Natalya Kaspersky

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Natalya Kaspersky
Nkasperskaya-front.jpg
Born Natalya Ivanovna Stutser
(1966-02-05) February 5, 1966 (age 50)
Moscow, Russia, USSR
Residence Moscow
Citizenship  Soviet Union
 Russia
Alma mater Moscow Institute of Electronics and Mathematics
Occupation IT business executive
Years active 1994 — present
Known for President of 'InfoWatch',
co-founder of 'Kaspersky Lab'
Net worth Increase $270 million (August 2015)
Spouse(s)  •  Eugene Kaspersky (1986—1998)
 •  Igor Ashmanov (from 2001)
Children Maxim (b. 1989)
Ivan (b. 1991)
Alexandra (b. 2005)
Maria (b. 2009)
Varvara (b. 2012)

Natalya Kaspersky or Kasperskaya (Russian: Наталья Ивановна Касперская, born 5 February 1966, Moscow, Russia) is a Russian IT entrepreneur, President of the 'InfoWatch' Group of companies, and co-founder and ex-CEO of antivirus security software company 'Kaspersky Lab'.[1] In addition, she is one of the wealthiest women in Russia[2] and one of the most famous, respected and powerful figures in the Russian IT industry.[3][4]

Biography[edit]

Early years[edit]

Natalya Kaspersky (maiden name Stutser)[5] was born on 5 February 1966 in Moscow into a family of engineers and Soviet defense research institute employees.[6]

Natalya was elected as a member of her school pioneer council, and later as a member of the district pioneer headquarters, and was also a Komsomol member and organizer. Alongside her main education, Natalya also played basketball in the Children’s and Youth Sports School and seriously intended to become a veterinarian until giving up on the dream because of difficulties with studying chemistry.[7]

In the eighth year of her education, Natalya moved from an ordinary secondary school to a physics-mathematical school run by the Moscow Aviation Institute.[8]

Education[edit]

After finishing this school, Natalya passed the entrance exams for the Lomonosov Moscow State University but was not enrolled, missing out by half a point. However, her results were good enough to gain entry into the Moscow Institute of Electronics and Mathematics.[8]

From 1984 until 1989, Natalya studied applied mathematics in the Moscow Institute of Electronics and Mathematics, where the topic of her diploma was a mathematical model of a nuclear reactor cooling system.[7] Later, she also has a bachelor’s degree in business from the Open University in the UK.[1]

Career[edit]

After graduating from the institute, Natalya was assigned to the Central Scientific and Construction Bureau in Moscow,[9] where she worked for half a year as a research scientist before going on maternity leave.[7] Natalya started her career in IT at the age of 28,[10] when she took on a job, in January 1994, as a salesperson for a computer accessories and software firm with a 50-dollar monthly salary. The job was based in a newly opened store in the KAMI Information Technologies Center[7] created by a former professor of Natalya’s ex-husband, Eugene Kaspersky, from a Higer School of the KGB during the Soviet epoch.[5]

Kaspersky Lab[edit]

In September 1994, Natalya became head of a distribution department of AntiViral Toolkit Pro (AVP), which had been under development by Eugene Kaspersky’s team since 1991.[7] Over two or three years, Natalya successfully built distribution channels and a technical support network and entered international markets, with sales growing rapidly from an initial $100–200 per month in 1994, to more than $130,000 after a year, over $600,000 in 1996 and more than $1 million in 1997.[11] Revenue was divided between the team and the mother company until 1997, when the future founders of 'Kaspersky Lab' decided to start their own business.[7]

Natalya launched the Kaspersky Lab foundation in June 1997, was key to the naming of the new company, and worked as CEO for more than 10 years. Shares in 'Kaspersky Lab' were initially split between Eugene Kaspersky (50%), his two team-mate programmers Alexey De-Monderik and Vadim Bogdanov (20% each), and Natalya Kaspersky (10%).[12] In 1997, Kaspersky Lab sales started to double yearly, with turnover reaching around $7 million in 2001 and exceeding $67 million in 2006.[13][14]

In August 2007, Natalya was unseated and suspended from her key management functions by Eugene Kaspersky due to the couple’s divorce and the deepening ideological divide between the two.[12] Eventually, Natalya agreed to stay on as Chairperson of the newly established board of 'Kaspersky Lab', before finally breaking all ties with the previously family driven business in 2011,[15] with Kaspersky Lab buying out Natalya’s stake in the company in 2007 and 2011 (around 30% of shares in 2007).[14]

Under Natalya’s supervision, Kaspersky Lab turned into a leading antivirus corporation with a network of regional offices worldwide. At the moment of the power change in 2007, annual sales revenue had reached $126 million,[12] while the company had an estimated capitalization of over $1.3 billion and yearly revenue of $700 million by 2011, when Natalya sold her remaining stake and departed.[16] After the change in management, the company’s rate of growth dropped visibly, with global revenue growing by 40% in 2009, 13.7% in 2011, 3% in 2012, and 6% in 2013.[12]

'InfoWatch' office in Moscow (2016)

InfoWatch[edit]

After 'Kaspersky Lab' had bought the antispam technology developed by 'Ashmanov and Partners', the head of the latter, Igor Ashmanov, gave the buyer an idea to use the antispam engine backwards for protection against data leaks.[17] During 2001—2002, 'Kaspersky Lab' programmers developed a solution which later became known as InfoWatch Traffic Monitor Enterprise and which offers protection for corporate users against internal threats (a DLP system). In December 2013, a subsidiary called 'InfoWatch' was established to develop and distribute new software.[18]

Natalya Kaspersky has been CEO and majority owner of 'InfoWatch' since October 2007, with her stake in the company being linked to the business separation deal with her ex-husband.[5] Natalya made her main investments in 'InfoWatch', 'Kribrum' and 'Nanosemantics' co-owned by her and Igor Ashmanov,[15] and 'G Data Software' AG, a German antivirus company.[19]

'InfoWatch' software had only vague prospects at the time of the spin-off and was an albatross around 'Kaspersky Lab’s neck.[14] Unlike 'Kaspersky Lab', the technological solutions and product line of the new company were initially targeted at large and medium enterprises, starting from 300 workstations, rather than small businesses and retailers.[17]

This required a fundamentally different skill set and approach, with Natalya’s previous experience in management turning out not to be particularly relevant. Nevertheless, in 2012 InfoWatch, which was previously unprofitable, recorded its first earnings[15] and went on growing at an annual rate of 60—70%.[20] According to 'Forbes', InfoWatch annual revenue reached around $12 million in 2015,[5] with independent experts polled by Russian daily newspaper 'Kommersant' in spring 2015 estimating the business to be worth $40–50 million.[17]

Today, InfoWatch is a group of companies working in two main business areas — corporate protection against internal threats and external targeted attacks — with the company holding almost a 50% share of the Russian confidential data protection market (DLP systems).[17][21] Among longstanding clients are Russian governmental organizations, as well as 'Sberbank', 'Beeline', ;Lukoil', 'Tatneft', 'Surgutneftegas', 'Sukhoi', 'Magnitogorsk Iron and Steel Works',[22] etc. In addition, InfoWatch is actively developing the German, Middle East, and South-East Asian markets.[17]

Current InfoWatch shareholders are Natalya Kaspersky and the company’s Deputy CEO Rustem Khairetdinov.[17]

Achievements[edit]

Private fortune[edit]

According to Forbes, Natalya Kaspersky had a fortune of around $220 million in March 2013[2] – an estimate which increased to $230 million in 2014 and $270 million in 2015.[5] In March 2015, Russian news portal 'Lenta.ru' agreed with Forbes’ 2014 estimation[23] while, in July 2015, German magazine 'Der Spiegel' published an estimation of €207 million.[24] Finally, in August of the same year, women’s magazine 'Cosmopolitan' published an estimate of $270 million.[10]

According to 'Der Spiegel', the majority of Natalya Kaspersky’s fortune is in the form of funds derived from asset sales.[24] As for Kaspersky herself, in October 2015, in response to the question as to whether the 'Forbes' calculations are accurate, she emphasized that her company is non-public and thus has no need to reveal its level of capitalization, while adding that “it is nevertheless good to see that people seem to appreciate the value of 'InfoWatch'”.[25]

Ratings and awards[edit]

 •  Top management rating (IT nomination),
     according to 'Kommersant' newspaper
     and Association of Russian Managers
#3 (2009),[26]
#2 (2010),[27]
#4 (2011),[28]
#1 (2013),[29]
#1 (2014),[30]
#4 (2015).[31]
 •  100 most influential women in Russia,
     according to 'Echo of Moscow' radio
#66 (2012),[32]
#74 (2013),[33]
#81 (2014),[34]
#62 (2015).[35]
 •  Top 50 influential business women in Russia,
     according to 'Kompaniya' magazine
#3 (2010),[36]
#1 (2011),[37]
#25 (2012),[38]
#2 (2013),[39]
#15 (2014),[40]
#26 (2015).[41]
 •  Richest woman in Russia,
     according to 'Forbes Woman' magazine
#5 (2013),[2]
#8 (2014),[42]
#7 (2015).[43]

Public work[edit]

Natalya Kaspersky is a member of the board of the Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs[47] and the Association of Software Developers 'Domestic Software'.[48] She is also a member of the Expert Russian Software Council affiliated to the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications of Russia,[49] the Grant Committee of Skolkovo Foundation,[50] and the supervisory board of the Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology (Skoltech).[51] Furthermore, Natalya Kaspersky is a member of the Russian Mechanical Engineering Union,[52] the Association of Information Protection,[53] and Business Information Security Association (BISA).[54]

Natalya Kaspersky (2016)

From April 2008 until March 2012, Natalya was a member of the board of the Russian-German chamber of commerce.[3][55] In addition, from 2009 until 2011, she was head of the working party on information and computer technologies under the federal target program of the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia, referred to as “Research and inventions in priority scientific and technology development areas in Russia in 2014—2020”.[56]

Private life[edit]

Interests[edit]

Natalya Kaspersky has enjoyed participating in social activities ever since being at school, where she remembers singing in a children’s choir, taking part in school performances and concerts, and even leading a pioneer's team of agitators. In addition, she formed her own school placard newspaper, for which she wrote poetry, and was also interested in sports like basketball, skiing and swimming, as well as phaleristics, collecting stamps and Soviet coins.[7]

As a student, Natalya was fascinated with Moscow theatre life and knew the repertoires of the main youth theatres of that time, such as Mossovet Theatre, Taganka Theatre, Sovremennik, etc., and sometimes queued overnight to buy tickets to popular performances. Furthermore, she also had a passion for the guitar and poetry and often sang and played guitar at parties.[7]

Natalya’s interest in trekking, skiing,[15] travelling with friends and children, and reading professional literature[6] came later and she considers Good to Great and Built to Last written by American business consultant Jim Collins to be her favorite books, saying that they have influenced her outlook.[7] In addition, she also speaks English and German fluently.[57]

Kaspersky admits that she has little interest in cooking, although she had to cook for her family during maternity leave.[8] Similarly, she also has no particular interest in fashion and clothing brands and does not waste much time on shopping, instead buying whatever clothes she finds suit her own style. In addition, Natalya is no fan of designer brands since she knows how such clothes are actually produced.[15]

Natalya Kaspersky (2011)

Natalya perceives gadgets and social networks somewhat negatively as she understands that they provide capabilities for increased surveillance. While she has to regularly use her work Sony Xperia phone, Natalya typically allows her PR team to manage her social network presence and uses such media only very rarely.[22]

Family[edit]

Natalya met her first husband, Eugene Kaspersky, at a health resort in January 1987 when she was twenty,[7] with the couple marrying just six months later.[5] In 1989, in her fifth year at the institute, Natalya gave birth to her first son Maxim, with a second son, Ivan, following in 1991.[7] The couple split up in 1997[58] and divorced in 1998,[15] at Eugene’s instigation. However, due to their joint and rapidly growing business, the divorce had to be covered up for a couple of years in order to not demotivate employees and panic the market.[2]

Natalya met her second husband, Igor Ashmanov, in 1996 at the CeBIT computer expo in Hannover, where they were working at neighboring stands. A year later, Natalya and Igor renewed their acquaintance and started communicating with one another regularly on a professional basis. Natalya Kaspersky remembers that they started dating two or three years later,[15] after the divorce with Eugene, with the couple deciding to marry in 2001.[59]

In 2005, Igor and Natalya had a daughter, Alexandra, who was followed by a second daughter, Maria, in 2009 and a third daughter, Varvara, in 2012. Natalya’s sons from her first marriage both studied at Lomonosov Moscow State University, with Maxim graduating from the faculty of Geography and Ivan from the faculty of Computational Mathematics and Cybernetics.[59][60]

In April 2011, Natalya’s 20-year old son Ivan was kidnapped in the Strogino district of Moscow on his way to work, with the perpetrators holding him in one of the villages in the Sergievo-Posadsky subregion of Moscow oblast (suburb) and demanding a ransom of €3 million from his parents. However, five days later Ivan was freed thanks to the actions of the Russian intelligence services, with the five kidnappers, including two repeat offenders, being sentenced to prison terms ranging from 4.5 to 11 years.[59][61]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Касперская Наталья, reference of 'Rossiya Segodnya' news agency.
  2. ^ a b c d Тофанюк, Е.; Мирсияпова, Х. Богатейшие женщины России — 2013: рейтинг Forbes Woman. — 'Forbes Woman', 22 August 2013.
  3. ^ a b Der Vorstand der Deutsch-Russischen Auslandshandelskammer. — 'Deutsch-Russische Auslandshandelskammer' (AHK) official site.
  4. ^ Наталья Касперская встретилась со студентами факультета. — National Research University – Higher School of Economics, 17 September 2015.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Наталья Касперская, reference of 'Forbes'.
  6. ^ a b Kасперская Наталья Ивановна, reference of 'CNews'.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Кузьмичёв, А. Фанаты бизнеса. Истории о тех, кто строит наше будущее. — Мoscow: 'Eksmo', 2011. — 384 p. — ISBN 978-5-699-51493-9
  8. ^ a b c Наталья Касперская: «Я человек скорее ведомый, чем ведущий». — «Жена. История любви». Talk show of Kira Proshutinskaya on 'TV Tsentr' channel. — 25 January 2012.
  9. ^ 50 самых успешных женщин. — 'Finance' magazine, 7—13 March 2005. — # 9 (99). — P. 17.
  10. ^ a b Краснова, А. Опра Уинфри, Маша Шарапова и другие самые богатые женщины, заработавшие сами. — 'Cosmopolitan' magazine, 26 August 2015.
  11. ^ Наталья Касперская: В семье не без работы. — 'Business class' magazine, 6 May 2014.
  12. ^ a b c d Седаков, П.; Филонов, Д. Вирус Касперского: как бизнес Kaspersky Lab захватил 200 стран мира. — 'Forbes', 19 May 2014.
  13. ^ Скрипников, С. «Разошлись» повторно. — 'Expert' magazine, 10 August 2007.
  14. ^ a b c Агарунов, Д. Интервью с Натальей Касперской. — 'Hacker' magazine, 29 December 2014.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g Леди Рунета: Наталья Касперская. — 'TheRunet', 2 October 2013.
  16. ^ Цуканов, И.; Голицына, А. «Лаборатория Касперского» распрощалась с миноритарием. — 'Vedomosti' newspaper, 6 February 2012.
  17. ^ a b c d e f Панфилов, К. Наталья Касперская, InfoWatch: «Если у вас есть шанс выжить — не привлекайте инвесторов». — 'VC.ru', 8 July 2015.
  18. ^ История компании. — 'InfoWatch' official site.
  19. ^ Наталья Касперская инвестировала в антивирусную компанию G Data Software AG. — 'InfoWatch' official site, 15 October 2012.
  20. ^ Наталья Касперская, InfoWatch: Я не могу вспомнить какие-то серьёзные препоны со стороны государства. — 'Roem.ru', 4 September 2015.
  21. ^ Наталья Касперская (InfoWatch): «Строить концепцию по импортозамещению на основе только софта — бессмысленно». — 'РСпектр', 20 January 2015.
  22. ^ a b Корзун, С. Наталья Касперская, CEO InfoWatch. Система защиты от утечек (DLP): когда уходим — остаётся наш работающий софт и всё аккуратно разложено по полочкам. — 'Json.tv', 3 July 2015.
  23. ^ Волобуев, А. Неслабый пол. — 'Lenta.ru', 8 March 2015.
  24. ^ a b Локшин, П.; Шепп, М. С гранатой в сумочке от Dior. — 'Der Spiegel' magazine, 10 July 2015.
  25. ^ Кто следит за вами: ФСБ или ваш телефон. — Talk show Hard Day’s Night on TV channel 'Dozhd', 13 October 2015.
  26. ^ Рейтинг высших руководителей 2009. — 'Kommersant' newspaper, 28 September 2009.
  27. ^ Рейтинг высших руководителей 2010. — 'Kommersant' newspaper, 23 September 2010.
  28. ^ Рейтинг высших руководителей 2011. — 'Kommersant' newspaper, 20 September 2011.
  29. ^ Рейтинг высших руководителей 2013. — 'Kommersant' newspaper, 18 September 2013.
  30. ^ Рейтинг высших руководителей 2014. — 'Kommersant' newspaper, 17 September 2014.
  31. ^ Рейтинг высших руководителей 2015. — 'Kommersant' newspaper, 16 September 2015.
  32. ^ 100 самых влиятельных женщин России. — 'Echo of Moscow' radio, 23 January 2012.
  33. ^ 100 самых влиятельных женщин России. — 'Echo of Moscow' radio, 4 March 2013.
  34. ^ 100 самых влиятельных женщин России — рейтинг. — 'Echo of Moscow' radio, 3 March 2014.
  35. ^ 100 самых влиятельных женщин России — рейтинг. — 'Echo of Moscow' radio, 8 March 2015.
  36. ^ Топ-100 влиятельных деловых женщин России. — 'Kompaniya' magazine, 8 March 2010.
  37. ^ Топ-50 влиятельных деловых женщин России. — 'Kompaniya' magazine, 14 March 2011.
  38. ^ Топ-50 влиятельных деловых женщин России. — 'Kompaniya' magazine, 12 March 2012.
  39. ^ Топ-50 влиятельных деловых женщин России. — 'Kompaniya' magazine, 11 March 2013.
  40. ^ Топ-50 влиятельных деловых женщин России. — 'Kompaniya' magazine, 10 March 2014.
  41. ^ Топ-50 влиятельных деловых женщин России. — 'Kompaniya' magazine, 6 March 2015.
  42. ^ 30 богатейших женщин России — 2014. — 'Forbes Woman' magazine, 21 August 2014.
  43. ^ 50 богатейших женщин России — 2015. — 'Forbes Woman' magazine, 20 August 2015.
  44. ^ Наталья Касперская награждена международной премией «Russian Business Leader of the Year». — 'InfoWatch' official site, 18 April 2013.
  45. ^ Winners of WIT MEA Awards 2014. — 'Women in Technology International' official site.
  46. ^ Turunen, A. Top 20 Women in Business in Northern Europe. — 'Nordic Business Forum' official site, 20 August 2015.
  47. ^ Правление РСПП. — Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs official site.
  48. ^ Круглый стол «Место, где формируется будущее ИТ-отрасли». — Official site of Association of Software Developers 'Domestic Software', 3 February 2016.
  49. ^ Утверждён состав Экспертного совета по российскому ПО. — Official site of the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications of Russia, 31 December 2015.
  50. ^ Наталья Касперская, независимый член Грантового комитета. — Skolkovo Foundation's official site.
  51. ^ Попечительский совет. — Skoltech's official site.
  52. ^ Генеральный директор ГК InfoWatch Наталья Касперская принята в члены «Союза машиностроителей России». — 'InfoWatch' official site, 20 August 2015.
  53. ^ Список членов. — Association of Information Protection official site.
  54. ^ Члены BISA. — BISA official site.
  55. ^ "Наталья Касперская избрана членом правления Российско-германской внешнеторговой палаты". — 'Kaspersky.ru'. 8 April 2008. 
  56. ^ Наталья Касперская. — Skoltech's official site, 28 November 2014.
  57. ^ Наталья Касперская. Инвестор, член совета директоров. — Nanosemantics' official site.
  58. ^ Игорь Ашманов. — Secrets of business talk show with Oleg Tinkov, 24 May 2010.
  59. ^ a b c Попов, И. Как и зачем похищают предпринимателей и членов их семей. — 'Forbes' magazine, 8 September 2011.
  60. ^ Громозда, Н. Евгений Касперский: Спасти мир от компьютерного зловредства. — 'The Epoch Times' newspaper, 3 October 2014.
  61. ^ Мосгорсуд смягчил приговор участнику похищения сына Касперского. — 'Forbes' magazine, 11 February 2015.

External links[edit]