Narmadashankar Dave

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Narmadashankar Lalshankar Dave
Born (1833-08-24)August 24, 1833
Surat, Gujarat, India
Died February 26, 1886(1886-02-26) (aged 52)
Bombay Presidency, India
Pen name Narmad
Occupation Poet, Novelist
Nationality India

Narmadashankar Lalshankar Dave (Gujarati: નર્મદાશંકર લાલશંકર દવે) (August 24, 1833 – February 26, 1886), popularly known as Narmad, was a Gujarati author, poet, scholar and public speaker.


Daandiyo, dated 1 September 1864, first issue)

Narmad was born in Surat on August 24, 1833.[1] He introduced many creative forms of writing in Gujarati. He wrote pioneering work in such forms as autobiography, poetry, lexicography, historical plays and research in folk literature. He was also an outspoken journalist and a pamphleteer. Narmad was a strong opponent of religious fanaticism and orthodoxy. He promoted nationalism and patriotism - with famous songs like Sahu Chalo Jitva Jang, wrote about self-government and talked about one national language, Hindi, for all of India, nearly five decades before Mohandas Gandhi or Nehru. He wrote a poem Jai Jai Garavi Gujarat in which he listed with a sense of pride all the cultural symbols that go into constituting the Gujarat identity. These symbols include even the things non-Hindu, implying that Gujarat belongs to all the castes, communities, races, religions and sects that inhabit Gujarat. It was this devout poet whose debt Gandhi acknowledged for his philosophy of non-violence. With the help of some friends, Narmad published a newsletter called Daandiyo, modeled after The Spectator, a weekly British magazine. Daandiyo run from 1 September 1864 to 1869 when it was merged with Sunday Review. He published the first dictionary of Gujarati language in 1873.[2] He died of arthritis on February 26, 1886.[3][4][5][6]


  • Narmagadya (નર્મગદ્ય) - Collection of Essays
  • Narmakavita (નર્મકવિતા) - Collection of Poems
  • Narmakathakosh (નર્મકથાકોશ)
  • Maari Haqeeqat (મારી હકીકત) - Autobiography It is first autobiography of Gujarati Literature
  • Narmakosh (નર્મકોશ)- Dictionary


In 2004, South Gujarat University was renamed Veer Narmad South Gujarat University in his honour.


  1. ^ "Narmad remembered on birth anniversary". 13 August 2015. Retrieved 13 August 2015. 
  2. ^ Saurabh Shah. "‘ડાંડિયા’, ‘નર્મકોશ’ અને જય જય ગરવી ગુજરાત". Mumbai Samachar (in Gujarati). Retrieved 13 August 2015. 
  3. ^ "Biography of Narmadashankar Dave". Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  4. ^ "Poet Narmad". Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  5. ^ "Narmad, Gujarati Saraswats, Sangeet Bhavan". Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  6. ^ "Gujarati Language, History of Gujarati Language". Retrieved 18 February 2014. 

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