Narayan Gopal

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voice king Narayan Gopal
Narayan gopal02.jpg
Background information
Native name स्वर सम्राट नारायण गोपाल गुरूवाचार्य
Also known as Swar Samrat (Emperor of Voice)
Born (1939-10-04)October 4, 1939
Kathmandu, Nepal
Died December 5, 1990(1990-12-05) (aged 51)
Kathmandu, Nepal
Genres Modern music
Occupation(s) Singer, musician, playwright, editor
Instruments Vocal
Years active 1960–1990
Associated acts Gopal Yonjan, Aruna Lama

Narayan Gopal Guruwacharya[1](Nepali: नारायण गोपाल गुरूवाचार्य) (October 4, 1939 - December 5, 1990) was a prominent popular singer and composer of Nepali music. He has been referred to as "Swar Samrat" (Nepali: स्वर सम्राट, meaning: Emperor of Voice) in Nepali music. He was also known as "Tragedy King." His voice range allowed him to sing songs of every genre of Nepalese music. Often, his songs were orchestrated with the sitar, harmonium and flute. He belongs to the first generation of Nepali singers who became professional singers. His songs have also been used in several movies and dramas across the country.[2]

Personal life[edit]

Narayan Gopal Guruwacharya was born into a Newar family in Kilagal Tole, Kathmandu, on October 4, 1939 (18 Asoj, 1996 B.S.). His father was Asha Gopal Gurubacharya and mother was Ram Devi Guruwacharya. He had six brothers and four sisters. He completed his School Leaving Certificate (SLC) exams in 2016 B.S. and obtained a Bachelor of Arts degree in Humanities from Tri-Chandra College. Later he also went to Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda to study classical Indian music, but returned without completing his studies. He married Pemala Lama in 1971.

Later he joined the Rastriya Naach Ghar (National Dance Theater) and rose to the post of manager (hakim). He also worked as the editor of a musical journal Bageena (बागीना) for its first three issues. He became the managing director of Sanskritik Sansthan (Cultural Center) and became adviser to the Ministry of Communication onwards; and an associate professor in Lalit Kala Campus. He also wrote a musical drama titled Kanchi Masyang (कान्छी मस्याङ).

Early career[edit]

The potential of his vocal talent was first recognized by his friend Manik Ratna Sthapit, who lived in the neighboring Pyukha Tole, and Prem Dhoj Pradhan, who used to live in Bheda Singh Tole. The three friends would practice singing Hindi songs together. Manik Ratna's household had become a kind of music school since his uncle, Siddhi Ratna Sthapit, was an expert instrumentalist. After completion of his SLC exams, Prem Dhoj Pradhan took Gopal to Radio Nepal to take a voice test. He sang "Panchi ko pankha ma dharti ko diyo," written by Dr. Ram Man Trishit and composed by Prem Dhoj Pradhan himself. He passed the voice test on his first trial. Narayan Gopal's first public musical performance was during the 40th anniversary of Tri Chandra College, which he agreed on to do at the request of his friends. During the performance, he acted as the tabala player.

First successes[edit]

By that time Prem-Manik duo had started to sing their own compositions. Following suit, Narayan Gopal composed six original songs written by the contemporary poet Ratna Shumsher Thapa. In that collection four of the songs were for solo vocal ('स्वर्गकी रानी', 'आँखाको भाखा आँखैले', 'भो भो मलाई नछेक', 'मधुमासमा यो दिल') and two were for duet ('बिछोडको पीडा' र 'ए कान्छा ठट्टैमा यो बैंश जानलाग्यो'). All these songs were eventually recorded in Kolkata, India, while he was in that country for his studies. These songs started to attract attention within Nepal and India.

Nepal at the time had recently been liberated from Rana rule. Midst these wave of social and political changes, Narayan Gopal was able to lend his voice to songs related to love, life, hope, and patriotism. While the East-West highway was under construction, he recorded ‘जाग, जाग चम्क हे नौजवान हो,’ whereas in the fervor of patriotism ‘आमा ! तिमीलाई जलभरिका औंलाहरुले चुम्न’. Such songs made him popular among the youths of Nepal. His songs further evolved as he became more selective of songs with right combination of words, music, and emotions. Along with his contemporaries such as Pushpa Nepali, Bacchu Kailash, Tara Devi, Amber Gurung, Prem Dhoj Pradhan, Nati Kaji, Shiva Shankar, Kiran Pradhan he added a new dimension to modern Nepali music. To broaden his style, he started to hold discussions with his admirers, his competitors, and his critics. It was in this process of development that he visited Darjeeling, India, in March 1965. The visit was fruitful for two reasons: there he met his long-time fan and future wife, Pemala Lama. He also met another young, struggling musician Gopal Yonzon, with whom he formed a close friendship as mitjyus, in part because both had Gopal as their names.

Association with Gopal Yonzon[edit]

With the partnership of a famous composer and lyricist Gopal Yonzon during the later sixties, Narayan Gopal's music entered a new phase in which he began to write about love, loss and tragedy. In the words of Ishwar Bhallav, Narayan Gopal became the singer of the hearts of the Nepali people.Rafi's association with Gopal Yonzon helped Narayan Gopal establish himself as one of the most prominent singers in Nepali music history. It was also at this time that new sounds from the West, such as by the Beatles and Bob Dylan, were entering and influencing the music of Nepal. In order to confront the influence of Western pop music, a new consciousness and a new style of music was necessary. To meet these challenges, Narayan Gopal in partnership with Gopal Yonzon created songs that continue to be popular in Nepal. Song like बिर्सेर फेरि मलाई नहेर, चिनारी हाम्रो धेरै पुरानो, तिम्रो जस्तो मुटु मेरो पनि, लौ सुन म भन्छु मेरो रामकहानी not only gave new lease of life to Gopal Yonzon's musical career, but it also carved a special niche for Narayan Gopal among the listeners of Nepali music.

Association with Dibya Khaling[edit]

After partition with Gopal Yonzon , Narayan Gopal started to work with composer and lyricist Dibya Khaling, they created some harmonious songs like "Sadhain Nai Ma Hasen Timilai Ruwai", "Bipana Nabhai Banchidine Ma Bhitraka Mera Sapana", "Mayako Aadharma Samjhauta Nai Hunchha", "Jata Hindyo UHeren" tai Tanne Baimani yo Maya", " Mero Sano Sansar Timilai Atena", " Yo Bhagyale Kasto Khel Manisako Jiwanma Her Kheleko", "Jati Samma Bato Hindisake M Bhanchhu Merai Prayas Ho", "Priyasiko Yaadharu Koriyeko Mutu,Ekantma Aaj Yahan Phookayer Heren", "Timilai Bhulda Ma Eklo Parechhu,Timilai Samjhen Timi Yaad Aayau", and " Ma Ta Laliguraans Bhayechhu".

Association with Famous Poet Bhupi Sherchan[edit]

Narayan Gopal and famous poet Bhupi Sherchan were close friends. When Narayan Gopal moved to Pokhara for stay, Bhupi Sherchan invited Narayan Gopal to stay his house,and Narayan Gopal stayed there for some months. Narayan Gopal sang some Bhupi Sherchan's lyrics like "Aljhechha Kyare pachhyauri, Timro Chiyako Buttama", "Sanai Hurima Bainsako Sapana Shimalko Phool Jhain Jhari Gayo" and " Maile Gayeko Geetma Timrai Hansilo Muhar Chha" and become hit number songs.

Association with Famous Poet Ishwor Ballav[edit]

Narayan Gopal's partnership with Ishwor Ballav gave hit number songs like "Duita Phool Deuralima, Sathai Rakhyaun jasto Lagchha", "Mero Behoshi Aaaj, Mero Lagi Parda Bho", "Sara Din Arulai Baden,Sayad Yi Raat Mera", "Bihan Nabhai Batasle, Sheet Kina Sukaidinchha", "Malai Jindagi Yo Lagdachha, Timi Bhandachhau, Pyar Ho", and "Yo Kasto Byatha Ho". Poet I.B. wrote lyrical poem for Narayan Gopal and those songs gave Narayan Gopal new heights in his career.

During this time, he collaborated with established Nepali composers like Nati Kaji, Shiva Sankar, Amber Gurung, and Dharmaraj Thapa. He was starting to be known as the singer of intellect.

During the beginning of the seventies, he married his long-time fan Pemala at the age of thirty-one. After their marriage his residence shifted for some time to Pokhara and later for some time to Hetauda. In Pokhara, he became acquainted with the poet Bhupi Sherchan, while in Hetauda he became acquainted with fellow songwriter and composer Bhim Birag. As a result of the interactions, he composed and sang Bhupi Sherchan's सानै हुरीमा बैँसको सपना and अल्झेछ क्यारे पछ्यौरी तिम्रो चियाको बुट्टामा; and he sang Bhim Birag's तिमीले पनि मजस्तै माया दिएर हेर.

Later career[edit]

After his short stay in Hetauda, Narayan Gopal returned to Kathmandu and managed to find a job in Rastriya Naach Ghar (National Dance Theater) with the help of his friends Manik Ratna and Janardan Sama. He had entered Naach Ghar as a mere instrumentalist, but he slowly rose to the post of a hakim (rector).

At this stage of his life, he found himself confronting a new generation of Nepali youths. Among the young musical talents of that time, his partnership with Dibya Khaling took off; and he started lending his voice to Khalings compositions, thus initiating another phase of his singing career. Songs like सँधै नै म हाँसे तिमीलाई रुवाई, मायाको आधारमा सम्झौता नै हुन्छ, बिपना नभइ helped to revive his popularity. During this stage he started to collaborate with new breed of songwriters such as Khyetra Pratap Adhikari, Kali Prasad Rijal, Norden Rumba, Dinesh Adhikari, and Bishwambhar Pyaukurel, while his relationship with his old collaborators was neglected. Among the composers of the new generation, he collaborated with the likes of Sambhujit Baskota, Bhupendra Rayamajhi, and Shubha Bahadur. In his late stage of career, he lent his considerable prestige to launch the career of many upcoming musicians. As such, he was willing to compromise his artistry and sing weak songs by new composers and songwriters. He also sang in film songs.

In total his career spanned twenty-eight years, during which he sang in eighteen movies and recorded more than one hundred and fifty-seven songs.


Narayan Gopal died from complications of diabetes on December 5, 1990 (19 Mangsir, 2047 B.S.) in Bir Hospital, at 9 p.m. in Kathmandu, at the age of fifty-one. He had no children. He has six brothers and four sisters.

Musical style[edit]

To Narayan Gopal, the most important part in the art of modern songs were: melody, lyrics, and the singer. This did not rule out other aspects, however. Chords, he said, are required to put life in the music, but the chord progression is part of the arrangement, not something to base the composition of the melody on. When the melody is composed, the arranger will make the progression from the melody. Without a good arrangement, Narayan Gopal said, a song will be like a vegetable dish without salt or other spices.

The aspects of this recipe at work included non repetitive melodies moving over the accompaniment in short, repeated rhythmic figures; heterophony, countermelodies, chords, and harmonic progressions; one melody for refrain, another for the verse, and then—as part of the arrangement—melodies for the instrumental interludes marking off the sung sections.


Narayan gopal biographies

Narayan gopal
Narayan gopal performing live on stage
Narayan Gopal with nepali actress karishma Manandar

Awards and recognitions[edit]

Narayan Gopal was awarded several national honours which include (all dates in Bikram Sambat):

  • Best Composition (Radio Nepal) - 2023 B.S.
  • Best Singer (Radio Nepal) - 2024 B.S.
  • Ratna Record Award - 2039 B.S.
  • Gorkha Dakshin Bahu, Fourth - 2033 B.S.
  • Indra Rajya Laxmi Award - 2040 B.S.
  • Chhinalata Award - 2044 B.S.
  • Jagadamba Shree - 2045 B.S.
  • Urbashi Rang Award - 2047 B.S.
  • Trishakti Patta, Third - 2048 B.S. (posthumously)
  • Narayan gopal singing award-1969


  • Geeti Sradhanjali Vol 1-4 (2049-03-02)
  • Swarneem Sandhya Vol 1-2
  • Preyasi Ka Yaad Haru (2054-02-16)
  • Prem Ko Mala
  • Manche Ko Maya
  • Malai Nasodha
  • Lali Gurash Bhayechu
  • Aljhe Cha Kyare
  • Timro Mann Ma
  • Geeti Yatra Vol 1 (2044-10-10)
  • Narayan Gopal Ka Aadhunik Geet Haru Vol 1-9
  • Malati Mangale (a musical drama)

Other remaining songs:

  • Aaja Bholi Harek Saajh
  • Aajai Ra Rati Ke Dekhe Sapana
  • Aakhako Bhaka Aakhaile
  • Aama Timilai Jangalbhari
  • Aljhechha Kyare Pachyauri
  • Ankha Chopi Na Rou
  • Aparadha Gare Anjanama
  • Bachi Dinchhu Timrai Nimti
  • Bahini Ko Daya Chha Bhane
  • Basi Ramro Deurali
  • Bho Bho Nasodha
  • Bichhod Ko Pida Nasaki Khapna
  • Bipana Nabhai Bachidine
  • Birahi Maya Adhuro Rahayo Birsanu Kasari
  • Biratao Chino Bira Ko Santan
  • Birsera Jau Kasari Aaja
  • Birsera Pheri Malai Nahera
  • Bujhanai Sakina Timile
  • Chhoriko Janma Hareko Karma
  • Chinari Hamro Dherai Purano Bhaye
  • Chumera Pana Bhari
  • Duita Phool Deurali Ma
  • E Kancha Thattaima
  • E Malai Maya Garchu
  • Euta Mancheko Mayale Kati
  • Galti Hajara Hunchhan
  • Ghar Ta Mero
  • He Chyanti Nani Kasto
  • Himal Sari Ma agli Rahechhu
  • Janmanu Parchha Hareka Manisa
  • Janmera Kokhama Kasaiko
  • Jeevan Dekhi Dherai Dherai Nai Thakera
  • Jhareko Pata Jhai Bhayo Ujada
  • Jharyo Jindagi Phutyo Jindagi
  • Jhutha Pani Yati Mitho Bolera
  • Jindagani Goretoma Ghama
  • Jiwan Dekhi Dherai
  • Jiwanako Hareka Modama
  • Jun Phool Maile
  • Kahile Kahi Ma Haschhu
  • Kasari Ma Bhule K Ma Ma Bhule
  • Kasturi Hai Basa
  • Kati Ramro Desha Hamro
  • Kehi Chotale Gyani Hunchha
  • Kehi Mitho Baat Gara
  • Kina Naboleko Laula Maya Bhaneko
  • Lau Suna Ma Bhanchu
  • Luku Luku Lagyo Malai
  • Ma Kasari Bhanu Yo
  • Ma Mare Pani
  • Ma Ta Lali
  • Madhumasako Yo Dilako Baga
  • Maile Gayeko Gitama
  • Malai Chodi Mero
  • Malai Jindagi Yo Lagdachha
  • Malai Maf Garideu Mera Lobhi Nazar
  • Malai Na Sodha Kahan
  • Manchheko Maya Yaha Kholako
  • Mandirma Chha Ki Murtima Maya
  • Mata Lali Gurasha Bhayechhu
  • Mauna Chhu Aashu Pie
  • Maya Garneko
  • Mayako Aadharama Samjhauta
  • Mera Gita Ma Ubheko
  • Mera Sabai Rata Aba
  • Mero Aakha Bhijaune
  • Mero Aakhalai Rakhane
  • Mero Behosi Aaja Mero
  • Mero Geet Merai Paratibimba Hoina
  • Mero Jowana Laijau
  • Mero Katha Khali Pinjadama
  • Mero Yo Gitama Juna
  • Mohani Lagla Hai
  • Paap Punya Kasale Garyo
  • Pahada Ko Mathi Mathi
  • Pahadako Mathi Mathi
  • Parkhi Base Aaula Bhani
  • Parkhi Basen Aaula
  • Pipalaile Paluwa Pherana
  • Piuda Piudai Jindagi
  • Piunda Piundai Jindagi Yo
  • Pokhiyera Ghamko Jhulka
  • Premako Mala Pahirai Diye
  • Preyasi Ka Yaad Haru
  • Priyasika Yaadharu
  • Sabaile Rijhau Bhanda
  • Sagara Bhari Chhati Chirai
  • Sanai Hurima Baishako Sapana
  • Sandhai Bhari Ma Hasi
  • Sara Dina Arulai Bade
  • Saunako Jhari Bani
  • Shikhara Bhane Kaha
  • Siri ma siri
  • Sraddhako Phool Chadai
  • Swargaki Rani Mayaki Khani
  • Timi Deu Ya Nadeu
  • Timi Ek Phool Hau Bhane
  • Timi Jun Rahar Le
  • Timi Jun Rahar Le Mama
  • Timilai Bhulda Akalo Bhayechhu
  • Timilai Dekhda Rahara
  • Timilai Ma Ke Bhanu
  • Timile Malai Samjhane
  • Timile Pani Ma Jastai
  • Timile Vaneka Sara Deva Chhoyera
  • Timro Jasto Mutu
  • Timro Jasto Mutu Mero Pani
  • Timro Maanama Lukeko Kura
  • Yaha Bachne Hara Jiwanalai
  • Yasai Gari Bitaidinchhu
  • Yati Chokho Yati Mitho
  • Yati Dherai Maya Dee
  • Ye Kanchha Thattai Yo Baisa
  • Ye Malai Maya Garchhau
  • Yeti Dherai Maya Diyee
  • Yo Kasto Byatha Ho Maanama
  • Yo Mausam Yo Hariyali
  • Yo Mutulai Kasari
  • Yo Samjhine Maan Cha


External links[edit]