Nasal septal hematoma

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Nasal septal hematoma
Other namesNasal septal hematoma
Septal Hematoma.png
Nasal septal hematoma
SpecialtyOtolaryngology

Nasal septal hematoma is a condition affecting the nasal septum.[1] It can be associated with trauma.[2]

Because the septal cartilage has no blood supply of its own and receives all of its nutrients and oxygen from the perichondrium, an untreated septal hematoma may lead to destruction of the septum. Immediate drainage is necessary. Failure to recognize septal hematomas, or treat in a timely fashion, can cause a saddle nose deformity.

This condition appears more in children because of the septum is thicker and the lining is more flexible.[3]

Causes[edit]

Some causes of nasal septal hematoma include: broken nose, medication, surgery or injury to the soft tissue area.[3]

Symptoms[edit]

Symptoms include: blockage in breathing, change in nose shape, painful swelling of nasal septum and nasal congestion.[3]

Diagnosis[edit]

Nasal septal hematoma

Diagnosis can be made by a physical exam with the use of a nasal speculum or otoscope. Sometimes palpatation is used to diagnose the hematoma. [4]

Treatment[edit]

To treat a septal hematoma it is incised and drained to prevent avascular necrosis of the septal hyaline cartilage which depends on diffusion of nutrients from its attached nasal mucosa. Small hematomas can be aspirated with a wide-bore needle. Large hematomas are drained by an incision parallel to nasal floor.[5] Systemic antibiotics are given after the incision and drainage to prevent local infection.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ginsburg CM (April 1998). "Nasal septal hematoma". Pediatr Rev. 19 (4): 142–3. doi:10.1542/pir.19-4-142. PMID 9557069.
  2. ^ Dubach P, Aebi C, Caversaccio M (December 2008). "Late-onset posttraumatic septal hematoma and abscess formation in a six-year-old Tamil girl—case report and literature review". Rhinology. 46 (4): 342–4. PMID 19146008.
  3. ^ a b c "Nasal septal hematoma". MedlinePlus. Retrieved October 27, 2019.
  4. ^ Gupta, Gunjan; Mahajan, Kunal (2019), "Nasal Septal Hematoma", StatPearls, StatPearls Publishing, PMID 29261856, retrieved 2019-10-27
  5. ^ Dhingra, P.L (2013-10-01). Diseases Of Ear, Nose And Throat & Head And Neck Surgery. Elsevier India. ISBN 978-8131234310.