Guinea-Bissau, in West Africa, has been called a narco-state due to government officials often being bribed by traffickers to ignore the illegal trade. Colombian drug cartels used the West African coast as Jamaica and Panama increased policing. The Guardian noted Guinea-Bissau's lack of prisons, few police, and poverty attracted the traffickers. An article in Foreign Policy questioned the effectiveness of money from the United States, the European Union and the United Nations designated to combat the illegal trade.
More recently ,Venezuela has been labeled a narco-state ,due to the relations beetween some venezuelan government officials to drug cartels and criminal factions all over latin america,for example ,the current vice president of venezuela Tareck el Aissami has been accused of supporting drug trafficking and helping mexican drug cartels ,since 2017 he is banned from entering US . The nephews and sons of venezuela's president Nicolas Maduro are also being accused of finacing drug trade and in november 2017,USA's UN ambassador Nikki haley accused Venezuela of being an 'dangerous narco state'.
- Crack epidemic
- Failed state
- Mexican Drug War
- Opium War
- Philippine Drug War
- War on Drugs
- "narco-". Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. September 2005. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- "Tajikistan: The Rise of a Narco-State" (PDF). Journal of Drug Issues. Retrieved 2016-09-29.
- Washington Post newspaper: Guinea-Bissau coup: Prime minister arrested for helping drug trade, military says 13 April 2012 "Analysts told the AP that in Guinea-Bissau, traffickers have bought off members of the government and military, turning the country into a 'narcostate.'"
- Abrashi, Fisnik (August 16, 2006). "Afghan opium cultivation hits a record". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 4, 2016.
Now what they have is a narco-economy. If they do not get corruption sorted they can slip into being a narco-state
- Blackman, Shane (2010). "Drug war politics: Governing culture through prohibition, intoxicants as customary practice and the challenge of drug normalisation". Sociology Compass. 4 (10): 841–855. Retrieved July 4, 2016.
- opendna (March 20, 2002). "The Narco-State Cometh". Kuro5hin. Retrieved July 4, 2016.
- Petras, James; Veltmeyer, Henry (2016). Beyond Neoliberalism: A World to Win. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-317-17464-6.
In other words, narco-capitalism played a major role in saving the world financial system from collapse, highlighting the ties between lumpen capital and barbarous imperialism
- Pine, Jason (2007). "Economy of speed: The new narco-capitalism". Public Culture. 19 (2): 357–366. doi:10.1215/08992363-2006-041.
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