Sydney, New South Wales
Narrabeen, looking south east to Long Reef
|Population||8,207 (2016 census)|
|Location||23 km (14 mi) north of Sydney CBD|
|LGA(s)||Northern Beaches Council|
|State electorate(s)||Pittwater, Wakehurst|
Narrabeen is a beachside suburb in northern Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Narrabeen is 23 kilometres north-east of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of Northern Beaches Council and is part of the Northern Beaches region. This area was named Broken Bay by James Cook as he sailed by.
There are a number of theories on the origin of the name "Narrabeen". The most fanciful is that Narrabeen is named after "narrow beans" which the English in the first year of settlement (1788) found and ate from a vine growing over beach sand. Surgeon White indeed recorded getting ill from such beans but this was well north of Narrabeen, near Broken Bay. The name Narrobine Creek appears in 1801 in records relating to two escaped convicts, and thus the name appears to have been in use before then. Another suggestion is that it derives from an Aboriginal word meaning swan. Surveyor James Meehan placed the name Narabang Narabang Lagoon on a map in 1814 and thought the word meant swan. According to The Budawa Aboriginal Signage Group Inc., Narrabeen means "source of fresh water". However the most popular theory has been that it involves the first settlers in the area, a Captain Henry Reynolds, a first fleeter, who took his family to live near the Narrabeen Lagoon. They were all massacred by attack from escaped convicts turned bushrangers, and their homestead burned. The location was then named after the young Aboriginal girl Narrabine/Narrabeen who tried to assist the settlers and helped soldiers capture the escaped convicts involved in the massacre.
The first land grants were made to John Lees (40 acres (16 ha)), Philip Schaffer (50 acres (20 ha)), and James Wheeler (80 acres (32 ha)) all along the south bank of Mullet Creek. Alex Macdonald was granted 80 acres (32 ha) at the beach in 1815 and west of this land JT Collins had 93.5 acres (37.8 ha) by 1857.
During the nineteenth century, travellers had to ford the lake until 1880 when the first bridge opened. A second bridge at the mouth of the lagoon in Ocean Street was built in 1925. Narrabeen Post Office opened on 1 August 1898. Narrabeen North Post Office opened on 19 August 1926 and closed in 1984. With the extension of the tram to Narrabeen in 1913 providing easier transport, the whole area around the lake became popular for holidays and camping. A large camping ground became established on the north shore of the lagoon. In 1946 the Wakehurst Parkway was opened to North Narrabeen connecting the whole Pittwater area directly to Frenchs Forest and Seaforth. Narrabeen East Post Office opened on 2 June 1947, was renamed Narrabeen Peninsula in November that year and closed in 1965.
In January 2005, workmen excavating beside the bus shelter on Ocean Street at Octavia Street found a skeleton, which subsequent investigation revealed to be 4,000-year-old remains of a man. He has become known as Narrabeen Man.
In the 2016 Census, there were 8,207 people in Narrabeen. 69.9% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were England 7.0%, New Zealand 2.3% and Brazil 1.8%. 82.6% of people spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Portuguese at 2.0%. The most common responses for religion in Narrabeen were No Religion 31.4%, Catholic 23.7% and Anglican 20.1%.
There are four beaches along the Narrabeen stretch of beach, North Narrabeen, Narrabeen, South Narrabeen and Collaroy beach. Although Collaroy is a separate suburb, its beach lies along the same stretch. All beaches have their own Surf Life Saving Club. Narrabeen beach is mentioned in the Beach Boys song Surfin' U.S.A., which in their live concert on 28 November 1992 at North Narrabeen Reserve they performed at the end of the encore. It remanins an internationally recognised premier surfing beach. Writing celebrating this beach is featured in “Guide to Sydney Beaches” Meuse Press. It suffers regular challenges from storm damage and beach erosion.
Narrabeen lagoon and catchment
Narrabeen lagoon is fed by Deep Creek, Middle Creek, Mullet Creek, Narrabeen Creek and Nareen Creek, and occupies about 2.2 square kilometres, and has a catchment of about 55 square kilometres. The catchment of Narrabeen Lagoon consist of just under half bushland, one quarter parks, sports fields and rural lands, with the remainder being used for residential or industrial purposes, and Garigal National Park making up a third of the bushland. Despite the significant urban impact there are some twenty six vegetation communities to be found within the catchment, some of which are not found in either Garigal nor its neighbouring Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park, in particular, Blackbutt -Turpentine Forest and Angophora - White Mahogany Forest, both of which are components of the Duffys Forest endangered ecological community. (See Duffys Forest Ecological community.) Most of the remnant ecological communities within the catchment have been defined as endangered ecological communities (EECs), e.g., Swamp Mahogany Forest is a component of Swamp Sclerophyll Forest, Coastal Freshwater Wetland a component of Freshwater Wetlands on Coastal Floodplains both declared as EECs, see the List of endangered ecological communities in NSW and Native Vegetation (2016). Narrabeen Lagoon Trail is an 8.6 km (5.3 mi) path around the lagoon.
Sport and recreation
The Sydney Institute of Sport is based in Narrabeen and has recently become the headquarters of the Manly-Warringah Sea Eagles rugby league club. North Narrabeen beach is commonly used for surfing competitions.
Narrabeen is home to three primary schools and one high school:
- St Joseph's Catholic Primary School
- Narrabeen Lakes Public School
- North Narrabeen Public School
- Narrabeen Sports High School
Notable people from or who have lived in Narrabeen include:
- James Graham Somerville, environmentalist, commemorated by the Jim Somerville Bridge on the Narrabeen Lagoon Trail.
Media related to Narrabeen, New South Wales at Wikimedia Commons
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Narrabeen". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 January 2018.
- "You'll Be Surprised". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 11 September 1946. p. 2 Supplement: Playtime Children's Newspaper. Retrieved 6 June 2013.
- The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Compiled by Frances Pollen, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, Published in Australia ISBN 0-207-14495-8
- Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 12 June 2012.
- Sabra Lane (21 December 2007). "Speared man unearthed after 4,000 years". ABC News. Retrieved 31 December 2007.
- Surfin' U.S.A. lyrics
- "Beach Boys Live Concert, North Narrabeen Reserve, Sydney, Australia, 28 November 1992". Retrieved 13 March 2012.
- Harris, C, Marlow, J, Harris, A (2010) Narrabeen Lagoon Catchment - Past, Present and Future. In 'The Natural History of Sydney.' pp. 248-262. (Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales) (doi:10.7882/FS.2010.021)
- NSW Scientific Committee. Duffys Forest Ecological Community in the Sydney Basin Bioregion - Determination to make a minor amendment to Part 3 of Schedule 1 of the Threatened Species Conservation Act. NSW Office of Environment and Heritage
- NSW Office of Environment & Heritage. (2016) The Native Vegetation of the Sydney Metropolitan Area Volume 2: Vegetation Community Profiles Version 3.0.
- "Narrabeen Lagoon Trail Project". nsw.gov.au. Retrieved 24 March 2019.
- "Gosford Lagoons & Sydney Northern Beaches" (map). Office of Environment and Heritage. Government of New South Wales.
- Guide to Sydney Beaches
- "Sand in our Souls - the Beach in Australian History" Leone Huntsman, MUP, 2001