Narcissus jonquilla

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jonquil or Rush daffodil
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Amaryllidoideae
Genus: Narcissus
N. jonquilla
Binomial name
Narcissus jonquilla
Distribution range on the Iberian peninsula
  • Narcissus juncifolius Salisb. nom. illeg.[1]

Narcissus jonquilla, commonly known as jonquil[2] or rush daffodil, is a bulbous flowering plant, a species of the genus Narcissus (daffodil) that is native to Spain and Portugal but has now become naturalised in many other regions: France, Italy, Turkey, the former Yugoslavia, Madeira, British Columbia in Canada, Utah, Illinois, Minnesota, Ohio, and the southeastern United States from Texas to Maryland.

Narcissus jonquilla bears long, narrow, rush-like leaves (hence the name jonquil, Spanish junquillo, from the Latin juncus 'rush').[3][4] In late spring it bears heads of up to five scented yellow or white flowers. It is a parent of numerous varieties within Division 7 of the horticultural classification.[5] Division 7 in the Royal Horticultural Society classification of Narcissus includes N. jonquilla and N. apodanthus hybrids and cultivars that show clear characteristics of those two species.[6][7]

N. jonquilla has been cultivated since the 18th century in France as the strongest of the Narcissus species used in narcissus oil, a component of many modern perfumes.[3]


  1. ^ The Plant List
  2. ^ BSBI List 2007 (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  3. ^ a b Nigel Groom (30 June 1997). The New Perfume Handbook. Springer. pp. 170–171. ISBN 978-0-7514-0403-6. Retrieved 28 July 2012.
  4. ^ Shorter Oxford English dictionary, 6th ed. United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. 2007. p. 3804. ISBN 978-0199206872.
  5. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 978-1405332965.
  6. ^ Gordon R. Hanks (18 April 2002). Narcissus and Daffodil: The Genus Narcissus. CRC Press. p. 50. ISBN 978-0-415-27344-2. Retrieved 26 July 2012.
  7. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Narcissus jonquilla". Archived from the original on 8 April 2014. Retrieved 27 June 2013.

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