Nashan

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Nashan
Nashan is located in Yemen
Nashan
Shown within Yemen
Alternative nameNashshān
LocationYemen
RegionAl Jawf Governorate
Coordinates16°10′N 44°45′E / 16.167°N 44.750°E / 16.167; 44.750Coordinates: 16°10′N 44°45′E / 16.167°N 44.750°E / 16.167; 44.750

Nashan (Arabic: ناشان‎, modern day Kharbat Al-Sawda',[1] Arabic: خربة السوداء‎) is the name of an ancient South Arabian city in the northern al-Jawf region of present day Yemen, in the territory of the ancient Kingdom of Ma'in. The city was called Nestum in the Natural History book that was written by Pliny the Elder.

History[edit]

Nashan, located near "Al-Khārid river" along with the neighboring Kaminahu, Haram and Nashaq in the region of al-Jawf, was a separate city state.

Around 715 BC, it was initially annexed by Yitha'amar Watar I of Saba. Subsequently, Karib'il Watar (around 685 BC) launched a campaign to capture Nashan and Nashaq which lasted for three years. Eventually, he managed to subdue both cities, and to dedicate his triumph to his god Almaqah.[2]

A stela of Yatha' Amar Watar dated to about 715BC, tells that he invaded the area and took the town. It reads:

Yatha amar Watar son of Yakrubmalik mukarrib of Saba dedicated to Aranyada' the patron when Aranyada came back from the territories of Aranyada' and of Nashshan and avenged Nashshan at the expense of Kaminahu because Nashahn had maintained the alliance of Almaqah and of Aranyada', of Yatha amar and of Malikwaqah, of Saba of nashshan, because of ... of god and parton of pact and alliance.[3]

In 25 BC, Nashan was mentioned as "Annestum"[note 1] during Aelius Gallus's expedition to Arabia Felix under orders of Augustus against Saba'. However, the expedition ended in critical failure and the Romans accused a Nabataean guide called "Syllaeus" of misleading them. This expedition was mentioned by Greek geographer Strabo in which he named Ilasaros as the ruler of Hadhramaut at that time.

Culture[edit]

Nashshān, was in Wādī Madhāb,[4] to the north-east of Ma'rib and was a trading center and town in Pre-Islamic Arabia. Nashshān, and its neighbours, Haram (Yemen), Kaminahu and Inabba' were similar in that they were civil temple settlements and city states, and inscriptions in all four towns are in the Minaean language.

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Mentioned by Pliny the Elder in his book Natural History. p. 151.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Steven C. Caton (2013). Yemen. ABC-CLIO. p. 43. ISBN 9781598849288.
  2. ^ Magee, Peter (2014). The Archaeology of Prehistoric Arabia: Adaptation and Social Formation from the Neolithic to the Iron Age. Cambridge University Press. p. 243. ISBN 1139991639.
  3. ^ Greg Fisher, Arabs and Empires Before Islam (Oxford University Press, 2015 ) p 102.
  4. ^ Leonid Kogan and Andrey Korotayev: Sayhadic Languages (Epigraphic South Arabian). Semitic Languages. London: Routledge, 1997. Pg. 221.