Narcotic Drugs Import and Export Act

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Narcotic Drugs Import and Export Act
Great Seal of the United States
Other short titles Jones-Miller Act
Long title An Act to amend the Act entitled "An Act to prohibit the importation and use of opium for other than medicinal purposes," approved February 9, 1909, as amended.
Acronyms (colloquial) NDIEA
Nicknames Narcotic Drugs Import and Export Act Amendment
Enacted by the 67th United States Congress
Effective May 26, 1922
Citations
Public law 67-227
Statutes at Large 42 Stat. 596
Codification
Acts amended Smoking Opium Exclusion Act of 1909
Titles amended 21 U.S.C.: Food and Drugs
U.S.C. sections created 21 U.S.C. ch. 6 § 171 et seq.
Legislative history
  • Introduced in the House as H.R. 2193 by Wesley Livsey Jones (RWA) on March 27, 1922
  • Committee consideration by House Ways and Means, Senate Finance
  • Passed the House on May 4, 1922 (passed)
  • Passed the Senate on May 12, 1922 (passed) with amendment
  • House agreed to Senate amendment on May 16, 1922 (agreed)
  • Signed into law by President Warren G. Harding on May 26, 1922

The Narcotic Drugs Import and Export Act was a 1922[1] act of the 67th United States Congress. Sponsored by Sen. Wesley L. Jones (R) of Washington and Rep. John F. Miller (R) of Washington. It is also often referred to as the Jones-Miller Act.[2]

Federal Narcotics Control Board[edit]

The Act also led to the establishing of the Federal Narcotics Control Board (FNCB) to tightly oversee the import and export primarily of opiates, but also other psychoactive drugs like coca. The control board were created to better control what America was exporting from its territories to others as well as what was being brought in, to ban all recreational consumption and to control the quality of what was being used for medical purposes.[3]

Long Time Coming[edit]

Chinese immigrants searched for opium in 1876
A boat of Chinese immigrants being searched for opium in San Francisco 1876

The newly brought in act was but another in a long line from 1848 that set out to curtail the use of drugs for recreational purposes, most of which started from San Francisco area with the attempt to curtail opium smoking, first by banning the smoking in public, exempting opium dens,[4] until finally going for an all out ban, nationwide in 1922. Before the Jones-Miller Act laws were passed on a state by state basis.

Opium Importation Prohibition of 1909[edit]

60th United States Congress passed House bill H.R. 27427, better known as the Smoking Opium Exclusion Act of 1909, which U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt enacted into law on February 9, 1909.[5] Public Law 60-221 was effective after the first day of April 1909 imposing an unlawful Act to import any derivative, any form, or preparation of opium into the United States. The statutory law authorizes the importation of the psychoactive drug provided any opium derivatives and preparations will be for medicinal purposes only.

Amendments to 1922 Act[edit]

U.S. Congressional amendments to the Narcotic Drugs Import and Export Act.

Date of Enactment Public Law Number U.S. Statute Citation U.S. Legislative Bill U.S. Presidential Administration
December 11, 1942 P.L. 77-797 56 Stat. 1045 H.R. 7568 Franklin D. Roosevelt
July 1, 1944 P.L. 78-414 58 Stat. 721 H.R. 4881 Franklin D. Roosevelt
August 8, 1953 P.L. 83-240 67 Stat. 505 H.R. 5561 Dwight D. Eisenhower
July 18, 1956 P.L. 84-728 70 Stat. 567 H.R. 11619 Dwight D. Eisenhower
The Jones-Miller Act of 1922 was primarily concerned with banning the recreational consumption of opium and to control the quality of medical opiates

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Narcotic Drug Import and Export Act Law & Legal Definition". definitions.uslegal.com. Retrieved 9 November 2012. 
  2. ^ Erowid, Fire. "U.S. Drug Control Timeline". www.erowid.org. Retrieved 9 November 2012. 
  3. ^ "Drugs, The Law, and The Future". www.umsl.edu. Retrieved 9 November 2012. 
  4. ^ "Learn about the laws concerning opioids from the 1800s until today.". www.naabt.org. Retrieved 9 November 2012. 
  5. ^ "Smoking Opium Exclusion Act of 1909 - P.L. 60-221" (PDF). 35 Stat. 614 ~ House Bill 27427. Legis★Works. 

External links[edit]