Member of Parliament
|Ната́лья Покло́нская (Russian)
Наталія Поклонська (Ukrainian)
|Deputy of the State Duma of Russian Federation|
5 October 2016
|Prime Minister||Dmitry Medvedev|
|Prosecutor General of the Republic of Crimea|
25 March 2014 – 6 October 2016
|Prime Minister||Sergey Aksyonov|
|Preceded by||None (post created)|
|Succeeded by||Oleg Kamshylov|
|The senior Prosecutor of the Prosecutor General of Ukraine|
18 March 1980 |
Mikhailovka village, Perevalsk Raion, Voroshilovgrad Oblast, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
|Citizenship||Soviet Union → Ukraine → Russia|
|Political party||United Russia|
|Children||1 daughter (Anastasiya)|
|Alma mater||University of Internal Affairs in Yevpatoria|
|Allegiance|| Ukraine (2002–2014)
|Service/branch||Office of the Prosecutor General of Ukraine
Prosecutor's Office of the Russian Federation
|Rank||State Counselor of Justice 3rd Class|
Natalia Vladimirovna Poklonskaya (Russian: Ната́лья Влади́мировна Покло́нская; IPA: [nɐˈtalʲjə pɐkˈlonskəjə], Ukrainian: Наталія Володимирівна Поклонська, born 18 March 1980) is a Deputy of the State Duma of Russia and a former Prosecutor General of the Republic of Crimea.
Poklonskaya was a Ukrainian prosecutor from 2002 to February 2014, working in various Prosecutor's Offices or as an assistant district attorney. During the 2014 Crimean crisis, she resigned from Ukrainian service and was appointed Prosecutor General of Crimea on 11 March 2014; a press conference given by Poklonskaya on that day resulted in her becoming an Internet phenomenon. After Crimea was annexed by Russia during the 2014 Crimean crisis, Poklonskaya's appointment was confirmed by Russian authorities on 25 March 2014, around the same time Ukrainian judicial authorities declared her a wanted criminal.
Early life and Ukrainian service
Natalia Poklonskaya was born 18 March 1980 in the village of Mikhailovka, Voroshilovgrad Oblast (today Luhansk Oblast); later in 1990, her family moved to Yevpatoria in Crimea. Poklonskaya graduated from the University of Internal Affairs in Yevpatoria in 2002.
After her graduation, Poklonskaya worked in the Ukrainian Prosecutor's Office, initially serving as an assistant prosecutor to the Acting Prosecutor of the Republic of Crimea. She was the assistant attorney of Krasnogvardeisky district in Crimea from 2002 to 2006, and the assistant attorney of Yevpatoria from 2006 to 2010. Between 2010 and 2011, she was the deputy chief of a surveillance law enforcement unit of the Prosecutor's Office of Crimea which was responsible for dealing with organised crime.
In 2011 in Simferopol, she acted as the state prosecutor in the high-profile trial of Ruvim Aronov, a former deputy of the Supreme Council of Crimea. In the same year, she was appointed the inter-district environmental prosecutor of Simferopol. Following that, she was transferred to the Ukrainian Prosecutor General's Office in Kiev, where she served as a senior prosecutor.
From October to December 2012, Poklonskaya worked as head of the prosecutors with the proceedings of the Court of Appeal of Crimea, and later after December 2012 up until March 2014 she was a senior attorney of the 2nd division of the General Directorate of Internal Affairs involved in pre-trial investigation and public prosecution management supervision with oversight of law enforcement in criminal proceedings.
On 25 February 2014, Poklonskaya handed in her resignation, in which she stated that she was "ashamed to live in the country where neo-fascists freely walk about the streets" (a reference to radical Euromaidan activists). The resignation was not accepted. Instead, she was given a vacation and left Kiev for Crimea where her parents lived. In Simferopol, Poklonskaya offered her help to the Crimean government.
Crimean and Russian service
While the Autonomous Republic of Crimea sought independence from Ukraine, on 11 March, Poklonskaya was appointed Prosecutor of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. Poklonskaya was appointed to the position by Sergei Aksyonov after the position had been reportedly rejected by four others, including the former Vice-Prosecutor of Crimea, Vyacheslav Pavlov. Her previous criticism of the opposition protests in Ukraine, and the "anti-constitutional coup" led the Ukrainian government to launch a criminal case against her and strip her of the civil service rank of Counsellor of Justice.
Immediately following her appointment as Prosecutor, she was involved in an investigation into the violent attacks committed against Crimean Berkut members. On 19 March, Poklonskaya confirmed that investigations were ongoing into a shooting in Simferopol which killed two while denying reports that the shooter had been detained. She compared the shooting to the "sniper attacks on Independence Square in Kiev" from 18 to 21 February 2014, and stated her belief that the shooting was meant to "provoke violence between the military forces" of Ukraine and Crimea. She was reportedly subject to an assassination attempt on 17 March, on which she refused to comment.
Crimea, which in the meantime had come under Russian control and become a federal subject of Russia (since then Crimea is under dispute by Russia and Ukraine), saw the creation of its new Prosecutor's Office, now subordinated to Russia's Prosecutor General Yury Chaika. On 25 March, Chaika appointed Poklonskaya as acting Prosecutor of the Republic of Crimea for this new office. Around the same time, Poklonskaya was listed as a wanted criminal on the website of the Ukrainian Ministry of Internal Affairs, due to alleged involvement in conspiracy to overthrow constitutional order or seize state power. The Federation Council of Russia declared the charges against Poklonskaya a "bluff". On 27 March, Russian Prosecutor General Yury Chaika granted Poklonskaya the rank of Senior Counsellor of Justice. On 4 April 2014, Poklonskaya gave the approval for the Russian FSB to begin an operation to arrest Yevgeniy Pomelov, the assistant attorney of Yalta, as part of a larger bribery case.
On 11 April, the Prosecutor General of Russia personally presented Poklonskaya with her official papers as a Russian legal officer. On 2 May, Russian president Vladimir Putin appointed Poklonskaya Chief Prosecutor of Crimea. On 4 May, Poklonskaya accused the Crimean Tatars' self-governmental body (the Mejlis) of extremist activity, warning that the Mejlis could be dissolved and outlawed across Russia.
On 12 May 2014, the European Union added Poklonskaya to its sanctions list. This barred her from entering EU countries and any of her assets there, if existent, were to be frozen. Canada imposed similar sanctions on Poklonskaya a month later, followed by Japan on 4 August. Australia followed soon after, sanctioning the Russian prosecutor on 2 September. On 19 December, the United States introduced its individual sanctions against several Ukrainian separatists and Russians, of which Poklonskaya was the only woman.
In June, Poklonskaya was appointed as a judge to "guarantee impartiality in the selection of winners" for Russia's Five Stars singing competition, which would select Russia's entrant for the Intervision Song Contest. In September, Poklonskaya declared that those who did not recognize the annexation of Crimea by Russia, as well as those who incited ethnic strife, would be deported. Also in November 2014, Poklonskaya was rated as the sixteenth out of the hundred most promising politicians in Russia by the Institute for Social-Economic and Political Studies.
In March 2015, Poklonskaya was appointed as the head of the Japanese-Russian Friendship Society. On 11 June 2015, Russian president Vladimir Putin granted Poklonskaya the rank of 3rd Class State Counsellor of Justice which corresponds with the military rank of Major General.
Prior to her resignation she was the youngest female general in Russia, at age 36.
In 2015 Poklonskaya announced that she would be running as an MP in the State Duma for the United Russia party. Poklonskaya was elected during the 2016 Russian legislative election. Throughout Russia she is sometimes referred to as a potential candidate for the presidential elections in 2018. She is listed at number 16 on Forbes' list of most promising politicians.
After a video of Poklonskaya at a press conference on 11 March 2014 was uploaded to YouTube, her attractiveness and youth went viral among Japanese and Chinese internet users and also became the focus of attention of Internet communities such as Reddit, 4chan and Vkontakte, which was reported by international news outlets. Within a month, the press conference was viewed over 1.7 million times. Many fan-created anime-style moe images of her uploaded to the Internet also attracted international media attention. A music video by Enjoykin based on Poklonskaya's press conferences and interviews has had 20 million views on YouTube.
In 2014, Poklonskaya was among the most searched-for celebrities on the Internet in both Russia and Ukraine. According to Google, she was the year's 7th most searched-for person in Russia and the 8th in Ukraine, and according to Yandex – the 2nd most searched-for female in Ukraine and the 4th in Russia. She was described as a sex symbol by the New York Observer and Die Welt.
Personal life and family
Poklonskaya is divorced and has one daughter from a previous marriage. Her parents are both retired, living in Crimea, and both her grandfathers died during the Second World War, with only her grandmother surviving the German occupation. Poklonskaya stated in March 2014 that she intends to apply for Russian citizenship. After investigations into gang activities, Poklonskaya suffered an attack in 2009 in the stairwell of her home in Yalta. As a result of the injuries, she suffered partial facial paralysis.
Poklonskaya is deeply religious. In February 2017, she led a campaign to block the release of the film Matilda for its allegedly blasphemous portrayal of the affair between Tsar Nicholas II (who has been canonized by the Russian Orthodox Church) and the ballerina Matilda Kshesinskaya. In April she released a 39-page report denouncing the film that alleged, among other claims, that the well-documented affair could not have happened as Kshesinskaya was, in the opinion of the report's authors, too ugly to have attracted the attention of Nicholas. In March she alleged that a bronze bust of the tsar in Simferopol was seeping fragrant myrrh. Her claims were denied by the Russian Orthodox Church and also prompted ridicule from Russian netizens.
- (in Ukrainian) Poklonska resigned, Ukrayinska Pravda (27 September 2016)
- (in Ukrainian) In Crimea from Russia brought replacement Poklonskaya, Ukrayinska Pravda (28 December 2016)
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During her first press conference on the new position
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|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Natalia Poklonskaya|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Natalia Poklonskaya.|
- Natalia Poklonskaya's press conference on 11 March 2014 – by Argumenty Nedeli Crimea on YouTube