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Naqadeh is located in Iran
Coordinates: 36°57′19″N 45°23′17″E / 36.95528°N 45.38806°E / 36.95528; 45.38806Coordinates: 36°57′19″N 45°23′17″E / 36.95528°N 45.38806°E / 36.95528; 45.38806
Country Iran
ProvinceWest Azerbaijan
Bakhsh MohammadyarCentral
 (2016 Census)
 • Total81,598 [1]
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+4:30 (IRDT)

Naqadeh, also known as Naghadeh, Naghdeh and Nagadeh (formerly known as Sulduz; also Romanized as Sulduz, Solduz and Suldoz),[2] is a city in and the capital of Naqadeh County, West Azerbaijan Province, Iran. At the 1996 census, its population was 110,257, in 20,781 families.

The city is located in the Gadar River valley, 23 kilometres (14 mi) south of Lake Urmia at an elevation of 1,300 metres (4,300 ft) above sea-level. The region's economy is based on agriculture, particularly the production of fruit, grain, and timber.

The city is inhabited mainly by Iranian Azerbaijanis and Qarapapaqs, the latter of whom were resettled from the Caucasus into the newly established borders of Persia/Iran after the loss of Georgia, Azerbaijan, Dagestan, and Armenia to neighboring Russia following the first and second Russo-Persian Wars of the (19th century). Until the genocides of World War One, the town was home to a large number of Assyrians who were massacred by Ottoman Turks during the Assyrian Genocide.[3] The main religion of the area is Shia Islam, as with most of Iran.[4]



According to the data supplied by the prefecture, 75% of the population of the city speak Azerbaijani, and 25% speak Kurdish.[5]


The regional economy greatly depends on agricultural products, and cattle and sheep are raised both for meat and for wool. Some of this production is exported. The region's farmers also raise apples, grapes, tomatoes, potatoes, onions, peas, and other fruits. The high farm production results from the fertile soil and the use of modern machinery and scientific farming methods.


  1. ^
  2. ^ Naqadeh can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3076454" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  3. ^ Familiar Faces in Unfamiliar Places:Assyrians in the California Heartland 1911 - 2010, Arianne Ishaya
  4. ^ page 78 of Minorsky, V. (1957), "Mongol Place-Names in Mukri Kurdistan (Mongolica, 4)", Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, 19 (1): 58–81, doi:10.1017/s0041977x00119202, ISSN 0041-977X, JSTOR 609632
  5. ^