Narmada Akka

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Born Andhra Pradesh[1]
Died 4 December 2012
Aheri, Gadchiroli
Nationality Indian
Organization Communist Party of India (Maoist)
Known for A cadre and Central Committee member of the CPI (Maoist)
Spouse(s) Sudhakar

Narmada was one of the "senior-most" female cadres of the Communist Party of India (Maoist),[2][3] a banned[4] Maoist insurgent[5] communist party in India. She was a Central Committee member of the party,[6] and reportedly used to frame "all policies for the female cadre of Maoists."[2]


She married Sudhakar alias "Kiran". Sudhakar is seen as a Maoist ideologue, and is a member of CPI (Maoist)'s "publication division". He is also a member of the Politburo of the party.[6]

Guerrilla life[edit]

Narmada was able to fluently communicate in seven languages, including English.[1] She dropped-out the college[6] and joined the CPI (Maoist) at an early age of 18, and she had spent over 30 years in the jungles as a veteran to the Maoist movement in India.[2] Her father was also a supporter of the communist ideology, and his words so touched her that she made her mind to join the radical leftists.[2]

During an interview with Rahul Pandita and Vanessa (a French journalist), at an unknown time in the jungles of Dandakaranya, Narmada said:

"My father was a Communist, and in those times, a Communist was like a pariah. My father would talk about Naxals and say that they have broken away from the shackles of domesticity."[2]

And, it was after that conversation with her father, that she decided to join the Maoists.[2] She was active as the Divisional Secretary of South Gadchiroli division of CPI (Maoist).[3] She was the second female comrade to have been selected as a member of the Central Committee of the radical leftist organisation, after Anuradha Ghandy[6] (wife of Kobad Ghandy).[7][8] She was also acting as the chief of the Krantikari Adivasi Mahila Sangathan's unit of Dandakaranya region, which is among the top-most "women's organizations" in India when it comes to numbers of registered members, and Arundhati Roy says that it has 90,000 members.[9] She had as much as 53 police cases registered against her name in Maharashtra.[3]

"After taking over reins of the Gadchiroli unit a few years ago, she set up five different platoons -- an aggressive military force -- in her territory equipped with modern arms, ammunition and latest communication network to counter the state machinery."


Narmada was reported to have been gunned-down during a fierce hour-long exchange of fire between the Maoists and State's police forces on 4 December 2012, near Hiker village, bordering Abujmarh of Chhattisgarh, in south Gadchiroli.[6]

The Maoists managed to escape the scene along with her body; and her body is reported to have been buried at Malwada tribal village in Kanker district of Chhattisgarh.[6]

After the encounter, the Superintendent of Police (Gadchiroli), Mohd. Suvej Haq, said to media personnels:

"The naxalite managed to carry the body and fled the scene. The intelligence sources identified the women naxalite killed in the encounter as Narmada. We also hear about it from our sources. Now we are waiting for the confirmation from the naxalite."[6]

She is reported to have been 57 years old when she died, by The Hindu,[3] but Hindustan Times reports that she was 46.[6] And, Rahul Pandita has written that Narmada's age was 48, when he and Vanessa interviewed her.[2]

While the "police sources" also say that "Narmada Akka’s funeral was carried out at a village in Chhattisgarh", the Maoists did not reach out to the media following the incident.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Deshpande, Vivek (12 October 2009). "Woman known for beauty, terror led Gadchiroli Naxal attack". The Indian Express. Nagpur. Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Pandita, Rahul (18 September 2010), 100lb Guerillas, OPEN, retrieved 19 January 2013 
  3. ^ a b c d e Staff Reporter (10 January 2013). "Dreaded Naxal leader active in Gadchiroli". The Hindu. Nagpur. Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  5. ^ Deepak Kapoor, AVSM PVSM, SM VSM Chief of Army Staff (India) (2009). South Asia Defence And Strategic Year Book. Pentagon Press. pp. 62–63. ISBN 8182743990. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i Maitra, Pradip Kumar (27 December 2012). "Woman naxal leader killed in Gadchiroli". Hindustan Times. Nagpur. Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  7. ^ Bharucha, Nauzer (24 September 2009). "Kobad's father backed cause: brother-in-law". Times of India. Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  8. ^ Bhatt, Sheila (23 September 2009). "Kobad Ghandy: The gentle revolutionary". Rediff. Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  9. ^ Roy, Arundhati (2011). Walking with the Comrades. Penguin Books. pp. 72, 76. ISBN 9780670085538. Page 72: "Comrade Narmada talks about the many years she worked in Gadchiroli before becoming the DK head of the Krantikari Adivasi Mahila Sangathan." Page 76: "In 1986 it [CPI (Maoist)] set up the Adivasi Mahila Sangathan (AMS), which then evolved into the Krantikari Adivasi Mahila Sangathan and now has 90,000 enrolled members. It could well be the largest women's organization in the country." 

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