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|Narmadashankar Lalshankar Dave|
August 24, 1833|
Surat, Gujarat, India
|Died||February 26, 1886
Bombay Presidency, India
Narmad was born in Surat on August 24, 1833. He introduced many creative forms of writing in Gujarati. He wrote pioneering work in such forms as autobiography, poetry, lexicography, historical plays and research in folk literature. He was also an outspoken journalist and a pamphleteer. Narmad was a strong opponent of religious fanaticism and orthodoxy. He promoted nationalism and patriotism - with famous songs like Sahu Chalo Jitva Jang, wrote about self-government and talked about one national language, Hindi, for all of India, nearly five decades before Mohandas Gandhi or Nehru. He wrote a poem Jai Jai Garavi Gujarat in which he listed with a sense of pride all the cultural symbols that go into constituting the Gujarat identity. These symbols include even the things non-Hindu, implying that Gujarat belongs to all the castes, communities, races, religions and sects that inhabit Gujarat. It was this devout poet whose debt Gandhi acknowledged for his philosophy of non-violence. With the help of some friends, Narmad published a newsletter called Daandiyo, modeled after The Spectator, a weekly British magazine. He died of arthritis on February 26, 1886.
- Narmagadya (નર્મગદ્ય) - Collection of Essays
- Narmakavita (નર્મકવિતા) - Collection of Poems
- Narmakathakosh (નર્મકથાકોશ)
- Maari Haqeeqat (મારી હકીકત) - Autobiography It is first autobiography of Gujarati Literature
) - Newsletter
- Narmakosh (નર્મકોશ)- Dictionary
In 2004, South Gujarat University was renamed Veer Narmad South Gujarat University in his honour.
- "Biography of Narmadashankar Dave". poemhunter.com. Retrieved 18 February 2014.
- "Poet Narmad". kamat.com. Retrieved 18 February 2014.
- "Narmad, Gujarati Saraswats, Sangeet Bhavan". sangeetbhavantrust.com. Retrieved 18 February 2014.
- "Gujarati Language, History of Gujarati Language". indianmirror.com. Retrieved 18 February 2014.
- Narmad website
- Dandiyo newsletter (scanned copy)
- Article about Narmad in Gujarat Samachar
- Biographical blogpost about Narmad
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