|Member of the National Assembly|
23 March 2012 – 18 June 2017
|Preceded by||Guy Malherbe|
|Succeeded by||Marie-Pierre Rixain|
19 July 2002 – 19 July 2007
|Preceded by||Pierre-André Wiltzer|
|Succeeded by||Guy Malherbe|
|Mayor of Longjumeau|
22 March 2008 – 25 February 2013
|Preceded by||Bernard Nieuviaert|
|Succeeded by||Sandrine Gelot-Rateau|
|Minister of Ecology, Sustainable Development, Transport and Housing|
14 November 2010 – 22 February 2012
|Prime Minister||François Fillon|
|Preceded by||Jean-Louis Borloo|
|Succeeded by||François Fillon|
|Born||14 May 1973|
|Political party||The Republicans (2015–present)|
|Union for a Popular Movement (2002–2015)|
(m. 2003; div. 2016)
|Alma mater||École Polytechnique|
Collège des Ingénieurs
Nathalie Geneviève Marie Kosciusko-Morizet (French pronunciation: [natali kɔsjysko mɔʁizɛ]) (born 14 May 1973), often referred to by her initials NKM, is an engineer and former politician.
She was a Member of Parliament, returned to the National Assembly from the Essonne 4th constituency for three consecutive mandates from 2002 to 2017, mayor of Longjumeau from 2008 to 2013, and an unsuccessful mayoral candidate for Paris in 2014. She has held positions of Regional Councillor for Île-de-France. She was twice a member of the French government and Minister of Ecology, Sustainable Development, Transport and Housing. She was also Assistant General Secretary of then majority party UMP and spokesperson for Nicolas Sarkozy in the 2012 presidential election. Since standing for mayor of Paris in March 2014, she had been leader of the opposition of the Council of Paris until her withdrawal from politics. From December 2014 to December 2015 she was Vice President of then opposition party UMP (renamed The Republicans).
Kosciusko-Morizet was born on 14 May 1973. She is of Polish Jewish descent but was raised Roman Catholic. She comes from a political family, the Kosciusko-Morizets. Her grandfather, Jacques Kosciusko (1913–1994) was an academic, a member of the French Resistance during the war, a Gaullist politician and former French ambassador in the US whose father-in-law, André Morizet, was a socialist senator and mayor of Boulogne-Billancourt. Her father François Kosciusko-Morizet (1940–2015) was the mayor of Sèvres. She is also the sister of Pierre Kosciusko-Morizet (b. 1977), one of the founders of Priceminister.com, the third ranked e-commerce site in France. According to genealogists, she is also related to Lucrezia Borgia from her mother's side, the Treuille family.
As a twenty-nine-year-old, Kosciusko-Morizet was elected a member of the French National Assembly in 2002, representing the department of Essonne, to the south of Paris, serving out the term for Pierre-André Wiltzer who was appointed deputy minister. She was reelected in 2007 and 2012. In parliament, she served on the Committee on Legal Affairs. In addition to her committee assignments, she was part of the French-Polish Parliamentary Friendship Group.
Member of cabinets
In the government of Prime Minister François Fillon, Kosciusko-Morizet became a state secretary in the French government responsible for the environment in 2007, serving under Minister of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and the Sea Jean-Louis Borloo. Then in 2009 she became state secretary with responsibility for Forward Planning, Assessment of Public Policies and Development of the Digital Economy, before eventually succeeding Borloo as Minister for Ecology, Sustainable Development, Transport and Housing in November 2010. In this capacity, she chaired the meetings of G8 energy ministers when France held the group's rotating presidency in 2011.
In 2012, Kosciusko-Morizet left her position as minister to become spokesperson for Nicolas Sarkozy during his presidential reelection campaign.
Municipal candidacy for Paris
In February 2013, Kosciusko-Morizet announced she would be a candidate for the Mayor of Paris in the 2014 local elections. She faced among others Rachida Dati in the UMP primary election. The polls had Kosciusko-Morizet as a favourite to win the primary. She was endorsed by François Fillon.
In the Mayoral elections held on 23 March and 30 March 2014, Kosciusko-Morizet's UMP lists were defeated by the lists led by Socialist Deputy Mayor Anne Hidalgo, who was elected Mayor of Paris on 4 April 2015. The Socialist, Green and Communist parties created a coalition with 91 councillors, while the UMP and UDI-Modem parties were relegated to the opposition with 71 councillors.
Candidacy for The Republicans primary
After Nicolas Sarkozy's return in politics in 2014, Kosciusko-Morizet was appointed vice-president of the UMP (since 2015 The Republicans) to represent the moderate fringe of the party, while her rival Laurent Wauquiez represented the hardline part. After the 2015 regional elections, during which Wauquiez successfully ran in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, she was ousted by Sarkozy for criticizing his strategy and was replaced by Wauquiez.
Then, Kosciusko-Morizet announced her candidacy for the primary. Despite some difficulties, she got the sufficient number of supports to run. She finished fourth with only 2.6% of the vote, far behind Sarkozy (20.1%). She endorsed Alain Juppé for the second round.
In the French legislative election of 2017, Kosciusko-Morizet stood in Paris's 2nd constituency, previously held by former prime minister François Fillon. During the campaign, she was hospitalised for a night after falling on the pavement and hitting her head when a protester threw a batch of election leaflets in her face. She was defeated in the second round of the election by La République En Marche! candidate Gilles Le Gendre.
Although considered close to Jacques Chirac throughout his presidency, Kosciusko-Morizet is considered socially liberal and part of the "blue ecologists" group. She supports marriage equality and is a strong advocate of green issues. In an interview to the Daily Telegraph in March 2013, she said she held "a lot of admiration" for former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. During the 2016 primaries, she presented herself as the only solidly pro-European politician among the party's eight presidential candidates. Within the Republicans, she has been one of the sharpest critics of the National Front (FN), warning that the party "would disfigure France".
In a 2016 op-ed published by Sunday newspaper Le Journal du Dimanche, Kosciusko-Morizet joined sixteen other high-profile women from across the political spectrum – including Élisabeth Guigou, Christine Lagarde, and Fleur Pellerin – in making a public vow to expose "all sexist remarks, inappropriate gestures and behaviour".
Kosciusko-Morizet was married to Jean-Pierre Philippe and has two sons, born in 2005 and 2009. In March 2016, she announced that she and JP Philippe had divorced by mutual consent.
Political offices held
Secretary of State for Ecology : 2007–2009.
Secretary of State and Prospective Development of the Digital Economy : 2009–2010.
Minister for Ecology, Sustainable Development, Transport and Housing: November 2010 – February 2012 (She resigned from government to become spokeswoman of Nicolas Sarkozy's presidential campaign).
National Assembly of France
Regional councillor of Ile-de-France : 2004–2010 (She resigned in November 2010). Reelected in 2010.
Municipal councillor of Longjumeau : Since 2008.
Agglomeration Community Council
Vice-president of the Europ'Essonne Agglomeration Community Council : Since 2008.
Member of the Europ'Essonne Agglomeration Community Council : Since 2008.
- "French center-right lawmaker in hospital after suspected assault". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
- NKM et les Borgia - Le Point
- Jean-Pierre Thiollet, Hallier, L'Edernel jeune homme, Neva Editions, 2016, p. 270. ISBN 978 2 35055 217 0
- Matthew Saltmarsh (7 June 2011), G-8 Energy Ministers Pledge Support for Stricter Nuclear Safety Tests The New York Times.
- Paris mayoral candidate Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet: I want to lure the French back from London The Daily Telegraph, 1 March 2013
- Sophie Louet and Alexandria Sage (3 June 2013), French conservatives pick woman for Paris mayor race Reuters.
- Ingrid Melander (20 November 2016), French conservative primaries contender Kosciusko-Morizet backs Juppe for run-off Reuters.
- Willsher, Kin (15 June 2017). "French politician left unconscious while out campaigning". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 June 2017.
- Maupoil, Tristan Quinault (19 June 2017). "Résultats législatives : Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet concède sa défaite à Paris". Le Figaro (in French). Retrieved 19 June 2017.
- Michel Rose (8 March 2016), Former Sarkozy protegee launches bid for French presidential primaries Reuters.
- Maïa de La Baume (20 October 2016) French presidential candidate takes aim at her own party over Europe Politico Europe.
- Leigh Thomas (2 February 2015) France's Sarkozy under pressure to block National Front candidate Reuters.
- Kim Willsher (15 May 2016) French former ministers launch attack on sexism in politics The Guardian.
- Mme Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet, Assemblée nationale (in French)
- Finances de la ville de Paris (in French)