Naskapi language

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ᓇᔅᑲᐱ naskapi,
ᐃᔪᐤ ᐃᔨᒧᐅᓐ iyuw iyimuun
Native to Canada
Region Quebec, Labrador
Native speakers
620 (2011 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 nsk
Glottolog nask1242[2]
Linguasphere 62-ADA-ba
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Naskapi (also known as Iyuw Iyimuun in the Naskapi language) is an Algonquian language spoken by the Naskapi in Quebec and Labrador, Canada.[3] It is written in Eastern Cree syllabics.

The term Naskapi is chiefly used to describe the language of the people living in the interior of Quebec and Labrador in or around Kawawachikamach, Quebec. Naskapi is a "y-dialect" that has many linguistic features in common with the Northern dialect of East Cree, and also shares many lexical items with the Innu language.

Although there is a much closer linguistic and cultural relationship between Naskapi and Innu than between Naskapi and other Cree language communities, Naskapi remains unique and distinct from all other language varieties in the Quebec-Labrador peninsula.

Bilabial Alveolar Post-
Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal /m/ /n/
Stop /p/ /t/ /tʃ/ /k/
Fricative /s/ /h/
Approximant /w/ (/ɹ/) /j/
Lateral (/l/)
  • Long vowels: /i/, /a/, /o/
  • Short vowels: /ɪ~ə/, /ʌ~ə/, /o~ʊ~u/


  1. ^ Naskapi at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Naskapi". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ Lewis, M. Paul (ed.), 2009. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Sixteenth edition. Dallas, Tex.: SIL International. Online version:

External links[edit]