Narrow-body aircraft

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Size comparison between an Airbus A320 (narrow-body) and a Boeing 777-300ER (widebody aircraft)

A narrow-body aircraft or single-aisle aircraft is an airliner arranged along a single aisle permitting up to 6-abreast seating in a cabin below 4 metres (13 ft) of width. In contrast, a wide-body aircraft is a larger airliner usually configured with multiple aisles and a fuselage diameter of more than 5 metres (16 ft) allowing more than 7-abreast seating and often more travel classes. The highest seating capacity of a narrow-body aircraft is 295 passengers in the Boeing 757–300, while wide-body aircraft can accommodate between 250 and 600 passengers.

Thomas Cook Airlines Boeing 757-300 are the most dense single-aisle layouts at 280 seats.[1]

Between 2015 and 2035, Flightglobal expects more than 24600 single-aisles to be delivered for almost $1415 billion, 44% Airbus A320 family ceo and neo and 43% Boeing 737 NG and max.[2] Narrow-body aircraft with a range not allowing transatlantic or transcontinental flights are commonly known as regional airliners.[citation needed]

2-abreast aircraft seats typically 4 to 19 passengers, 3-abreast 24 to 45, 4-abreast 44 to 80, 5-abreast 85 to 130, 6-abreast 120 to 230.[3]

Common narrow-body aircraft types[edit]

Six-abreast cabin[edit]

Type Country Production Fuselage Cabin Max. seats Engines
Airbus A320 family[4] EU 1986– 395 cm (156 in) 370 cm (150 in) 236 2×turbofan
Airco DH 121[nb 1] UK 1962-1978 344 cm (135 in) 180 3 or 4 turbofan
Boeing 707/Boeing 720[6] USA 1958–1979 376 cm (148 in) 354 cm (139 in) 219 4×turbojet or 4xturbofan
Boeing 727[7] USA 1963–1984 376 cm (148 in) 356 cm (140 in) 189 3×turbofan
Boeing 737[8] USA 1966– 376 cm (148 in) 354 cm (139 in) 220 2×turbofan
Boeing 757[9] USA 1981–2004 376 cm (148 in) 354 cm (139 in) 295 2×turbofan
Bristol Britannia UK 1952-1960 139 4×turboprop
Comac C919[citation needed] CN 2016- 396 cm (156 in) 390 cm (150 in) 174 2×turbofan
Dassault Mercure[citation needed] FR 1971-1975 390 cm (150 in) 162 2×turbofan
Douglas DC-8[10] USA 1958–1972 373 cm (147 in) 353 cm (139 in) 269 4×turbojet or 4×turbofan
Irkut MC-21[11] RU 2017- 406 cm (160 in) 381 cm (150 in) 230 2×turbofan
Ilyushin Il-62 USSR/RU 1963-1995 186 4×turbofan
Lockheed L-188 Electra USA 1957–1961 98 4×turboprop
Tupolev Tu-114[citation needed] USSR 1958–1963 420 cm (170 in) 220 4×turboprop
Tupolev Tu-154[12] USSR/RU 1968–2013 380 cm (150 in) 180 3×turbofan
Tupolev Tu-204[citation needed] RU 1990- 380 cm (150 in) 357 cm (141 in) 215 2×turbofan
Tupolev Tu-334 RU 1999–2009 102 2×turbofan
Vickers VC10[citation needed] UK 1962–1970 375 cm (148 in) 151 4×turbofan

Five-abreast cabin[edit]

Type Country Production Fuselage width Cabin width Max. seats Engines
Antonov 148 UKR since 2002 315 centimetres (124 in) 99 2×turbofan
BAC One-Eleven UK 1963–1989 320 cm (130 in) 119 2×turbofan
British Aerospace 146[nb 2] UK 1987–2001 350 cm (140 in) 112 4×turbofan
Bombardier CSeries CAN since 2012 3.5 m (138 in)[15] 328 cm (129 in) 160 2×turbofan
Comac ARJ21 CN since 2007 314 cm (124 in) 105 2×turbofan
Convair 880 USA 1959–1962 325 cm (128 in) 110 4×turbojet
Convair 990 USA 1961–1963 325 cm (128 in) 149 4×turbofan
de Havilland Comet UK 1949–? 81 4×turbojet
Fokker F28/Fokker 70/Fokker 100 NL 1967–1997 330 cm (130 in) 122 2×turbofan
DC-9/MD-80/MD-90/B717 USA 1965–2006 340 cm (130 in) 172 2×turbofan
Sukhoi Superjet 100 RU since 2007 323 cm (127 in) 108 2×turbofan
Sud Aviation Caravelle FR 1958–1972 80 2×turbojet
Boeing 377 Stratocruiser USA 1947-1963 114 4×piston engine
Douglas DC-4 USA 1942–1947 80 4×piston engine
Douglas DC-6 USA 1946–1958 89 4×piston engine
Douglas DC-7 USA 1953–1958 95 4×piston engine
Ilyushin Il-18 USSR 1957–1985 120 4×turboprop
Lockheed Constellation USA 1943–1958 109 4×piston engine
Tupolev Tu-144[16] USSR 1963–1983 140 4×turbojet
Vickers Viscount UK 1948–1963 75 4×turboprop

Four-abreast cabin[edit]

Type Country Production Fuselage Cabin Max. seats Engines
Antonov An-24 USSR 1959–1979 2×turboprop
ATR 42/ATR 72 FR/IT 1984–present 2×turboprop
Fokker 50 NL 1987-1997 2×turboprop
Bombardier Dash 8 CAN 1983–present 2×turboprop
Bombardier CRJ CAN 1991—present 2×turbofan
Concorde FR/UK 1965–1979 4×turbojet
Convair CV-240 USA 1947–1954 2×piston engine
Douglas DC-3 USA 1936–1942, 1950 2×piston engine
Embraer E-Jet family BR 2001–present 2×turbofan
Mitsubishi Regional Jet JP 2017—present 2.76 m (9ft 1in)[17] 2×turbofan
Tupolev Tu-124 USSR 1960–1965 2.7 m 56 2×turbofan
Tupolev Tu-134[18] USSR 1966–1984 2.9 m 2.71 m[19] 84[18] 2×turbofan

Three-abreast cabin[edit]

Type Country Production Fuselage Cabin Max. seats Engines
BAe Jetstream 41 UK 1992–1997 30 2×turboprop
Embraer EMB 120 BR 1983–2001; built individually as of 2007 228 centimetres (90 in) 30 2×turboprop
Embraer ERJ 145 family BR since 1989 2×turbofan
Saab 340/Saab 2000 SWE 1983–1999 2×turboprop
Short Brothers Short 360 IRL 1981–1991 2×turboprop
This Virgin America Airbus A320 is an example of a narrow-body passenger cabin
An Embraer narrow-body ERJ 145 of bmi regional at Bristol Airport, England (2016)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ except seven-abreast for Channel Airways[5]
  2. ^ except six-abreast for some operators including CityJet[13] and Mahan Air[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ seatguru : Thomas Cook B757-300
  2. ^ Morris, Rob. "The Flightglobal Fleet Forecast's narrowbody outlook" August 2015. Archive
  3. ^ Ajoy Kumar Kundu (12 April 2010). Aircraft Design. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 1139487450. 
  4. ^ a321 specifications
  5. ^ "Variants". Shockcone.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-01-19. 
  6. ^ 707 acaps
  7. ^ 727 acaps
  8. ^ 737 acaps
  9. ^ 757 acaps
  10. ^ "Commercial Aircraft of the World" (PDF). Flight. 23 November 1961. 
  11. ^ MC-21 spec
  12. ^ tu-154 specs
  13. ^ "SeatGuru Seat Map Air France RJ-85 Avroliner". SeatGuru. Retrieved 14 July 2015. 
  14. ^ "Seat Map". Mahan Air. Retrieved 14 July 2015. 
  15. ^ Bombardier Aerospace Commercial Aircraft Customer Support: Airport planning publication, p. 5.
  16. ^ TU-144 SS Technical Specs: Accommodation
  17. ^ "MRJ Brochure" (PDF). Mitsubishi Aircraft Corporation. 2016. 
  18. ^ a b [1]
  19. ^ [2]