Naryan-Mar

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Naryan-Mar

Нарьян-Мар
Other transcription(s)
 • NenetsНяръяна марˮ
Top left: Nenets Autonomous Federal Hall; top right; Zapolyarnaya Stolitsa Avenue; second from the top: Naryan-Mar post office; second from the bottom: Town Administration building; bottom left: a church in Naryan-Mar; bottom right: culture center
Top left: Nenets Autonomous Federal Hall; top right; Zapolyarnaya Stolitsa Avenue; second from the top: Naryan-Mar post office; second from the bottom: Town Administration building; bottom left: a church in Naryan-Mar; bottom right: culture center
Flag of Naryan-Mar
Flag
Coat of arms of Naryan-Mar
Coat of arms
Location of Naryan-Mar
Naryan-Mar is located in Russia
Naryan-Mar
Naryan-Mar
Location of Naryan-Mar
Naryan-Mar is located in Nenets Autonomous Okrug
Naryan-Mar
Naryan-Mar
Naryan-Mar (Nenets Autonomous Okrug)
Coordinates: 67°38′N 53°03′E / 67.633°N 53.050°E / 67.633; 53.050Coordinates: 67°38′N 53°03′E / 67.633°N 53.050°E / 67.633; 53.050
CountryRussia
Federal subjectNenets Autonomous Okrug[1]
Founded1930
Government
 • Mayor[2]Oleg Belak[2]
Area
 • Total24 km2 (9 sq mi)
Elevation
64 m (210 ft)
Population
 • Total21,658
 • Density900/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
 • Subordinated tocity of okrug significance of Naryan-Mar[1]
 • Capital ofNenets Autonomous Okrug[1], city of okrug significance of Naryan-Mar[1]
 • Urban okrugNaryan-Mar Urban Okrug[1]
 • Capital ofNaryan-Mar Urban Okrug[1]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[4])
Postal code(s)[5]
166000
Dialing code(s)+7 81853
Twin townsArkhangelskEdit this on Wikidata
OKTMO ID11851000001
Websitewww.adm-nmar.ru

Naryan-Mar (Russian: Нарья́н-Мар; Nenets: Няръянa марˮ, Nyar'yana marq, literally "red town") is a sea and river port town and the administrative center of Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Russia. The town is situated on the right bank of the Pechora River, 110 kilometers (68 mi) upstream from the river's mouth, on the Barents Sea. Naryan-Mar lies north of the Arctic Circle. Population: 21,658 (2010 Census);[3] 18,611 (2002 Census);[6] 20,182 (1989 Census);[7] 17,000 (1973).

History[edit]

Industrial development in the area around Naryan-Mar began in 1930, in the course of the first five-year plan of the Soviet Union. The growth of the region was the direct result of the development of the Pechora coalfield and the construction of related industrial infrastructure.

Naryan-Mar was for many years a center of the lumber industry, and possesses several large, and currently defunct, lumber mills. At present, the biggest employer in the town is the petroleum company LUKoil.

The town's importance derives from being the only developed commercial port in an area of several thousand square miles. As a result, Naryan-Mar has a reasonably well developed tourist and hospitality services, with several saunas and hotels. The town also hosts a local museum, a large World War II memorial, an Orthodox church, and a historic district which predates the foundation of the modern city. Sports fishing is also possible in the area.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Naryan-Mar is the administrative center of the autonomous okrug.[1] Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as the town of okrug significance of Naryan-Mar—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the town of okrug significance of Naryan-Mar is incorporated as Naryan-Mar Urban Okrug.[1]

Transportation[edit]

The port of Naryan-Mar

The town is served by the Naryan-Mar Airport, which is connected to the town by the 3 kilometres (1.9 mi)-long A-381.

Climate[edit]

Naryan-Mar has a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc) with short, mild summers that may exceed +25 °C (77 °F) and very cold winters. Precipitation is somewhat greater in summer than in winter.

Climate data for Naryan-Mar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 2.7
(36.9)
2.8
(37.0)
7.9
(46.2)
14.2
(57.6)
27.8
(82.0)
33.4
(92.1)
33.9
(93.0)
30.8
(87.4)
23.9
(75.0)
17.2
(63.0)
6.5
(43.7)
3.0
(37.4)
33.9
(93.0)
Average high °C (°F) −13.2
(8.2)
−12.8
(9.0)
−6.6
(20.1)
−2.0
(28.4)
4.7
(40.5)
14.1
(57.4)
18.8
(65.8)
14.7
(58.5)
9.3
(48.7)
1.6
(34.9)
−6.5
(20.3)
−10.1
(13.8)
1.0
(33.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −17.2
(1.0)
−16.9
(1.6)
−10.9
(12.4)
−6.6
(20.1)
0.6
(33.1)
8.8
(47.8)
13.5
(56.3)
10.5
(50.9)
5.8
(42.4)
−0.8
(30.6)
−9.6
(14.7)
−14.0
(6.8)
−3.1
(26.4)
Average low °C (°F) −21.7
(−7.1)
−21.4
(−6.5)
−15.5
(4.1)
−11.2
(11.8)
−2.7
(27.1)
4.7
(40.5)
9.2
(48.6)
7.1
(44.8)
3.0
(37.4)
−3.3
(26.1)
−13.2
(8.2)
−18.3
(−0.9)
−6.9
(19.6)
Record low °C (°F) −47.4
(−53.3)
−46.5
(−51.7)
−45.4
(−49.7)
−36.3
(−33.3)
−23.7
(−10.7)
−7.2
(19.0)
0.0
(32.0)
−4.3
(24.3)
−7.8
(18.0)
−26.4
(−15.5)
−40.2
(−40.4)
−47.6
(−53.7)
−47.6
(−53.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 29
(1.1)
24
(0.9)
26
(1.0)
29
(1.1)
37
(1.5)
48
(1.9)
55
(2.2)
70
(2.8)
60
(2.4)
52
(2.0)
37
(1.5)
36
(1.4)
503
(19.8)
Average rainy days 3 2 3 7 14 20 20 25 24 16 6 4 144
Average snowy days 24 22 23 17 11 2 0 0 1 12 20 24 156
Average relative humidity (%) 82 82 81 78 76 72 75 83 86 88 87 84 81
Mean monthly sunshine hours 6.0 47.0 128.0 200.0 187.0 248.0 264.0 160.0 98.0 52.0 13.0 1.0 1,404
Source #1: Pogoda.ru.net[8]
Source #2: NOAA (sun only, 1961-1990)[9]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Law #557-OZ
  2. ^ a b Krasny Tundrovik. Oleg Belak took office of the head of Naryan-Mar Archived March 15, 2017, at the Wayback Machine ‹See Tfd›(in Russian)
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) ‹See Tfd›(in Russian)
  6. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  7. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  8. ^ "Pogoda.ru.net - Climate Data for Naryan-Mar" (in Russian). Retrieved January 18, 2013.
  9. ^ "Nar'jan-Mar Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 18, 2013.

Sources[edit]

  • Собрание депутатов Ненецкого автономного округа. Закон №557-ОЗ от 24 февраля 2005 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ненецкого автономного округа», в ред. Закона №155-ОЗ от 1 декабря 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в часть 1 статьи 2 Закона Ненецкого автономного округа "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ненецкого автономного округа"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Няръяна Вындер", №28, 28 февраля 2005 г. (Council of Deputies of Nenets Autonomous Okrug. Law #557-OZ of February 24, 2005 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Nenets Autonomous Okrug, as amended by the Law #155-OZ of December 1, 2015 On Amending Part 1 of Article 2 of the Law of Nenets Autonomous Okrug "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Nenets Autonomous Okrug". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).