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Nashik

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Nashik

Nasik
Trimbak Mandir.jpg
Anjaneri waterfall.jpg
Goda ghat nasik.jpg
PandavLena Caves Nashik.jpg
Sula Vineyards.jpg
Kalaram.jpg
Grapes. Nasik.jpg
NashikViewfromPandavLeni.jpg
Clockwise from top left: Trimbakeshwar Shiva Temple, Anjaneri waterfall, Pandavleni Caves, Kalaram Temple, Nashik city skyline, Nashik grapes, Sula Vineyards, Godavari Ghat
Nickname(s): 
Wine Capital of India[1]
Nashik is located in Maharashtra
Nashik
Nashik
Location of Nasik in Maharashtra
Nashik is located in India
Nashik
Nashik
Nashik (India)
Nashik is located in Asia
Nashik
Nashik
Nashik (Asia)
Coordinates: 20°00′N 73°47′E / 20.00°N 73.78°E / 20.00; 73.78Coordinates: 20°00′N 73°47′E / 20.00°N 73.78°E / 20.00; 73.78
Country India
StateMaharashtra
DistrictNashik
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • MayorRanjana Bhansi (BJP)
 • Municipal CommissionerR. V. Game(IAS)
 • Commissioner of PoliceVishwas Nangare Patil(IPS)
 • Deputy MayorPrathamesh Gite(BJP)
Area
 • Metropolis2,681 km2 (1,035 sq mi)
Elevation
986 m (3,235 ft)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Metropolis34,86,053 (3rd in Maharashtra)
 • Metro55,61,809
 • Metro rank
10th
Demonym(s)Nashikkar, Nashikites
Language
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
422 0xx
Telephone code91(253)
Vehicle registrationMH-15(Nashik City) MH-41,51(Nashik Rural)
Websitewww.unravelnashik.com
nashik.gov.in
www.nashikcorporation.in

Nashik (/ˈnʌʃɪk/ also called as Nasik (About this soundlisten))[4] is an ancient holy city in the northern region of the Indian state of Maharashtra. Situated on the banks of river Godavari, Nasik is well known for being one of Hindu pilgrimage sites, that of Kumbh Mela which is held every 12 years.[5][6] It is the third largest city in Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune. Mumbai-Nashik-Pune forms a golden triangle in Maharashtra.

The city located about 190 km north of state capital Mumbai, is called the "Wine Capital of India" as half of India’s vineyards and wineries are located in Nashik.[1][7]

Etymology

As per Ramayana, Nashik is the location on the banks of Godavari river where Laxman, by the wish of Lord Rama, cut the nose of Shurpanakha and thus this city was named as "Nashik".[6]

History

Geography

Nashik lies in the northern part of Maharashtra state at 584 m (1,916 ft)[8] from the mean sea level which gives it ideal temperature variation, particularly in winters.[1]

Nashik has lush mountainous terrain

The river Godavari originates from the Brahmagiri Mountain, Trimbakeshwar about 24 km (15 mi) from Nashik and flows through the old residential settlement, now in the central part of the city. Due to high pollution created by factories in proximity of the city the river was dying at an alarming rate. It has since been successfully cleaned.[9] Other than Godavari, important rivers like Vaitarana, Bhima, Girana flow across Nashik.[10]

Nashik lies on the western edge of the Deccan Plateau which is a volcanic formation.[11]

Trimbakeshwar is about 30 km (19 mi) from the city, it is where from river Godavari originates. The land area of the city is about 259.13 km2 (100.05 sq mi).[12] Anjaneri near Nashik is the birthplace of lord Hanuman.[citation needed]

Climate

The city's tropical location and high altitude combine to give it a relatively mild version of a tropical wet and dry climate. Temperatures rise slightly in October, but this is followed by the cool season from November to February. The cool season sees warm temperatures of around 28 °C during the day, but cool nights, with lows averaging 10 °C, and extremely dry air.

Climate data for Nashik
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.5
(95.9)
36.5
(97.7)
40.3
(104.5)
42.4
(108.3)
43.1
(109.6)
40.4
(104.7)
35.4
(95.7)
34.3
(93.7)
36.5
(97.7)
38.5
(101.3)
34.7
(94.5)
32.8
(91.0)
43.1
(109.6)
Average high °C (°F) 25.0
(77.0)
27.1
(80.8)
33.3
(91.9)
35.5
(95.9)
35.9
(96.6)
32.1
(89.8)
28.2
(82.8)
28.0
(82.4)
28.6
(83.5)
30.9
(87.6)
29.0
(84.2)
28.7
(83.7)
30.2
(86.4)
Average low °C (°F) 8.0
(46.4)
11.6
(52.9)
17.4
(63.3)
21.1
(70.0)
23.2
(73.8)
23.1
(73.6)
22.0
(71.6)
21.5
(70.7)
20.7
(69.3)
19.2
(66.6)
14.0
(57.2)
11.0
(51.8)
17.7
(63.9)
Record low °C (°F) 0.4
(32.7)
0.6
(33.1)
5.7
(42.3)
8.9
(48.0)
13.5
(56.3)
18.3
(64.9)
17
(63)
17
(63)
13.5
(56.3)
9.8
(49.6)
4.4
(39.9)
2.2
(36.0)
0.4
(32.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
1.5
(0.06)
0.1
(0.00)
5.1
(0.20)
235
(9.3)
386.7
(15.22)
255.9
(10.07)
230.9
(9.09)
56.5
(2.22)
18.9
(0.74)
0.4
(0.02)
1,191
(46.92)
Source: Climate data [1][13][14]

Civic administration

Nashik city is governed by the Nashik Municipal Corporation.[15]

Court

The Nashik Court Building is built in black stone in British regime style and a new building was inaugurated on 18 September 2005. There are 73 courts including taluka court.[16][17]

Solid waste management

In the Nashik Municipal Corporation area about 225 MT of solid waste is generated per day. Unlike other Indian cities, this garbage is collected by vehicles titled 'Ghantagadi' (meaning the vehicle with a bell): a system which has resulted in smaller versions of the ghantagadi ply in the congested old city areas. A plant has been set by the Nashik Municipal Corporation near Pandav Leni (Pandavleni Caves) to process the garbage and convert into compost.[18]

Ram Kund in Nashik; the city is an important Hindu pilgrimage destination

Demographics

Nashik is the fourth largest city in Maharashtra in terms of population after Mumbai, Pune and Nagpur. According to the Census of India, 2011, Nashik had a population of 1,486,053. Males constitute 782,517 of the population and females 703,536. Metropolitan Nashik population was 1,561,809 in which 821,921 were males and 739,888 were females. Nashik city had an average literacy rate of 89.85%: male literacy was 93.40%, and female literacy was 85.92%.[19]

The sex ratio is 894 per 1,000 males for Nashik city. Child sex ratio is 865 girls per 1,000 boys. In Nashik, 11.42% of the population is under 6 years of age.[20] In census year 2001 the Nashik Urban Agglomeration had a population of 11,52,326. Thus it was the fourth largest urban area of Maharashtra State after Mumbai, Pune and Nagpur. The projected population of Nashik urban agglomeration (which includes abutting urban areas like Deolali) as on 11 November 2012 is 15,62,769.[21]

Religions in Nashik City[22]
Religion Percent
Hindus
85.21%
Muslims
8.90%
Buddhist
3.18%
Jains
1.10%
Christian
1.00%
Sikhs
0.39%
Others†
0.22%
Distribution of religions
Includes not stated and others.

Art and culture

108 feet Rishabdev Bhagwan at Mangi Tungi

In February 2016, The Statue of Ahimsa, a 108 ft idol of first Jain tirthankara Rishabhdev carved in monolithic stone was consecrated at Mangi Tungi. It is recorded in the Guinness Book of World Records as the tallest Jain idol in the world.[23]

Cave No.10 "Nahapana Vihara" at Pandavleni Caves, (circa 120 CE).
Trimbakeshwar Temple near Nashik (source of the Godavari River)

Pandavleni Caves

The Pandavleni Caves, or Nasik Caves, are a group of 24 caves carved between the 1st century BCE and the 2nd century CE,[24] representing the Hinayana Buddhist caves and. Most of the caves are Viharas except for the 18th cave which is a Chaitya.[25] The location of the caves is a holy Buddhist site and is located about 8 km south of Nashik.

Dams

  • Gangapur Dam is on the river Godavari near Gangawadi village and it is earthen dam, Nashik.[26]
  • Chankapur dam which is on the Girna river is one of the big dams built by the British in the 19th century. It is 3 km from the village Abhona in Kalwan tehsil and 60 km from Nashik.
  • Kashypi Dam is on the Kashypi river near Rajapur, Nashik.
  • Girna Dam is an earthfill type of dam on river Girna near Nandgaon, Nashik District.
  • Darna Dam is a gravity dam on Darna river near Igatpuri, Nashik district.

Culture

The culture of the city of Nashik, in northwestern Maharashtra, is centred around Hindu customs and festivals, and the Jain Statue of Ahimsa.

Kumbh Mela

The 1989 Kumbh Mela at Nashik.

The Kumbh Mela is celebrated every six years at Haridwar and Allahabad and Maha Kumbh takes place every twelve years at four places in Allahabad, Haridwar, Ujjain, and Nashik. According to the Puranas, it is believed that Kumbh derives its name from an immortal pot of nectar, which the devtas (Gods) and demons fought over. The four places where the nectar fell are at the banks of river Godavari in Nashik, river Kshipra in Ujjain, river Ganges in Haridwar and at Triveni Sangam of Ganga, Yamuna and invisible Saraswati River in Allahabad.[27][5]

Economy

Agriculture

A grape vineyard in Nashik.

In early 1925, the table grape revolution was started in Ojhar, a small town near Nashik, by Raosaheb Jairam Krishna Gaikwad. Today, table grapes are exported to Europe, the Middle East, and Asia.[28]

The average Kharip crop area is 663,200 hectares while the average Rabbi crop area is 136500 hectares. The sown area is 658,763 hectares (99%) and the forest land is 340,000 hectares (21.75%). The uncultivable area is 23,000 hectares (1.48%).[29]

Rainwater harvesting

The Nashik Municipal Corporation has made it mandatory for new constructions in the city to install a rainwater harvesting system without which a completion certificate is not granted. This measure is expected to help recharge the aquifers and augment the groundwater level.[30]

Industry

The Igatpuri-Nashik-Sinnar investment region is an important node in the US$90 billion Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Project.[31][32]

Mahindra Scorpio is manufactured at Mahindra & Mahindra plant in Nashik

Nashik is a defense and aerospace manufacturing hub with Hindustan Aeronautics Limited aircraft manufacturing plant located at Ozar.[33] The Currency Note Press[34] and India Security Press are on Nashik Road, where Indian currency and government stamp papers are printed respectively.[35]

Sukhoi Su-30MKI is manufactured at Hindustan Aeronautics Limited plant in Nashik

Existing industrial areas in Nashik district are Satpur, Ambad, Sinnar, Igatpuri, Dindori and Vinchur. The proposed additional areas are Sinnar, Malegaon and Rajur Bahula.[36]

Large-scale industries present in Nashik district are Atlas Copco, Robert Bosch GmbH, CEAT Limited, Crompton Greaves, Graphite India, Schneider Electric, ThyssenKrupp, Epcos, Everest Industries, Gabriel India, GlaxoSmithKline, Hindustan Coca-Cola, Hindustan Unilever Limited, Jindal Polyster, Jyoti Structures, Kirlosker Oil Engines, KSB Pumps, Larsen & Toubro, Mahindra and Mahindra, Mahindra Sona, United Spirits Limited, Perfect Circle Industries, Mahindra Ugine Steel, Samsonite, Shalimar Paints, Siemens, VIP Industries, Indian Oil Corporation, XLO India Limited and Jindal Saw.[37]

Apart from manufacturing, Nashik is an emerging investment destination for Information Technology companies. Tata Consultancy Services has invested in Nashik under the government of India BPO promotion scheme (IBPS). Also WNS, ACRESS, Accenture, ICOMET technoloies[38] TCS has set up Digital Impact Square, or DISQ, which is a social innovation center.[39]

Nashik has a textile industry.[8] National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development has selected Yeola Block for development of Paithani Cluster.[8] To facilitate exports, a container freight station was started at MIDC Ambad by the Central Government.[40]

Wine industry

Tasting cellar at Sula Vineyards.

Nashik has been described as "The Wine Capital of India" the Nashik region reportedly produced 10,000 tonnes of grapes per year.[41]

In 2013, there were 22 wineries in Nashik, out of 46 wineries throughout India.[42] The largest vineyard in Nashik is the Sula Vineyards.[1]

In the harvest season, Nashik is home to several wine festivals, such as the India Grape Harvest and SulaFest.[43][44]

Education

The city has two state-run universities: the Yashwantrao Chavan Maharashtra Open University and the Maharashtra University of Health Sciences.

International relations

Twin towns and sister cities

Transport

  1. Roadways- Nashik is connected to others cities in India by road.
  2. Railways- Nasik Road railway station is city railway station along with Deolali which lies within the city boundary.
  3. Airways- Nashik has its airport located at Ozar and an old airport at Gandhinagar which connected Nashik to Mumbai. The Gandhinagar Airport is now served for the military. Nashik Airport is domestic airport and it is connected to Ahmedabad, Indore and Hyderabad. Soon the city will be connected to Bengaluru and Goa under the UDAN scheme. There also had been a sea port constructed on Gangapur Dam to connect to Pune and Mumbai via a seaplane service which was operated by MEHAIR.
  4. Public Transport- In city people often mostly prefer auto rickshaw to travel. City bus service is operated by MSRTC.
  5. Metro - Greater Nashik Metro is proposed by Maharashtra Metro Rail Corporation Limited. It will be operational in 2024.

Notable people

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Why Nashik is the wine capital of India - Asia-Pacific - RFI". Archived from the original on 9 April 2018. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  2. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Census of India 2011. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 July 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
  3. ^ "Major Agglomerations" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in. Archived (PDF) from the original on 17 October 2013. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
  4. ^ "jjkent.com". jjkent.com. Archived from the original on 27 January 2013. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
  5. ^ a b "History of Kumbh Mela – Origin of Kumbh Mela". Kumbhamela.net. Archived from the original on 18 September 2018. Retrieved 2 July 2015.
  6. ^ a b "Development and present Status of Nashik District" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 April 2018. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  7. ^ "Visit Nashik, Wine Capital of India". CNN. Archived from the original on 9 April 2018. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  8. ^ a b c "Overview of District". Official Website of Nashik District. Nashik.nic.in. Archived from the original on 5 April 2015. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
  9. ^ "geography". Archived from the original on 18 January 2019. Retrieved 21 April 2019.
  10. ^ "geography".[permanent dead link]
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  12. ^ "History of Nashik". Nashikcorporation.com. Archived from the original on 27 December 2008. Retrieved 16 July 2010.
  13. ^ https://www.webcitation.org/6GmnoaB0m?url=http://www.imdpune.gov.in/Temp_Extremes/histext2010.pdf
  14. ^ "Climate & Weather Averages in Nashik, Maharashtra, India". www.timeanddate.com. Archived from the original on 10 August 2017. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
  15. ^ "Nashik Municipal Corporation :: Nashik Municipal Corporation". nashikcorporation.in. Archived from the original on 13 January 2019. Retrieved 21 April 2019.
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  17. ^ "Nashik district court: Latest News, Videos and Photos of Nashik district court - Times of India". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 16 January 2019. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
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  19. ^ "2011 Census Nashik". India 2011 Census. Archived from the original on 8 July 2018. Retrieved 21 April 2019.
  20. ^ "Nashik City Population Census 2011 – Maharashtra". Archived from the original on 3 July 2015. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
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  22. ^ "Nashik City Census 2011 data". Archived from the original on 4 May 2018. Retrieved 19 May 2018.
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  24. ^ Empires: Perspectives from Archaeology and History by Susan E. mouurya p.168
  25. ^ lonelyplanet
  26. ^ "Official WebSite of Nashik District". Archived from the original on 10 August 2013. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  27. ^ "Official WebSite of Nashik District". Nashik.nic.in. Archived from the original on 6 April 2015. Retrieved 2 July 2015.
  28. ^ Tushar Pawar, TNN 16 May 2012, 06.06AM IST (16 May 2012). "India's grape export up by nearly 60% this year – Times of India". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 28 September 2013.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
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  31. ^ "Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor launched in Maharashtra". Financial Express. 4 March 2014. Archived from the original on 14 January 2018. Retrieved 13 January 2018.
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  33. ^ Welcome to HAL – Aircraft Division Archived 23 March 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  34. ^ "Currency Note Press, Nashik has Highest Ever Monthly Production of 451.5 Million Pieces (MPCS) of Banknotes during January, 2013". Press Information Bureau, Government of India. 8 February 2013. Archived from the original on 7 February 2019. Retrieved 21 April 2019.
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  37. ^ "Brief Industrial Profile of Nashik District" (PDF). GOI Ministry of MSME. 2017. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 August 2017. Retrieved 8 August 2017.
  38. ^ "India BPO promotion scheme". www.business-standard.com. Archived from the original on 9 August 2017. Retrieved 9 August 2017.
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  44. ^ "Leaders of Tomorrow: Nashik- The wine capital of India | The Economic Times Video | ET Now". Economictimes.indiatimes.com. Archived from the original on 3 August 2015. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
  45. ^ "Maharashtra Tourism". Archived from the original on 29 July 2018. Retrieved 17 May 2018. Budapest and Nashik to be sister cities as collaboration between Hungary and Maharashtra to have a roadmap ahead for mutual synergies!Shri Jaykumar Rawal, Hon Minister Tourism, Shri Vijay Gautam IAS PS, Shri Aashutosh Rathod JtMD, interacting with the Hungary delegation at Sahyadri
  46. ^ "Veer Savarkar Biography - Vir Savarkar Indian Freedom Fighter - Vinayak Damodar Savarkar History". www.iloveindia.com. Archived from the original on 27 August 2015. Retrieved 11 September 2015.
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External links