Death of Natasha McKenna

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Natasha McKenna
Born
Natasha J.C. McKenna

(1978-01-09)January 9, 1978
DiedFebruary 8, 2015(2015-02-08) (aged 37)
Alexandria, Virginia, United States
Cause of deathCardiac arrest
Excited delirium
Children1

Natasha McKenna (January 9, 1978 – February 8, 2015) was a 37-year-old African-American woman who died in Fairfax County, Virginia while in police custody. The catalyst event, extraction from her cell and being tasered while shackled, was captured on the video of the Fairfax County jail.[1][2]

During a team's efforts to extract the mentally ill prisoner, who resisted, they tasered her four times while she was restrained. No charges were filed against the deputies who tasered McKenna, but the case became the subject of a federal civil rights investigation because of several related issues.[3]

Early life[edit]

At the age of 12, McKenna was diagnosed with schizophrenia, bi-polar disorder and depression. (Other sources say the diagnosis was made when she was 14 years old.)[4] According to a family photograph, she was an honors graduate student from high school in Fairfax County.

She had a 7-year-old daughter.[5]

Event[edit]

McKenna, a 37-year old woman, was being held at the Fairfax County Adult Detention Center by the Fairfax County Police Department and Fairfax County Sheriff's Office in Fairfax County, Virginia, due to an outstanding warrant issued over her suspected attack on a police officer in Alexandria, Virginia.[6]

Fairfax County officials had notified Alexandria police, whom they expected to pick up the suspect. But, there was an unexplained week-long delay in their response, and Fairfax decided to transport the prisoner to Alexandria. They said her mental condition was deteriorating. In Alexandria, better assistance could be provided, namely, the resources (i.e., legal representation to petition for a mental health hold) that were required to be provided by the warrant-issuing city.[7]

Due to the previous assault charge against her, when McKenna was taken out of her cell, she was restrained with her arms behind her back and in handcuffs, her legs shackled, and a spit mask placed over her head. 17 minutes into the 45-minute struggle to extract her from her cell, McKenna, who was 130 lb (59 kg) and 5 ft 4 in (1.63 m) tall, was tasered. A sheriff's deputy used a stun gun to taser her four times because she wouldn't bend her knees to be put into a wheeled restraint chair.[8]

Because she was classified as mentally ill, a specialized team was attempting to ready her for transport to Alexandria.[9] The team was made up of six members of the Sheriff’s Emergency Response Team ("SERT"); they were dressed in full-body biohazard suits and gas masks.[10]

Shortly after being tasered, McKenna suffered cardiac arrest and lost consciousness. She was resuscitated by emergency responders while being taken to Inova Fairfax Hospital. There she was placed on life support. After five days, she was determined to be brain dead and was removed from life support. She was pronounced dead on February 8, 2015.[1]

Response[edit]

The Fairfax County Sheriff Department, led by Sheriff Stacey Ann Kincaid, conducted an initial internal investigation. This was later assigned to the Fairfax County Police, which is responsible for investigations of prisoner deaths.[9] There were no criminal charges filed against the officers involved in McKenna's death.[11]

The Virginia medical examiner's office made the determination that McKenna's cause of death was accidental, due to excited delirium, and that it was linked to the use of the stun gun.[12]

Use of the stun gun was questioned by her family and counsel as being an excessive use of force on a restrained person, a small woman.[12][13] Following McKenna's death, the Fairfax County Sheriff's Office suspended such use of stun guns at the county jail in April 2015.[14][15]

The question of how police treat mentally ill prisoners became a focus of the discussion surrounding McKenna's death.[5]

The Sheriff’s Emergency Response Team ("SERT") records its work of cell extractions of inmates by video.[7] The video of the incident related to McKenna was released by the Fairfax County Sheriff's office.[16][2]

The Commonwealth of Fairfax County released a 51-page report[4] prepared by their attorney, Ray Morrogh.[10] A 110 page incident report was also made available.[17]

The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and other social justice organizations held a public protest in reaction to McKenna's death and the treatment of people of color by police.[18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Jackman, Tom (13 April 2015). "The death of Natasha McKenna in the Fairfax jail: The rest of the story". The Washington Post. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  2. ^ a b Bidgood, Jess (10 September 2015). "Virginia Sheriff Releases Video of Effort to Subdue Inmate Who Died". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  3. ^ "Virginia: No Charges for Deputies in Stun-Gun Death". The New York Times. The Associated Press. 8 September 2015. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  4. ^ a b Morrogh, Raymond F. (8 September 2015). "Report of Investigation In-Custody Death. Date of Incident: 2/3/2015; Location: Fairfax County Adult Detention Center; Decedent: Natasha J.C. McKenna" (PDF). Office of the Commonwealth's Attorney. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 September 2015. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  5. ^ a b Townes, Carimah (9 September 2015). "No Criminal Charges For Deputies Who Tased Shackled Woman With Four 50,000 Volt Shocks". Think Progress. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  6. ^ Jouvenal, Justin (19 February 2015). "Va. inmate had been restrained, fitted with anti-spitting mask before death". The Washington Post. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  7. ^ a b Fox, Peggy (13 April 2015). "Fairfax Sheriff defends actions in apparent fatal Tasing". WUSA9. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  8. ^ Jackman, Tom; Jouvenal, Justin (11 April 2015). "Fairfax jail inmate in Taser death was shackled". The Washington Post. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  9. ^ a b Jouvenal, Justin (8 February 2015). "Woman dies after a stun gun was used on her in the Fairfax County jail". The Washington Post. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  10. ^ a b "Sheriff releases video of jail incident that led to Natasha McKenna's death". The Guardian. The Associated Press. 10 September 2015. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  11. ^ Jouvenal, Justin (8 September 2015). "Prosecutor will not pursue charges in death of mentally ill inmate in Va". The Washington Post. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  12. ^ a b Weil, Martin (28 April 2015). "Death of woman shocked by stun gun in Fairfax jail is ruled an accident". The Washington Post. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  13. ^ Jouvenal, Justin (14 February 2015). "Woman died violently at hands of Fairfax County deputies, lawyer says". The Washington Post. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  14. ^ McCormack, Simon (25 April 2015). "Virginia Jail Bans Use Of Tasers After Natasha McKenna's Death". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  15. ^ "Stun gun use banned at jail after inmate's death". WUSA9. 24 April 2015. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  16. ^ "Sheriff Kincaid Releases Natasha McKenna Video". Fairfax County Sheriff. 10 September 2015. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  17. ^ "Inmate: McKenna, Natasha 1054527; Incident Date: 01/27/2015" (PDF). County of Fairfax, Virginia. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  18. ^ Woolsey, Angela (1 October 2015). "NAACP calls for change in Fairfax". Fairfax County Times. Retrieved 30 October 2015.