Naranjito, Puerto Rico

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Naranjito
Municipio de Naranjito
Town and Municipality
Jesús Izcoa Moure Bridge in Naranjito
Flag of Naranjito
Coat of arms of Naranjito
Nicknames: 
"La Ciudad de los Colores", "El Pueblo de los Changos"
Motto(s): 
"Naranjito Brilla"
Anthem: Naranjito, mi hogar predilecto
Map of Puerto Rico highlighting Naranjito Municipality
Map of Puerto Rico highlighting Naranjito Municipality
Coordinates: 18°18′03″N 66°14′42″W / 18.30083°N 66.24500°W / 18.30083; -66.24500Coordinates: 18°18′03″N 66°14′42″W / 18.30083°N 66.24500°W / 18.30083; -66.24500
Commonwealth Puerto Rico
FoundedDecember 3, 1824
Founded byBraulio Morales
Barrios
Government
 • MayorOrlando Ortíz Chevres (PNP)
 • Senatorial DistrictVI - Guayama
Carlos J. Torres Torres (PNP)
 • Representative District28
Rafael Rivera Ortega (PNP)
Area
 • Total28.4 sq mi (73.54 km2)
 • Land28.2 sq mi (73.0 km2)
 • Water0.2 sq mi (0.54 km2)
Elevation
2,997 ft (700 m)
Population
 (2020)[1]
 • Total29,241
 • Density1,000/sq mi (400/km2)
Demonym(s)Naranjiteños
Time zoneUTC−4 (AST)
ZIP Codes
00719
Area code(s)787/939
Major routesPR secondary 5.svg PR secondary 148.svg PR secondary 152.svg PR secondary 164.svg PR secondary 167.svg Ellipse sign 165.svg
Websitemunicipiodenaranjito.com

Naranjito (Spanish pronunciation: [naɾaŋˈxito]) is a town and municipality of Puerto Rico located in the central region of the island, south of Toa Alta; north of Barranquitas and Comerío; east of Corozal; and west of Bayamón. Naranjito is spread over 15 barrios and Naranjito Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center). It is part of the San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The intention to form the municipality of Naranjito began in 1810. After a series of major incidents with powerful political interests of the time, on December 3, 1824, Don Braulio Morales successfully founded the town of Naranjito. The town was founded in the neighborhood of the same name, on a land donated by Doña Manuela Rivera and Don Braulio Morales. Morales was named "Captain Settler" and at the same time was appointed mayor of the town in development. The name "Naranjito" is derived from a small orange tree that served as a reference point for travelers looking for in the shortest way to the town of Toa Alta. At the time of its foundation, Naranjito consisted of five barrios/districts: Lomas, Guadiana, Achiote, Nuevo and Cedro. Cedro was divided in 1853 in Cedro Arriba and Cedro Abajo. The municipality's main urban zone is composed by the San Miguel, San Antonio and San Cristobal districts.

Hurricane Maria[edit]

On October 11, the South Dakota National Guard was distributing potable water to thankful residents of Naranjito.

With its significant amount of rainfall, Hurricane Maria (on September 20, 2017) triggered numerous landslides in Naranjito.[2][3] Elderly, especially, struggled to recover.[4][5]

Geography[edit]

Electric power pole placement in Naranjito by the South Atlantic Division (SAD) USACE

Naranjito is located in the central region.[6]

Hydrography[edit]

Rivers and streams of Naranjito include Río Cañas, Río Cibuco, Río Grande de Manatí, Río Guadiana and Río Mavilla.[7]

Barrios[edit]

Subdivisions of Naranjito

Like all municipalities of Puerto Rico, Naranjito is subdivided into barrios. The municipal buildings, central square and large Catholic church are located in a barrio referred to as "el pueblo".[8][9][10]

  1. Achiote
  2. Anones
  3. Nuevo
  4. Cedro Abajo
  5. Cedro Arriba
  6. Guadiana
  7. Lomas, also known as Lomas Garcia[11]
  8. Naranjito barrio-pueblo[12]

Sectors[edit]

Barrios (which are like minor civil divisions)[12] in turn are further subdivided into smaller local populated place areas/units called sectores (sectors in English). The types of sectores may vary, from normally sector to urbanización to reparto to barriada to residencial, among others.[13][14][15]

Special Communities[edit]

Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico (Special Communities of Puerto Rico) are marginalized communities whose citizens are experiencing a certain amount of social exclusion. A map shows these communities occur in nearly every municipality of the commonwealth. Of the 742 places that were on the list in 2014, the following barrios, communities, sectors, or neighborhoods were in Naranjito: La Pajona (Los Alvarado) in Cedro Arriba, Las Parcelas in Lomas García, Los Pampers (Sico Martínez) in Lomas García, Sector Benito Nieves/Los Quilés in Lomas García, Comunidad Lago La Plata, La Colina, San Antonio y San Cristóbal, Casco Urbano (Las Barriadas), Parcelas Hevia, Sector Mulitas, Comunidad Cayito Ríos, Lomas Jaguas, Los Pelusa in Cedro Abajo, Comunidades Riíto 1 y II in Cedro Arriba, Comunidad El Palmar, Los López in Cedro Abajo, Fondo del Saco in Achiote and La Sabana in Cedro Abajo.[16]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19008,101
19108,8769.6%
192010,50318.3%
193011,64510.9%
194013,95419.8%
195015,92714.1%
196017,3198.7%
197019,91315.0%
198023,63318.7%
199027,91418.1%
200029,7096.4%
201030,4022.3%
202029,241−3.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[17]
1899 (shown as 1900)[18] 1910-1930[19]
1930-1950[20] 1960-2000[21] 2010[9] 2020[22]

Tourism[edit]

Puente Atirantado Jesús Izcoa Moure

Landmarks and places of interest[edit]

Economy[edit]

Traditionally the main agricultural crops of Naranjito are coffee and the tobacco. In recent years have borne fruits such as bananas, oranges, papayas, and other tropical fruits; also in the town the poultry factory has been very popular, specifically the dairy cattle (fresh milk). Naranjito has many factories, most of these factories make garments (clothing).[23]

Culture[edit]

Festivals and events[edit]

Naranjito celebrates its patron saint festival in September. The Fiestas Patronales de San Miguel Arcangel is a religious and cultural celebration that generally features parades, games, artisans, amusement rides, regional food, and live entertainment.[6][24]

Other festivals and events celebrated in Naranjito include:

Sports[edit]

The Naranjito Changos, better known as Los Changos De Naranjito, are a professional male volleyball team based in Naranjito. The team is one of the most successful sports franchises in Puerto Rico.[25]

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Puerto Rico are administered by a mayor, elected every four years. On November 4, 2008, Orlando Ortíz Chevres (of the New Progressive Party), won the elections.

The city belongs to the Puerto Rico Senatorial district VI, which is represented by two senators. In 2012, Miguel Pereira Castillo and Angel M. Rodríguez were elected as District Senators.[26]

Transportation[edit]

There are 19 bridges in Naranjito.[27]

Symbols[edit]

The municipio has an official flag and coat of arms.[28]

Flag[edit]

Naranjito's flag consists of an orange flag crossed by two narrow green stripes close to the superior and inferior edges. The orange color in the flag symbolizes the town of Naranjito (little orange tree), while the green symbolizes its green mountains.[29]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms is a red cross, the symbol of the angel Saint Michael, patron of Naranjito. The globe with the cross symbolizes the power and sovereignty of God. The gold and red stripes that appear in the second and third quarters, constitute the primitive baton of the Guadiana lineage. The lily twigs are a tribute of Saint Anthony of Padua, confessor and doctor of the Church. The orange tree represents the small tree that gave the town's name, Naranjito. The crown is symbol of moral unit of the town.[29]

Education[edit]

Naranjito includes several public and private schools distributed through several regions. Public education is handled by the Puerto Rico Department of Education

Elementary schools[edit]

  • Bernarda Robles De Hevia
  • Don Manolo Rivera
  • Felipa Sanchez Cruzado
  • Jose Archilla Cabrera
  • Josefina Marrero
  • Francisco Roque Muñoz
  • Rosa Luz Zayas
  • Silvestre Martinez

Middle and junior high schools[edit]

  • Coleen Vazquez Urrutia
  • Mercedes Rosado
  • S.U. Adolfo Garcia
  • S.U. Fidel G Padilla
  • S.U. Pedro Fernandez

High schools[edit]

  • Francisco Morales
  • Vocacional Rubén Rodríguez Figueroa

Private schools[edit]

  • Academia Santa Teresita (K-12)

Media[edit]

A foot pursuit of the movie Fast & Furious 5 in which Dominic Toretto (Vin Diesel), Mia Toretto (Jordana Brewster) and Brian O'Connor (Paul Walker) are chased across favela rooftops by Luke Hobbs (Dwayne Johnson) and his team was filmed over the course of a week in Naranjito. The scene was considered difficult to shoot, as pathways were slippery from moist tropical heat and the scene involved actors and stunt doubles running while avoiding dogs, chickens and other stray animals loose in the area. To capture the scene, a 420-foot cable-camera rig was used to allow for a fast moving, birds-eye view of the action, and cameras on cranes were set up on rooftops and in alleyways. Walker and Brewster made multiple takes of the conclusion of the scene, requiring them to jump nearly 30 feet from a building onto a waiting safety mat. In total the production employed 236 technicians, 13,145 extras, and generated 16,824 room nights at hotels, contributing $27 million to the local community.[30][31]

Notable people[edit]

Books about Naranjito[edit]

  • El Chango. Apuntes Historicos del Pueblo de Naranjito-1824-1998, Author: Silvestre J. Morales 1999

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bureau, US Census. "PUERTO RICO: 2020 Census". The United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2021-08-25.
  2. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico". USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS. Archived from the original on 2019-03-03. Retrieved 2019-03-03.
  3. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico" (PDF). USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2019-03-03. Retrieved 2019-03-03.
  4. ^ Rivera, Lilliam (September 19, 2018). "One Year After Hurricane Maria, We Are Still Picking Up the Pieces". ELLE. Archived from the original on July 31, 2019. Retrieved July 31, 2019.
  5. ^ "Amid new hurricane season, Maria still taking a toll on Puerto Rico's elderly". PBS NewsHour. July 11, 2018. Archived from the original on July 31, 2019. Retrieved July 31, 2019.
  6. ^ a b "Naranjito Municipality". enciclopediapr.org. Fundación Puertorriqueña de las Humanidades (FPH). Archived from the original on 2019-04-04. Retrieved 2019-03-20.
  7. ^ "GNIS". geonames.usgs.gov.
  8. ^ Gwillim Law (20 May 2015). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 through 1998. McFarland. p. 300. ISBN 978-1-4766-0447-3. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
  9. ^ a b Puerto Rico:2010:population and housing unit counts.pdf (PDF). U.S. Dept. of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration U.S. Census Bureau. 2010. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-02-20. Retrieved 2018-12-26.
  10. ^ "Map of Naranjito at the Wayback Machine" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-03-24. Retrieved 2018-12-29.
  11. ^ "Asesinato en Naranjito". TuNoticiaPR (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 26 June 2019. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  12. ^ a b "US Census Barrio-Pueblo definition". factfinder.com. US Census. Archived from the original on 13 May 2017. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  13. ^ "Agencia: Oficina del Coordinador General para el Financiamiento Socioeconómico y la Autogestión (Proposed 2016 Budget)". Puerto Rico Budgets (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  14. ^ Rivera Quintero, Marcia (2014), El vuelo de la esperanza: Proyecto de las Comunidades Especiales Puerto Rico, 1997-2004 (first ed.), San Juan, Puerto Rico Fundación Sila M. Calderón, ISBN 978-0-9820806-1-0
  15. ^ "Leyes del 2001". Lex Juris Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2020.
  16. ^ Rivera Quintero, Marcia (2014), El vuelo de la esperanza:Proyecto de las Comunidades Especiales Puerto Rico, 1997-2004 (Primera edición ed.), San Juan, Puerto Rico Fundación Sila M. Calderón, p. 273, ISBN 978-0-9820806-1-0
  17. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  18. ^ "Report of the Census of Porto Rico 1899". War Department Office Director Census of Porto Rico. Archived from the original on July 16, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  19. ^ "Table 3-Population of Municipalities: 1930 1920 and 1910" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 17, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  20. ^ "Table 4-Area and Population of Municipalities Urban and Rural: 1930 to 1950" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 30, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  21. ^ "Table 2 Population and Housing Units: 1960 to 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 24, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  22. ^ Bureau, US Census. "PUERTO RICO: 2020 Census". The United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2021-08-25.
  23. ^ Naranjito 2009: 2
  24. ^ "Puerto Rico Festivales, Eventos y Actividades en Puerto Rico". Puerto Rico Hoteles y Paradores (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-07-17.
  25. ^ Naranjito 2009: 3
  26. ^ Elecciones Generales 2012: Escrutinio General Archived 2013-01-15 at the Wayback Machine on CEEPUR
  27. ^ "Naranjito Adjuntas Bridges". National Bridge Inventory Data. US Dept. of Transportation. Archived from the original on 20 February 2019. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  28. ^ "Ley Núm. 70 de 2006 -Ley para disponer la oficialidad de la bandera y el escudo de los setenta y ocho (78) municipios". LexJuris de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-06-15.
  29. ^ a b "NARANJITO". LexJuris (Leyes y Jurisprudencia) de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). 19 February 2020. Archived from the original on 19 February 2020. Retrieved 17 September 2020.
  30. ^ Verrier, Richard (May 14, 2011). "Puerto Rico hoping to ride box-office success of 'Fast Five'". Los Angeles Times. Tribune Company. Archived from the original on November 13, 2012. Retrieved November 13, 2012.
  31. ^ "Fast Five" (PDF). Official Fast Five website. Universal Pictures. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 8, 2011. Retrieved March 5, 2012.

External links[edit]