Narmada Valley Development Authority

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Narmada Valley Development Authority
नर्मदा घाटी विकास प्राधिकरण
Government Organization
Founded 1985-08-09
Headquarters Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh
Area served
Madhya Pradesh
Key people
Shri Rakesh Chandra Sahni (Chairman)
Shri O.P. Rawat (VC)

Narmada Valley Development Authority (NVDA)

Narmada River is the lifeline of Madhya Pradesh. With 87% of its catchment area lying in Madhya Pradesh, it becomes all the more important for the state to exploit this enormous water resource. It was with this motto in mind that the Narmada Valley Development Authority (NVDA) was formed by the government of MP on 9 August 1985. NVDA oversees all major development projects in the Narmada Basin. The body also ensures that proper rehabilitation is provided to the displaced, and the negative impacts on environment are minimized by taking appropriate measures.[1]


Narmada being one of the major rivers in Central India, there has been large amount of studies aiming at exploiting the abundant water resource. This has also led to various disputes between Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Gujarat, the three states through which a major portion of Narmada flows. One such dispute was regarding the construction of Navagam dam in Gujarat,[2] which would submerge areas in Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. To resolve the dispute between the states in sharing the Narmada water, the Narmada Water Disputes Tribunal was formed by the Government of India in 1969. In 1979, 10 years after its formation, Narmada Water Disputes Tribunal awarded 18.25 Million Acre Feet (MAF) out of the total 27 Million Acre Feet (MAF) of water to Madhya Pradesh.[3] This was however under the condition that the state has to completely utilize the allocated water by 2025. If failed to do so, the un-utilized water will be reallocated to other states. Madhya Pradesh government formed Narmada Valley Development Authority in 1985 to oversee the progress of the projects being planned in the Narmada Basin.

Narmada Basin[edit]

Narmada is the fifth largest river in India. It is also the largest West flowing river in India, with a total length of 1312 km. Known as the 'Life Line of Madhya Pradesh', 87% of Narmada lies in Madhya Pradesh, covering districts Shahdol, Balaghat, Rajnandgaon, Mandla, Seoni, Dindori, Katni, Jabalpur, Damoh, Sagar, Narsinghpur, Chhindwara, Betul, Hoshangabad, Harda, Raisen, Sehore, Khandwa, Indore, Dewas, Khargone, Dhar, Jhabua & Barwani. In addition to Madhya Pradesh, the river also flows through Gujarat and Maharashtra. Narmada has a potential of irrigating over 6 million ha (15 million acres) of land along with a capacity to generate about 3,000 Mega Watt of hydro electric power. Narmada Water Disputes Tribunal (NWDT) had allocated fixed share of water for each of the four states as follows:[4][5]

State MAF
Madhya Pradesh 18.25
Gujarat 9.00
Rajasthan 0.50
Maharashtra 0.25
Total 28.00

Each state has to utilize its share of water allocated by 2025 failing which it will get reallocated to other states. So as to completely utilize the allocated share of water of 18.25 MAF, Madhya Pradesh government came up with 29 major, 135 medium and over 3,000 minor projects which are scheduled to be completed by 2025.

Table below provide details on the major dams and canals being planned on the Narmada Basin by NVDA[6]

Layout of Water Resources Development Projects in the Narmada Basin in Gujarat & Madhya Pradesh
S. No. Name of Project Benefits (ha.) Power (MW) Irrigation (m3))
Completed Projects
1 Tawa 2.469 13.50 2386.72
2 Barna 0.548 559.82
3 Kolar 0.451 435.90
4 Sukta 0.166 170.57
5 Matiari (Dhobatoria) 0.101 88.38
6 Man Project 0.15 140.00
7 Jobat Project 0.098 112.00
Ongoing Projects
8 Rani Awanti Bai Sagar 1.57 100.00 1008.00
Bargi Diversion 2.45 1853.10
9 Indirasagar Project 1.23 1000.00 1674.00
Canal Power House of ISP 15.00
10 Omkareshwar Project 1.47 520.00 1300.00
11 Punasa lift 0.323 105.00
12 Upper Beda 0.099 90.00
Proposed Projects
13 Upper Narmada 0.185 178.93
14 Upper Burhner 0.098 82.72
15 Halon 0.117 134.00
16 Ataria 0.129 112.36
17 Chinki 0.708 1969.90
18 Sher 0.647 567.96
19 Machchrewa
20 Shakkar
21 Dudhi 0.506 444.49
22 Morand 0.522 465.48
23 Ganjal
24 Lower Goi 0.137 133.00
25 Raghavpur 20
26 Rosara 25
27 Basaniyar 20
28 Sitareva 15

Major Projects[edit]

Indira Sagar Project[edit]

The Indirasagar Dam is a multipurpose key project of Madhya Pradesh on the Narmada River at Narmadanagar in the Khandwa district of Madhya Pradesh in India. The foundation stone of the project was laid by late Smt Indira Gandhi, former Prime Minister of India on 23 October 1984. The construction of main dam started in 1992. The down stream projects of ISP are Omkareshwar, Maheshwar and Sardar Sarovar Project.

The Project envisages construction of a 92 m high and 653 m long concrete gravity dam. It provides Irrigation in 1,230 square kilometres of land with annual production of 2700 million units in the districts of Khandwa and Khargone in Madhya Pradesh and power generation of 1000 MW installed capacity (8x125). The reservoir of7,900,000 acre feet (9.7 km3) live storage capacity was created. The dam, built as a joint venture between Madhya Pradesh irrigation and National Hydroelectric Power Corporation is the source of the Indra Gandhi canal. It was commissioned in May 2005.[7]

See also[edit]


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