Color Sample F3

Literature[edit]

  • Wainwright, I.N.M., Taylor, J.M. and Harley, R.D. Lead Antimonate yellow, in Artists’ Pigments. A Handbook of Their History and Characteristics, Vol. 1: Feller, R.L. (Ed.) Oxford University Press 1986, p. 219 – 254

External links[edit]