Nathan Cullen

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Nathan Cullen
Shadow Minister for Finance
In office
March 20, 2014 – November 19, 2015
Leader Thomas Mulcair
Preceded by Peggy Nash
Succeeded by Lisa Raitt
26th Leader of the Opposition in the House of Commons
In office
April 20, 2012 – March 20, 2014
Leader Thomas Mulcair
Preceded by Joe Comartin
Succeeded by Peter Julian
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Skeena—Bulkley Valley
Assumed office
June 28, 2004
Preceded by Andy Burton
Chair of the Standing Committee on
Access to Information, Privacy and Ethics
In office
June 16, 2011 – October 3, 2011
Minister Peter Penashue
Preceded by Shawn Murphy
Succeeded by Jean Crowder
Personal details
Born (1972-07-13) July 13, 1972 (age 43)
Toronto, Ontario
Political party New Democratic Party
Residence Smithers, British Columbia
Alma mater Trent University
Occupation Private consultant
Religion Roman Catholicism

Nathan Cullen, MP (born July 13, 1972) is a Canadian federal politician who has been the Member of Parliament for the riding of Skeena—Bulkley Valley since the 2004 federal election. A member of the New Democratic Party, Cullen was re-elected in 2006, 2008, 2011, and 2015, allowing him to serve in the 38th, 39th, 40th, 41st, and 42nd Parliaments. Cullen was a candidate in the 2012 New Democratic Party leadership election, and came in third. During the 41st Parliament, Cullen was the House Leader for the Official Opposition and then Finance critic in Thomas Mulcair's Shadow Cabinet. He is currently the NDP critic for Environment and Climate Change and Democratic Reform in the 42nd Parliament.

Early life[edit]

Born and raised in Toronto, Ontario, Cullen worked in several countries in Central and South America, during the 1990s, on community economic development projects.[1] He moved to Smithers, British Columbia in 1998 and started a private consulting business focussed on strategic planning and conflict resolution.[2] While working in Latin America, Cullen learned Spanish and named his company Maravilla Consultants after the town (the Spanish word for wonder) in Costa Rica in which he worked.[3] He has lived in Smithers, British Columbia since 1998.[3]

Cullen completed high school at Martingrove Collegiate Institute, Toronto, Ontario, and is a graduate of the Comparative Development Studies Program at Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario.[4]

Federal politics[edit]

38th Parliament[edit]

At the age of 31, in the June 2004 federal election, Cullen was elected to his first term as a Member of Parliament. He had won the NDP nomination in the Skeena—Bulkley Valley riding three months earlier against a Prince Rupert social worker.[5] In the general election, he challenged the Conservative incumbent Andy Burton, Liberal Miles Richardson who was chair of the B.C. Treaty Commission, Rod Taylor of the Christian Heritage Party, engineer and photographer Roger Benham of the Green Party and Marxist-Leninist Frank Martin. The election was seen as a tight three-way race between Burton, Richardson, and Cullen.[6] Cullen made support of the federal moratorium on offshore oil and gas drilling part of his campaign and a magnitude 6.7 earthquake off the Queen Charlotte Islands during the campaign helped highlight Cullen's arguments.[7] Cullen went on to defeat the Conservative incumbent Burton by a margin of 1,272 votes. Cullen was the youngest of 19 New Democratic Party candidates elected to the 38th Parliament, a minority parliament led by Paul Martin and the Liberal Party.[8]

He became the party's national critic for youth issues, the environment and national parks. Cullen opened constituency offices in Smithers and Terrace.[9] He continued to support the moratorium on offshore oil and gas drilling despite Prime-Minister Paul Martin opening a cabinet level review of the moratorium; the review ended with the conclusion that lifting the moratorium was too politically divisive.[10][11]

By the end of 2004, he got engaged to his girlfriend, Diana Dahr, who was studying at a teacher's college,[12] and he was voted "Favourite Up-and-Comer Rookie Politician" by fellow Members of Parliament.[13][14] He was also awarded the US Ambassador's Award as one of only two Canadian recipients. In the first half of 2005, Cullen toured western provinces with other MPs to promote a private member's bill (Bill C-261) which would lower the voting age to 16.[15] In February he made a motion in the House of Commons to "recognize the public health impacts of smog" and require improved emission standards of light duty vehicles sold in Canada, though it was not supported by the Liberal Party or Conservative Party.[16] In summer 2005 Cullen co-sponsored, along with several credit unions, a series of Youth Entrepreneur Awards within the Skeena/Stikine/Bulkley Valley to recognize local young persons' entrepreneurial achievements.[17] In the fall, Cullen challenged the Minister of the Environment Stéphane Dion to take a blood test to illustrate the level of toxins present in the environment.[citation needed] He also spent time lobbying the Liberal government to publicly disclose the bids for Ridley Terminal; the proposed sale of the Prince Rupert Port Authority coal loading terminals by the federal government to a private firm was criticized by opposition parties as undervaluing the facility and likely to restrict fair access by competing coal companies[18] (the sale was blocked by the Conservative Party after they won the subsequent election).[19]

39th Parliament[edit]

Cullen was unchallenged as the NDP candidate going into the 2006 election[20] where he faced Conservative Party candidate and former Member of Parliament Mike Scott, Liberal Party candidate and Prince Rupert mortgage specialist Gordon Stamp-Vincent,[21] Green Party candidate Phil Brienesse of Smithers,[22] and Rod Taylor of the Christian Heritage Party. The election was seen as a two-way race between Cullen and Scott.[23] Their party leaders both visited the riding, Stephen Harper in late-December to Prince Rupert[24] and Jack Layton with a mid-January stop in Terrace.[25] Scott ran an aggressive campaign attacking the Liberal candidate,[26] filing a request with Elections Canada for an investigation into Cullen's campaign finances,[27] and using signage saying "Re-elect Scott", despite the fact that Cullen was the incumbent.[28] Cullen was effective at forcing Scott to defend issues from his time in office during the 1990s[29] while Scott made Cullen defend his vote to support the Canadian Firearms Registry despite promising to vote against it.[30] Cullen went on to win by an unexpectedly large margin, 15%, over Scott while the NDP elected 29 of its candidates nationwide to the 39th Parliament, which was led by Prime-Minister Stephen Harper with a minority government.,[31]

In April 2006, Cullen introduced a Private Member's Bill (Phthalate Control Act Bill C-307) to ban phthalates, a chemical in many plastics, from products intended for infants and toddlers.[32] The bill passed through all stages in the House of Commons but died on the order paper in the Senate when the 39th Parliament was dissolved. The proposal was subsequently adopted by Government and in June 2009 new regulations were introduced to place restrictions on six phthalates.[33]

As Environment Critic for the NDP, Cullen sat on the committee that largely re-wrote the Government's Clean Air Act (C-30). The new act was called the Clean Air and Climate Change Act (Bill C-468).[34] The Government refused to reintroduce the bill after Cullen's revisions and the act died on the order paper in the House.

On June 4, 2008, the House of Commons passed C-377, a private member bill introduced by Jack Layton. Cullen presented the bill to the Environment committee. However, Bill C-377 also died in the Senate when the NDP and Liberals withheld its confidence, causing the 2008 Canadian federal election.[35] The bill was reintroduced in the 40th Parliament as Climate Change Accountability Act (Bill C-311).

40th Parliament[edit]

Following the election of October 2008, Cullen was named the New Democrat Critic for Natural Resources and Energy. In this role he chaired the NDP's Green Economy Taskforce, working on ways to help create employment while meeting our responsibilities to the planet’s future generations and promoted sustainable energy development through a study of Canada's Energy Security at the House of Commons Standing Committee on Natural Resources.[36] Cullen also led an NDP effort to secure a bulk oil tanker ban on the north coast of British Columbia which led to the passage in the House of Commons of a motion calling for such a ban by a close vote of 143 - 138.[37]

In 2009 Cullen created a contest in his constituency called Create Your Canada which challenges students between grades 5 and 12 to submit proposals for federal legislation. Two winners are picked each year and are flown to Ottawa to watch their submissions introduced in the House of Commons as private member's bills. In 2009, two bills were introduced including Bill C-399,[38] which proposed a ban on the mining and export of asbestos, and Bill C-400,[39] which encouraged the Government of Canada to support the development of cycling friendly infrastructure.[40]

Official Opposition[edit]

In 2011, Cullen was elected for a fourth term with 55% of all votes cast - the highest plurality in the riding since 1962.[41] In the 41st Parliament, Cullen served as Chair of the House of Commons Standing Committee on Privacy, Access to Information and Ethics.[42] He was also the Associate Critic for Natural Resources, Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development, and Environment and Sustainable Development before resigning from his roles to participate in the NDP Leadership race.[43] The 2013 Hill Times Annual Most Valuable Politician & All Politics Poll awarded Cullen 3rd place in the "Best Up-and-comer MP" category tied with Elizabeth May.[44]

NDP leadership race[edit]

Nathan Cullen during a candidates debate on February 12, 2012 in Québec

Following the death of party leader Jack Layton, the NDP began a leadership race. Cullen announced his official candidacy on September 30, 2011.[45] In his opening speech, Cullen stated his vision for a new and progressive kind of politics, saying "now's the time for an honest discussion about the direction our politics is going in...and how we must change it for the better." [46] Cullen also argued the choice between the economy and the environment is unnecessary, but that a green economy is a balance between creating jobs and protecting the environment.[47] He cast himself as a pro-business candidate[48][49]

Cullen proposed that joint primary nominations should take place in Conservative-held ridings to determine the best possible local candidate to avoid vote splitting among 'progressives'. Cullen is suggesting that each constituency association would have the choice of whether or not to run their respective campaign in this way, and that there would be no "top-down" directive to do so. In his policy papers thus far, Cullen has also advanced a number of other ideas such as: creating a national public transit strategy, instituting carbon cap-and-trade pricing, putting a moratorium on new genetically modified organisms, redefining the Canadian Wheat Board, and holding a referendum on voting reform (Nathan supports Mixed-member proportional representation as currently utilized in New Zealand and Germany).[50][51]

Cullen's candidacy was endorsed by three fellow NDP MPs, Alex Atamanenko, Fin Donnelly,[52] and Brian Masse (NDP trade critic), former Toronto-Danforth MP Lynn McDonald, four BC MLAs, Robin Austin, Gary Coons, Doug Donaldson, and Norm Macdonald, former BC MLAs Corky Evans, Lois Boone, and Joan Sawicki, as well as Ontario MPP Taras Natyshak, and Manitoba cabinet minister Jim Rondeau. Slam poet Shane Koyczan has also supported Cullen's candidacy, as well as author and former Ottawa city councilor Clive Doucet and author/explorer-in-residence/ethnobotanist Wade Davis.[53]

Observers and commentators noted that Cullen's performances in the debates increased his profile. Whereas at the beginning of the race Cullen was considered one of the "also-rans", he eventually was given considerably more attention, with the CBC, Globe and Mail, Toronto Star, and National Post all running articles on his candidacy.[54][55][56]

On March 24, the day of the convention, Cullen surprised many by placing third in the first round of voting with 16% of the vote ahead of Peggy Nash, Paul Dewar, Martin Singh and Niki Ashton, with Thomas Mulcair and Brian Topp in first and second respectively (30% for Mulcair, 21% for Topp). He continued to hold third place after the second and third counts, eventually being eliminated at the third count with 24.6% of the votes (Mulcair had 43% of the vote, Topp had 31%). He declined to endorse another candidate.[citation needed]

House Leader for the Official Opposition[edit]

On April 20, 2012 Cullen was named House Leader for the Official Opposition in Thomas Mulcair's first Shadow Cabinet Shuffle.[57][58] Cullen replaced long time Ontario MP Joe Comartin as House Leader, with Comartin being named Critic for Democratic Reform.

Finance Critic for the Official Opposition[edit]

On March 20, 2014, Cullen replaced Peggy Nash as Finance Critic for the Official Opposition just days after former Natural Resources minister Joe Oliver was named Minister of Finance.[59][60] Upon taking up the post, Cullen emphasized his previous occupation as a small business owner in northern British Columbia against Oliver's previous career as a Merrill Lynch executive and promised to bring a "Main Street" perspective to challenge Oliver's "Bay Street" background.[61] In March 2015, Cullen attacked Joe Oliver over his avoidance of Question Period after repeated delays in introducing the budget after the drop in oil prices.[62]

On September 23, 2014, Cullen tabled Bill C-628 (short-titled An Act to Defend the Pacific Northwest) in the House of Commons, which would ban supertankers from the Queen Charlotte Sound, the Hecate Strait and the Dixon Entrance, as well as modify the National Energy Board Act to require any pipeline review to take into account the impact of any proposal on employment in the refining and upgrading sectors, and require the National Energy Board to deepen its consultations with communities and First Nations. The bill was a response to the National Energy Board's approval of the Enbridge Northern Gateway pipeline.

Cullen toured dozens of communities around British Columbia's north, interior, lower mainland and across Vancouer Island promoting Bill C-628 and raising awareness about the potential impacts of a pipeline or supertanker spill from Northern Gateway on fisheries, tourism and communities. On April 1, 2015, the bill came to a vote at second reading in the House of Commons, and was defeated by a count of 141-120, with all government MPs voting against.

On November 22, 2014, Cullen was named Most Knowledgeable Parliamentarian at the Maclean's Magazine Parliamentarian of the Year Awards in Ottawa, edging out Prime Minister Stephen Harper, who placed second in votes.[citation needed]

42nd Parliament[edit]

After the 2015 election, Cullen was appointed the NDP critic for Environment and Climate Change, the Democratic Reform in the 42nd Parliament.[63]

Election results[edit]

Canadian federal election, 2004: Skeena—Bulkley Valley
Party Candidate Votes %
New Democratic Nathan Cullen 13,706 37.14
Conservative Andy Burton 12,434 33.70
Liberal Miles Richardson 7,965 21.59
Christian Heritage Rod Taylor 1,408 3.82
Green Roger Colin Benham 1,225 3.32
Marxist–Leninist Frank Martin 161 0.44
Total valid votes 36,899 100.0  
Total rejected ballots 140 0.38
Turnout 37,039
This riding was created from Skeena, Prince George—Bulkley Valley and Cariboo—Chilcotin, which each elected a Canadian Alliance candidate in the last election. Andy Burton was the incumbent from Skeena.
Canadian federal election, 2006: Skeena—Bulkley Valley
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
New Democratic Nathan Cullen 18,496 48.33 +11.19 $90,144
Conservative Michael Scott 12,630 33.00 -0.70 $71,817
Liberal Gordon Stamp-Vincent 4,845 12.66 -8.93 $19,599
Christian Heritage Rod Taylor 1,235 3.22 -0.60 $23,835
Green Phil Brienesse 1,064 2.78 -0.54 $7,533
Total valid votes 38,270 100.0  
Total rejected ballots 122 0.32 -0.06
Turnout 38,392 63.13
New Democratic hold Swing +5.25
Canadian federal election, 2008: Skeena—Bulkley Valley
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
New Democratic Nathan Cullen 17,219 49.84 +1.51 $68,962
Conservative Sharon Smith 12,561 36.36 +3.36 $78,636
Liberal Corinna Morhart 1,916 5.54 -7.12 $11,687
Green Hondo Arendt 1,613 4.66 +1.88 $511
Christian Heritage Rod Taylor 1,125 3.25 +0.03 $28,231
Canadian Action Mary-Etta Goodacre 112 0.32 $120
Total valid votes/Expense limit 34,546 100.0     $97,941
Total rejected ballots 106 0.31 -0.01
Turnout 34,652 56.51 -6.62
New Democratic hold Swing -0.92
Canadian federal election, 2011: Skeena—Bulkley Valley
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
New Democratic Nathan Cullen 19,431 55.33 +5.49
Conservative Clay Harmon 12,117 34.50 -1.86
Liberal Kyle Warwick 1,268 3.61 -1.93
Green Roger Benham 1,102 3.14 -1.52
Christian Heritage Rod Taylor 1,038 2.96 -0.29
Canadian Action Maggie Braun 165 0.47 +0.15
Total valid votes/Expense limit 35,121 100.0  
Total rejected ballots 116 0.33 +0.02
Turnout 35,237 58.86 +2.35
New Democratic hold Swing +3.68
Canadian federal election, 2015: Skeena—Bulkley Valley
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
New Democratic Nathan Cullen 22,531 51.08 -4.14
Conservative Tyler Nesbitt 10,936 24.79 -9.77
Liberal Brad Layton 8,257 18.72 +15.12
Green Jeannie Parnell 1,605 3.64 -0.45
Christian Heritage Don Spratt 780 1.77 -1.19
Total valid votes/Expense limit 44,109 100.0   $246,429.16
Total rejected ballots 157
Turnout 44,266 69.75
Eligible voters 63,459
New Democratic hold Swing -6.96
Source: Elections Canada[64][65]


  1. ^ "Racing for NDP leadership". Daily News (Prince Rupert, British Columbia). February 27, 2004. p. 3. 
  2. ^ "Cullen pins hopes on energy, experience". Houston Today (Houston, British Columbia). January 11, 2006. p. 7. 
  3. ^ a b "A profile: NDP Nathan Cullen". Daily News (Prince Rupert, British Columbia). June 16, 2004. p. 3. 
  4. ^  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ Venis, Rodney (March 15, 2004). "Cullen takes NDP ticket". Daily News (Prince Rupert, British Columbia). p. 2. 
  6. ^ Kellogg, Alan (June 2, 2004). "Haida leader looks ahead to better days". Edmonton Journal. p. 3. 
  7. ^ Skelton, Chad (July 3, 2004). "B.C.'s new faces in Ottawa". The Vancouver Sun. p. C1. 
  8. ^ "Layton raves about Cullen". The Interior News (Smithers, British Columbia). August 26, 2004. p. 1. 
  9. ^ "MP opens Terrace office". Terrace Standard (Terrace, British Columbia). October 27, 2004. p. 12. 
  10. ^ O'Neil, Peter (November 23, 2004). "Liberals must oppose offshore exploration, MP says". The Vancouver Sun. p. 11. 
  11. ^ O'Neil, Peter (January 12, 2005). "B.C. Liberals' political concerns put offshore oil on back burner". The Vancouver Sun. p. 3. 
  12. ^ "Emerson, Cullen learning tricks of the parliamentary trade". The Province (Vancouver). December 12, 2004. p. 51. 
  13. ^ "The Hill Times All Politics Poll (2004)". The Hill Times. December 2004. Retrieved June 8, 2010. 
  14. ^ "Cullen is rookie of year in Ottawa". Daily News (Prince Rupert, British Columbia). December 22, 2004. p. 3. 
  15. ^ O'Connor, Elaine (March 1, 2005). "New bill to lower voting age to 16". The Province (Vancouver). p. 11. 
  16. ^ Ritchie, Leanne (February 18, 2005). "Cullen wants to drive polluters off the road". Daily News (Prince Rupert, British Columbia). p. 3. 
  17. ^ "MP puts his money where his mouth is". The Northern Sentinel (Kitimat, British Columbia). May 11, 2005. p. 5. 
  18. ^ "MP calls for details about sale of Ridley". Daily News (Prince Rupert, British Columbia). November 14, 2005. p. 1. 
  19. ^ Ritchie, Leanne (February 8, 2006). "Tories put stop to proposed sale of Ridley". Daily News (Prince Rupert, British Columbia). p. 1. 
  20. ^ "Skeena-Bulkley Valley MP Nathan Cullen was unanimously acclaimed as the NDP's candidate for the next federal election at a riding association meeting in Prince Rupert". The Northern Sentinel (Kitimat, British Columbia). September 28, 2005. p. 1. 
  21. ^ Ritchie, Leanne (December 5, 2005). "Local Liberals select candidate". Daily News (Prince Rupert, British Columbia). p. 1. 
  22. ^ "Green Party names federal candidate". Daily News (Prince Rupert, British Columbia). December 20, 2005. p. 3. 
  23. ^ Hoekstra, Gordon (January 6, 2006). "Tight race seen in north coast riding". Prince George Citizen. p. 3. 
  24. ^ Ritchie, Leanne (December 28, 2005). "Tory leader in town today". Daily News (Prince Rupert, British Columbia). p. 1. 
  25. ^ Zimmerman, Sarah (January 19, 2006). "Jack Layton visits Terrace". Terrace Standard (Terrace, British Columbia). p. 1. 
  26. ^ Barker, Thomas (January 10, 2006). "Skeena Liberal candidate walks out during debate". Terrace Standard (Terrace, British Columbia). p. 1. 
  27. ^ Ritchie, Leanne (January 9, 2006). "Mudslinging starts in close campaign". Daily News (Prince Rupert, British Columbia). p. 1. 
  28. ^ Zimmerman, Sarah (January 5, 2006). "Scott defends decision to run campaign for re-election". Terrace Standard. p. 1. 
  29. ^ "Scott counters Cullen claim". The Northern Sentinel (Kitimat, British Columbia). January 4, 2006. p. 5. 
  30. ^ "Conservatives put Cullen on notice". Houston Today (Houston, British Columbia). January 11, 2006. p. 7. 
  31. ^ Ritchie, Leanne (January 24, 2006). "It's Cullen by a landslide". Daily News (Prince Rupert, British Columbia). p. 3. 
  32. ^ "Bill C-307 An Act respecting bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate, benzyl butyl phthalate and dibutyl phthalate". Retrieved 8 June 2010. 
  33. ^ Canada Gazette Vol. 143, No. 25 — June 20, 2009 'Phthalates Regulation'
  34. ^ Canadian Press (2007). "Committee largely rewrites Tories' Clean Air Act". Retrieved 8 June 2010. 
  35. ^ "Legislative History of Bill C-377 in the 39th Parliament (2nd Session)". 
  36. ^ "House of Commons Committees - RNNR - ARCHIVE (40-3) - Study Home - Energy Security in Canada". Retrieved 2011-12-26. 
  37. ^ "B.C. oil tanker ban motion passes in Commons". CBC News. December 7, 2010. 
  38. ^ "Legislative Summary of Bill C-399 in the 40th Parliament (2nd Session)". 
  39. ^ "Legislative Summary of Bill C-400 in the 40th Parliament (2nd Session)". 
  40. ^ "CBC The National news report". Retrieved 2011-12-26. 
  41. ^ Funke, Alice (2010). "Nathan Cullen (M)". Retrieved 3 June 2010. 
  42. ^ "House of Commons Committees - ETHI (41-1) - Membership". Retrieved 2011-12-26. 
  43. ^ Government of Canada. "Member of Parliament Profile". 
  44. ^ "National News: Elizabeth May named one of Canada’s Top 3 Most Valuable MPs for 2013". Northumberland View. 16 December 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2012. 
  45. ^ Globe and Mail (October 1, 2011). "Nathan Cullen throws his hat into the NDP leadership race". Globe and Mail (Toronto: Globe and Mail). Retrieved 30 September 2011. 
  46. ^ Cullen, Nathan. "Speech - Nathan Cullen 2012". Nathan Cullen. Nathan Cullen. Retrieved 3 October 2011. 
  47. ^ Northern View. "Meet the Candidates". 
  48. ^ "NDP's Nathan Cullen at Star editorial board: 'I'm pro-business'". Toronto Star. January 31, 2012. Retrieved February 4, 2012. 
  49. ^ Brennan, Richard J. (January 31, 2012). "NDP leadership hopeful Nathan Cullen says there’s nothing wrong with making a buck". Toronto Star. Retrieved February 4, 2012. 
  50. ^ Cohen, Tobi (January 29, 2012). "Mulcair, Cullen and Dewar main targets of attack in NDP debate". Retrieved February 4, 2012. 
  51. ^ Cullen, Nathan. "Policy Ideas". 
  52. ^ Galloway, Gloria (January 18, 2012). "Two B.C. MPs back Cullen's bid to lead New Democrats". The Globe and Mail (Toronto). Retrieved February 4, 2012. 
  53. ^ Doucet, Clive (February 13, 2012). "Clive Doucet backs Nathan Cullen for NDP Leadership". Retrieved February 13, 2012. 
  54. ^ Fitzpatrick, Meagan (February 6, 2012). "NDP leadership bid shows Cullen not afraid to take risks". CBC News. Retrieved February 12, 2012. 
  55. ^ Selley, Chris (February 1, 2012). "Co-operating Cullen will go only so far". National Post. Retrieved February 12, 2012. 
  56. ^ Martin, Lawrence (January 31, 2012). "In the NDP Race, Cullen's the one to watch". Globe and Mail (Toronto). Retrieved February 12, 2012. 
  57. ^ O’Neil, Petter (April 19, 2012). "Nathan Cullen named Opposition House leader in NDP shuffle". National Post. Retrieved April 20, 2012. 
  58. ^ "NDP Leader Mulcair elevates rivals to key posts in shadow cabinet". Winnipeg Free Press. April 20, 2012. Retrieved April 20, 2012. 
  59. ^ "Nathan Cullen's Promotion To NDP Finance Critic Will Cost Him $40,000". Huffington Post Canada. 21 March 2014. Retrieved 14 August 2015. 
  60. ^ New Democratic Party of Canada. Mulcair announces changes to the Shadow Cabinet; March 20, 2014 [Retrieved March 21, 2014].
  61. ^ Thomas, Shaun (20 March 2014). "Nathan Cullen moved to federal finance critic position". Northern View. Retrieved 14 August 2015. 
  62. ^ Maher, Stephen (26 March 2015). "Joe Oliver avoiding Question Period so he can provide the federal budget: spokeswoman". National Post. Retrieved 14 August 2015. 
  63. ^ Kirkup, Kristy (12 November 2015). "Tom Mulcair taps Nathan Cullen, Charlie Angus, Guy Caron for top critic roles". CBC News. The Canadian Press. Retrieved 12 November 2015. 
  64. ^ Elections Canada – Confirmed candidates for Skeena—Bulkley Valley, 30 September 2015
  65. ^ Elections Canada – Preliminary Election Expenses Limits for Candidates

External links[edit]