Narinder Kumar Gupta
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|Narinder Kumar Gupta|
22 August 1942 |
Mirpur, Jammu and Kashmir, India
|Alma mater||Indian Institute of Technology Delhi|
|Known for||Applied mechanics,
|Fields||Solid mechanics, plasticity, Impact (mechanics)|
|Institutions||RWTH Aachen University|
|Doctoral advisor||Professor B. Karunes|
Narinder Kumar Gupta (born 22 August 1942 in Mirpur, Jammu and Kashmir, India, (now in PoK)), also known as N. K. Gupta is Professor of Mechanics at the Indian Institute of Technology in Delhi. Gupta works in the area of large deformations of metals and composites at low, medium and high rates of loading. His researches stimulate the development of constitutive behaviour of materials, understanding of the basic mechanics of large deformation, design for crashworthiness of road and air vehicles, design for safety in defence applications and in design of metal forming processes.
He received his Bachelor of Science from the Jammu and Kashmir University in 1960, his Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering from the Regional Engineering College, Srinagar in 1966 and his PhD from the IIT Delhi under Prof. B. Karunes in 1973.
Gupta has been a faculty member in the Department of Applied Mechanics at the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi since 1971 and has been a full professor since 1987. He was Henry Ford Chair Emeritus Professor from 2005 to 2010, and continued there as Emeritus Professor till 2011, when he was invited as Mercator Guest Professor at RWTH Aachen, supported by Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG), Germany, for one year (2011–2012).
Gupta has worked as "INSA Senior Scientist" at the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, since 2012. He was also associated for a period (2013-14) with the Supercomputer Education and Research Center, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore.
Gupta works in the area of large deformations of metals and composites at low, medium and high rates of loading. His researches find application in development of constitutive behaviour of materials, understanding of the basic mechanics of large deformation, design for crashworthiness of road and air vehicles, design for safety in defence applications and in design of metal forming processes. He has published over 300 scientific papers in peer reviewed national and international journals and conference proceedings, edited eight books, mentored nearly 25 PhD and 65 MTech students, and undertaken national and international research and consultancy projects. He has been a visiting professor and fellow and invited to deliver guest lectures in universities in Armenia, Australia, Brazil, China, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, New Zealand, Malaysia, Norway, Poland, Russia, Singapore, South Africa, Thailand, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom and United States.
He was invited to deliver a keynote lecture at the world congress of the International Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (ICTAM, 2008) held at Adelaide, Australia. The German National Academy of Sciences, Leopoldina, invited him to deliver a lecture at an annual event in 2012 along with the German scientist Prof. M. Kleiner, who was then the President of DFG. Gupta delivered the "K S Krishnan memorial lecture" during the annual meeting of the INSA at Lucknow in 2013. In 2014, he delivered a plenary lecture to the 39th Solid Mechanics Conference held in Poland. He has been invited to deliver national lectures, which include Taylor memorial, Seth memorial, Bhatnagar memorial, Karunes memorial and Joga Rao memorial, and also numerous inaugural, keynote and invited lectures in major conferences and reputed institutions in India.
He has been on the Editorial advisory boards of the International Journal of Mechanical Sciences (1981–1985), the International Journal of Impact Engineering, the International Journal of Crashworthiness (1996–2007), the Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures, Thin Walled Structures, Fatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials & Structures (2006–2011), the Journal of Aeronautics Society of India, Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy, Sadhana, Defence Science Journal and Everyman's Science. He is president of the Indian Society of Industrial and Applied Mathematics, past president of the Indian Society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics and past president of the Indian Society of Mechanical Engineers. He was vice-president of the Indian National Science Academy and chairman of the National Committee of the Academy for IUTAM and IMU. He is member of IUTAM Bureau and Congress Committee. He is member or chairman of several other national and international academic bodies. He is fellow of the Indian National Science Academy, the Indian National Academy of Engineering, the National Academy of Sciences, India, the Aeronautical Society of India, the Institution of Engineers, India and The World Academy of Sciences (TWAS).
Gupta’s expertise in the mechanics of large deformation of metals and composites under impact loading has greatly augmented India’s advance in technology, in particular, defence and aerospace researches. His extraordinary leadership abilities and his international recognition are reflected in his capability to bring experts from all over the world together in conferences such as IMPLAST, which he fathered. IMPLAST is a unique Indian event, which by now is an important international event held regularly in India and countries across the world, including Australia (2000), Germany (2007) and the USA (2010). He also initiated a series of Indo-Russian workshops in "Theoretical and Applied Mechanics", held in both India and Russia. He has edited nearly a dozen volumes of IMPLAST and Indo-Russian workshops, which the scientific community has very well received. These events provide a valuable forum for Indian scientists to interact with several known international scientists. Importantly, he has been a voice of India in international forums in articulating the country’s long-term vision on key scientific and technical issues. He has represented India in forums including the International Council of Scientific Unions, Third world Academy of Sciences, Associations of Asian Academies, International Unions of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, International Mathematics Union, International Council of Industrial and Applied Mathematics, and The World Innovation Foundation. As a chairman or member of a number of national committees, Gupta has contributed to the growth of science in India and its visibility across the world.
Professor Gupta is recipient of J.C. Bose Memorial Award, the O. P. Bhasin Award, the Millenium Plaques of Honour (ISCA) Award, the Erskine (New Zealand) Award, the Alexander von Humboldt (Germany) Research Award and several other honours and awards. He has been conferred Doctor Honoris Causa by the Russian Academy of Sciences and Mercator Professorship of DFG.
Gupta is Fellow of the Science and Engineering Academies of India and of the Third World Academy of Sciences.
The esteem that Gupta enjoys nationally and internationally is shown by the fact that conferences to honour his contributions were held in India in 2002 and 2012, in Bochum, Germany, in 2007, and in Singapore in 2012. Special issues of the International Journal of Impact Engineering, Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy and Defence Science Journal were devoted to his birthdays. These issues received contributions from highly regarded international scientists. A special issue to honour his contributions has been announced by the International Journal of Impact Engineering, due to appear in 2017.
Gupta has been named as one of five Honorary Members - honoured as one of the top five world scientists in the area of impact mechanics - by the International Society of Impact Engineering.
Gupta and his wife Rashmi Gupta have two sons, Shivanshu and Shalav.
- N. K. Gupta and S. K. Sinha (1990); "Collapse of a laterally compressed square tube resting on a flat base". International Journal of Solids and Structures, 26, 601‑615
- N. K. Gupta and A. Meyers (1992); "Considerations of translated yield surfaces". International Journal of Plasticity, 8, 729‑740
- N. K. Gupta and V. Madhu (1997); "An Experimental Study of normal and oblique impact of a hard core projectile on single and layered plates". International Journal of Impact Engineering, 27, 901 – 918
- N. K. Gupta, (2002) "IMPLAST symposia and large deformations – a perspective", International Journal of Impact Engineering, 27, 901 – 918
- O. T. Bruhns, N. K. Gupta, A. Meyers and H. Xiao (2003), "Bending of an elastoplastic strip with isotropic and kinematic hardening". Archive of Applied Mechanics, Volume 72, pages 759–778, 2003
- N. K. Gupta and Nagesh, (2006) "Collapse mode transitions of thin tubes with wall thickness, end condition and shape eccentricity", International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, 48, 210–223
- N. K. Gupta, M. A Iqbal and G. S. Sekhon (2007), "Effect of projectile nose shape, impact velocity, and target thickness on the deformation behaviour of thin aluminium targets", International Journal of Solids and Structures, 44, 3411–343
- N. K. Gupta, N. Mohamed Sheriff and R. Velmurugan, (2007) "Experimental and numerical investigations into collapse behavior of thin spherical shells under drop hammer impact", International Journal of Solids and Structures, 44, 3136–3155
- M. Klaus, H. _G. Reimerdes and N. K. Gupta (2012), "Experimental and Numerical investigations of residual strength after impact of sandwich panels", International Journal of Impact Engineering, 44, 50–58
- Faculty website, Applied Mechanics, IIT Delhi
- N. K. Gupta IIT web site
- N. K. Gupta (editor) (2003) IMPLAST' 03, Plasticity and Impact Mechanics, Phoenix Publishing House, New Delhi, India
- INSA website
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 1 November 2010. Retrieved 25 February 2011.
- "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015.