Nathan "Nearest" Green
Nathan "Nearest" Green
|Known for||Teaching Jack Daniel, founder of Jack Daniel's Tennessee Whiskey|
Nathan "Nearest" Green (c.1820), incorrectly spelled "Nearis" in an 1880 census, was an African-American head stiller, commonly referred to now as a master distiller. Born into slavery and emancipated after the Civil War, he is known as the master distiller who taught distilling techniques to Jack Daniel, founder of the Jack Daniel Tennessee whiskey distillery. Green was hired as the first master distiller for Jack Daniel Distillery, and he was the first African-American master distiller on record in the United States.
Sometime in the 1850s, when Jack Daniel was a boy, he went to work for Dan Call, a preacher, grocer, and distiller. According to company lore, the preacher was a busy man, and when he saw promise in young Jack, he taught him how to run his whiskey still.
However, in June 2016, The New York Times published a story identifying Daniel's true teacher as Green, one of Call's slaves. The newspaper said that historians and locals have known the Green story for decades, even as the distillery officially ignored it. Green's story – built on oral history and the thinnest of archival trails – may never be definitively proved. A USA Today article published in July 2017 corrected the Nearis spelling of his name and confirmed that Jack Daniel said his correct name was Nathan "Nearest" Green.
Documentation shows that Green was owned by a firm known as Landis & Green, who likely hired him out to Call for a fee. Green was one of a few enslaved people who worked for Call who stayed on with him after Emancipation. When introducing Green to an 8-year old Jack Daniel, Call is quoted as saying, "Uncle Nearest is the best whiskey maker that I know of." Call reportedly said to Green, "I want [Jack] to become the world's best whiskey distiller – if he wants to be. You help me teach him."
Green served as master distiller. According to one biographer, "Only a few years older than Jack, [Green] taught him all about the still."
Slavery ended with ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution in 1865. Daniel opened his distillery a year later and immediately employed two of Green's sons, George and Eli Green. In all, at least three of Green's sons were a part of the Jack Daniel Distillery staff: George Green, Edde Green, and Eli Green. At least four of Nearest's grandchildren joined the Jack Daniel team, Ott, Charlie, Otis, and Jesse Green. In all, seven straight generations of Nearest Green's descendants have worked for Jack Daniel Distillery, with three direct descendants continuing to work there as of November 2017.
Nathan "Nearest" Green was married to Harriet Green, and they had 11 children together – nine sons and two daughters. Four of their sons, Louis, George, Jesse, and Eli, are listed in the 1870 census. Seven of the sons and both daughters are listed in the 1880 federal census.
Author Fawn Weaver launched the Nearest Green Foundation to commemorate Green. The foundation is responsible for a new museum, memorial park and book about his life. In addition, it has established college scholarships for Green's descendants.
In July 2017, Uncle Nearest, Inc., created a whiskey honoring the legacy of Nearest Green. Debuting as "Uncle Nearest 1856 Premium Whiskey", it was created by working with two Tennessee distilleries, but not Jack Daniel Distillery.
In August 2017, the Brown-Forman Corporation, which owns the Jack Daniel Distillery and brand, officially recognized Green as its first head stiller – now called a master distiller – and added him to the company's website. In October 2017, Brown-Forman added his legacy to its official tours.
In September 2017, the Nearest Green Foundation announced the inaugural class of descendants receiving full scholarships to college and grad school to continue their ancestor's legacy of excellence. The foundation is funded by the sales of Uncle Nearest Premium Whiskey and the sales of Jack Daniel's official biography, Jack Daniel's Legacy.
- "About Nearest Green". nearestgreen.com. Nearest Green Foundation. Retrieved July 24, 2017.
- Bigger, Jeanne Ridgway (1972). "Jack Daniel Distillery and Lynchburg: A Visit to Moore County, Tennessee". Tennessee Historical Quarterly. 31 (1): 3–21. doi:10.2307/42623278 (inactive May 4, 2018). JSTOR 42623278.
- Alfs, Lizzy (July 21, 2017). "Ex-slave who trained Jack Daniel gets new recognition". USA Today. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
- Risen, Clay (June 25, 2016). "Jack Daniel's Embraces a Hidden Ingredient: Help From a Slave". The New York Times. Retrieved July 29, 2016.
- Risen, Clay (August 15, 2017). "When Jack Daniel's Failed to Honor a Slave, an Author Rewrote History". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
- Green, Ben A. (1967). Jack Daniel's Legacy. Rich Printing Co. pp. 27–28.
- Spoelman, Colin (2016). Dead Distillers: A History of the Upstarts and Outlaws Who Made American Spirits. Abrams. ISBN 1613128894.
- January 1, CBS News; 2018; Am, 8:30. "The lost story of Nearest Green, the slave who taught Jack Daniel how to make whiskey". www.cbsnews.com. Retrieved February 10, 2019.
- Weaver, Fawn. "Researcher and founder Nearest Green Foundation". Nathan Green. Ancestry.com. Retrieved July 23, 2017.
- "1880 United States Federal Census". www.ancestry.com. Retrieved February 10, 2019.
- "Foundation to Honor Ex-Slave Who Aided Jack Daniel's History". US News & World Report. AP News. July 20, 2017. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
- Parker, Najja (July 26, 2017). "Organization to honor slave who taught Jack Daniel to make whiskey". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution (AJC). Cox Media Inc. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 5, 2017. Retrieved October 5, 2017.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "Nearest Green, The Man Who Taught Jack Daniels About Whiskey". Retrieved August 15, 2018.
- "Slave who mentored Jack Daniel, taught him to make whiskey, remembered". Retrieved August 15, 2018.
- "Uncle Nearest 1856 Premium Whiskey - 100 Proof Uncle Nearest 1856 Premium Whiskey – 100 Proof from Tennessee". unclenearest.com. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
- "Uncle Nearest Whiskey Shares Their Story With KTLA".
- "The origins of Jack Daniels finally revealed".
- Bliss, Jessica (February 23, 2018). "A slave taught Jack Daniel how to make whiskey. She's made telling his story her life's work". The Tennessean. Retrieved March 26, 2018.
- "Nearest Green Legacy Scholarship - Nearest Green". April 28, 2017. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
- Green, Ben A.; Weaver, Fawn (September 5, 2017). "Jack Daniel's Legacy". Grant Sidney Publishing. ISBN 0692938486. Retrieved March 18, 2018.