Narayangarh (community development block)

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Narayangarh
নারায়ণগড়
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Narayangarh is located in West Bengal
Narayangarh
Narayangarh
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°09′05″N 87°23′34″E / 22.1514°N 87.3929°E / 22.1514; 87.3929Coordinates: 22°09′05″N 87°23′34″E / 22.1514°N 87.3929°E / 22.1514; 87.3929
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Paschim Medinipur
Government
 • Type Community development block
Area
 • Total 499.48 km2 (192.85 sq mi)
Elevation 24 m (79 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 302,620
 • Density 610/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 721437 (Narayangarh)
Telephone/STD code 03229
Vehicle registration WB-34
Literacy 78.31%
Lok Sabha constituency Medinipur
Vidhan Sabha constituency Narayangarh
Website paschimmedinipur.gov.in

Narayangarh is a community development block that forms an administrative division in the Kharagpur subdivision of Paschim Medinipur district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geography[edit]

Narayangarh is a monotonous rice plain with numerous waterways and tidal creeks intersecting it. The tidal creeks are lined with embankments to prevent flooding of the fields. Much of the area is water-logged in the rainy season resulting in loss of crops. In Narayangarh CD Block 90% of the cultivated area has alluvial soil and 10% has lateritic soil.[1]

Narayangarh is located at 22°09′05″N 87°23′34″E / 22.1514°N 87.3929°E / 22.1514; 87.3929.

Narayangarh CD Block is bounded by Kharagpur I and Kharagpur II CD Blocks in the north, Patashpur I CD Block, in Purba Medinipur district, in the east, Dantan I and Dantan II CD Blocks in the south and Keshiari CD Block in the west.[2][3]

It is located 33 km from Midnapore, the district headquarters.[2]

Narayangarh CD Block has an area of 499.48 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 16 gram panchayats, 224 gram sansads (village councils), 516 mouzas and 466 inhabited villages. Narayagarh police station serves this block.[4] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Narayangarh.[5]

Narayangarh CD Block had a forest cover of 2,152 hectares, against a total geographical area of 49,197 hectares in 2005-06.[6]

Gram panchayats of Narayangarh block/ panchayat samiti are: Bakhrabad, Belda I, Belda II, Gramraj, Hemchandra, Kashipur, Khurshi, Kunarpur, Kushbasan, Mannya, Mokrampur, Narayangarh, Narma, Pakurseni, Ranisarai and Tutranga.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Narayangarh CD Block had a total population of 302,620, of which 293,613 were rural and 9,007 were urban. There were 153,247 (51%) males and 149,373 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 34,797. Scheduled Castes numbered 56,333 (18.62%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 68,080 (22.50%).[8]

As per the 2001 census, Narayangarh block had a total population of 266,450, out of which 136,091 were males and 130,359 were females. Narayangarh block registered a population growth of 17.02 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the combined Midnapore district was 14.87 per cent.[9] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.45 per cent.[10]

Census Towns in Narayangarh CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Deuli (9,007).[8]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Narayangarh CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Bahurupa (5,071).[8]

Other villages in Narayangarh CD Block include (2011 census figures in brackets): Belda (762), Mannya (1,144), Bakhrabad (1,295), Khursi (2,634), Kunarpur (1,145), Kashipur (1,569) and Kasba Narayangarh (3,626).[8]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Narayangarh CD Block was 209,734 (78.31% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 116,222 (85.88% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 93,152 (70.31% of the female population over 6 years). The gender gap in literacy rates was 15.58%.[8]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Languages and religion[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[2]

There is a tribal presence in many of the CD Blocks of the district. Santali is spoken by 55.93% of the tribal population of the district. The Bhumij, forming 11.16% of the tribal population, and the Mundas, forming 6.10% of the tribal population, speak Mundari. Other small groups include Koras and Mahalis. The Lodhas, forming 3.85% of the tribal population, the only primitive tribe in the district, speak Lodhi.[11]

Religion in Narayangarh CD Block
Hindu
  
93.79%
Muslim
  
5.23%
Christian
  
0.16%
Others
  
0.82%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 283,826 and formed 93.79% of the population in Narayangarh CD Block. Muslims numbered 15,835 and formed 5.23% of the population. Christians numbered 493 and formed 0.16% of the population. Others numbered 2466 and formed 0.17% of the population.[12] Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria,[13] and other religious communities.[12]

BPL families[edit]

In Narayangarh CD Block 41.60% families were living below poverty line in 2007.[14]

According to the District Human Development Report of Paschim Medinipur: The 29 CD Blocks of the district were classified into four categories based on the poverty ratio. Nayagram, Binpur II and Jamboni CD Blocks have very high poverty levels (above 60%). Kharagpur I, Kharagpur II, Sankrail, Garhbeta II, Pingla and Mohanpur CD Blocks have high levels of poverty (50-60%), Jhargram, Midnapore Sadar, Dantan I, Gopiballavpur II, Binpur I, Dantan II, Keshiari, Chandrakona I, Gopiballavpur I, Chandrakona II, Narayangarh, Keshpur, Ghatal, Sabang, Garhbeta I, Salboni, Debra and Garhbeta III CD Blocks have moderate levels of poverty (25-50%) and Daspur II and Daspur I have low levels of poverty (below 25%).[14]

Economy[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

465 or 90% of mouzas in Narayangarh CD block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[15]

470 mouzas in Narayangarh CD Block had drinking water facilities in 2013-14. There were 145 fertiliser depots, 42 seed stores and 64 fair price shops in the CD Block.[15]

Agriculture[edit]

Circle frame.svg

Persons engaged in agriculture
in Narayangarh CD Block

  Bargadars (6.87%)
  Patta holders (27.77%)
  Small farmers (2.27%)
  Marginal farmers (13.33%)
  Agricultural labourers (49.76%)

Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented fully. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[16]Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Narayangarh CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 6.87%, patta (document) holders 27.77%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 2.27%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 13.33% and agricultural labourers 49.76%.[15]

In 2005-06 the nett cropped area in Narayangarh CD Block was 40,046 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 26,266 hectares.[17]

The extension of irrigation has played a role in growth of the predominant agricultural economy.[18]In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Narayangarh CD Block was 21,176 hectares, out of which 20 hectares were irrigated by canal water, 588 hectares by tank water, 19,508 hectares by deep tubewells, 510 hectares by shallow tubewells, 50 hectares by river lift irrigation and 500 hectares by other methods.[15]

In 2013-14, Narayangarh CD Block produced 69,924 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 38,050 hectares, 231 tonnes of Aus paddy (summer crop) from 109 hectares, 60,026 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 17,073 hectares, 22 tonnes of wheat from 10 hectares and 120 tonnes of potatoes from 5 hectares. It also produced oilseeds.[15]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Narayangarh CD Block had offices of 21 commercial banks.[15]

Transport[edit]

Narayangarh CD Block has 3 ferry services and 3 originating/ terminating bus routes.[15]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Narayangarh CD Block had 234 primary schools with 16,696 students, 25 middle schools with 2,157 students, 13 high schools with 7,133 students and 24 higher secondary schools with 25,487 students. Narayangarh CD Block had 1 general college with 1,673 students, 4 technical/ professional institutions and 673 institutions for special and non-formal education with 24,342 students.[15]

The United Nations Development Programme considers the combined primary and secondary enrolment ratio as the simple indicator of educational achievement of the children in the school going age. The infrastructure available is important. In Narayangarh CD Block out of the total 233 primary schools in 2008-2009, 50 had pucca buildings, 82 partially pucca, 16 kucha and 85 multiple type.[19]

Belda College is a co-educational college established in 1963 at Belda. Affiliated to Vidyasagar University, it offers honours courses in Bengali, Santali, English, Sanskrit, history, philosophy, political science, economics, sociology, geography, education, music, physics, chemistry, mathematics, botany, zoology, nutrition, computer science and accountancy. It also offers a professional course in BCA, and MA in Bengali and English.[20]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Narayangarh CD had 1 rural hospital, 3 primary health centres and 8 private nursing homes with total 142 beds and 10 doctors. It had 45 family welfare sub centres and 1 family welfare centre. 11,058 patients were treated indoor and 84,293 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). pages 4-5 (About Paschim Medinipur), page 26 (Predominant Soil), pages 265- 268 (Identification of Flood prone areas, Names of drought prone blocks). Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c "Narayangarh Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  3. ^ "District Map Paschim Medinipur". Maps. Paschim Medinipur district administration. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  4. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Paschim Medinipur". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 10 October 2016. 
  5. ^ "District Census Handbook: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Map of Paschim Medinipur with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fifth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2016. 
  6. ^ "District Human Development Report, Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Table 2.4, Page 28. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, May 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  7. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Paschim Medinipur - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 1 August 2016. 
  8. ^ a b c d e "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 3 May 2016. 
  9. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, (erstwhile) Medinipur District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  10. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  11. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Page 217 Scheduled Tribe Community. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
  12. ^ a b "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  13. ^ "ST-14 A Details Of Religions Shown Under 'Other Religions And Persuasions' In Main Table". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  14. ^ a b "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). May 2011. Page 177. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Paschim Medinipur". Tables 2.1, 8.2, 16.1, 17.2, 18.2, 18.1, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  16. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  17. ^ "District Human Development Report, Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Table 2.4, Page 28. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, May 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  18. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Chapter V: Economic Livelihoods, pages 129-131. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  19. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). May 2011. Page: 60. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 31 July 2016. 
  20. ^ "Belda College". BC. Retrieved 5 January 2017.