Nata (nāṭa) is a rāgam in Carnatic music (musical scale of South Indian classical music). It is a janya rāgam (derived scale) from the 36th melakarta scale Chalanata. It is a janya scale, as it does not have all the seven swaras (musical notes) in the descending scale. It is a combination of the sampurna raga scale Chalanata and the pentatonic scale Gambhiranata. It is an auspicious raga, which is mostly sung in the early part of the concert.
Structure and Lakshana
Nata is an asymmetric rāgam that does not contain gandharam and dhaivatam in the descending scale. It is an sampurna-audava rāgam (or owdava rāgam, meaning pentatonic descending scale). Its ārohaṇa-avarohaṇa structure (ascending and descending scale) is as follows:
It is a vivadi raga. The notes used in this scale are shadjam, shatsruthi rishabham, antara gandharam, shuddha madhyamam, panchamam, shatsruthi dhaivatam and kakali nishadham in ascending scale, with dhaivatam and gandharam skipped in descending scale. For the details of the notations and terms, see swaras in Carnatic music.
- Sri Rajadhiraja (Tanavarnam)
- The first Pancharatna Kriti Jagadananda karaka and Ninne Bhajana by Tyagaraja
- Swaminadha paripalaya, Mahaganapatimand Parameswara by Muthuswami Dikshitar
- Paahi Saure and Jaya Devaki Kishora by Swathi Thirunal
- Umayor Pogane by Papanasam Sivan
- Veda Mathe Veda Vinuthe by Muthiah Bhagavathar
- Pahi Nikhila Janani by Irayimman Thampi
- Sarasijanabha Mam Pahi by Palghat Parameswara Bhagavathar
- Sri Mahaganapathe Surapathe by Mayooram Viswanatha Sasthri
- Kamalambike Mamava Sada by Jayachamarajendra Wodeyar
- Karimukhavarada by G. N. Balasubramaniam
- Sri Gajanana, Sri Padmanabham, Pranathosmi Devam and Re Re Manasa by Thulaseevanam
- Sr Gananatha by Pallavi Sesha Iyer
- Tanthi Ma Mukha by Koteeswara Iyer
- Suryakodi Mamaprabhamakudei by Kutti Kunju Thankachi
- Namo Namo Raghukulanayaka by Annamacharya
- Jaya Jaya by Purandaradasa
This section covers the theoretical and scientific aspect of this rāgam.
- Ragas in Carnatic music by Dr. S. Bhagyalekshmy, Pub. 1990, CBH Publications
- Raganidhi by P. Subba Rao, Pub. 1964, The Music Academy of Madras