Nathan Sharon

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Nathan Sharon
Nathan Sharon photo.jpg
Born November 1925
Brest-Litovsk, Poland
Died 17 June 2011 (aged 85)
Israel
Nationality Israeli
Fields Biochemistry
Notable awards Israel Prize (1994)

Nathan Sharon (Hebrew: נתן שרון‎‎; November 1925[1] – 17 June 2011[2]) was an Israeli biochemist.

Biography[edit]

Sharon was born in 1925 in Brest-Litovsk, then in Poland (now Brest, Belarus). He emigrated to Mandate Palestine with his family in 1934 and settled in Tel Aviv.[3] Concurrent with his high school studies, Sharon joined the Gadna military youth program in 1941, and following his graduation from school, in 1943, he joined the Palmach, serving until 1945.[3]

During Israel's War of Independence, Sharon served in the Science Corps of the Israel Defense Forces, attaining the rank of lieutenant colonel, and worked on the development of gas flame throwers.[3]

Sharon studied chemistry at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. In 1950, he graduated and, in 1953, he was awarded a doctorate.[3]

In 1954, he joined the faculty of the Department for Biophysics at the Weizmann Institute of Science, headed by professor Ephraim Katzir, where he became a professor in 1968. In 1974, he was appointed head of the department, a position he held intermittently until his retirement in 1990. He also served as dean of the Faculty of Chemistry and Physics and was a visiting professor at Harvard, Oxford and Berkley universities.[3] He was also a member of the senate of the Open University of Israel and a member of the counsel of the Tel Aviv-Yaffo Academic College.[2] He served as editor of "World of Science" broadcast on Israel Radio, editor of the journal "Mada" (Science) and science and technology editor of the Haaretz newspaper.[3]

He was a leading figure in the research of carbohydrate and glycoprotein for more than fifty years.[1] He authored several seminal works on lectins and glyoconjugates, including the discovery of lectins, their interactions with carbohydrates, and their subsequent use in laboratory research and diagnostics.[4][5]

In 1992, he was elected to the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities.[2][3]

He died on 17 June 2011 at the age of 85.[6]

Honours and awards[edit]

Sharon received numerous honorary degrees and awards including:

  • In 1987, he was awarded the Weizmann Prize for Sciences.
  • In 1987, he received an honorary doctorate from the University of Paris.[3]
  • In 1994, he was awarded the Israel Prize in biochemistry.[7]

Family[edit]

Sharon married Rachel (Itzikson) in 1948 and has two daughters, Esther (Esty) Sharon, and Osnat Bairey.[2][3]

He was the nephew of Pinchas Sapir, the former Israeli Finance Minister and the brother of Shmuel Shtrikman, who was awarded the 2001 Israel Prize for physics.[8]

Selected works[edit]

Sharon published over 400 papers in international scientific journals and wrote or edited eight books in English and Hebrew.[3] His published works include:

  • Lectins, co-authored with Halina Lis (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2003 (2nd edition)).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Symposium at the Weizmann Institute of Science entitled: "Half a Century at the Carbohydrate-Protein Interface" - Invitation 23/24 November 2005, accessed 21 June 2011
  2. ^ a b c d "Prof. Nathan Sharon dec'd". Avalim Notices (in Hebrew), 19 June 2011
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j CV of Nathan Sharon (in Hebrew) Palmach web site
  4. ^ [Jeremiah Silbert. Lectins: Personal Comments of Nathan Sharon Taken from his Memoirs (Translation from Hebrew). From Antitumor Potential and other Emerging Medicinal Properties of Natural Compounds. Edited by Fang EF. Ng TB].
  5. ^ The Individualist profile of Nathan Sharon
  6. ^ Obituary: Nathan Sharon, 1925–2011
  7. ^ "Israel Prize Official Site - Recipients in 1994 (in Hebrew)". 
  8. ^ "Israel Prize Official Site (in Hebrew) – Award to Shmuel Shtrikman - Judges' Rationale". 

External links[edit]