Naraha, Fukushima

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Naraha
楢葉町
Town
Naraha Town Hall, February 2011
Naraha Town Hall, February 2011
Flag of Naraha
Flag
Official seal of Naraha
Seal
Location of Naraha in Fukushima Prefecture
Location of Naraha in Fukushima Prefecture
Naraha is located in Japan
Naraha
Naraha
 
Coordinates: 37°16′57″N 140°59′37″E / 37.28250°N 140.99361°E / 37.28250; 140.99361Coordinates: 37°16′57″N 140°59′37″E / 37.28250°N 140.99361°E / 37.28250; 140.99361
Country Japan
Region Tōhoku
Prefecture Fukushima
District Futaba
Area
 • Total 103.45 km2 (39.94 sq mi)
Population (December 2014)
 • Total 7,089
 • Density 68.5/km2 (177/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Symbols  
• Tree Cryptomeria
• Flower Lilium auratum
• Bird Japanese bush-warbler
Phone number 0246-25-5561
Address Kitada Kanetsukido 5-6, Naraha-machi, Futaba-gun, Fukushima-ken 979-0692
Website Official website

Naraha (楢葉町 Naraha-machi?) is a town located in Futaba District, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. As of December 2014, the town had an official registered population of 7,098 and a population density of 68.5 persons per km2, although the current actual resident population is much lower. The total area of the town is 103.45 square kilometres (39.94 sq mi).[1] From 2011 until 2015, the town was evacuated due to fallout from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, although as of September 2015, all restrictions on residency have been removed as a result of cleanup efforts, allowing people to return.

Geography[edit]

Naraha is located in southern of Fukushima Prefecture, bordering on the Pacific Ocean to the east.

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

History[edit]

The area of present-day Naraha was part of Mutsu Province, and was included in the tenryo holdings of the Tokugawa shogunate during Edo period Japan. After the Meiji restoration, on April 1, 1889, the villages of Kido and Tatsuta was created within Naraha District, Fukushima. Naraha District became Futaba District in 1896. The villages of Kido and Tatsuta merged in 1956 to form the town of Naraha.

2011 earthquake and tsunami[edit]

Naraha suffered great devastation as a result of the March 11 earthquake and subsequent tsunami. As a result of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, as well as problems experienced with its cooling facility of the Fukushima Daini Nuclear Power Plant (see timeline), the town was totally evacuated by order of the town government.[2] The entire area of the town fell within the 20 kilometer exclusion zone around the Fukushima Daiichi Power Plant. On August 1, 2012 the government eased the restriction order by allowing residents to visit their homes during daylight hours, but not permitting overnight stays.[3] In March 2014, Naraha completed decontamination work in its residential areas, although radiation levels remained high in some areas of the town, and many buildings were still in ruins. By April 2015, residents could stay overnight if they applied for permission, and the evacuation order was lifted completely effective September 4, 2015.[4][5]

Economy[edit]

The economy of Naraha was formerly heavily dependent on agriculture. The Fukushima Daini Nuclear Power Plant was also a major employer.

Education[edit]

Naraha had one middle school and two elementary schools in March 2011.

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Highway[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

Among other attractions, Naraha houses J-Village (currently disused), a state-of-the-art sports training and convention facility that also houses a hotel, restaurant and public bath. The Argentina National Football Team stayed at J-Village for the 2002 World Cup. Naraha also houses one of Japan's fifty-seven cycling terminals and an onsen.

International relations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Home Page" (in Japanese). Naraha Town. Retrieved 6 February 2015. 
  2. ^ 2012 greeting from the mayor, Naraha website. (Japanese)
  3. ^ "Another evacuation order lifted", World Nuclear News, August 15, 2012.
  4. ^ Evacuees can stay 24hours in Fukushima town, NHK WORLD News, April 6, 2015
  5. ^ Evacuation order lifted completely for town of Naraha near wrecked Fukushima plant, Japan Times, September 5, 2015
  6. ^ Kay Van Ho, "Reaching out to our sister-city Naraha Japan", Euclid Observer, 13 April 2011.