Nashville Metropolitan Transit Authority

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Nashville Metropolitan Transit Authority
Nashville mta logo.png
Founded 1973
Headquarters 430 Myatt Drive
Service area Nashville-Davidson County
Service type bus service, bus rapid transit, paratransit, park and ride
Routes 55
Hubs Music City Central
Stations 6 Music City Star stations
Fleet 137 (bus), 40 (AccessRide)
Daily ridership approx. 30000 riders
Fuel type diesel, diesel-electric, electric
Chief executive Stephen G. Bland
Website nashvillemta.org

The Nashville Metropolitan Transit Authority (MTA) is a public transportation agency based in Nashville, Tennessee. Consisting of city buses and paratransit, the system serves Nashville and Davidson County. Most bus routes serve the downtown transit station, Music City Central. This makes MTA the largest transit agency where most of the bus routes terminate in a Central Business District with no crosstown service. The crosstown services that do not terminate in downtown Nashville are the University Connector (route 21), the Edmondson Pike Connector (route 72), and the Madison Connector (route 76).[1]

The University Connector (route 21) began on Sunday, September 30, 2012. This route provides cross-town service connecting six universities including Tennessee State University, Meharry Medical College, Fisk University, Vanderbilt University, Belmont University and Lipscomb University. Buses travel via the new 28th/31st Avenue Bridge every 30 to 60 minutes on weekdays and hourly on weekends. The route provides transfer points to 10 other MTA bus routes.[2]

In addition, MTA partnered with the Metro Arts Commission, which commissioned six artist-designed transit shelters are placed along the new 28th/31st Avenue Bridge.[3][4]

The MTA was the only transit agency in the country to implement payment with credit card at the fare box. That proof of payment approach has since been discontinued as of March 2009.[5]

History[edit]

The first public transportation in Nashville began in 1860 when the McGavock and Mt. Vernon Horse Railroad Company and the South Nashville Street Railroad Company were joined together to create a public transportation system using steam and mules to power rail cars. The first electric streetcar in Nashville came in 1889. Over the years, several different companies offered transit in Nashville. The first buses came in 1926, as a complement to the preceding rail lines. In 1930, Tennessee Electric Power Company took over the transit system and phased out streetcars 10 years later. In 1953, the company was reorganized and changed its name to Nashville Transit Company. The next 20 years saw the decline of public transportation in Nashville and the rise of the automobile. This led to higher fares and service cutbacks for the transit system. In order to keep public transportation in the city viable, Metro-Nashville government purchased the Nashville Transit Company and created the Metropolitan Transit Authority in 1973.[6]

Due to the flood in May, 2010, Nashville MTA suffered losses to their fleet and their maintenance/administration offices. The total losses amounted to 42 buses, nearly 50 paratransit vans, various other support vehicles and severe damage caused to both the maintenance/administration offices and to the Riverfront Music City Star train station. Service was interrupted for 4 days, with limited service being restored afterwards for the next four weeks. In early June, 2010, Nashville MTA obtained loaner buses and other vehicles from surrounding transit agencies, including Memphis, Cincinnati, Clarksville and others. Regular transit service was restored shortly thereafter.

MTA System[edit]

The MTA bus system serves all of Nashville and Davidson County. While no bus service is directly provided to the autonomous Davidson County incorporated community of Forest Hills, some service is provided, though, to Belle Meade, Berry Hill, Goodlettsville and Oak Hill.[7]

Service to the autonomous Davidson County incorporated community of Lakewood began on Monday, April 30, 2012.[8] Route 27 Old Hickory provides weekday service in Old Hickory via Lakewood. Buses travel to and from downtown Nashville and Madison. New park-n-rides are located at the former City Hall in Lakewood and at the MTA Administrative Offices on Myatt Drive in Madison.[9]

AccessRide[edit]

MTA offers a paratransit service operating specialized van services for people with disabilities unable to use regular bus routes. AccessRide provides door-to-door paratransit service in Davidson County within 1.5 miles (2.4 km) from a regular bus route. This service also provides elderly people with a way to get to doctors appointments and pick up medication. The fare price for this service is $3.40 per ride.

Park & Ride[edit]

MTA & RTA also have a Park & Ride program where passengers can park their cars in designated parking lots and ride the bus to their destination.

Transit Fleet[edit]

MTA & RTA operates eight varieties of buses in their normal operations.

  • Gillig 35 ft (11 m) Standard Diesel Low-Floor Buses
  • Gillig 35 ft (11 m) Diesel/Electric Hybrid Low-Floor Buses
  • Gillig 40 ft (12 m) Standard Diesel Low-Floor Buses
  • Gillig 40 ft (12 m) Diesel/Electric Hybrid Low-Floor Buses
  • North American Bus Industries, LLC (NABI) 60 ft (18 m) Diesel/Electric Hybrid Articulated Buses
  • New Flyer Industries, Inc. 60 ft (18 m) Diesel/Electric Hybrid Articulated Buses
  • Motor Coach Industries International, Inc. (MCI) 45 ft (14 m) Standard Diesel Over-the-Road Buses
  • Proterra, Inc. 35 ft (11 m) Standard Electric Low-Floor Buses

Ticket Cost[edit]

The cost of tickets mainly depends on the riders age and the number of days or rides the ticket permits. An adult ticket allowing 31 days of unlimited rides (31-day pass) will typically cost less than that of a youth. Some riders receive special discounts because of mental or physical disability.

Regional Transit Authority (RTA)[edit]

Outside of Davidson County, MTA collaborates with the Regional Transit Authority (RTA) to provide express service to Franklin, Gallatin, Hendersonville, Lavergne, Smyrna, Murfreesboro, Spring Hill, Joelton and Springfield. MTA also provides connecting bus service with the Music City Star at Riverfront Station in downtown Nashville (linked by downtown shuttles), and Donelson and Hermitage stations within Nashville along the system's East Corridor Line.

RTA held two public hearings on April 24, 2012 regarding proposed regional express bus service from Clarksville to Nashville.[10][11]

The new express bus service (94X Clarksville Express) began on June 1, 2012. Buses depart weekdays from the Clarksville Rossview Road Park-n-Ride at the Music City Central in downtown Nashville at 6:45 a.m. and 7:45 a.m. The Clarksville Transit System (CTS) provides local bus service to and from the RTA park-n-ride serving the route. CTS fares applies for connecting CTS service.[12] On Monday, April 1, 2013 the 94X Clarksville Express began service to Cheatham County with a stop in Pleasant View. A Park & Ride lot is located at 1502 Substation Road in Pleasant View.[13]


Three RTA bus routes (Routes 84X Murfreesboro Express, 86X Smyrna/LaVergne Express and 87X Gallatin Express) began on Monday, October 1, 2012.

New Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ) funding provides resources for a separate express bus route from Murfreesboro to Nashville. Route 84X Murfreesboro Express begins service at Middle Tennessee State University (MTSU), continue to a new Park & Ride at the North Boulevard Church of Christ on North Rutherford Boulevard, and then continue on Rutherford and Northfield to NW Broad Street where it travels to Nashville via I-840W and ultimately I-24W.

In addition to the express buses from Murfreesboro, RTA CMAQ funding also provides for a separate express bus route from Smyrna and LaVergne. Buses for Route 86X Smyrna/LaVergne Express begin service at the Smyrna Kmart Park & Ride, continue to LaVergne and to I-24 via Waldron Road.


New Route 87X Gallatin Express provides additional service to Gallatin, including a portion previously served by Route 92X. A second Park & Ride lot in Gallatin is located at the Gallatin Farmers’ Market.[14]


Dickson’s Planning Commission recently endorsed a plan to establish Park & Ride locations within Dickson, TN that will support express bus service expected to begin in the summer 2014. The express is expected to make a stop in Cheatham County.[15] Dickson County Mayor Bob Rial said that the idea is to have a stop in Dickson, Burns and/or White Bluff where residents could catch a commuter bus that would take them to a landport in the West End area. From there a shuttle bus will run through the heart of downtown and into East Nashville with several stops along the way.[16] On Monday, April 28, 2014, bus service between Nashville and Dickson began as a two-week pilot project. RTA operated the pilot project to gauge the interest of commuters in Dickson.[17] On Monday, July 21, 2014, The Dickson County Commission agreed to help fund an express commuter bus service to Nashville. The service was expected to officially launch in September 2014, composing of two buses that would depart from Dickson each morning and two that would return from Nashville on weeknights,[18] but the local site for a Park & Ride had not yet been identified, caused a delay in the start of the express bus service until a location was found.[19] With a Park & Ride lot location founded at the Dickson Walmart (located off Highway 46 and Beasley Drive), bus service from Dickson to Nashville began on Monday, January 5, 2015 as the 88X Dickson Express.[20]

Bus Route List[edit]

  • 1 100 Oaks
  • 2 Belmont
  • 3 White Bridge
  • 4 Shelby
  • 5 Belleuve
  • 6 Lebanon Pike
  • 7 Hillsboro
  • 8 8th Avenue South
  • 9 MetroCenter
  • 10 Charlotte Pike
  • 12 Nolensville Pike
  • 14 Whites Creek
  • 15 Murfreesboro Pike
  • 17 12th Avenue South
  • 18 Airport/Downtown Hotels
  • 19 Herman
  • 20 Scott
  • 21 University Connector
  • 22 Bordeaux
  • 23 Dickerson Pike
  • 24 Bellevue Express
  • 25 Midtown (via Hart Street)
  • 25 Midtown (via Jo Johnston)
  • 26 Gallatin Pike
  • 27 Old Hickory
  • 28 Meridian
  • 30 McFerrin
  • 33 Hickory Hollow/Lenox Express
  • 34 Opry Mills
  • 35 Rivergate Express
  • 36 Madison Express
  • 37 Tusculum/McMurray Express
  • 38 Antioch Express
  • 41 Golden Valley
  • 42 Saint Cecilia/Cumberland
  • 43 Hickory Hills
  • 44 MTA Shuttle
  • 50 Charlotte Pike BRT Lite
  • 55 Murfreesboro Pike BRT Lite
  • 56 Gallatin Pike BRT Lite
  • 60 Music City Blue Circuit
  • 61 Music City Green Circuit
  • 62 Music City Purple Circuit
  • 72 Edmondson Pike Connector
  • 76 Madison Connector
  • 84 Murfreesboro Express
  • 86 Smyrna/LaVergne Express
  • 87 Gallatin Express
  • 88 Dickson Express
  • 89 Springfield/Joelton Express
  • 91 Franklin Express
  • 92 Hendersonville Express
  • 93 Music City Star West End Shuttle
  • 94 Clarksville Express
  • 95 Spring Hill Express
  • 96 Nashville/Murfreesboro Relax & Ride

Current and Upcoming Projects[edit]

Music City Star[edit]

The MTA took over operation of the Music City Star commuter train in 2008 after initial service began in 2006.

Clarksville, TN is one step closer to having commuter rail to Nashville, after a firm was selected to conduct a study. The Regional Transportation Authority has hired the firm of Parsons Brinkerhoff to conduct a study to provide consensus among the RTA, the Nashville Area MPO, the Clarksville Urbanized Area MPO and community stakeholders on cost-effective transit improvements to serve the northwest area of Middle Tennessee.[21][22]


Music City Central[edit]

In May 2007, MTA began construction of Music City Central at a cost of $54,000,000,[23] a downtown transfer station that replaced the outdoor Downtown Transit Mall on Deaderick Street. The facility opened to the public on Oct. 26, 2008. Music City Central is a two-story facility with climate-controlled waiting areas. Riders can buy tickets, check bus schedules, and shop at a convenience store or Dunkin' Donuts located at the facility. A multi-story public parking garage is located above the transfer portion of the facility.


BRT (Bus Rapid Transit) Lite[edit]

56 Gallatin Road BRT Lite

After years of study, MTA secured taxpayer funding to purchase the vehicles necessary for a bus rapid transit (BRT) light line. On September 27, 2009, MTA implemented the first phase of its new BRT service on the Gallatin Road corridor, designated as route 56 Gallatin Road BRT Lite. Covering 12 miles (19 km), this BRT service operates from Music City Central to the edge of Sumner County just north of RiverGate Mall. Passengers experience fewer stops and more frequent buses as they travel along one of Nashville's busiest corridors on all new 60-foot (18 m), articulated, fuel-efficient hybrid buses. BRT buses stop at designated stops that are marked with a green "BRT stop" sign. During the second phase of BRT in spring 2010, more customer amenities were added. Gallatin Road intersections have Green Light Extenders that allow the traffic signals to stay green longer as a bus approaches. In addition, each station stop features new enhanced passenger waiting areas.

55 Murfreesboro Pike BRT Lite

A second high use corridor was identified for implementation and funding goes along Murfreesboro Pike. The 55 Murfreesboro Pike BRT Lite, which began service on Monday, April 1, 2013,[24] comes three years after the 56 Gallatin Road BRT Lite, a 12-mile stretch from downtown’s Music City Central to RiverGate Mall, began service. The Murfreesboro Pike BRT Lite stretches from downtown to the Antioch area near the Global Mall at the Crossings, formerly Hickory Hollow Mall.[25][26]

50 Charlotte Pike BRT Lite

Originally, Nashville Mayor Karl Dean had hoped to start running "lite" bus rapid transit service on Charlotte and Nolensville pikes in 2014.,[27] but plans for the Charlotte BRT Lite were discussed at several public meetings in late January and early February of 2015.[28] On March 2, 2015, it was announced that Charlotte Pike will be the third major corridor in Nashville to have BRT Lite service, joining Gallatin Pike and Murfreesboro Pike. 50 Charlotte Pike BRT, which began service on Monday, March 30, 2015, offers limited stops traveling between Music City Central in downtown to the Charlotte Walmart located off River Road. [29]

Nolensville Pike BRT Lite

Preliminary plans are underway for a BRT Lite route to be on Nolensville Pike to begin in the fall of 2015.[30]


Music City Circuit[edit]

The Music City Circuit is a free circulator bus service in downtown Nashville, began March 29, 2010. It operates three lines- the Blue Circuit, serving Bicentennial Mall, the Green Circuit, serving the Gulch, and the Purple Circuit, serving Richard H. Fulton Complex. The Blue Circuit operates 6:30 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. on weekdays, and 11:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. on Saturdays. Likewise, the Green Circuit operates 6:30 a.m. to midnight on weekdays and 11:00 a.m. to midnight Saturdays. The Purple Circuit operates 11 a.m. to 2 p.m. on weekdays. The introduction of the Music City Circuit replaced Route 94 Music City Star Downtown Shuttle. Beginning in late March 2015, Sunday service of the Blue and Green routes will be added with operating hours of 11 a.m. to 11 p.m.[31]


Neighborhood Mini Hubs[edit]

Nashville MTA is working on plans to add two neighborhood transit "mini-hubs" that will provide better transit and pedestrian connectivity through cross-town bus connections, more local transfer points for riders, and a safe and secure waiting area.

The new transit mini-hubs will be strategically located in North Nashville and near the Harding/Nolensville Pike intersection in southeast Nashville. Each mini-hub facility is designed to connect transit users to neighborhoods, commercial areas, parks, greenways and other recreational facilities, and will include a litany of pedestrian-friendly amenities for those wishing to access the greater MTA transit system.

Secure bike racks will give cyclists the option to store their bicycles while riding transit. Upgraded crosswalks, sidewalks, lighting and pedestrian signals will help ensure the safety of those who are walking to and from the mini-hub. The well-lit and secure shelters will give riders cover from the elements while they wait.[32]


Trapeze/AVL Project[edit]

As part of Nashville MTA's new comprehensive transportation management system, MTA customers will soon be able to see where their buses are in “real time” on their computers and smartphones giving them more room to better manage their trips and their time. The technology is just one part of MTA's large system upgrade that includes Computer Aided Dispatch (CAD) and Automatic Vehicle Location (AVL) technology from Trapeze Group, a transportation solutions company. The new system will not only improve the experience for current riders, it will ensure that the transit system will stay relevant and resilient as Nashville grows.

One of the major benefits of the new system is its GPS-based vehicle tracking feature, which helps large transit systems manage their fleets more efficiently and streamlines processes and procedures. In late 2015, MTA bus customers will be able to view on their devices real-time up-to-date stop and arrival times based on vehicle locations. The functionality will be the basis on which third parties can build apps to show where buses are moving along a route. Real time transit information also will be available on digital readouts at Music City Central and eventually at BRT lite stations on Gallatin Pike, Murfreesboro Pike and Charlotte Pike.[33]

Cancelled Projects[edit]

The Amp (formally known as the East-West Connector)[edit]

Mayor Karl Dean had his eyes set on a full-fledged bus rapid transit system taking passengers from West End Avenue down Broadway, across the river to East Nashville’s Five Points district. The Amp (formally known as the East-West Connector) would have begun at Five Points in East Nashville and extends down Broadway, West End and Harding Road to White Bridge Road.

The difference between the AMP and the BRT Lite (at the time only available in operation along Gallatin Road and Murfreesboro Pike) is that the former would have been a full-fledged bus rapid transit system, with buses occupying exclusive lanes of traffic.[34][35]

On the afternoon of January 22, 2015, Nashville Metropolitan Transit Authority announced that it will "cease work on the Amp," though strategic planning for mass transit in the region will continue.[36]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nashville MTA System Map" (PDF). Nashville MTA. Retrieved 2013-01-28. 
  2. ^ "2013 January-February MTA Newsletter" (PDF). Nashville MTA. Retrieved 2013-01-28. 
  3. ^ "Summary of Changes effective September 30" (PDF). Nashville MTA. Retrieved 2012-09-21. 
  4. ^ "2013 January-February MTA Newsletter" (PDF). Nashville MTA. Retrieved 2013-01-28. 
  5. ^ "MTA Makes Big Changes". WTVF-TV. Retrieved 2010-02-04. 
  6. ^ "A History of Transit in Nashville". Nashville MTA. 
  7. ^ "Nashville MTA System Map" (PDF). Nashville MTA. Retrieved 2010-02-04. 
  8. ^ "Summary of Changes Brochure (Spring 2012)" (PDF). Nashville MTA. Retrieved 2012-04-02. 
  9. ^ "Summary of Changes Brochure (Spring 2012)" (PDF). Nashville MTA. Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  10. ^ "RTA public meetings scheduled for April 24)" (PDF). Nashville MTA. Retrieved 2012-04-19. 
  11. ^ "Proposed new RTA express bus service to Clarksville)" (PDF). Nashville MTA. Retrieved 2012-04-24. 
  12. ^ "RTA Board approves service to Clarksville and July 4th special event train)" (PDF). Nashville MTA. Retrieved 2012-05-16. 
  13. ^ "Summary of Changes for spring 2013" (PDF). Nashville MTA. Retrieved 2013-03-13. 
  14. ^ "Summary of Changes effective September 30" (PDF). Nashville MTA. Retrieved 2012-09-21. 
  15. ^ "Dickson Park & Ride to Nashville moves forward". The Tennessean. Retrieved 2013-12-17. 
  16. ^ "County joins RTA with hope of opening commuter bus service to Nashville". WDKN: 1260 AM. Retrieved 2013-12-18. 
  17. ^ "RTA offers pilot project for bus route from Dickson to Nashville". WSMV. Retrieved 2014-04-12. 
  18. ^ "Dickson Co. Commission approved funding for bus service to Nashville". WSMV. Retrieved 2014-07-23. 
  19. ^ "Start of Dickson-to-Nashville bus service delayed". The Tennessean. Retrieved 2014-10-01. 
  20. ^ "RTA commuter bus route will connect Dickson, Nashville". Nashville Post. Retrieved 2015-01-03. 
  21. ^ "Tennessee transportation agency hires firm to study proposed commuter-rail line)". Progressive Railroading. Retrieved 2014-09-05. 
  22. ^ "Clarksville closer to getting rail service to Nashville)". The Leaf Chronicle. Retrieved 2014-09-05. 
  23. ^ "MTA looks to save Music City Star". Nashville City Paper. Oct 24, 2008. 
  24. ^ "Summary of Changes for spring 2013" (PDF). Nashville MTA. Retrieved 2013-03-13. 
  25. ^ "Bus rapid transit 'lite' planned for Murfreesboro Pike". Retrieved 2012-04-25. 
  26. ^ "Proposed service changes for spring 2013" (PDF). Nashville MTA. Retrieved 2013-01-28. 
  27. ^ "'Lite' BRT in the works for Charlotte, Nolensville pikes". The Tennessean. Retrieved 2013-07-19. 
  28. ^ "Public meetings scheduled for January 27, 29 and February 3, 5" (PDF). Nashville MTA. Retrieved 2015-01-15. 
  29. ^ "MTA Board approves Charlotte Pike BRT lite service" (PDF). Nashville MTA. Retrieved 2015-03-02. 
  30. ^ "Charlotte and Nolensville BRT lite". Nashville MTA. Retrieved 2015-03-04. 
  31. ^ "MTA Board approves Charlotte Pike BRT lite service" (PDF). Nashville MTA. Retrieved 2015-02-02. 
  32. ^ "Neighborhood Mini Hubs". Nashville MTA. Retrieved 2015-03-09. 
  33. ^ "NTrapeze/AVL Project". http://www.nashvillemta.org/Nashville-MTA-Trapeze-AVL.asp. 
  34. ^ "Nashville MTA—Broadway/West End Corridor Study". Retrieved 2012-04-25. 
  35. ^ "Dean, consultants favor bus rapid transit — not streetcar — for east-west connector". Retrieved 2012-04-25. 
  36. ^ "It's official: MTA to stop work on the Amp". Nashville Business Journal. Retrieved 2015-01-22. 

External links[edit]