Naqshbandi Golden Chain

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The Naqshbandi Golden Chain is a lineage of spiritual masters of the Naqshbandi Sufi order related to each other going back to the Islamic prophet Muhammad. It is a chain in which each scholar was given ijazah or permission for dhikr of God by his own teacher or pir to transmit the knowledge he had received to the next generation of students in the traditional manner of Sufi transmission.[citation needed] [1]

The Golden Chain, as different from all other Sufi lineages, is unique in that it stems from the first Caliph, Abu Bakr. From Abu Bakr, the secret of this transmission was then passed to Salman the Persian, then to Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr. From Qasim the transmission passed to Ja'far al-Sadiq. From as-Sadiq, the transmission passed to later sheikhs.[citation needed] Today, there are many Naqshbandi sheikhs, each with his own chain of spiritual transmission.

Naqshbandi chains[edit]

Naqshbandi Tahiri Golden Chain[edit]

  1. Muhammad
  2. Abu Bakr
  3. Salman the Persian
  4. Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr
  5. Ja'far al-Sadiq
  6. Bayazid Bastami
  7. Abu al-Hassan al-Kharaqani
  8. Abul-Qasim Gurgani
  9. Abu Ali Farmadi
  10. Abu Yaqub Yusuf al-Hamadani
  11. Abdul Khaliq al-Gajadwani
  12. Arif ar-Riwakri
  13. Khwaja Mahmoud al-Anjir al-Faghnawi
  14. Ali ar-Ramitani
  15. Muhammad Baba as-Samasi
  16. Sayyad Amir Kulal
  17. Imam at-Tariqah Muhammad Baha'uddin Shah Naqshband
  18. Ala'uddin al-Bukhari al-cAttar
  19. Yaqub al-Charkhi
  20. Ubaydullah al-Ahrar
  21. Muhammad Zahid Wakhshi
  22. Darwish Muhammad
  23. Muhammad Khwaja al-Amkanaki
  24. Muhammad Baqi Billah
  25. Mujaddid Alf ath-Thani Ahmad al-Faruqi as-Sirhindi
  26. Muhammad Masum Faruqi
  27. Muhammad Sayfuddin Faruqi Mujaddidi
  28. Hafiz Muhammad Mohsin Dehlavi
  29. Sayyid Nur Muhammad Badawani
  30. Mirza Mazhar Jan-e-Janaan
  31. Ghulam Ali Dihlawi
  32. Hafiz Abu Saeed Faruqi Mujaddidi
  33. Shah Ahmed Saeed Faruqi Mujaddidi
  34. Haji Dost Muhammad Qandhari
  35. Muhammad Usman Damani
  36. Sayyad Laal Shah Hamdani
  37. Muhammad Sirajuddin Naqshbandi
  38. Fazal Ali Qureshi[2]
  39. Khwaja Abdul Ghaffar Naqshbandi, alias Pir Mitha[3]
  40. Khwaja Allah Bakhsh Abbasi Ghaffari, alias Sohna Saeen
  41. Muhammad Tahir, son of (40)[4]

Naqshbandi Ghaffāri Golden Chain[edit]

  1. Muhammad
  2. Abu Bakr as-Siddiq
  3. Salman al-Farsi
  4. Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr
  5. Jafar as-Sadiq
  6. Tayfur Abu Yazid al-Bistami
  7. Abul-Hassan Kharaqani
  8. Abul-Qasim Gurgani
  9. Abu Ali Farmadi
  10. Abu Yaqub Yusuf al-Hamadani
  11. Abdul Khaliq al-Gajadwani
  12. Arif ar-Riwakri
  13. Khwaja Mahmoud al-Anjir al-Faghnawi
  14. Ali ar-Ramitani
  15. Muhammad Baba as-Samasi
  16. Sayyad Amir Kulal
  17. Imam at-Tariqah Muhammad Baha'uddin Shah Naqshband
  18. Ala'uddin al-Bukhari al-cAttar
  19. Yaqub al-Charkhi
  20. Ubaydullah al-Ahrar
  21. Muhammad Zahid Wakhshi
  22. Darwish Muhammad
  23. Muhammad Khwaja al-Amkanaki
  24. Muhammad Baqi Billah
  25. Mujaddid Alf ath-Thani Ahmad al-Faruqi as-Sirhindi
  26. Muhammad Masum Faruqi
  27. Muhammad Sayfuddin Faruqi Mujaddidi
  28. Hafiz Muhammad Mohsin Dehlavi
  29. Sayyid Nur Muhammad Badawani
  30. Mirza Mazhar Jan-e-Janaan
  31. Abdullah Dehlavi, alias Shah Ghulam Ali Dehlavi
  32. Hafiz Abu Saeed Ahmed
  33. Shah Ahmed Saeed Faruqi
  34. Haji Dost Muhammad Qandhari
  35. Khwaja Muhammad Usman Damani
  36. Khwaja Sirajuddin Naqshbandi
  37. Pir Fazal Ali Qureshi[2]
  38. Khwaja Muhammad Abdul Ghaffar Madani Abbassi, alias Pir Mitha[3]
  39. Abdu'l-Haqq Madani Abbasi
  40. Shams ur-Rahman Abbasî

Naqshbandi Haqqani Golden Chain[edit]

  1. Muhammad
  2. Abu Bakr as-Siddiq, (r)
  3. Salman al-Farsi, (r)
  4. Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr
  5. Jafar as-Sadiq, (a)
  6. Tayfur Abu Yazid al-Bistami, (r),
  7. Abul Hassan Ali al-Kharqani, (q)
  8. Abu Ali al-Farmadi, (q)
  9. Abu Yaqub Yusuf al-Hamadani, (q)
  10. Abu'l Abbas, al-Khidr,
  11. Abdul Khaliq al-Gajadwani, (q)
  12. Arif ar-Riwakri, (q)
  13. Khwaja Mahmoud al-Anjir al-Faghnawi, (q)
  14. Ali ar-Ramitani, (q)
  15. Muhammad Baba as-Samasi, (q)
  16. as-Sayyid Amir Kulal, (q)
  17. Imam at-Tariqah Muhammad Baha'uddin Shah Naqshband, (q)
  18. Ala'uddin al-Bukhari al-cAttar, (q)
  19. Yaqub al-Charkhi, (q)
  20. Ubaydullah al-Ahrar, (q)
  21. Muhammad az-Zahid, (q)
  22. Darwish Muhammad, (q)
  23. Muhammad Khwaja al-Amkanaki, (q)
  24. Muhammad al-Baqi bi-l-Lah, (q)
  25. Mujaddid Alf ath-Thani Ahmad al-Faruqi as-Sirhindi, (q)
  26. Muhammad al-Masum, (q)
  27. Muhammad Sayfuddin al-Faruqi al-Mujaddidi, (q)
  28. as-Sayyid Nur Muhammad al-Badawani, (q)
  29. Shamsuddin Habib Allah, (q)
  30. Abdullah ad-Dahlawi, alias Shah Ghulam Ali Dehlavi (q)
  31. Shaykh Khalid al-Baghdadi, (q)
  32. Shaykh Ismail Muhammad ash-Shirwani, (q)
  33. Shaykh Khas Muhammad Shirwani, (q)
  34. Shaykh Muhammad Effendi al-Yaraghi, (q)
  35. Sayyid Jamaluddin al-Ghumuqi al-Husayni, (q)
  36. Shaykh Abu Ahmad as-Sughuri, (q)
  37. Shaykh Abu Muhammad al-Madani, (q)
  38. Shaykh Sharafuddin Daghestani, (q)
  39. Shaykh Abdullah al-Fa'iz ad-Daghestani, (q)
  40. Mawlana Sheikh Nazim Al-Haqqani (q)
  41. Mawlana Shaykh Muhammad Adil Al-Haqqani

Naqshbandia Mujaddidia Khalidia-Mahmudia Golden Chain in Dagestan[edit]

Naqshbandi silsilah beginning from Muhammad is passed in chain till Ismail Kurdumeri (who is No31 in chain). After Ismail Kurdumeri the chain has split in two as he had two Ma'zuns, i.e. Muhammad Salih Shirwani (No32) and Khas Muhammad Shirwani. From Khas Muhammad Shirwani the chain goes to Muhammad Yaraghi ad-Daghestani, from him to Jamaluddin Kumuki ad-Daghestani, who had three Ma'zuns, i.e. Mamadibir ar-Rochi ad-Daghestani, Imam Shamil ad-Daghestani (both had no Ma'zun), and `Abdurrahman as-Sughuri ad-Daghestani. According to Shuaib Afandi Bagini ad-Daghestani, `Abdurrahman as-Sughuri had two ma'zuns, i.e. Muhammad Haji `Obodi ad-Daghestani and Ilyas Tsudakhari ad-Daghestani (d1312 AH). Both had no ma'zuns, and thus the split chain coming from Khas Muhammad Shirwani has ended here. However, there were many Shaykhs, such as Sharafuddin ad-Daghestani, Abdullah Fa'izi ad-Daghestani and others who received Naqshbandi permission in their dream, or by special spiritual experience (rawhani), etc.

The chain from Muhammad Salih Shirwani (No32) dates back to Mahmud Afandi, Hasan Hilmi Afandi and the rest of the Daghestani Ma'zuns, as can be seen below.

  1. Imam ul-Ambiyaa Sayyidna Muhammad d 11 AH, buried Madinah SA (570/571 - 632 CE)
  2. Abu Bakr as-Siddiq, d 13 AH, buried Madinah, SA
  3. Salman al-Farsi, d 35AH buried Madaa'in, SA.
  4. Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr d 107AH buried Madinah SA.
  5. Jafar as-Sadiq, d 148 AH buried Madinah SA.
  6. Tayfur Abu Yazid al-Bistami Bayazid Bastami, d 261 AH buried Bistaam, Iran (804 - 874 CE).
  7. Abul Hassan Ali al-Kharqani, d 425 AH buried Khurqaan, Iran.
  8. Abu Ali al-Farmadi, d 477 AH buried Tous, Khorasan, Iran.
  9. Abu Yaqub Yusuf al-Hamadani, d 535 AH buried Bayram-Ali, Mary, Turkmenistan.
  10. Abdul Khaliq al-Gajadwani, d 575 AH buried Ghajdawan, Bukhara, Uzbekistan.
  11. Arif ar-Riwkari, d 616 AH buried Reogar, Bukhara, Uzbekistan.
  12. Khwaja Mahmoud al-Anjir al-Faghnawi, d 715 AH buried Waabakni, Mawralnahar.
  13. Ali ar-Ramitani, d 715AH buried Khwaarizm, Bukhara, Uzbekistan.
  14. Muhammad Baba as-Samasi, d 755AH buried Samaas, Bukhara, Uzbekistan.
  15. as-Sayyid Amir Kulal, d 772AH buried Saukhaar, Bukhara, Uzbekistan.
  16. Muhammad Baha'uddin Shah Naqshband Baha-ud-Din Naqshband Bukhari, d 791AH buried Qasr-e-Aarifan, Bukhara, Uzbekistan (1318–1389 CE).
  17. Ala'uddin al-Bukhari al-`Attar, buried Jafaaniyan, Mawranahar, Uzbekistan.
  18. Yaqub al-Charkhi, d 851AH buried Charkh, Bukhara, Uzbekistan.
  19. Ubaydullah al-Ahrar, d 895AH buried Samarkand, Uzbekistan.
  20. Muhammad az-Zahid as-Samarqandi, d 936AH buried Wakhsh, Malk Hasaar
  21. Darwish Muhammad, d 970AH buried Samarkand, Uzbekistan.
  22. Muhammad Khwaja al-Amkanaki, d 1008AH buried Akang, Bukhara, Uzbekistan.
  23. Muhammad al-Baqi bi-l-Lah, d 1012AH buried Delhi, India.
  24. Ahmad al-Faruqi as-Sirhindi, d 1034AH buried Sarhand, India (1564–1624 CE)
  25. Muhammad al-Masum, d 1096AH buried Sarhand, India.
  26. Muhammad Sayfuddin al-Faruqi al-Mujaddidi, d 1096AH buried Sarhand, India
  27. as-Sayyid Nur Muhammad al-Badawani,
  28. Shamsuddin Habib Allah Jan-e-Janaan al-Mazhar,
  29. Abdullah ad-Dahlawi, alias Shah Ghulam Ali Dehlavi
  30. Muhammad Khalid Ziya ud-Dīn al-Baghdadi,(1779 - 1826 CE)
  31. Ismail al-Kurdumeri,
  32. Muhammad Salih Shirwani,
  33. Ibrahim Kudkashani,
  34. Haji Yunus Afandi Lalali ad-Daghestani, ( - 1277 AH)
  35. Mahmud Afandi ad-Daghestani,
  36. Jabrail Afandi ad-Daghestani,
  37. Abdurrahman Haji Asawi ad-Daghestani,
  38. Hasan Hilmi Afandi ad-Daghestani, (1852-1937 CE)
  39. Muhammad Ya`sub ad-Daghestani,
  40. Humayd Afandi Handiqi ad-Daghestani, (1868-1952 CE)
  41. Husenil Muhammad Afandi `Uribi ad-Daghestani, (1862-1967 CE)
  42. Muhammad Arif bin Hasan Hilmi al-Kahibi ad-Daghestani, (1900-1977 CE)
  43. Muhammad Sa`adu Hajj Afandi Batlukhi ad-Daghestani, (1915-1995 CE)
  44. `Abdul Hamid Afandi al-Inkhi ad-Daghestani,
  45. Hamzat Afandi Tlaqi ad-Daghestani,
  46. Muhammad Afandi Khuchadi ad-Daghestani,
  47. Badrudin Afandi al-Botlikhi ad-Daghestani,
  48. Said Afandi al-Chirkawi ad-Daghestani, (1937- CE)
  49. `Abdujalil Afandi ad-Daghestani, (1949 - CE)
  50. Ahmad Haji Afandi ad-Daghestani

Shia term[edit]

Shi'a Islam uses it idiomatically to mean a lineage of authentic Masters.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]